Sarah K Jones

Sarah K Jones
The Alliance of Bioversity International & CIAT · Multifunctional Landscapes

PhD

About

43
Publications
40,303
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732
Citations
Citations since 2017
39 Research Items
727 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Achieving well-being for all, while protecting the environment, is one of the most pressing global challenges of our time, and a central idea in the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We believe that integrating ecosystem services, the benefits nature provides to people, into strategies for meeting the SDGs can help achieve this. Many develop...
Article
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Smallholder famers in West Africa use multiple ecosystem services (ES) in their day-today lives. The contribution that these services make to human well-being (HWB), and therefore to development outcomes, is not well understood. We analyse smallholder farmer perceptions of ES, ecosystem disservices (ED), and their HWB importance around community-ma...
Article
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Homogenisation and intensification of agricultural ecosystems are among the most important threats to biodiversity, linked to declines in pollinators, soil biota and ecosystem functioning. Diversification has been proposed as a way to restore ecosystem functioning in agricultural landscapes. To manage agricultural land for multiple ecosystem functi...
Article
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Dietary transition towards higher consumption of animal source foods (ASF) associated with higher incomes across low and middle-income countries could have negative impacts on environmental systems and their potential in the long run to provide services necessary for achieving multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In this article, we integ...
Article
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The diversity of plants, animals and microorganisms that directly or indirectly support food and agriculture is critical to achieving healthy diets and agroecosystems. Here we present the Agrobiodiversity Index (based on 22 indicators), which provides a monitoring framework and informs food systems policy. Agrobiodiversity Index calculations for 80...
Article
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Humanity is challenged with making progress toward global biodiversity, freshwater, and climate goals, while providing food and nutritional security for everyone. Our current food and land-use systems are incompatible with this ambition making them unsustainable. Papers in this special feature introduce a participatory, integrated modeling approach...
Chapter
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Agriculture is the largest single source of environmental degradation, responsible for over 30% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, 70% of freshwater use and 80% of land conversion: it is the single largest driver of biodiversity loss (Foley JA, Science 309:570–574, 2005, Nature 478:337–342, 2011; IPBES. Global assessment report on biodiversi...
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Improving livelihoods in Rwanda requires overcoming food insecurity and malnutrition. Vision 2050 is Rwanda’s long-term development strategy, yet little is known about its potential trade-offs for the country’s biodiversity, forest cover, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Scenario analysis can provide insights into how to achieve such goals more...
Article
To leverage agriculture's potential to better benefit both people and nature, policymakers need clear messages about which farming practices positively impact biodiversity and yields, and when trade-offs arise. Existing reviews analyse effects of different agricultural practices on either biodiversity or yield, without considering interactions. Her...
Article
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Diversified farming systems are promoted as a pathway to more sustainable agricultural production. Yet widescale adoption may be slow because of uncertainty about the viability of farmer livelihoods on diversified farms and entrenched perceptions that monocultures are key to making farming profitable. Here, a global meta-analysis of 3192 effect siz...
Article
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There is an urgent need for countries to transition their national food and land-use systems toward food and nutritional security, climate stability, and environmental integrity. How can countries satisfy their demands while jointly delivering the required transformative change to achieve global sustainability targets? Here, we present a collaborat...
Article
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Managing agricultural landscapes to support biodiversity conservation requires profound structural changes worldwide. Often, discussions are centered on management at the field level. However, a wide and growing body of evidence calls for zooming out and targeting agricultural policies, research, and interventions at the landscape level to halt and...
Preprint
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Defining a safe and just space for the biosphere requires global-scale synthetic measures of functional integrity in relation to Nature’s Contributions to People (NCP). We estimated, based on a systematic review of the literature, the minimum level of functional integrity needed to secure multiple critical ecosystem services, including pollination,...
Article
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Governments are updating national strategies to meet global goals on biodiversity, climate change and food systems proposed in the Convention on Biological Diversity post-2020 framework and agreed at the United Nation’s Climate Change Conference (COP26) and Food Systems Summit (UNFSS). This represents a unique and crucial opportunity to integrate a...
