Sarah Nicholls

Sarah Nicholls
Swansea University | SWAN · School of Management

About

61
Publications
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2,252
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Publications

Publications (61)
Article
While many studies have examined how people in host communities adapt to tourist cultures, limited research has considered tourist adaption to host destination cultures. Successful adaptation can help tourists have more satisfying visits, while maladaptation may seriously decrease satisfaction. It may also compromise the wider wellbeing benefits of...
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This is the fourth Active Healthy Kids (AHK) Wales Report Card. The 2021 card produced grades on children and young people’s physical activity (PA) using pre-COVID-19 data that were not used in previous versions. Eleven quality indicators of PA were graded through expert consensus and synthesis of the best available evidence. Grades were assigned a...
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The review of 25 studies had two objectives. First, to identify whether results reported in other cultures confirm or rebut the generalizability of the magnitude and characteristics of parks’ impact on property values reported by studies undertaken in the U.S. Second, to identify methodological innovations by researchers from other cultures that co...
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The adoption of green initiatives is attracting increasing attention among tourism providers and researchers. One important dimension of travellers’ environmental concern is their willingness to pay higher rates for green travel products. This study determines the association between pro-environmental attitudes and beliefs, and willingness to pay a...
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Sustainability has become a common term in the lexicon of most tourism scholars and many industry professionals. Yet active infusion of sustainability thinking and initiatives in practice remains less consistent. This exploratory study investigates awareness and understanding of, and engagement with, sustainability concepts and practices by those i...
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Tourism is a vital component of the Welsh economy and the need to incorporate sustainability principles into new and more responsible forms of tourism development is now widely accepted. Sustainability in a tourism context is multi-faceted, involving consideration of the economic, sociocultural and environmental impacts of tourism on all of the peo...
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Coastal sand dunes provide an array of important benefits that are supported by coastal geomorphic processes and location-specific ecosystems, including direct and indirect economic benefits to humans. Coastal sand dune ecosystems are ecologically important, but their specific values and uses are little studied, poorly understood, and underapprecia...
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The paper reviewed 22 studies that investigated the impact on house prices of proportion of open space in the proximate area. The expected significant relationship was found in at least one model in 21 of these analyses, providing empirical confirmation of the intuitive recognition that increasing the amount of greenery and open space in a neighbou...
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Twenty-seven empirical studies were identified that empirically estimated the impact on property values of views of open space. The review differentiated between street level and high-rise building views. Among the 17 street-level view studies, only five found substantial premiums which ranged from 4.9% to 9.29%, while four others reported either a...
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Executive Summary Between 2005 and 2017, the net number of 18-hole equivalent courses in the U.S. declined by 1,063. In recent years, the closure rate of courses has been approximately 200 a year, resulting in potentially substantial losses in property values for residents who have paid a premium to reside in proximate locations to them. Findings f...
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The global environment is susceptible to many types of change, including alterations to the world's climate. Climate change has been linked to a host of modifications to the natural environment, including the increasing frequency and severity of disturbances such as pest outbreaks, invasions by non-native species, and wildfire. These in turn pose s...
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The review of 33 studies generally confirmed findings from a 2001 review: House values rose as proximity to a park increased; properties immediately adjacent to a park sometimes had a lower premium than dwellings a block or two away from it; larger parks had higher premiums, and their influence extended over a longer distance; and substantially gre...
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Though one of the most commonly employed analysis techniques in the leisure literature, multiple regression and in particular the ordinary least squares (OLS) approach are subject to a number of critical assumptions, violation of which threaten the efficiency and validity of OLS findings. This paper demonstrates the utility of an alternative approa...
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Open Access This study explores the effects of observed changes in rainfall, temperature and land cover on the physical and sightseeing aspects of trekking in Kilimanjaro National Park. The impact analysis is organised around hazard-activity pairs approach, combinations of environmental change aspects (such as higher temperatures) and tourism activ...
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Beaches are a unique type of recreation setting, offering a variety of water- and land-based opportunities that can meet residents’ diverse and complex recreation needs. Providing and improving equitable access to recreation amenities such as beaches have been recognized as essential responsibilities of public leisure agencies. This study assessed...
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Competition to attract international students continues to grow and understanding the factors that influence study destination choice is critical to the marketing efforts of nations, states, and institutions. This surveybased study of international students at Michigan State University demonstrates that they appear to choose the country in which to...
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The desirability of living on or close to water is reflected in sometimes substantial property price premiums. Water quality has an important influence on property prices, since it impacts a water body’s appearance, capacity to support wildlife, and recreational potential. As water quality continues to be altered by human use and activity, and in l...
