Sari Kunnari

Sari Kunnari
University of Oulu · Faculty of Humanities (HuTK)

Professor

About

96
Publications
21,802
Reads
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1,525
Citations
Citations since 2016
49 Research Items
1151 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Additional affiliations
August 2008 - present
University of Oulu
Position
  • Professor (Full)
February 2000 - January 2001
Bangor University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (96)
Article
Full-text available
Current methods for reporting interventions do not allow key questions of importance to practitioners, service providers, policy‐makers and people with DLD to be answered, and hence limit the implementation of effective interventions in the real world. To extend the existing EQUATOR guidelines to the context of speech language therapy/pathology for...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction : Today, children with hearing loss (HL) are diagnosed and fitted with hearing devices at an early age. However, HL may still influence their communicative development. Thus, we need up-to-date research on how children perform in their everyday environments, such as at home or daycare. This study provides an overview of the communicati...
Article
Purpose This study explores whether the quality of parent–child interaction is associated with language abilities cross-sectionally and longitudinally up to preschool-age among children with developmental language disorder (DLD). Method Participants were 97 monolingual children with DLD and their parents from the Helsinki Longitudinal SLI study, H...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated responsive and directive speech from 60 Finnish mothers to their 2-year-old children, as well as correlations with concurrent and later vocabulary. Possible gender differences with regard to both maternal speech and children’s vocabulary skills were considered. There were no gender differences in maternal utterance frequenci...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The role of domain-general short-term memory (STM) in language development remains controversial. A previous finding from the HelSLI study on children with developmental language disorder (DLD) suggested that not only verbal but also non-verbal STMfor temporal order is related to language acquisition in monolingual children with DLD. Ai...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Early hearing aid (HA) fitting and cochlear implants (CIs) aim to reduce the effects of hearing loss (HL) on spoken language development. The goals of this study were (1) to examine spoken language skills of children with bilateral HAs and children with bilateral CIs; (2) to compare their language skills to the age-norms of peers with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One notable finding of recent research in child language acquisition is that infants are highly sensitive to the basic word order of their target language at a very early stage, even before productive syntax starts. The study we report has its antecedents in the work of Franck et al. (2013), which combined the preferential looking paradigm with the...
Poster
Full-text available
Research questions Our research questions are: (i) Are infants sensitive to basic word order of their target language at a very early stage before productive syntax starts? (ii) How early is the comprehension of word order in Finnish, in view of the results of Franck et al. (2013), Gavarró et al. (2015), will the typological difference between Finn...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies of verbal short-term memory (STM) indicate that STM for serial order may be linked to language development and developmental language disorder (DLD). To clarify whether a domain-general mechanism is impaired in DLD, we studied the relations between age, non-verbal serial STM, and language competence (expressive language, receptive...
Article
The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate early vocabulary development and its relationships with prelinguistic communication skills and social-emotional/behavioral (SEB 1) problems and competencies. The participants were 58 healthy Finnish-speaking children (30 girls, 28 boys). First, the concurrent relationships were investigated at t...
Article
Background Language exposure is known to be a key factor influencing bilingual vocabulary development in typically developing (TD) children. There is, however, a lack of knowledge in terms of exposure effects in children with developmental language disorder (DLD) and, especially, in interaction with age of onset (AoO) of second language acquisition...
Chapter
We analysed narrative comprehension in 5-to-6-year-old simultaneously bilingual Finnish-Swedish (n = 16) and monolingual Finnish children (n = 16) by using the Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN). We assessed mean total narrative comprehension scores for bilingual children in both of their languages and for monolingual children...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between speech inconsistency, speech production skills, phonological awareness and nonword repetition (NWR) in 24 preschool-aged Finnish-speaking children with speech sound disorder (SSD) and in 31 children with typical speech and language development (TD). Speech inconsistency was assessed...
Article
This study examined intra-word accuracy and consistency in 32 preschool-aged Finnish-speaking children with speech sound disorder (SSD) compared to their typically developing (TD) age- and gender-matched peers. Accuracy and consistency of speech production were assessed by a picture-naming task repeated three times in one assessment session. Respon...
