• Home
  • Sarah Tschudin Sutter
Sarah Tschudin Sutter

Sarah Tschudin Sutter
University Hospital Basel Switzerland · Division of Infectious Diseases & Hospital Epidemiology

Professor - Tenure Track Professorship for Epidemiology in Infectious Diseases

About

179
Publications
46,039
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,684
Citations
Introduction
MD University of Basel (2002); MSc Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (2013); Internal Medicine Specialist (FMH); Infectious Disease Specialist (FMH); Certificate of Healthcare Epidemiology, Infection, Prevention, and Control (Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health); Research Fellowship Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2011-2013)
Additional affiliations
October 2020 - present
University Hospital Basel
Position
  • Head Division of Hospital Epidemiology and Deputy Head
April 2020 - present
Swiss National COVID-19 Science Task Force
Position
  • Lead Expert Group Infection Prevention and Control
July 2018 - present
University Hospital Basel & University of Basel
Position
  • Faculty Member
Education
July 2014 - July 2018
University of Basel
Field of study
March 2013 - July 2013
Training in scientific presentations
Field of study
  • Postdoctoral training at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
January 2013 - March 2013
Teaching at the university level
Field of study
  • Postdoctoral training at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Publications

Publications (179)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Children are increasingly recognized as being at risk for C. difficile infection (CDI), even without prior exposure to antibiotics or the healthcare environment. We aimed to distinguish risk factors, clinical course, and outcomes between healthcare facility-associated (HA) and community-associated (CA) CDI. Methods: This was a retros...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae are emerging worldwide. Contact isolation is recommended; however, little is known about the rate of transmission without contact isolation in the non-epidemic setting. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the rate of spread (R(0)) of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in a...
Article
Full-text available
In Response: We thank James Johnson for the issue that he has raised in his letter (1). We agree that distinction of the terms colonization and infection is crucial to prevent misinterpretation of clinical findings and subsequently unnecessary antimicrobial drug use. The outbreak occurred in the hospital; therefore, definitions of nosocomial infect...
Article
Full-text available
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have triggered multiple outbreaks. However, VRE of genotype vanC appear not to be associated with outbreaks. The goal of this study was to estimate the risk of bloodstream infections in patients colonized with VRE of genotype vanC who received care from a bone marrow transplant unit for patients with leukemia,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Inflammatory biomarkers are associated with severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, direct comparisons of their utility in COVID-19 versus other respiratory infections are largely missing. Objective We aimed to investigate the prognostic utility of various inflammatory biomarkers in COVID-19 compared to patients with o...
Article
Aims of the study: In the global COVID-19 pandemic, female sex is associated with comparable infection rates but better outcome. However, most studies lacked appropriate controls. We investigated whether these sex disparity findings are specific to patients with COVID-19 or generalizable to patients presenting to the emergency room (ER) with simil...
Article
Antibiotics are modifiable risk factors for Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI), driving pathogenesis via gut microbiome disruption. The management of patients with CDI prescribed concomitant non-CDI antibiotics is problematic and influences CDI outcome and recurrence risk. Though an assessment of the ongoing requirement for concomitant antibi...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: Some COVID-19 vaccine recipients show breakthrough infection. It remains unknown, which factors contribute to risks and severe outcomes. Our aim was to identify risk factors for SCoV2 breakthrough infections in fully vaccinated individuals. (2) Methods: We conducted a retrospective case-control study from 28 December 2020 to 25 Octo...
Article
Full-text available
Transmission chains within small urban areas (accommodating ∼30 per cent of the European population) greatly contribute to case burden and economic impact during the ongoing coronavirus pandemic and should be a focus for preventive measures to achieve containment. Here, at very high spatio-temporal resolution, we analysed determinants of severe acu...
Article
Full-text available
Background Protecting healthcare workers (HCWs) from exposure to SARS-CoV-2 during patient care is central to managing the current pandemic. Higher levels of trust in personal protective equipment (PPE) and infection prevention and control (IPC) strategies have been previously related to lower levels of emotional exhaustion, yet little is known on...
Preprint
Background The risk of SARS-CoV-2 (SCoV2) infection in schools and student households is typically assessed using classical epidemiology whereby transmission is based on time of symptom onset and contact tracing data. Using such methodologies may be imprecise regarding transmission events of different, simultaneous SCoV2 variants spreading with dif...
