Saroj Swain

Saroj Swain
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture | CIFA · APED

MSc.,PG DFSc.,PhD (Aquaculture)

About

65
Publications
42,251
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497
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 1991 - February 2021
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • Presently I am heading the Institute ICAR-CIFA as Director and involved in research and developmental work pertaining to ornamental fish.

Publications

Publications (65)
Research
Full-text available
Aquaculture operations which have hampered during first phase of COVID-19 continued in pandemic second wave due to manpower shortage, closure of domestic markets, restricted interstate transportation, collapsing market prices, change in consumer preference and disrupted exports. This has led to sluggishness in domestic markets that resulting in sta...
Article
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The paper deals with Livelihood improvement through Aquaculture of Scheduled Caste Farmers of Kultali Block of West Bengal ,India
Chapter
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Aquaculture is being the fastest food production sector in the world with an estimated production of about 179 million tonnes. The fish production from capture fisheries (96 million tonnes) is almost stagnant for many decades but the demand is rising significantly due to the awareness about the health benefits of fish consumption. The additional de...
Article
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Fish seed as a primary input determines the pace of aquaculture development. Traditionally, the fish seed was sourced from natural water bodies, and farmers faced several constraints like the mixed and ununiformed seed of non-targeted species, and uncertain supplies. The development of induced breeding technologies enabled the establishment of larg...
Article
The natural stock of Trichogaster chuna (Hamilton, 1822) are gradually declining due to destruction of its habitat and over fishing, continuous exploitation of their wild populations might endanger them. This article evaluates breeding performance of honey gourami using different substratum for nest building, embryonic development and larval rearin...
Article
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Cyprinus carpio commonly referred as Koi carp is one of the most traded fish in the ornamental aquaculture industry. The study describes the effect of different tank colour on growth and survival of koi carp spawn to fry by rearing them in different coloured tank at stocking density of 3 numbers/litre for 45 days. The initial weight and length of s...
Article
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Microphis deocata (deocata pipefish), belonging to family Syngnathidae, is one of the important indigenous ornamental fish species listed as near threatened in the IUCN red list. Here, we first report the complete mitochondrial genome of deocata pipefish using Illumina next-generation sequencing platform. The total length of the mitogenome is 16,52...
Book
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India is the second largest fish producing country in the world, but our per capita fish consumption is less than the global average. Blessed with abundant water resources across the country, we are yet to exploit the full potential of the available resources. As the marine production is almost stagnant, the additional fish production has to be sou...
Article
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In the earlier COVID-19 Response Series-2 of ICAR-CIFA, aquaculture was credited and informed as a sunrising sector to the audience. Within the sector there are certain enterprises which contributes and attributed as sunrising to the economy. The huge network of hatcheries for fish seed production, feed based farming systems, commercial fish farmin...
Article
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The stretch of the Mahanadi River under the present study was divided into seven study regions for the purpose of sample collection to assess the fish diversity. The sampling sites on the stretch of the Mahanadi River were between upstream in Sambalpur and downstream in Jagatsinghpur in the State of Odisha. Site selections were based on the localit...
Conference Paper
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Captive breeding of Dawkinsia tambraparniei ( Silas 1954), an Endangered fish from Western Ghats
Conference Paper
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Ornamental fish farming: An effective livelihood option for rural women
Chapter
Catfishes are mainly preferred as edible fishes and are of high demand in commercial market. They also have high sporting value. However, certain species are chosen for aquarium keeping due to their colours, variations and eye catching features. Many of the ornamental catfish species belong to smaller varieties. They are one of the largest groups o...
Article
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This study was conducted during January to August, 2014. The study while at Hirakud reservoir recorded 56fish species belong to 36 genera, 19 families and 7 orders, about 43 fish species belong to 31 genera, 19 families and 7 orders recorded at Cuttack region. The analysis of compilation of the samples in the study further revealed that Cyprinidae...
Article
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A new cyprinid fish, Parapsilorhynchus odishaensis, is described from Odisha, India. It is distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: poorly developed callous pad behind lower lip, which is not sharply delimited posteriorly; many prominent horny tubercles on the snout; deep head (depth at occiput 57.2–75.0% HL);...
Article
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Current study was carried out in two viIlages, Irongmara and Dwarband of Cachar District, Barak valley, Southern Assam which is the home to various communities and hence has resulted in diverse fishing techniques and methods. Barak valley is blessed with vast water bodies in the form of rivers and tributaries, flood plain wetlands giving the fisher...
Article
Full-text available
In the present work, we describe the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using the root and leaf extracts from Vetiveria zizanioides and Cannabis sativa, respectively and its comparison between the two different chemical synthesis methods. UV-visible spectroscopy, particle formation kinetics and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses were...
Article
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India is well known for carp aquaculture, related to an intensive research effort and then massive adoption by farmers; carp remains a mainstay of Indian aquaculture. Next to carps, catfishes are considered to be potential cultivable species. Among these, Clarias batrachus is a preferred medium-sized catfish for pond culture. Clarias batrachus, pop...
Article
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This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different salinities (0, 2, 4, 6 ppt) on growth and survival of swordtail, Xiphophorus helleri for 45 days. The species were taken from the water sources, which has the salinity of zero ppt in the experimental unit and then transferred to control and respective treatments (T1, 2 ppt, T2, 4 ppt and...