Technical Report
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The Agrobiodiversity Index report 2021: Assessing Mediterranean Food Systems analyses the state of agrobiodiversity in a set of Mediterranean countries, looking at agrobiodiversity in food consumption, production, and genetic resource conservation. It sheds light on the actions and policies countries are already taking to use and preserve their agr...
Technical Report
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This brief presents results from the Food, Agriculture, Biodiversity, Land-Use, and Energy (FABLE) Consortium, a collaborative initiative that brings together independent researchers from 20 countries. Using the FABLE modelling framework30, this brief analyzes baseline conditions for biodiversity and potential pathways to meeting three of the CBD p...
Chapter
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Agroecology is the application of ecological principles to agricultural systems and practices and the application of social justice principles to whole food systems. Agroecological farming, an unfamiliar concept to those who treat agriculture and ecology as separate subjects, refers to farming for producing food, employment and economic benefits in...
Technical Report
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The crucial roles of biodiversity in agriculture - a necessary understanding if agirculture is to become more sustainable.
Technical Report
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The linkages between agriculture and biodiversity - an imperative for understanding sustainable food production
Article
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With the Convention on Biological Diversity conference (COP15), United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26), and United Nations Food Systems Summit, 2021 is a pivotal year for transitioning towards sustainable food systems. Diversified farming systems are key to more sustainable food production. Here we present a global dataset documenting out...
Preprint
Full-text available
Setting clear biodiversity targets is a pervasive challenge1 due to the context-dependent nature of biodiversity that has evaded concise science-based objectives such as the 1.5°C for climate2. Considering the major risk of continued inaction, and further biodiversity loss, it is imperative that the biodiversity community identify similarly operati...
Article
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The expansion and intensification of agriculture have led to global declines in biodiversity. This paper presents a systematic review protocol to clarify under what management and landscape contexts diversified farming practices are effective at improving outcomes for terrestrial biodiversity, and potential trade-offs or synergies with agricultural...
Article
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The end of the first working program of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) provided an opportunity to draw lessons from its work. This perspective paper captures insights from ecosystem services (ES) researchers and practitioners, largely drawing from the Europeancontext (referred to herein...
Article
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Sustainable land management is at the heart of some of the most intractable challenges facing humanity in the 21st century. It is critical for tackling biodiversity loss, land degradation, climate change and the decline of ecosystem services. It underpins food production, livelihoods, dietary health, social equity, climate change adaptation, and ma...
Article
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Capturing countries' commitments for measuring and monitoring progress towards certain goals, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), remains underexplored. The Agrobiodiversity Index bridges this gap by using text mining techniques to quantify countries' commitments towards safeguarding and using agrobiodiversity for healthy diets, sus...
Article
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Global targets, such as the UN Sustainable Development Goals, and private sector commitments, such as deforestation free supply chains, are stimulating growing demand for sustainable investment opportunities in the food and agriculture sector. Yet, the supply of such opportunities has been slow to materialize despite a proliferation of impact funds...
Technical Report
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Highlights • A novel linking of models assesses localized effects of global socioeconomic change on environmental and ecosystem services. • Model application to Tanzania shows increased food supplies leading to reduced hunger and malnutrition in 2030. • Trade-offs emerge between meeting the demand for animal source foods and maintaining ecosystem s...
Article
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Today, global food production is the largest driver of environmental degradation and biodiversity loss (Willett et al. 2019). Rising global food demand and limited arable land are pushing us to expand agricultural frontiers and production. This often happens without regard to the environment, causing biodiversity loss, land and water degradation (B...
Article
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emphasize the global and multi‐dimensional nature of sustainability and thus require improving our capacity to articulate and trace the impact of ecosystem change to measures of human well‐being. Yet, the integrated nature of these goals is challenging to assess without similarly integrated assessment tools....