Article
Full-text available
The Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN) is part of LITMUS (Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings). LITMUS is a battery of tests that have been developed in connection with the COST Action IS0804 Language Impairment in a Multilingual Society: Linguistic Patterns and the Road to Assessment (2009-2013).
Article
Research findings: Narratives have been extensively studied in recent decades, but studies investigating differences and similarities in the narrative features from a cross-cultural or cross-linguistic point of view are limited. This study investigated the narrative language of typically developing monolingual four- and eight-year-old Finnish, Ital...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of vocal development in infants and toddlers with bilateral cochlear implants (CIs; bilateral CI group) who are acquiring Finnish and to compare their progress to that of infants with normal hearing and typical development (TD group). Method Five thousand nine hundred sixty-four...
Article
This study examined intra-word consistency and accuracy in typically developing Finnish children and their relation to children’s vocabulary size and phonological skills. A total of 80 typically developing Finnish children aged 3;0 to 6;11 were asked to name 20 words three separate times during a single assessment session. Responses were classified...
Article
The Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN) was designed in order to assess narrative skills in children who acquire one or more languages from birth or from early age. MAIN is suitable for children from 3 to 10 years and evaluates both comprehension and production of narratives. Its design allows for the assessment of several lang...
Article
Full-text available
This longitudinal study aimed at showing the effect of early social-emotional/behavioural problems and competencies on vocabulary development in toddlers. The participants were 60 native Finnish-speaking healthy children (30 boys and 30 girls). Parental reports on the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) were gathered at th...
Article
Tässä tutkimuksessa tarkasteltiin 4–8-vuotiaiden (N = 171) tyypillisesti kehittyneiden lasten suoriutumista Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI) -kerrontatestissä. Lisäksi tutkittiin testin kykyä erotella lapset, joilla on kielellinen erityisvaikeus (N = 19) tai autismikirjon häiriö (N = 16) ikään ja sukupuoleen kaltaistetuista verrokkilapsis...
Article
This three-year follow-up study investigated the associations of narrative and reading skills in typically developing Finnish children. Twenty children performed narrative retelling and story generation tasks twice, at five and eight years of age. Reading comprehension and word recognition tests were performed at the age of eight. Narratives were a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD a...
Research Proposal
This review aims to to explore the optimal dosage of PHONOLOGY, VOCABULARY and MORPHOSYNTAX interventions in children with LI in terms of a. total ‘dose’ (cumulative intervention intensity) b. dose frequency (the number of sessions per week) c. duration (the number of weeks). Research questions 1. Which dosage data are reported in PHONOLOGY, VO...
Research Proposal
This review aims to: To identify the methods of intervention used to treat phonological difficulties in children with primary language impairment (PLI) (or Developmental language disorder) and the level of evidence supporting those interventions. To identify the impact of interventions on children’s phonological skills and on secondary outcomes. T...
Article
[This paper is available, open access, at https://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?articleid=2629126.] Purpose The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists (SLPs) undertaking assessments of multilingual children with suspected speech sound disorders, particularly children who speak languages that are not shared with their SL...
Article
Background: Children with unilateral cochlear implants (CIs) may have delayed vocabulary development for an extended period after implantation. Bilateral cochlear implantation is reported to be associated with improved sound localization and enhanced speech perception in noise. This study proposed that bilateral implantation might also promote ear...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledg...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speechlanguage pathologists (SLPs) undertaking assessments of multilingual children with suspected speech sound disorders, particularly children who speak languages that are not shared with their SLP. Method: The tutorial was written by the International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children’s Speech,...
Chapter
This chapter describes FIN-LARSP, an adaptation of LARSP for the Finnish language. One of the motivations for developing a Finnish version of LARSP was to provide clinicians and researchers with an assessment and remediation procedure for morphosyntax. Such a tool is extremely important, since relatively little is known about morphosyntactic develo...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Although much research has been devoted to the acquisition of number words, relatively little is known about the acquisition of other expressions of quantity. We propose that the order of acquisition of quantifiers is related to features inherent to the meaning of each term. Four specific dimensions of the meaning and use of quantifier...
