Sarah Dalrymple

Sarah Dalrymple
Liverpool John Moores University | LJMU · School of Biological and Environmental Sciences

PhD Plant Science, University of Aberdeen

About

43
Publications
13,401
Reads
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554
Citations
Introduction
Conservation translocations, climate change, plant ecology and conservation; Associate Editor of Ecological Solutions & Evidence; Editor of British & Irish Botany; Reader in Conservation Ecology, LJMU
Additional affiliations
May 2013 - present
Liverpool John Moores University
Position
  • Lecturer/Senior Lecturer in Conservation Ecology
May 2013 - present
Liverpool John Moores University
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Modules: Contemporary Issues in Conservation, Work-Based Learning, Professional Training, Ecology Field Skills, Sustainable Natural Heritage
February 2013 - July 2014
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
Position
  • Consultant

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
The increased demand of food produced through sustainable agriculture has resulted in localised amelioration of intensive management imposed by agroecosystems. However, these newly available niches are often isolated and plant species may not be able to recolonise fragmented agroecosystems from where they have been extirpated. Plant reintroduction...
Article
Anthropogenic climate warming is undisputed and yet, there is much that is unknown regarding biological impacts of changing temperature and precipitation, and the management options presented as solutions to biodiversity losses—such as translocations of plants and seeds—are often controversial. This Special Focus presents five new studies and two r...
Article
Full-text available
1. To be effective, the next generation of conservation practitioners and managers need to be critical thinkers with a deep understanding of how to make evidence-based decisions and of the value of evidence synthesis. 2. If, as educators, we do not make these priorities a core part of what we teach, we are failing to prepare our students to make an...
Article
Full-text available
1. To be effective, the next generation of conservation practitioners and managers need to be critical thinkers with a deep understanding of how to make evidence‐based decisions and of the value of evidence synthesis. 2. If, as educators, we do not make these priorities a core part of what we teach, we are failing to prepare our students to make an...
Article
Full-text available
1. Species reintroductions often aim to establish populations of threatened taxa over the long‐term. However, climate change may jeopardize reintroduction efforts by altering the conditions of a recipient site beyond the tolerances of the focal species. To aid the selection of recipient sites that will retain their suitability under climate change,...
Article
Full-text available
Systematic literature reviews are frequently used in biodiversity conservation to identify knowledge gaps and strategies for improvement. Despite their important role, systematic reviews are not standardized and often use different methods, standards for success, and data sources. We compared two systematic reviews on terrestrial arthropod conserva...
Poster
Full-text available
An infographic explaining the methods and main findings of our paper comparing two systematic literature reviews on arthropod conservation translocations
Chapter
Billions of years of geologic upheaval, eons of gradual weathering by rain, sun and frost, and millennia of evolutionary divergence have resulted in a global network of unique plant communities that are collectively referred to as “serpentine.” Serpentine soils derived from ultramafic igneous rocks have been of high interest to botanists for centur...
Chapter
The genus Melampyrum is a group of small terrestrial annual plants with a unique set of ecological traits that form a significant functional role in a wide variety of temperate and boreal habitats. Found across the Northern Hemisphere, the genus is associated with a range of habitats from lowland grasslands to subalpine heath, and dry pine forest t...
Chapter
As one of the world's most threatened coniferous trees, Torreya taxifolia has attracted the attention of a variety of conservation organizations and researchers across its native country of the USA and beyond. The current status of the species is one of very poor individual health with trees being very short and failing to produce seeds, while bein...
Article
Full-text available
In alpine ecosystems, imbibed seeds are often exposed to temperatures as low as −35 °C, challenging their survival in the soil. Here, we show that seeds have mechanisms to survive cold climate prevalent in alpine ecosystems and have identified three such mechanisms from existing literature, including two forms of freezing avoidance (the presence of...
Article
Frugivory and seed dispersal contribute to the maintenance and regeneration of plant communities through transportation of seeds and enhancing germination through seed processing mechanisms. The effects of mammalian frugivore seed processing mechanisms on seed germination are generally well studied and the potential benefits include disinhibition (...
Article
The continuing decline and loss of biodiversity has caused an increase in the use of interventionist conservation tools such as translocation. However, many translocation attempts fail to establish viable populations, with poor release site selection often flagged as an inhibitor of success. We used species distribution models (SDMs) to predict the...
Article
The alarming current and predicted species extinction rates have galvanized conservationists in their efforts to avoid future biodiversity losses, but for species extinct in the wild, few options exist. We posed the questions, can these species be restored, and, if so, what role can ex situ plant collections (i.e., botanic gardens, germplasm banks,...
Article
Nutrient addition experiments initiated in 1980 on the Keen of Hamar, Shetland Isles, have produced a unique dataset of long-term vegetation response to amendments of major plant growth nutrients (N, P, NP, NPK and NPKCa). Previous studies have reported the notable impact of phosphorus on the ‘serpentine debris’ community, and the negligible effect...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Full-text available
Cold tolerance in seeds is not well understood compared to mechanisms in aboveground plant tissue but is crucial to understanding how plant populations persist in extreme cold conditions. Counter-intuitively, the ability of seeds to survive extreme cold may become more important in the future due to climate change projections. This is due to the lo...
Article
Translocation is increasingly used as a management strategy to mitigate the effects of human activity on biodiversity. Based on the current literature, we summarised trends in terrestrial insect translocations and identified factors associated with success and failure. As the authors' definitions of success and failure varied according to the indiv...
Article
Extinct, or just extinct in the wild? Plants lost from in situ habitat, but represented in seed banks, are labelled extinct despite the potential for restoration. A change in the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List definition of extinct in the wild is needed to improve the status and prospects of threatened plant species.
Research
