Sara Jalali-Farahani

Sara Jalali-Farahani
Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences · Research Center for Social Determinants of Health

Doctor of Philosophy

About

70
Publications
19,738
Reads
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823
Citations
Citations since 2017
45 Research Items
603 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Introduction
Sara Jalali-Farahani currently works at the Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences. Sara does research in Epidemiology, Nutrition and Dietetics and Public Health. Their most recent publication is 'Perceived social support and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Tehranian adults: Tehran lipid and glucose study'.
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - present
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Researcher
October 2004 - December 2010
Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
October 2016 - June 2022
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Field of study
  • Public Health
December 2010 - December 2013
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Field of study
  • Community Nutrition

Publications

Publications (70)
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the food choice questionnaire (FCQ) and determine food choice motives among different study subgroups. Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted using self-administered questionnaires, including socio-demographic information and body weight and h...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Tehran Cardiometabolic Genetic Study (TCGS) is a large population-based cohort study with periodic follow-ups, which created a comprehensive database of 20,367 participants born between 1911-2015 selected from 4 different longitudinal, ongoing, and family-based studies. The study aims to identify the potential targets for prevention and interve...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Body dissatisfaction has been known as an important public health concern that can influence the physical and psycho-social health of adolescents. Hence, health professionals need a valid and reliable tool to assess this problem and its related factors in youth. This study aims to develop and assess the psychometric properties of an in...
Article
Background: This study assesses the long-term effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention on cigarette, passive, and hookah smoking in adolescent boys and girls. Methods: One thousand one hundred and fifty-nine adolescent participants of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) (2001-2004) were followed for 12 years. Participants in the intervention...
Article
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Background: Body image is known as an important factor affecting different aspects of adolescents' health; however, its relationship with lifestyle, body mass index (BMI), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Iranian adolescents has not been addressed in a conceptual model. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the network associa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Body dissatisfaction has been known as an important public health concern which can influence physical and psycho-social health of adolescents. Hence, health professionals need a valid and reliable tool to assess this problem and its related factors in youth. This study aims to develop and assess psychometric properties of an indigenous...
Article
Full-text available
Background Maternal obesity is a public health issue that could affect both women’s and children’s health. This qualitative study aimed to identify barriers to weight management of pregnant women with obesity and low socioeconomic backgrounds. Methods The current qualitative study has been conducted using a grounded theory approach by analyzing da...
Article
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Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are among the most common causes of death worldwide, including in Iran. Considering the adverse effects of CVDs on physical and psychosocial health; this study aims to investigate the association between experience of CVDs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adult participants of the Tehran Lipid...
Article
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Background: Maternal characteristics have been known to be associated with parenting practices, which could eventually influence their child's weight and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Objectives: This study aimed to assess the direct and indirect associations of maternal emotional states (depression, anxiety, and stress) with body mass...
Article
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The current study employs a qualitative approach to uncover the perceptions of Iranian adolescents regarding their bodies, with a focus on the psychological components that contribute to their body image perceptions. Data collection conducted using 13 semi-structured focus group discussions with 42 girls and 42 boys (15–18 years). All focus group d...
Article
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Background Although previous studies have shown the relationship between different parental factors and children’s blood pressure status, there is limited data on the cumulative effect of these factors. Considering parental socio-demographic, behavioral and cardio-metabolic characteristics, the current study aimed to distinguish parental risk clust...
Article
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Background: Non-participation in cohort studies, if associated with both the exposure and occurrence of the event, can introduce bias in the estimates of interest. This study aims to identify factors associated with follow-up participation in Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, a large-scale community-based prospective study in West Asia. Methods: A...
Article
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Background Due to the complex nature and high heterogeneity of motivational interviewing (MI) trials, available data on the effectiveness of these interventions on weight management in the early years of life is not yet conclusive. This study aimed to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of MI-based interventions on modifying obesity-related behaviors an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To assess the long-term effectiveness of a community-based intervention on cigarette, passive, and hookah smoking in adolescent boys and girls. Methods: 1159 adolescents who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) between 2001 and 2004 were followed for 12 years (every-three-year follow-ups). Participants in the interv...