Article
The incidence of infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics is constantly increasing. In Europe alone, it has been estimated that each year about 33′000 deaths are attributable to such infections. One important driver of antimicrobial resistance is the use and abuse of antibiotics in human medicine. Inappropriate prescribing of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: COVID-19 vaccines significantly reduce SARS-CoV-2 (SCoV2)-related hospitalization and mortality in randomized controlled clinical trials, as well as in real-world effectiveness against different circulating SCoV2-lineages. However, some vaccine recipients show breakthrough infection and it remains unknown, which host and viral factors...
Article
Full-text available
Importance Many guidelines recommend a weight-adopted dose increase of cefuroxime for surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP). However, the evidence that this approach is associated with lower rates of surgical site infection (SSI) is limited. Objective To assess whether double-dose cefuroxime SAP was associated with a decreased SSI rate in patie...
Article
Study aims: To quantify mimics and chameleons of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), to analyse the diagnostic accuracy of the triage protocol, and to describe the resulting groups of mimics and chameleons - including their presenting symptoms and final diagnoses. Methods: Diagnostic accuracy study including all adult patients tested for severe...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: SARS-CoV-2 may cause acute lung injury, and secondary infections are thus relevant complications in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. However, detailed information on community- and hospital-acquired infections among patients with COVID-19 pneumonia is scarce. Methods: We identified 220 SARS-CoV-2-positive patients hospitalized at th...
Article
Full-text available
The proportion of asymptomatic carriers of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remains elusive and the potential benefit of systematic screening during the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic is controversial. We investigated the proportion of asymptomatic inpatients who were identified by systematic screening for SARS-CoV-2 upon hospital...
Article
Background: When the periods of time during and after the first wave of the ongoing SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic in Europe are compared, the associated COVID-19 mortality seems to have decreased substantially. Various factors could explain this trend, including changes in demographic characteristics of infected persons and the improvement of case...
Preprint
Full-text available
The spread of antibiotic resistance genes on plasmids is a threat to human and animal health. Phylogenies of bacteria and their plasmids contain clues regarding the frequency of plasmid transfer events, as well as the co-evolution of plasmids and their hosts. However, whole genome sequencing data from diverse ecological or clinical bacterial sample...
Article
Full-text available
Background Approximately 11% of patients colonized with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-PE) are colonized with more than one ESBL-producing species. We investigated risk factors associated with colonization with multiple ESBL-PE species. Methods We performed a case-case–control study at the University Hospital Bas...
Article
Scope: In 2009, the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) published the first treatment guidance document for Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). This document was updated in 2014. The growing literature on CDI antimicrobial treatment and novel treatment approaches, such as fecal microbiota transplantation...
Article
Commercially available SARS-CoV-2-directed antibody assays may assist in diagnosing past exposure to SARS-CoV-2 antigens. We cross-compared the following eight immunoassays detecting antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) or spike (S) antigens in three cohorts consisting of 859 samples from 622 patients: (i) EDI novel coronavirus COVID-19 (...
Article
Full-text available
Background Klebsiella spp. are opportunistic pathogens which can cause severe infections, are often multi-drug resistant and are a common cause of hospital-acquired infections. Multiple new Klebsiella species have recently been described, yet their clinical impact and antibiotic resistance profiles are largely unknown. We aimed to explore Klebsiell...
Article
Full-text available
Background: We investigate the frequency and diagnostic yield of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in adult patients with status epilepticus (SE) and its impact on the outcome. Methods: From 2011 to 2018, adult patients treated at the University Hospital Basel were included. Primary outcomes were defined as the frequency of lumbar puncture and res...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Patients with severe COVID-19 may be at risk of longer term sequelae. Long-term clinical, immunological, pulmonary and radiological outcomes of patients treated with anti-inflammatory drugs are lacking. Methods: In this single-centre prospective cohort study, we assessed 90-day clinical, immunological, pulmonary and radiological outc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: As clinical signs of COVID-19 differ widely among individuals, from mild to severe, the definition of risk groups has important consequences for recommendations to the public, control measures and patient management, and needs to be reviewed regularly. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore risk factors for in-hospital mortality a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Evidence to date indicates that mortality of acute coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is higher in men than in women. Conversely, women seem more likely to suffer from long-term consequences of the disease and pronounced negative social and economic impacts. Sex- and gender specific risk factors of COVID-19-related long-term effects are unk...
