Sara Krzyzaniak

Sara Krzyzaniak
OSF Saint Francis Medical Center | OSF · Department of Emergency Medicine

About

34
Publications
5,423
Reads
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357
Citations
Citations since 2017
23 Research Items
252 Citations
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Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Introduction As the field of medical education evolves, there is a need to increase the quality of education scholarship and develop a cadre of research scholars; however, clinician educators (CEs) considering this career transition have limited formal training in education research methodology to heed this call. Therefore, a program that provides...
Article
Introduction: Clinical faculty may have limited knowledge of education theories and best practices in health professions education. Many faculty development programs focus on passive learning with limited application to practice. There is a need for more active engagement for early career educators. Methods: We created an apprenticeship-based el...
Article
Background The Standardized Letter of Evaluation (SLOE) stratifies the assessment of emergency medicine (EM) bound medical applicants. However, bias in SLOE, particularly regarding race and ethnicity, is an underexplored area. Objective This study aims to assess whether underrepresented in medicine (UIM) and non-UIM applicants are rated differentl...
Article
Study objective To characterize the emergency medicine resident physician workforce and the residency programs training them. Methods We identified emergency medicine residents in the 2020 American Medical Association (AMA) Physician Masterfile, analyzed demographic information, mapped both county-level population-adjusted and hospital referral re...
Book
Full-text available
This is the fourth volume of the popular series: Education Theory Made Practical which has been brought to you as a joint effort between the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM) Faculty Incubator program and the International Clinician Educator Blog. This project is made possible in part with funding from the Government of Ontario and throu...
Book
Full-text available
This is the fifth volume of the popular ALiEM Faculty Incubator - International Clinician Educator Blog joint project: Education Theory Made Practical, Volume 5. This project is made possible in part with funding by the Government of Ontario and through eCampusOntario’s support of the Virtual Learning Strategy. To learn more about the Virtual Lear...
Article
Background Remediation is an important component of residency training that ensures residents are progressing toward competency and unsupervised practice. There is literature describing educators' attitudes about remediation; however, little is known about residents' perspectives regarding peers who are struggling and remediation. Understanding thi...
Article
Introduction The Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM) Faculty Incubator program is a longitudinal, one‐year, virtual faculty development program for early‐ and mid‐career faculty members that crosses specialties and institutions. This study sought to evaluate the outcomes among three years of participants. Methods This cross‐sectional surve...
Article
Objectives The Standardized Letter of Evaluation (SLOE) in emergency medicine (EM) is a widely used metric for determining interview invitations and ranking of candidates. Previous research has questioned the validity of certain sections of the SLOE. However, there remains a paucity of literature on the Qualifications for EM section, which evaluate...
Article
Background A gender gap in faculty rank at academic institutions exists; however, data among graduate medical education (GME) programmes are limited. There is a need to assess gender disparities in GME leadership, as a lack of female leadership may affect recruitment, role modelling and mentorship of female trainees. This cross-sectional study aime...
Book
Full-text available
In our third volume of the Education Theory Made Practical series, we continue to try to close the gap betwen the theoretical world of health professions education and the real world of clinical and classroom teaching. Originally written as a joint venture between the International Clinician Educator blog (https://icenetblog.royalcollege.ca/) and t...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has required a substantial change to the approach used for traditional, in-person continuing professional development (CPD) conferences. Running a virtual CPD conference will necessitate consideration of digital platforms and conversion of large group and small group sessions, abstract presentations, and networking events to a...
Article
Clinical teaching is the primary educational tool use to train learners from day one of medical school all the way to the completion of fellowship. However, concerns over time constraints and patient census have led to a decline in bedside teaching. This paper provides a critical review of the literature on clinical teaching with a focus on instruc...
Article
Study objective Previous studies have demonstrated that a sex disparity exists in the editorial boards of select specialties. However, there are limited data with respect to emergency medicine. We seek to determine the sex distribution of editors in chief and editorial board members among emergency medicine journals. Methods In this cross-sectiona...
Article
Objectives The goal of this research was to determine the gender distribution of chief residents in emergency medicine (EM) residencies in the United States to explore whether the gender leadership gap is present at the resident level in EM. Methods The investigators compiled a list of EM residency programs accredited by the Accreditation Council...
Article
Introduction Feedback is a complex, multi-component interaction that is essential for academic development and advancement. Successful feedback requires active involvement from both the giver and receiver. However, research and guidance on the subject mostly center on the role of the provider of feedback. But the receiver of feedback holds the true...
Article
Study objective: Multiple studies have demonstrated a gender gap in the percentage of women recognized in national awards, but to our knowledge this gap has not been studied within emergency medicine. This study is designed to evaluate the presence of a gender gap in female representation in awards from national emergency medicine organizations in...
Article
Feedback is an essential part of learning, growth, and academic success. Junior faculty members are often unfamiliar with the grounding literature that defines feedback. Many times they receive little education on providing and receiving feedback, resulting in unhelpful "feedback" for both learners and program leadership alike. This article aims to...
Article
Full-text available
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires residency programs to prepare residents to teach and assess medical students and other learners. In order to achieve this, many programs develop formal residents as teachers (RAT) curricula. Medical educators may seek the guidance of previously published literature during the...
Article
Introduction: During residency, some trainees require the identification and remediation of deficiencies to achieve the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for independent practice. Given the limited published frameworks for remediation, we characterize remediation from the perspective of educators and propose a holistic framework to guide th...
Article
Full-text available
The evaluation of educational programs has become an expected part of medical education. At some point, all medical educators will need to critically evaluate the programs that they deliver. However, the evaluation of educational programs requires a very different skillset than teaching. In this article, we aim to identify and summarize key papers...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Many teachers adopt instructional methods based on assumptions of best practices without attention to or knowledge of supporting education theory. Familiarity with a variety of theories informs education that is efficient, strategic, and evidence-based. As part of the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine Faculty Incubator Program, a lis...
Article
Focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) is widely used for evaluating patients with blunt abdominal trauma; however, it sometimes produces false-negative results. Presenting characteristics in the emergency department may help identify patients at risk for false-negative FAST result or help the physician predict injuries in patients wit...
Article
All suicides by Hispanics (n = 434) and non-Hispanic Whites (n = 3,370) in Colorado from 2004 to 2008 using the Violent Death Reporting System were examined. Hispanic victims were significantly younger. Adjusting for age and gender, Hispanic victims were less likely to have reported depressed mood [odds ratio (OR) 0.78; 95% confidence interval (CI)...
Article
The purpose of this project was to develop operational criteria to "close the ED waiting room". A prospective, staff-based participatory research model was used. Nurses at an urban ED with 70,000 visits attended a four-hour workshop concerning ED overcrowding. The workshops consisted of two parts, (1) educational sessions that reviewed key concepts...
Article
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have a high incidence of sudden cardiac death and may benefit from implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). However, ESRD also may predispose patients to device-related complications, potentially offsetting some of the benefits of prophylactic ICD placement. The purpose of this study is to compare...

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