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Citations since 2017
12 Research Items
I am a gender and diversity expert at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB). As a scholar, I am particularly interested in understanding inequalities, exclusion and discrimination through the lens of everyday social and institutional practices. I currently work as a post-doc researcher and project manager within the ULB Gender & Diversity Plan and the CALIPER European project (gender equality in STEM): http://diversites.ulb.be/fr // https://caliper-project.eu/
Transphobia and discrimination against trans people are widespread. In view of growing scientific interest in understanding this type of discrimination and considering that scientific knowledge shapes the way a phenomenon is understood and addressed, this paper aims at identifying theoretical perspectives and categories used in contemporary scienti...
p> Belgium has recently modified the way ‘sex’ is legally certified for trans* people following the principle of self-determination. However, like in most countries, this modification has not changed the way ‘sex’ is determined for all members of society, being limited to trans* people. How is sex legally certified for different categories of peopl...
Work is one of the main areas of discrimination against trans people, both in the European Union and Belgium. This fact points to the inseparability of symbolic and material aspects in discrimination and exclusion. In this sense, the creation and justification of differences and hierarchies becomes essential to understand work discrimination. Altho...
The understanding of transphobia and discrimination against trans people depends on the definition itself of 'trans people'. However, trans terminology is not unambiguous. In this paper I identify terms and definitions commonly used in contemporary scientific research on transphobia (2005-2016) in English, French, Spanish and Portuguese. A review o...
Communication presented at the 'Journée d’étude 10 ans de politique transgenre en Belgique' organised by the Institut pour l’égalité des femmes et des hommes (Belgian federal gender equality body) on 4 December 2018 (https://igvm-activiteiten.be/fr/event/25/4322).
Dans la littérature, les études concernant les discriminations à l’égard des personnes « LGBT »1 traitent bien plus souvent le critère de l’orientation sexuelle que celui de l’expression de genre. Ce sont les populations homosexuelles qui font majoritairement l’objet des analyses, laissant de côté les populations transgenres. Au-delà de la nécessit...
POWS (Psychology of Women Section) Annual Conference
Cette étude se focalise sur les attitudes des travailleurs et travailleuses cisgenres à l’égard des personnes trans et à l’égard des normes de genre.
The goal of this study is to identify how discrimination against trans people is explained in the scientific literature (2005-2016).
Health promotion is “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health” (OMS, 2009, p.1), putting the emphasis on the role of people as actors of their health. However, as Horrocks and Johnson (2014) claim, mainstream perspectives tend to conceptualize health-related actions as individually driven – hence the foc...
To reflect about health inequalities from an intersectional perspective, that is, how social axes such as gender, socieconomic status, and migration status intersect and impact health.
Espacio de colaboración y ayuda mutua de tod@s l@s estudiantes e investigador@s que tutoriza o supervisa Lupicinio Íñiguez-Rueda. Este espacio está abierto a cualquier otra persona que pueda estar interesada. Incluye a personas que han participado en el pasado.
This project is part of my thesis work (2015-2019). The main interest of this interdisciplinary thesis (psychology-law) is the understanding of transphobia and discrimination against trans* people. I locate the problem of this type of discrimination in the social construction of ‘sex/gender’ categories. Particularly, I situate it in the definition of the norms that constitute ‘woman’ and ‘man’ as two essential and mutually exclusive categories that sustain the unequal binary organisation of society. People who transgress those norms have been labelled as ‘mentally ill’ by psychiatry and psychology since the end of the 19th century. The emergence of trans* activism from the 1960s and especially Trans Studies in the 1990s has allowed questioning those pathologising discourses. In the present context, we observe a tendency towards the depathologisation of trans* experiences and identities. Depathologisation is coupled with increased visibility of trans* people in the cultural domain and a more favourable public opinion towards them. However, trans* people still face serious discrimination and the norm that divides humankind into ‘women’ and ‘men’ is still very much present. Drawing on these premises I argue that the transgression of ‘sex/gender’ norms have been redefined nowadays so that the binary opposition between women and men is maintained as the norm. Thus, trans* people are still depicted as ‘abnormal’ although pathologising and psychiatric discourses are not necessarily employed today. The general objective of the thesis is to understand how this redefinition is carried out and the effects of it in two specific contexts: the legal certification of sex in the civil status of individuals in Belgium and the definition of the worker subject. The choice of these two cases responds to the fact that trans* people report facing many obstacles and discrimination in them. Based on the theoretical and methodological principles of discursive psychology and Perelmanian new rhetoric, I realised the discourse analysis of two corpora: a legislative corpus and a corpus of interviews. The legislative corpus comprises texts of Acts, bills, amendments, parliamentary debates and Circulars regulating the mention of sex in the civil status in Belgium. The second corpus includes the transcriptions of five group interviews with workers carried out with co-workers from five work organisations in Brussels. In both cases, the identification of discursive practices and their variability allowed me to elucidate the effects they produce. Specifically, it allowed me to show that, although the identified practices seem less stigmatising, they still depict trans* people as a ‘deviation from the norm’, thereby legitimising a different legal treatment towards them and justifying the discrimination and exclusion they endure at work. Moreover, the identified practices reproduce the binary organisation of society and justify discrimination against women in the workplace. The ultimate purpose of this thesis is to promote an informed critical attitude towards those discursive practices and, in this way, to contribute to the struggle against transphobia and sexism.