Article
Background: Elevated D-dimer levels have been observed in COVID-19 and are of prognostic value, but have not been compared to an appropriate control group. Methods: Observational cohort study including emergency patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. Logistic regression defined the association of D-dimer levels, COVID-19 positivity, age,...
Article
Full-text available
Most studies investigating early risk predictors in coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) lacked comparison with controls. We aimed to assess and directly compare outcomes and risk predictors at time of emergency department (ED) presentation in COVID-19 and controls. Consecutive patients presenting to the ED with suspected COVID-19 were prospectively e...
Article
Full-text available
Older age and frailty are predictors of adverse outcomes in patients with COVID-19. In emergency medicine, patients do not present with the diagnosis, but with suspicion of COVID-19. The aim of this study was to assess the association of frailty and age with death or admission to intensive care in patients with suspected COVID-19. This single-centr...
Article
Full-text available
Clostridioides difficile causes nosocomial outbreaks which can lead to severe and even life-threatening colitis. Rapid molecular diagnostic tests allow the identification of toxin-producing, potentially hypervirulent strains, which is critical for patient management and infection control. PCR-ribotyping has been used for decades as the reference st...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have indicated an association between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and acute kidney injury (AKI) but lacked a control group. The prospective observational COronaVIrus-surviVAl (COVIVA) study performed at the University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland consecutively enrolled patients with symptoms suggestive of COVID-19. We compa...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Objective: Data regarding delirium in patients presenting with infections of the central nervous system, such as meningitis and/or encephalitis (ME), are scarce. We aimed to determine the frequency and early predictors of delirium in the acute phase of ME. Methods: We assessed clinical, radiologic, and laboratory data of patients with ME...
Article
Full-text available
The first case of SARS-CoV-2 in Basel, Switzerland was detected on February 26th 2020. We present a phylogenetic study to explore viral introduction and evolution during the exponential early phase of the local COVID-19 outbreak from February 26th until March 23rd. We sequenced SARS-CoV-2 naso-oropharyngeal swabs from 746 positive tests that were p...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has rapidly spread globally and infected millions of people. The prevalence and prognostic impact of dysnatremia in COVID-19 is inconclusive. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence and outcome of dysnatremia in COVID-19. Design: The prospective, observational, cohort study included consec...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) are a public health threat. Single-centre interventions, however, are likely to fail in the long term, as patients are commonly transferred between institutions given the economic integration across borders. A transnational approach targeting larger regions is needed to plan overarching sets of int...
Article
Full-text available
Background Urinary tract infection (UTI) is diagnosed combining urinary symptoms with demonstration of urine culture growth above a given threshold. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of Urine Flow Cytometry (UFC) with urine test strip in predicting bacterial growth and in identifying contaminated urine samples, and to derive an algorit...
Article
Full-text available
Background To investigate the effect of the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the acute treatment of patients with ST-segment elevation (STEMI) and Non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). Methods We retrospectively identified patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with suspected ACS. We evaluated t...
Article
Full-text available
There is emerging evidence for multifarious neurological manifestations of COVID‐19, while little is known whether they reflect structural damage to the nervous system. Serum neurofilament light chain (sNfL) is a specific biomarker of neuronal injury. We measured sNfL concentrations of 29 critically ill COVID‐19 patients, 10 critically ill non‐COVI...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Transmission chains within small urban areas (accommodating∼30% of the European population) greatly contribute to case burden and economic impact during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, and should be a focus for preventive measures to achieve containment. Here, at very high spatio-temporal resolution, we analysed determinants of SARS-CoV-2...
Article
Objectives Detecting SARS‐CoV‐2 is key to clinical and epidemiological assessment of CoVID‐19. We cross‐validated manual and automated high‐throughput testing for SARS‐CoV‐2‐RNA, evaluated SARS‐CoV‐2‐loads in nasopharyngeal‐oropharyngeal swabs (NOPS), lower respiratory‐fluids, and plasma, and analyzed detection rates after lockdown‐ and relaxation‐...
Article
Background. COVID-19, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, is a pandemic disease with high morbidity and mortality. Currently, available therapeutic options for COVID-19 are limited. Prior experience in epidemics with convalescent plasma (CP) containing antibodies to viruses has demonstrated variable indications of therapeutic efficacy for: Influenza, A...
Article
Full-text available
This prospective observational study evaluated the safety and feasibility of a low threshold testing process in a Triage and Test Center (TTC) during the early course of the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic. In addition, we aimed to identify clinical predictors for a positive severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) sw...