Poster
Full-text available
Severe to profound hearing impairment may affect communicative development in many ways (Moeller et al., 2007). During the recent years, early bilateral implantation has become more common. However, little is known about communicative development in Finnish children after early bilateral cochlear implantation. The aim of the present study was to in...
Poster
Full-text available
Jopa yli 95 % kuulovikaisista lapsista syntyy kuuleville vanhemmille (Mitchell & Karchmer, 2004), ja vanhemmat usein toivovat, että lapsi omaksuisi heidän äidinkieltään. Jos lapsella on vaikea tai erittäin vaikea kuulovika eikä hän hyödy perinteisistä kuulokojeista, hän voi saada yhden tai kaksi sisäkorvaistutetta. Varhaisella sisäkorvaistutteiden...
Article
Full-text available
The comprehension of constituent questions is an important topic for language acquisition research and for applications in the diagnosis of language impairment. This article presents the results of a study investigating the comprehension of different types of questions by 5-year-old, typically developing children across 19 European countries, 18 di...
Article
The narrative macrostructure of 16 Finnish–Swedish bilingual children ( M age = 5 years, 8 months) was assessed in both of their languages. In the case of the Finnish language, the macrostructure was compared with that of 16 monolingual same-age peers. The narratives were analyzed for story structure, structural complexity, and internal state terms...
Article
Full-text available
Monikielisiä ihmisiä on maailmassa koko ajan enemmän. Suomessa virallisten kielten muodostaman kaksikielisyyden lisäksi myös muunlainen monikielisyys on lisääntynyt. Muuta kuin suomea, ruotsia tai saamea äidinkielenään puhuvien alle 10-vuotiaiden määrä on kaksinkertaistunut kymmenessä vuodessa, ja määrän odotetaan kasvavan edelleen nopeasti. Nämä l...
Article
Full-text available
Artikkelissa selvitetään suomen kieleen sovelletun Language Assessment, Remediation and Screening Procedure -menetelmän (FIN-LARSP) käyttökelpoisuutta morfosyntaktisten taitojen arvioinnissa kolmella lapsella (4;1–4;9), joilla on kielellinen erityisvaikeus (KEV). LARSP kehitettiin alun perin englannin kieleen mutta siitä on myöhemmin tehty sovelluk...
Article
Full-text available
Kerronta edellyttää monenlaisen kielellis-kognitiivisen tiedon yhteensovittamista, mutta kerronnan ja työmuistin yhteyttä on tutkittu vähän. Tässä tutkimuksessa tarkasteltiin kerronnan ja työmuistin välistä yhteyttä käyttäen kahta erilaista kerrontatehtävää: tarinan luomista ja toistokerrontaa. Tehtävät eroavat toisistaan siten, että toistokerronta...
Article
Full-text available
Kielellisen erityisvaikeuden ajatellaan olevan ensisijaisesti kielellisten taitojen ongelma. On kuitenkin todennäköistä, että kielelliseen erityisvaikeuteen liittyy myös ei-kielellisiä vaikeuksia. Tämän artikkelin tavoitteena on luoda katsaus eksekutiivisiin toimintoihin ja prosessointinopeuteen osana kielellistä erityisvaikeutta. Tutkimusten perus...
Article
Full-text available
We present a new set of subjective age-of-acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in 25 languages from five language families (Afro-Asiatic: Semitic languages; Altaic: one Turkic language: Indo-European: Baltic, Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Slavic, and Romance languages; Niger-Congo: one Bantu language; Uralic: Finnic and Ugri...
Poster
Full-text available
Investigating pragmatic skills is essential, because pragmatic skills are known to be related to self-image, the ability of building positive peer relationships (Loukusa, Paavola, & Leiwo, 2011), and academic skills (Thagard, Hilsmier, & Easter-Brooks, 2011). Still, there are hardly any studies published on pragmatic development of children with he...