Article
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Background Parental weight is studied as an important determinant of childhood obesity; however, obesity-related metabolic abnormalities have been less considered as determinants of childhood obesity. This study aimed to investigate the association between maternal obesity phenotypes and incidence of obesity in their offspring. Methods This longit...
Article
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Background Although different aspects of body image have been extensively studied in Western societies, there is little evidence regarding the main physical components that contribute to perceptions of body image from the perspective of adolescents, especially in Eastern-Mediterranean regions. This study aims to investigate main physical components...
Article
Background and Objectives: The Covid-19 prevalence can threaten self-care behaviors and disease control in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) through increasing anxiety and stress levels and limited access to medical services. This study was conducted to investigate the association of the Covid-19 pandemic with self-care behaviors in patients with T...
Article
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It is well documented that physical inactivity is related to weight gain and a whole host of chronic diseases. This study investigated trends of low physical activity among Iranian adolescents in urban and rural areas between 2006–2011. A total of 12,178 adolescents, aged between 15 and 19 years, participated in National Surveys of Risk Factors for...
Article
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Background Following the global upward trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD/CHD), much attention has been paid to lifestyle behaviors such as physical activity (PA). However, most of previous studies were conducted in developed countries and with just one measurement of physical activity. The aim of the current study is to assess the effect of cha...
Article
Abstract: Objective (s): The current study aimed to investigate the association between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of parents and their offspring. Methods: This study conducted in the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose study (TLGS) on 564 families including children (297 boys and 267 girls), mothers and fathers. Data on HRQoL of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are among the most common causes of death worldwide, including in Iran. Considering the adverse effects of CVDs on physical and psychosocial health; this study aims to investigate the association between CVDs incidence and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adult participants of the Tehran Lipid and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Although previous studies have shown the relationship between different parental factors and children's blood pressure status, there is limited data on the cumulative effect of these factors. Considering parental socio-demographic, behavioral and cardio-metabolic factors, the current study aimed to distinguish parental risk clusters and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study investigates main components of body image from the perspectives of Iranian boys and girls. Methods: A qualitative approach was used to identify the main components of body image in Iranian adolescents. A total of 13 semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted with 84 adolescents (42 girls and 42 boys), aged 15–18...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Maternal characteristics have been known to be associated with parenting practices that could eventually influence their child’s weight and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study aimed to assess the direct and indirect associations of maternal emotional states (depression, anxiety and stress) with body mass index (BMI) and H...
Article
Background Longitudinal research among Iranian adolescent smoking is limited. The current study aimed to investigate (1) the first smoking experience (FSE) and future smoking behaviors of adolescents with different parental risk factors and (2) the association between age of the FSE and future smoking behaviors over a 12-year follow-up.Method Based...
Article
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Objectives: This study aimed to compare the effects of a three-month motivation-based educational program and conventional dietary counseling on body composition and relevant outcomes among overweight and Obese adolescents. Methods: A total of 115 overweight and obese adolescents (46% boys) were randomly assigned to either a motivation-based pro...
Article
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Background: Little is known about the association between different levels of physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the general Iranian population across sex groups. The current study aims to investigate the association between PA and HRQoL across sex groups, various types of physical activity (leisure time and occup...
Article
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Abstract Background: Although several studies indicate the effects of diabetes type 2 on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in female subjects, the related impact of the disease on HRQoL in their family members has rarely been the focus of the empirical research. In this study we aim to investigate associations between diabetes in women and the...
Article
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Background Despite the strong association of smoking with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cerebral stroke, the consequences of smoking have not been elucidated among Iranian populations. This study aimed to assess sex-specific incidence of CVDs among an urban Iranian population with different smoking habits. Methods Participants were recruited f...
Article
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Objective This study aimed to explore body weight factors associated with HRQoL of Iranian adolescents. Methods A total of 584 adolescents (12–18 years) were included in this cross-sectional study. Participants were selected using a multi-stage sampling method from schools located in Isfahan city in Iran. Body weight, height and waist circumferenc...