Article
Full-text available
Public health authorities in the United States and Europe recommend surveillance for Clostridioides difficile infections among hospitalized patients, but differing diagnostic algorithms can hamper comparisons between institutions and countries. We compared surveillance based on detection of C. difficile by PCR or enzyme immunoassay (EIA) in a natio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The first local case of SARS-CoV-2 in Basel, Switzerland, was detected on February 26th 2020. We present a phylogenetic cross-sectional study and explore viral introduction and evolution during the exponential early phase of the local COVID-19 outbreak from February 26th until March 23rd. Methods: We sequenced SARS-CoV-2 samples from na...
Article
Full-text available
We report a cluster of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type 101 deriving from one poultry and two clinical samples collected within the setting of a prospective study designed to determine the diversity and migration of ESBL-producing Enterobacterales between humans, foodstuffs and wastewater.
Article
Purpose of review: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) challenge healthcare systems worldwide. As healthcare workers' hands are considered the main vector for transmission of pathogens, effective hand hygiene is the single most important action to prevent HAIs. We sought to highlight new developments and advances in hand hygiene. Recent findi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Since December 2019, a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has triggered a world-wide pandemic with an enormous medical and societal-economic toll. Thus, our aim was to gather all available information regarding comorbidities, clinical signs and symptoms, outcomes, laboratory findings, imaging features, and treatments in patients with coron...
Article
We investigated relative proportions of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-PE) versus non-ESBL-PE (nESBL-PE) infections in ESBL-PE colonized patients. ESBL-PE are not causative for the majority of infections in hospitalized patients colonized with ESBL-PE. Site of infection and patient-level exposures may be useful pr...
Article
Background: SARS-CoV-2 emerged in China as the cause of CoVID-19 in December 2019 reaching Europe by late January 2020, when community-acquired respiratory viruses (CARVs) are at their annual peak. We validated the WHO-recommended SARS-CoV-2-assay and analyzed the epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 and CARVs. Methods: Naso-oropharyngeal swabs (NOPS) fro...
Article
Purpose of review: The purpose of the review is to provide all the recent data focusing on the diagnostic and treatment of Clostridioides difficile infection in patients admitted in the ICU. Recent findings: In the ICU, diagnosis remains complicated with a large number of alternative diagnosis. The treatment classically relies on vancomycin but...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. SARS-CoV-2 emerged in China in December 2019 as new cause of severe viral pneumonia (CoVID-19) reaching Europe by late January 2020. We validated the WHO-recommended assay and describe the epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 and community-acquired respiratory viruses (CARVs). Methods. Naso-oropharyngeal swabs (NOPS) from 7663 individuals were pr...
Article
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) leads to inflammatory cytokine release, which can downregulate the expression of metabolizing enzymes. This cascade affects drug concentrations in the plasma. We investigated the association between lopinavir (LPV) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) plasma concentrations and the values of acute phase inflam...
Preprint
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) leads to inflammatory cytokine release, which can downregulate the expression of metabolizing enzymes. This cascade affects drug concentrations in the plasma. We investigated the association between lopinavir (LPV) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) plasma concentrations and the values of acute phase inflam...
Article
Full-text available
Background Algorithms for predicting infection with extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-PE) on hospital admission or in patients with bacteraemia have been proposed, aiming to optimise empiric treatment decisions.AimWe sought to confirm external validity and transferability of two published prediction models as well as th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) lead to high morbidity and mortality. Data for HAIs in psychiatric hospitals are scarce, and not deriving from long-term surveillance. Aim We aimed to assess the impact of an infection control service on the prevalence of HAI in a psychiatric hospital during an 18-year period. Methods In 1999, a p...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction Since December 2019, a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has triggered a world-wide pandemic with an enormous medical, societal, and economic toll. Thus, our aim was to gather all available information regarding comorbidities, clinical signs and symptoms, outcomes, laboratory findings, imaging features, and treatments in patients with cor...
Article
Full-text available
Cefiderocol is a new siderophore cephalosporin with activity against carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacteria. Data on clinical efficacy is limited to complicated urinary tract infections. We present a series of three patients successfully treated with cefiderocol for complicated, health-care associated infections and review published case repor...
Article
Full-text available
The reproductive number in Switzerland was between 1.5 and 2 during the first third of March, and has consistently decreased to around 1. After the announcement of the latest strict measure on 20 March 2020, namely that gatherings of more than five people in public spaces are prohibited, the reproductive number dropped significantly below 1; the au...