Article
This cross-linguistic study evaluates children’s understanding of passives in eleven typologically different languages: Catalan, Cypriot Greek, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hebrew, Lithuanian, and Polish. The study intends to determine whether the reported gaps between the comprehension of active and passive and between short...
Article
This study examined linguistic and pragmatic aspects of narrative abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which have not been studied thoroughly and not at all in Finnish. Sixteen five- to ten-year-old Finnish high-functioning children with ASD (mean age 7;7 years) and 16 age-matched typically developing children (mean age 7;5 ye...
Article
Full-text available
A group of Finnish-speaking children with specific language impairment (N = 15, M age = 5 years, 2 months [5;2]), a group of same-age typically developing peers (N = 15, M age = 5;2), and a group of younger typically developing children (N = 15, M age = 3;8) were compared in their use of accusative, partitive, and genitive case noun suffixes. The c...
Article
Abstract Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have difficulty expressing subject-verb agreement. However, in many languages, tense is fused with agreement, making it difficult to attribute the problem to agreement in particular. In Finnish, negative markers are function words that agree with the subject in person and number but do not e...
Article
This study focuses on the development of narrative structure and the relationship between narrative productivity and event content. A total of 172 Finnish children aged between four and eight participated. Their picture-elicited narrations were analysed for productivity, syntactic complexity, referential cohesion and event content. Each measure sho...
Article
Abstract This study investigates narratives of Finnish children with specific language impairment (SLI) from linguistic and pragmatic perspectives, in order to get a comprehensive overview of these children's narrative abilities. Nineteen children with SLI (mean age 6;1 years) and 19 typically developing age-matched children participated in the stu...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter considers why young children’s speech segments are often perceived by adults as geminates in light of two studies on the perception of phonological quantity in Finnish and Japanese. Study 1 used stimulus continua created from a nonword "keke", which orthogonally varied in the word-medial stop’s absolute (raw) duration and its durationa...
Article
A major challenge for the speech-language pathology profession in many cultures is to address the mismatch between the ‘‘linguistic homogeneity of the speech-language pathology profession and the linguistic diversity of its clientele’’ (Caesar & Kohler, 2007, p. 198). This paper outlines the development of the Multilingual Children with Speech Soun...
Article
This study investigated interactions between vowel quantity and two types of prosodic lengthening (accentual lengthening and the combined effect of accentual and utterance-final lengthening) in disyllabic words in Northern Finnish. Two quantity-related constraints were observed. First, in both types of prosodic lengthening, vowels were lengthened l...
Article
This study assesses the phonological development of four Finnish-speaking children (ages 4;8, 4;9, 4;9 and 5;5) with specific language impairment (SLI) and dyspractic features in speech. The analysis is performed using the phonological mean length of utterance (pMLU) method. Moreover, the children's phonological abilities are evaluated qualitativel...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate early vocal productions of children acquiring Finnish at the age of 8 months. Furthermore, the relationship between mean babbling level (MBL) and the size of early productive vocabulary was examined. Analyses were based on video recorded play sessions of ten children. Children’s utterances were classified on...
Article
Full-text available
It is a position statement about Speech Assessment for Multilingual Children Who Do Not Speak the Same Language(s) as the Speech-Language Pathologist. It was put together by The International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children's Speech.
Article
Preterm children with low birth weight are at greater risk of experiencing speech and language difficulties than full-term children. The aim of the current study was to investigate expressive language skills of Finnish-speaking preterm children with low birth weight [extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) children: n = 8; very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) ch...
Article
The language to which children are exposed has been shown to have a direct effect on their early phonological development. Despite a growing body of data from cross-linguistic studies and studies on phonological development in various language environments, English still often serves as a benchmark for comparative studies. This article reviews gene...
Article
Full-text available
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) vary widely in their ability to use tense/agreement inflections depending on the type of language being acquired, a fact that current accounts of SLI have tried to explain. Finnish provides an important test case for these accounts because: (1) verbs in the first and second person permit null subject...