Chapter
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Chapter 2 makes the case for using systems thinking as a guiding perspective for TEEBAgriFood’s development of a comprehensive Evaluation Framework for the eco-agri-food system. Many dimensions of the eco-agri-food system create complex analytical and policy challenges. Systems thinking allows better understanding and forecasting of the outcomes of...
Technical Report
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Citation: This paper should be referenced as follows: Syngenta, Arcadis, and Bioversity International, (April 2018), ‘Multifunctional Field Margins’ Assessing the benefits for nature, society and business; a position paper.
Article
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Whether or not reservoirs contain water throughout the dry season is critical to avoiding late season crop failure in seasonally-arid agricultural landscapes. Locations, volumes, and temporal dynamics, particularly of small ( < 1 Mm³) reservoirs are poorly documented globally, thus making it difficult to identify geographic and intra-annual gaps in...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Biodiversity is in decline globally and climate change looks set to further accelerate the process through its impact on habitat loss and fragmentation. Landscape connectivity, or the ability of species to move between areas of habitat via corridors and linkage zones, could help halt the decline by promoting improved foraging, breeding and migratio...
Chapter
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Article
Sustainable Development Goals offer an opportunity to improve human well-being while conserving natural resources. Ecosystem services highlight human well-being benefits ecosystems, including agricultural ecosystems, provides. Whereas agricultural systems produce the majority of our food, they drive significant environmental degradation. This tensi...
Article
Global health threats such as the recent Ebola and Zika virus outbreaks require rapid and robust responses to prevent, reduce and recover from disease dispersion. As part of broader big data and digital humanitarianism discourses, there is an emerging interest in data produced through mobile phone communications for enhancing the data environment i...
Article
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Climate change may create risks that, without sufficient adaptation measures in place, endanger lives and damage natural, semi-natural and designed landscapes. This article explores the use of green infrastructure in climate change adaptation in London. A review of the current literature identifies how and where green infrastructure can deliver cli...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The FABLE Calculator is an Excel-based tool that has been created to quickly provide a model to each country team in the FABLE Consortium to make projections of their food and land-use systems up to 2050. It is a public mass-balance model that does not require programming skills, solves in a few seconds, and can test a wide range of parameters’ values, resulting in millions of alternative pathways. The FABLE Calculator covers the main domains of the food and land-use systems: food security, land use and land cover change, water use, some proxy indicators for biodiversity impacts, and GHG emissions from agriculture and land-use change. The agricultural sector is at the core of the model with the representation of >60 products. For each of these products, the model reports the food, feed, other non-food consumption, losses and waste, imports and exports, and production quantities, and related land and water use for each five years from 2000 to 2050. Each country model is one Excel file that includes the national database, computation formulas, scenarios selection options, and a dashboard to monitor national targets. It can identify major imbalances in, and threats to, national food and land-use systems without complex optimization algorithms. It can run on almost any computer since Excel is one of the most widely used programs in the world and newer versions are backwards-compatible with older Excel files. Because all the data is visible and the structure of the Excel functions is clear, the Calculator contains no hidden “black-box” to hide its weaknesses. Moreover, users can quickly select alternative combinations of scenarios and see the impacts on the main indicators. This is an advantage when interacting with stakeholders, as assumptions can be changed easily and transparently. Finally, this is a tool that is developed collaboratively, i.e., developments made by some users are transferred to all users in the form of update packages. Future improvements are ongoing to cover the forestry sector, production costs, add a spatially explicit module, and cover more socio-economic indicators. The open FABLE Calculator can be downloaded here: https://www.abstract-landscapes.com/fable-calculator. If you are interested to use the FABLE Calculator for a specific country or region, contact us at info.fable@unsdsn.org
Project
POP-BF will explore the effect of access to low-cost monitoring tools and improved data to assess reservoir water quality, variability and distribution across households on natural resource use and management decisions in Centre-Est Burkina Faso. Testing the potential for uptake of agro-ecological solutions to reservoir management challenges will form a key part of the project.