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Competition to attract international students continues to grow and understanding the factors that influence study destination choice is critical to the marketing efforts of nations, states, and institutions. This survey-based study of international students at Michigan State University demonstrates that they appear to choose the country in which t...
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Full-text available
Rivers, streams, and canals support a variety of critical agricultural, industrial, transportation, ecological, and household uses. They also provide important aesthetic, recreational, and sociocultural benefits. This review paper synthesizes the evidence to date regarding the value of these linear water features as aesthetic and recreational resou...
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Agent-based modeling (ABM) is a way of representing complex systems of autonomous agents or actors, and of simulating the multiple potential outcomes of these agents’ behaviors and interactions in the form of a range of alternatives or futures. Despite the complexity of the tourism system, and the power and flexibility of ABM to overcome the assump...
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Tourism is one of the prime manifestations of the ‘great acceleration of humankind’ since the Anthropocene started around 1950. The almost 50-fold increase in international tourism arrivals has substantial implications for environmental sustainability, but these have not yet been fully explored. This paper argues that a full exploration requires th...
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Agent-based modelling (ABM) is an emerging approach in tourism research. Despite the natural fit between theories of tourism as a complex, interconnected system, and the generative approach supported in ABM, there has been only limited integration within mainstream tourism research. This research letter reports on a recent gathering of tourism ABM...
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Assessing levels of equity inherent in the distributions of the public open spaces that they manage is an important responsibility of park and recreation agencies. Multivariate regression offers one way of conducting such assessments. However, traditional ordinary least squares (OLS) techniques fail to explore important local variations in relation...
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Residents’ recreation behavior is highly influenced by their level of access to recreation opportunities. Distance is an important component of access. The purpose of this study was to measure levels of access to public beaches in the Detroit Metropolitan Area (DMA) using four travel distances (1, 6, 10, and 20 miles) and three access measures (min...
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Shani and Arad (2014) claimed that tourism scholars tend to endorse the most pessimistic assessments regarding climate change, and that anthropogenic climate change was a “fashionable” and “highly controversial scientific topic”. This brief rejoinder provides the balance that is missing from such climate change denial and skepticism studies on clim...
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This final response to the two climate change denial papers by Shani and Arad further highlights the inaccuracies, misinformation and errors in their commentaries. The obfuscation of scientific research and the consensus on anthropogenic climate change may have significant long-term negative consequences for better understanding the implications of...
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Shani and Arad (2014) claimed that tourism scholars tend to endorse the most pessimistic assessments regarding climate change, and that anthropogenic climate change was a “fashionable” and “highly controversial scientific topic”. This brief rejoinder provides the balance that is missing from such climate change denial and skepticism studies on clim...
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Full-text available
In many rural regions, including those of the Nordic region, a former dependence on primary activities such as fishing, forestry, mining and/or agriculture has been superseded in recent decades by increasing involvement in the tourism sector. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential implications of climate change for non-winter rural t...
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The implementation of national tourism policy is manifested in the development of destinations and in patterns of tourism activity. Based on Brenner’s notions of spatial rescaling and spatial selectivity, this study assesses the changing distribution of domestic tourism in South Korea between 1989 and 2011, and relates these changes to the national...
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The tourism industry is fragmented in nature and this is sometimes manifested in perceived or actual differences in viewpoint between various subsets of the sector. In Michigan, for example, anecdotal evidence suggests such differences based on geographic location (in the Upper or the Lower Peninsula) and on setting (rural or urban). The purpose of...
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Understanding of the nature of the relationship between weather conditions and participation in outdoor recreation and tourism remains relatively limited, despite the need to better comprehend these dynamics in order to prepare for the implications of projected increases in climate variability and climate change. This study addressed this gap throu...
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The greening of tourism activities continues to receive attention from industry members and academics. This paper assesses familiarity with, perceived benefits of and adoption levels of various environmental initiatives within the accommodation sector in Michigan, USA, based on 217 responses to an online survey of lodging providers. Variations in f...
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There is growing recognition of the role of good environmental management practices on the part of both tourism providers and consumers. But to what extent is this recognition translated into practice in daily operations and activities? This research note assesses the correspondence between the perceived importance of environmental management techn...
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Weather conditions often have an important influence on participation in recreation and tourism (R&T) activities, and many activities require specific sets of weather conditions to make them enjoyable or possible. Despite the intuitive nature of the relationship between weather and R&T participation, this topic has received little attention in the...