Article
The aim of this study was to analyse the morphosyntactic skills in three children with cochlear implant (CI) after 3;11–5;2 years of initial stimulation by using the Finnish version of the Index of productive syntax (IPSyn). We compared the CI children’s skills with those of normal-hearing peers matched according to hearing age and gender, and chro...
Article
Utterance-final lengthening in Northern Finnish was investigated using tightly controlled laboratory materials, with particular focus on its interaction with the language's single (short) vs. double (long) vowel distinction. Like many other languages, Finnish exhibited utterance-final lengthening, although the estimates of magnitudes of lengthening...
Article
Full-text available
JOHDANTO Kertomukset ovat osa jokapäiväistä elämääm-me – kuulemme, luemme ja tuotamme niitä päivittäin. Kerronta on laaja käsite, ja sitä on tutkittu viimeisten vuosikymmenten aikana monitieteisesti. Kerronta, kuten myös muut diskurssin lajit, ovat kiinnostaneet laajalti kielitieteilijöitä, psykologeja ja sosiologeja samoin kuin historian ja antrop...
Chapter
This chapter begins with the discussion of the concept of sensitivity - its original definition and subsequent attempts to develop the concept further. It is suggested that one fruitful way to continue study in this field might be to examine maternal sensitivity and the characteristics of child-directed speech (CDS) together. It was hypothesized th...
Article
An investigation of the acoustic correlates of prosody in infant disyllabic vocalizations was undertaken on the basis of data from 10 each of American- and Finnish- and five each of French- and Welsh-learning infants at the onset of word use (10–18 months). The 639 disyllables were analyzed acoustically for duration, intensity and fundamental frequ...
Article
Full-text available
Early word production profiles for children learning different languages reflect both similarities and differences. Experimental evidence of a link between speech perception and vocal production supports the idea that a match between the child’s own babbling forms and input speech is the source of the constrained but relatively accurate first word...
Article
Full-text available
The present article reports a study of communicative behaviour among mothers and infants who were grouped according to the ratings of sensitivity and co-operation, respectively. The participants were 27 Finnish-speaking mothers and their 10-month-old first-born infants (13 boys and 14 girls). The study is descriptive by nature, and the data were th...
Article
The present study assesses the phonological development of 17 children acquiring Finnish at the developmental point of 25 words (ages 1; 2-2;0). The analysis is made using the PHONOLOGICAL MEAN LENGTH OF UTTERANCE (PMLU) method (Ingram & Ingram, 2001; Ingram, 2002), which focuses on the children's whole-word productions. Two separate analyses are c...
Article
Full-text available
Oulun yliopisto, Suomen kielen, informaatio-tutkimuksen ja logopedian laitos Tuula Savinainen-Makkonen, Helsingin yliopisto, Puhetieteiden laitos Leila Paavola, Oulun yliopisto, Suomen kielen, informaatio-tutkimuksen ja logopedian laitos Tämän tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli selvittää, mitä konsonantteja 2-vuotiaat suoma-laislapset tuottavat eri sana-a...
Article
Maternal responsiveness has been found to have an important role in early language acquisition. From early on, children can also be regarded as active participants in interaction who demonstrate increasing competence in conveying messages to their interactive partners. Hence, in order to demonstrate consistent effects of maternal responses, it is i...
Article
Full-text available
Maternal overall verbal responsiveness to prelinguistic infants at 0;10 was analysed by categorizing responses according to their function. In addition, the predictive validity of the response categories to the child’s communicative and linguistic development at 1;0 was examined. The participants were 27 Finnish-speaking mothers and their first-bor...
Article
This study reports on a longitudinal study of ten children's consonant productions. Data were analysed to determine the word initial, word medial, and word final consonant inventories of these children at 4-, 15- and 25-word points, as well as the rank order of consonant phonemes. Comparisons were made to Finnish-speaking 2-year-old children and ad...
Article
This study examines the phonological form of ten Finnish-speaking children's productive vocabulary in the period of transition into speech, with primary focus on the number of syllables in a word. The results showed that Finnish children produced relatively few monosyllables and a large number of disyllables in their early words. This seemed to ref...