Article
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The study attempted to confirm the efficacy of Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a probiotic in augmenting the overall wellbeing and disease resistance in the Indian Major Carp, rohu (Labeo rohita) juveniles. The growth rate, nutritional quality and immunity of L. rohita fry were studied for 60 days fed with four isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets suppl...
Article
Length–weight relationships are reported for four Indian carps. The length–weight relationship was W = 0.01123L3.355 for Cirrhinus mrigala, W = 0.07354L3.299 for Catla catla, W = 0.04066L3.313 for Labeo rohita and W = 0.11489L2.732 for Labeo fimbriatus. LWR estimates for C. mrigala and L. fimbriatus had not been previously reported in FishBase.
Article
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India has witnessed the growth of aquaculture from backyard farming to commercial fish culture, where Indian major carps contribute the majority of aquaculture production. Recently, striped catfish Pangasinodon hypophthalmus culture has become more popular in a few states of India. There are a large number of hatcheries that supply seed to farmers,...
Article
Different laboratory synthesized metal nanoparticles viz. Copper oxide (CuO), Zinc oxide (ZnO) and silver doped titanium dioxide (Ag-TiO2) were studied for their effect on hatching and survival of larvae and fry of Indian major carp, rohu, Labeo rohita both in direct application in tank water & coated onto tanks. Among these nanoparticles, CuO and...
Article
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The emergence of diseases and mortalities in aquaculture and development of antibiotics resistance in aquatic microbes, has renewed a great interest towards alternative methods of prevention and control of diseases. Nanoparticles have enormous potential in controlling human and animal pathogens and have scope of application in aquaculture. The pres...
Chapter
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Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), Bhubaneswar is one of the premiere research institutes of ICAR with a mandate to provide livelihood support to the farmers through R & D in respective fields.
Article
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Efficacy of feeding with different live feeds as well as artificial feed on growth performance of black-spot barb Puntius filamentosus fry was evaluated by conducting a feeding experiment for a period of 45 days. The fishes (average weight - 121.93 mg; average length - 28.8 mm) were fed under four treatments viz., artificial feed, Tubifex worm, Art...
Article
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In the era of globalisation, global warming and climate change are matter of concern to all, whether they are animals, plants or even microorganisms. Conservation is the only way that presently exists to save the biodiversity. The fish diversity in the Mahanadi River is in no way exceptional from the current impact of global warming and climate cha...
Article
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Algae being already reported to be a pigment and growth enhancers for many ornamental fishes hence a preliminary investigation on algal accrual in the ornamental fish rearing tanks was done. Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus quadricauda were found to be most dominant in the fish tanks. Thus to develop a better understanding of these two algae they...
Article
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The fringe lipped peninsula carp, Labeo fimbriatus, is native to lower peninsular region of India. It is a commercially important species widely fished and consumed throughout much of the tropical and subtropical region of south India. Knowledge of genetic diversity of this species is important to support management and conservation programmes whic...
Article
Full-text available
Algae grow in simple aquatic environments and about a fifth of the annually harvested 5 million kg of the biomass nourishes the cultured fish and shellfish, mainly for colouring and inducing biological activities, besides nutrition. These are potential fish feed, with varying nutritional values and are used as a source of carotenoids, astaxanthin,...
Article
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A systematic, updated checklist of freshwater fishes of the Similipal Biosphere Reserve is provided with notes on status, distribution and habitat characteristics. It includes 66 species of fishes belonging to 42 genera, 19 families and 6 orders. A total of 24 species are reported here for the time from the reserve. As per IUCN status the fish faun...
Article
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Labeo fimbriatus, the fringe-lipped peninsula carp, is a commercially important fish species next to Indian major carps. We isolated and characterized polymorphic microsatellite markers to be used as a tool for delineation of genetic stock of this species. Partial genomic libraries enriched for CT and GT repeat motifs generated 103 positive clones...
Article
In the face of failure of conservation programs, a Gene Bank in the lunar PSR, preferably the Shoemaker crater incorporating natural cryopreservation will provide permanent preservation of germplasms to protect endangered species from extinction.
Article
This study aimed at developing a suitable cryopreservation protocol for embryonic stem (ES)-like cells of a tiny freshwater fish Leopard danio (Brachydanio frankei). Embryonic stem (ES)-like cells derived from blastomeres of the early blastulae stage of the developing embryo were cultured in vitro in a medium containing Leibowitz-15 supplemented wi...
Article
Major species of Indian carp, namely catla (Catla catla), rohu (Labeo rohita) and mrigal (Cirrhinus mrigala) are the mainstay of Indian freshwater aquaculture, with an annual production of 1.8 million tonnes, representing more than 80% of the national aquaculture production.1 Among them, rohu tops the list in terms of production as well as populari...
Article
Serum from goat, calf, and chicken sources were evaluated in terms of attachment, growth, and proliferation of explants of Indian major carp, Cirrhinus mrigala. The attachment of explants viz. heart, liver, and kidney was directly proportional to the concentration of the serum. Among these sera, the highest percentage of attachment, growth, and pro...
Article
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Explores scope of conservation through commercial breeding of ornamental fishes
Article
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During a 60 d feeding trial, goldfish (Carassius auratus) measuring 1.66+/-0.02 g by weight and 4.2+/-0.02 mm by length were fed diets containing 23.34%, 26.21%, 29.30%, 32.24% and 42.53% crude protein in Feeds I through V respectively. The four formulated-diets (Feeds I, II, IV and V) contained groundnut oil-cake, wheat bran, soybean meal, fish me...

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