Article
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Background Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has frequently been compared between both healthy and obese children and healthy and chronically ill children; however, there is glaring lack of evidence regarding comparison of HRQoL in obese children with their counterparts with chronic diseases. Therefore, this study aimed to compare HRQoL among...
Article
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Context: Beyond the objective outcomes of metabolic syndrome (MetS), the association between this syndrome and its patient-centered outcomes need to be investigated in Middle-Eastern countries. This report aims to summarize the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) findings regarding the association between MetS and health-related quality of life...
Article
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Purpose This study aimed to explore the association between different obesity phenotypes and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Tehranian men and women. Methods The participants of this study were 2880 healthy adults (aged>19 years) who participated in Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). To obtain socio-demographic and HRQoL informati...
Article
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Background Pre-hypertension is proposed as an independent risk factor for the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Objectives This study aimed to explore the main factors associated with pre-hypertension via testing a hypothesized model in Tehranian adults. Methods The study was conducted within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Stud...
Article
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Background: Several studies have demonstrated the positive association between perceived social support and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in certain groups; however, few studies have assessed this relationship in general population and between genders. This study aimed to investigate associations between socio-demographic factors, perceiv...
Article
Background: The increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in childhood makes lifestyle interventions imperative during adolescence. This study aimed to assess the effects of a community-based lifestyle intervention on MetS and its components in adolescents. Methods: Adolescents, based on their residential area were categorized into thre...
Article
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Objective To examine associations of sex-specific related factors with pre-diabetes in Tehranian non-diabetic adults. Methods This study has been conducted within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) between 2008–2010. A total of 5568 (55.4% female) non-diabetic adults, aged ≥20 years, selected from among participants of the...
Article
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Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a multi-dimensional concept that is affected by different variables. A large body of evidence shows that socio-demographic factors have a significant influence on HRQOL. When considering differences in cultural contexts and social values of various countries and the lack of evidence regarding s...
Article
Purpose: This study aimed to determine effects of community-based healthy lifestyle education on the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Tehranian children considering parental factors during a 13-year follow-up. Methods: This study was conducted within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) on 1603 healthy children, ag...
Article
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Objectives To investigate clustering of parental sociobehavioral factors and their relationship with the incidence of overweight and obesity in Iranian children. Methods Demographics, body weight, and certain medical characteristics of the parents of 2999 children were used to categorize parents by cluster; children’s weights were assessed for each...
Article
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This study aimed to determine the parental correlates of body weight status among adolescents in Tehran. The participants were 465 high school students and their parents who resided in Tehran. Body weight and height of the students were measured, and body mass index (BMI)-for-age and body weight status of the students were determined according to t...
Article
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This study aimed to determine the association between overweight and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Tehranian school children. A total of 631 school children aged 8-14 year old were selected from elementary and secondary schools, and body weight status was determined according to WHO growth references for 5-19 year old children. Children...
Article
Objectives: To investigate whether consumption of more diverse diets would increase the probability of nutrients adequacy among elderly women in Tehran, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 292 women aged ≥60 years who were randomly selected from 10 public health centers among 31 centers in south area of Tehran. Because of...
Article
Purpose This study aimed to test a conceptual model of associations between socio-demographic and behavioral factors and obesity in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). Methods Data from 2747 TLGS adult participants (58.3 % female) were analyzed. Socio-demographic and behavioral factors in the conceptual model were tested for their direct and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Previous studies reported lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores in overweight and obese adolescents compared to their normal weight counterparts; however, few studies investigated the association between obesity-related behaviors including physical activity and sedentary behaviors and HRQOL in adolescents. This study aime...
Conference Paper
Aims: To explore factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of adolescents residing in Isfahan. Methods: A total of 584 adolescents (12–18 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. Anthropometric measurements were conducted according to standard protocol. Adolescents were asked to complete self-administered questionnair...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The rising prevalence of childhood obesity is a major health problem worldwide. Hence, there is a growing need for health professionals to become capable of assessing the factors that determine lifestyle in a culturally relevant manner. Objectives: This study aimed to develop and assess a questionnaire for measuring determinants of o...
