Sara Comesana

Sara Comesana
University of Vigo | UVIGO · Department of Functional Biology and Health Sciences

PhD Student

About

25
Publications
2,128
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
183
Citations
Citations since 2017
25 Research Items
183 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
Additional affiliations
October 2017 - present
University of Vigo
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Full-text available
Leucine has been identified to modulate feed intake and energy homeostasis in fish as in other vertebrates. Under allostatic conditions, energy expenditure may change, and adjustments to the processes that govern the energy homeostatic system may be necessary. We investigated the responsiveness of appetite-related neuropeptides involved in feed int...
Article
The mechanisms involved in hedonic regulation of food intake, including endocannabinoid system (ECs) are scarcely known in fish. We recently demonstrate in rainbow trout the presence of a rewarding response mediated by ECs in hypothalamus and telencephalon when fish fed a lipid-enriched diet, and that central administration of main agonists of ECs...
Article
Feed intake is subjected to a complex regulation involving a plethora of signals, among which nutrients stand as one of the most important. In mammals, the gastrointestinal tract is able to sense nutrients in the lumen, and respond with the release of signaling molecules that ultimately modulate brain circuits governing appetite, resulting in decre...
Article
Full-text available
This study was aimed at clarifying the importance of a mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) in the central orexigenic effect of valine in fish. For this, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were intracerebroventricularly (ICV) injected with valine alone or in the presence of rapamycin as the mTOR inhibitor, and two experiments were performed. In...
Article
Full-text available
We hypothesize that opioids are involved in the regulation of food intake in fish through homeostatic and hedonic mechanisms. Therefore, we evaluated in rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) hypothalamus and telencephalon changes in precursors, endogenous ligands and receptors of the opioid system under different situations aimed to induce changes...
Article
The endocannabinoid system (ECs) is known to participate in several processes in mammals related to synaptic signaling including regulation of food intake, appetite and energy balance. In fish, the relationship of ECs with food intake regulation is poorly understood. In the present study, we assessed in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss the effect...
Article
Full-text available
Sensing of amino acids in fish brain, especially branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) like leucine, is involved in regulation of feed intake through different mechanisms. However, there is limited information regarding the possible involvement of mechanisms dependent on amino acid carriers of the solute carrier families (SLC) known to be key regulator...
Article
We evaluated the role of GPR84 and GPR119 in food intake regulation in fish using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) as a model. In a first experiment, we assessed the effects on food intake of intracerebroventricular treatment with agonists of these receptors. In a second experiment, we assessed in hypothalamus and hindbrain the impact of the sam...
Article
In prior studies, we evidenced the presence in fish hypothalamus of different systems sensing changes in leucine levels to relate them to food intake control. To assess whether or not those effects are due to a direct action of leucine, we evaluated in the present in vitro study if rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) hypothalamus respond to changes...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to characterize amino acid sensing systems in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of the carnivorous fish model species rainbow trout. We observed that the trout GIT expresses mRNAs encoding some amino acid receptors described in mammals [calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), G protein-coupled receptor family C group 6 member A (GPRC6A), a...
Article
Background The mechanisms that regulate food intake are very complex since they comprise several neuroendocrine and metabolic signals responding to energetic or reward requirements. Previous studies in mammals indicate that cannabinoid system is implicated in homeostatic and hedonic regulation of food intake. In fish, several studies describe the c...
Article
The endocannabinoid system (ECs) is a well known contributor to the hedonic regulation of food intake (FI) in mammals whereas in fish, the knowledge regarding hedonic mechanisms that control FI is limited. Previous studies reported the involvement of ECs in FI regulation in fish since anandamide (AEA) treatment induced enhanced FI and changes of mR...
Article
To assess the putative role of taste and pre-absorptive sensing of amino acids in food intake control in fish, we carried out an oral administration with L-leucine, L-valine, L-proline or L-glutamic acid in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Treatment with proline significantly reduced voluntary food intake at 2h and 3h after oral administration,...
Article
We hypothesized that the free fatty acid receptors FFA1 and FFA4 might be involved in the anorectic response observed in fish after rising levels of long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) like oleate. Therefore, in a first experiment we demonstrated that intracerebroventricular (ICV) treatment of rainbow trout with FFA1 and FFA4 agonists elicited an anorecti...
Article
Hypothalamic AMPK plays a major role in the regulation of whole-body metabolism and energy balance. Current evidence demonstrated that this canonical mechanism is evolutionary conserved. Thus, recent data demonstrated that inhibition of AMPKα2 in fish hypothalamus led to decreased food intake and liver capacity to use and synthesize glucose, lipid,...
Article
Full-text available
We hypothesize that the presence in fish brain of a ketone body (KB) like β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) alters energy homeostasis through effects on food intake and peripheral energy metabolism. Using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) as a model, we intracerebroventricularly (ICV) administered 1 μl 100 g–1 body mass of saline solution alone (control) o...
Article
Full-text available
In mammals, hypothalamic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) α1 and α2 isoforms mainly relate to regulation of thermogenesis/liver metabolism and food intake, respectively. Since both isoforms are present in fish, which do not thermoregulate, we assessed their role(s) in hypothalamus regarding control of food intake and energy homeostasis. Since ma...
Article
To assess the hypothesis that Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) is involved in the central regulation of food intake in fish, we observed in a first experiment with rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) that intracerebroventricular (ICV) treatment with ouabain decreased food intake. We hypothesized that this effect relates to modulation of glucosensing mechanisms...
Article
We hypothesize that cholecystokinin (CCK) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are involved in the modulation of metabolic regulation of food intake by fatty acids in fish. Therefore, we assessed in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) the effects of intracerebroventricular treatment with 1 ng.g-1 of CCK-8 and with 2 ng.g-1 of GLP-1 on food intake, e...
Article
Full-text available
We aimed to obtain information regarding mechanisms that link glucose- and fatty acid-sensing systems to expression of neuropeptides that regulate food intake in the fish brain. We assessed the relative expression and protein levels of the transcription factors BSX, ChREBP, FoxO1, and CREB in the hypothalamus of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)...
Article
Full-text available
To continue gathering knowledge on the central regulation of food intake in response to amino acids in teleost fish, using as a model rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), we evaluated in a first experiment the feeding attractiveness of L-leucine, L-valine, and L-proline offered as an agar gel matrix. In a second experiment, we assessed the effect o...
Article
We hypothesized that the presence of specific fatty acids modulate lipid metabolism in fish liver through changes in the phosphorylation status of proteins involved in cell signaling (Akt and mTOR) and cellular energy sensing (AMPK), and transcription factors (CREB and FoxO1). Therefore, we evaluated in pools of rainbow trout livers incubated for 3...
Article
To assess the existence of central amino acid sensing systems in fish we carried out two experiments in rainbow trout. In the first one, we injected ICV two different branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), leucine and valine, and assessed food intake up to 48 h later. Leucine decreased and valine increased food intake. In a second experiment, 6h after...
Article
We assessed in rainbow trout hypothalamus the effects of oleate and octanoate on levels and phosphorylation status of two transcription factors, FoxO1 and CREB, possibly involved in linking activation of fatty acid sensing with modulation of food intake through expression of brain neuropeptides. Moreover, we assessed changes in phosphorylation stat...

Network

Cited By