Full-text available
These Guidelines are designed to be applicable to the full spectrum of conservation translocations. They are based on principle rather than example. Throughout the Guidelines there are references to accompanying Annexes that give further detail.
Article
Full-text available
Melampyrum sylvaticum is an endangered annual hemiparasitic plant that is found in only 19 small and isolated populations in the United Kingdom (UK). To evaluate the genetic consequences of this patchy distribution we compared levels of diversity, inbreeding and differentiation from ten populations from the UK with eight relatively large population...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change directly affects arctic-alpine plants and acute responses to increased temperatures may be seen in their reproductive fitness and germination ability. However, uncertainties prevail in predicting whether a future warmer climate favors or hampers seed germination in high latitude and high altitude soils and seed germination research i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A protocol for monitoring a threatened plant species including methods, rationale for parameters measured and possible interpretation based on varying scenarios. Available on figshare: http://figshare.com/articles/Recommended_monitoring_protocol_for_Melampyrum_sylvaticum_L_/1362559
Article
Full-text available
The ability of seeds to regenerate from soil seed banks has long been recognized as a key survival strategy for plants establishing new niches in highly variable climates of alpine environments. However, the fundamental aspects of evolutionary/selective forces for seed bank development in alpine ecosystems are largely unknown. Here, we developed a...
Article
Full-text available
The use of human-assisted colonization for species affected by climate change is now being adopted by some conservationists but remains controversial. In order to deter extreme translocation actions, a decision framework is proposed that incorporates a biogeographical approach.
Code
[The Code was produced by Scottish Natural Heritage and the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh on behalf of the National Species Reintroduction Forum. It was written by Peter Hollingsworth, Martin Gaywood, Sarah Dalrymple, Sally Blyth, Stephen Redpath, Linda Neaves. The formal citation is: National Species Reintroduction Forum 2014. The Scottish Code f...
Article
Full-text available
Background Peatlands cover 2 to 5 percent of the global land area, while storing 30 and 50 percent of all global soil carbon (C). Peatlands constitute a substantial sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) via photosynthesis and organic matter accumulation, but also release methane (CH4),nitrous oxide (N2O), and CO2 through respiration, all of whic...
Article
Full-text available
Background Establishing Protected Areas (PAs) is among the most common conservation interventions. Protecting areas from the threats posed by human activity will by definition inhibit some human actions. However, adverse impacts could be balanced by maintaining ecosystem services or introducing new livelihood options. Consequently there is an ongoi...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Conservation translocation is an umbrella term for any deliberate movement of plants or animals for conservation purposes and includes reintroductions where the recipient site is within the species’ indigenous range, and conservation introductions (C.I.) which involve moving individuals beyond the range. Reintroductions...
Article
According to Jørgensen, the definition of reintroductions is crucial to their proper implementation and she highlights a number of ambiguities in existing definitions, particu-larly associated with the concept of historic range. We could not agree more and have incorporated her sug-gested term of "indigenous range" rather than "historic range" into...
Article
Full-text available
In order to increase engagement and to consolidate skills, a tutorial-based skills course (module) was introduced as a compulsory component of first-year in the School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen. We evaluated whether students had attained certain 'graduate attributes' during the course, comprising: transferable and generic skill...
Article
Full-text available
Premise of the study: Microsatellite markers were developed for the hemiparasitic plant Melampyrum sylvaticum to investigate the breeding system, genetic diversity, and structure of populations in the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Norway. Methods and results: Microsatellites were isolated from genomic DNA using an enrichment protocol. Twenty-nine...
Chapter
Full-text available
Reintroduction work must continue and should be expanded because it is an important tool to stabilize and restore vulnerable declining species. Reintroduction can play a vital role in keeping species present in our landscape through climate change, but this will be possible only through careful planning, research, modeling, and priority setting. In...
Chapter
Full-text available
Reintroductions and associated methods have been recommended as techniques for mitigating or redressing threatened plant species declines for several decades. Their use continues to increase as an option for overcoming problems associated with habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, and reproductive isolation (Quinn et al. 1994). However, these approa...
Article
Full-text available
Small cow-wheat is an annual, hemiparasitic plant that is endangered in the UK. Attempts at restoration have been hampered by a lack of species-specific horticultural knowledge. This paper outlines the methods used to collect, store and germinate small cow-wheat seed, and to cultivate the plant at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. The germination...
Article
Full-text available
SUMMARY Small cow-wheat Melampyrum sylvaticum , a nationally scarce annual identified as a priori ty species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan, was the focus of a translocation attempt aiming to establish new populations within the extent of its former Scottis h range. Seeds were collected (from wild Scottish populations) in three phases (in the y...
Article
Full-text available
Summary • This account reviews information on all aspects of the biology of Melampyrum sylvaticum that are relevant to understanding its ecological characteristics and behaviour. The main topics are presented within the standard framework of the Biological Flora of the British Isles: distribution, habitat, communities, responses to biotic factors,...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Collaborations may be forthcoming if I can find anyone working on plant assisted colonization.  It can be anywhere in the world and any habitat.  I want to try out a decision framework recently published on AC and the biogeographic approach.

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Understand germination phenology of alpine species in the present and future climate
Project
Our project aims to answer the following questions: (1) How resistant are oceanic montane plant communities to extreme climate events? (2) Do once-off events result in local extinctions/abundance changes of rare and/or specialist montane vascular plants and byrophytes? (3) Do small-scale refuges of micro-climate/topography facilitate greater resistance?