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As one of the world's largest and fastest growing industries, tourism's dependence on the natural environment and climate mean that it is extremely vulnerable to, and could be dramatically affected by, climatic variability and change. However, the vulnerability of the tourism industry to climate change is generally poorly understood by stakeholders...
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Skiing heavily relies on specific weather and environmental conditions to make participation both feasible and enjoyable. The lack of published research on the relationships among ski activity, weather, and climate is, therefore, surprising, especially in light of mounting evidence regarding climate change. The analyses of the influence of daily we...
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Projection of the potential impacts of climate variability and change on tourism destinations is heavily dependent on the ability to first model present-day relationships between tourism activity and weather conditions. However, current understanding of these relationships is often based more on assumption and anecdotal evidence than hard empirical...
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Despite the obvious influence of weather conditions on golfing activity, the relationships between participation in golf and specific weather variations have rarely been considered in the empirical literature. Given the increasing evidence to support global climate change, quantification of historical relationships between participation and weather...
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Each summer millions of northern Europeans have historically escaped the unfavorable weather conditions in their countries in search of the traditional "sun, sand, and sea" vacation in the Mediterranean region. Climate change may alter this longstanding tourism flow, however. Based on combination of a series of scientific climate change scenarios w...
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A large proportion of golf courses currently under construction are part of larger real-estate projects. The objective of this study was to identify the magnitude of the increase in property prices created by the golf course in one such amenity. A hedonic analysis was undertaken using a sample of 305 sales transactions in a golf course subdivision...
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Tourism is a climate-dependent industry, and many destinations owe their popularity to their pleasant climates during traditional holiday seasons. This article explores the potential implications of climate change for global tourism, with special emphasis on seasonality. Combination of two climate change scenarios with the Tourism Climatic Index re...
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Climate change is now firmly recognized by the majority of the world's scientists and governments as an issue of extreme concern for the global population. Outdoor recreation and tourism are likely to be impacted directly and indirectly by such change, as both the climate, and the natural environment associated with it, continue to alter. At the sa...
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The effect of greenways on surrounding residential property values remains somewhat of an unknown quantity. Though several studies have ascertained that nearby residents tend to view greenways as positive or neutral amenities that increase or have no discernible impact on property values and saleability, these results are mostly based on anecdote r...
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: A substantial proportion of golf courses constructed in recent years are associated with real estate projects. An underlying premise of these developments is that the course creates a premium for the lot values and facilitates a more rapid sale of these lots. The study posed three research questions: (i) Did residents believe tha...
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Concern about closure of private, rural lands to outdoor recreation has been documented in the research literature for several decades. While many reasons for this phenomenon have been posited, liability for recreational injuries has been identified as a particularly worrisome problem for landowners. However, landowners' perceptions of liability ar...
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Geographic information systems (GIS) can provide leisure service age ncies with nume rous opportunities to enhance the planning and management of their facilities. This pape r demonstrates one such application, to the measurement of levels of accessibility and distributional equity offered by a system of public parks. The methods proposed are relat...
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In light of the declining condition of many state and local budget situations throughout the nation, the need for parks and recreation agencies to prove their worth in order to attain continued funding for their services and facilities is especially crucial. While the many benefits that parks and other open spaces imbue upon community residents are...
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Outdoor recreation and tourism (ORT) together constitute one of the three largest industries in Michigan, and the provision of ORT opportunities to the traveling public represents a vital source of income and jobs within the state. Many of the activities provided depend heavily upon appropriate climatic, and associated environmental, conditions. Ho...
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: The ability to place dollar estimates on the values and benefits provided by parks is becoming increasingly vital to public park providers as competition for local, state, and national resources continues to intensify. One way of calculating at least a portion of this value is the hedonic pricing method, a technique that enables...
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Heritage tourism, a niche segment that first rose to prominence among researchers and the tourism industry in the 1990s, remains one of the most significant, and fastest growing forms of leisure travel within the American market. Recent various market analyses and academic investigations have been conducted, that when combined, begin to demonstrate...
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Recognition of the link between physical inactivity and poor health has placed increased attention on the provision of adequate access to places that encourage physical exercise. Consideration of access to public amenities raises the issue of distributional equity, a less researched topic addressing the question of 'who gets what' in terms of the d...

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