Article
Introduction: This study aimed to investigate possible direct and indirect association of socio-demographic and lifestyle factors with central obesity and overweight status in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) population. Methods: After excluding under- and over-reporters, a sample of 2747 TLGS participants (58.3% female) aged≥20 years were...
Article
Introduction: To assess the effect of community-based multidisciplinary lifestyle interventions on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in an urban population of Iranian adolescents. Methods: This longitudinal study was conducted on 1230 adolescents, aged 12–15 years, within the framework of the TLGS. They were categorised in three groups:...
Article
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This study aimed to determine the association between disordered eating and overweight and also health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adolescents in high schools of Tehran. The participants were 465 adolescents, aged 14-17 years. After anthropometric measurements, body mass index-for-age and body weight status were determined using World Hea...
Article
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Aims/IntroductionPrevious research showed the association between health-related quality of life and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The present study aimed to examine the impact of persistence of MetS on health-related quality of life in non-diabetic Iranian adults.Materials and Methods This was a cross-sectional study. A representative sample of 643 n...
Article
The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the Quantification de l'Activite Physique en Altitude Chez les Enfants (QAPACE) in adolescents. After linguistic validation, the Iranian version of the QAPACE was completed by 359 (52.4 % girls) schoolchildren, aged 15-18 years. Test-retest reliability of...
Article
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Introduction: This study aimed to determine inefficiencies in current educational programs for promoting of healthy lifestyles and prevention of obesity from the perspective of adolescents and mothers.
Article
The study aimed to determine the association between body mass index (BMI)-for-age and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among high school students in Tehran. A total of 465 high school students (227 girls and 238 boys) and their parents were participated in this cross-sectional study. Body weight and height of the students were measured. For...
Article
The recommended composition of a hypocaloric diet for obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a high-protein, low-glycemic-load diet compared with a conventional hypocaloric diet on reproductive hormones, inflammatory markers, lipids, glucose, and insulin levels in obese...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 (PedsQL™ 4.0) Generic Core Scales in adolescents After linguistic validation, the Iranian version of the PedsQL™ 4.0 was completed by 848 healthy and 26 chronically ill adolescents aged 13-18 years and t...
Article
To assess the utility of different definitions of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in predicting adulthood MetS among Tehranian adolescents in a 6-year follow-up. A random sample of 2645 adolescents was selected from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) in 1999-2001; MetS was assessed based on five definitions for adolescents. In 2005-2007, 572 a...
Article
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Accurate and comprehensive data on the extent of the problem of childhood obesity is lacking in countries of the Middle East. This review, based on a Medline search, summarizes the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents in the region during 1990-2007. The highest rates of obesity and overweight were reported from Bahrain and the lowes...
Article
Introduction: This study aimed at investigating the association between obesity indices (Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Circumference (WC), Waist to Hip Ratio (WHR)) and dietary patterns derived from Reduced Rank Regression (RRR) analysis among Tehranian adults in a cohort study. Materials and Methods: Over a duration of 6 years, 141 adults were exam...
Article
Introduction: There is convincing evidence that family environment plays an important role in influencing the obesity related-behaviors in adolescents. Considering the necessity of understanding the familial correlates of obesity in adolescents, and the lack of related studies in Iran, this study aimed to explore mothers' perceptions and experience...
Article
To examine the association between dietary patterns and obesity indices (BMI, WC, WHR) among Tehranian adults in a 6-year follow-up study. Within frame of a cohort study in Tehran (mean follow up 6.6+/-0.9 years), 141 adults were recruited with: two 24 hour dietary recalls at the beginning, as well as obesity indices at the beginning and end of the...
Article
Full-text available
Existing data show a rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Iranian adolescents. The current study investigates adolescents' perceptions regarding overweight/obesity and explores barriers to a healthy life style among Iranian adolescents. A grounded theory approach was used for analyzing the participants' experiences, and their perceptio...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Existing data show a rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Iranian adolescents. Considering the lack of related studies from Iran, the current study investigates personal barriers to life style Modification among overweight/obese adolescents. Materials and Methods: This is a qualitative study, conducted according to the gr...