Santiago Zuluaga

Santiago Zuluaga
National Scientific and Technical Research Council | conicet · INCITAP Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa

Ph.D.
I'm researching how raptor experts address human-raptor conflicts around the world to try improving our practices :-)

About

48
Publications
20,625
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Citations
Introduction
He is a fellow in the National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET) of Argentina. Currently, he is investigating the socio-ecological factors influencing human-eagle interactions in several countries, such as: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Argentina. Santiago is also investigating how practitioners address human-raptor conflicts around the world to improve their practices through the interdisciplinarity. He is a member of the IUCN SSC HWC&C Specialist Group (https://www.hwctf.org).

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
Fragmentation of the world's most intact forest landscapes will likely increase the severity of Human Wildlife Conflict (HWC). The way these threats affect top predators involves a series of complex social and ecological relationships, which are not completely understood, and thus require socio-ecological studies. The aim of this study is to examin...
Article
Land use change alters wildlife critical animal behaviours such as movement, becoming the main driver threatening wildlife ecological functions (WEF) and nature’s contribution to people (NCP) provided by terrestrial species. Despite the negative impacts of current rates of terrestrial fragmentation on WEF, many ecological processes can be still occ...
Article
Full-text available
In most Neotropical countries the proliferation of illegal firearms, limited funding, and low presence of authorities precludes effective application of top-down governance. Despite that, to our knowledge, top-down governance and top predator detriments or benefits to people (perceived and actual) have never been integrated into an empirical study...
Article
Full-text available
Large raptors are the most mobile top predators in fragmented landscapes and, consequently, they are key components of ecosystems. However, large raptors (e.g. eagles), requiring large areas of forested habitat, are also among the most threatened groups of raptors in the world and are directly and indirectly affected by habitat loss and fragmentati...
Preprint
Full-text available
A major barrier to advancing ornithology is the systemic exclusion of professionals from the Global South. A recent special dossier, Advances in Neotropical Ornithology, and a shortfalls analysis therein, unintentionally followed a long-standing pattern of highlighting individuals, knowledge, and views from the Global North, while largely omitting...
Thesis
Full-text available
Humans benefit from processes/services provided by predators and scavengers in ecosystems while at the same time they may suffer conflicts/disservices from them. Therefore, the conservation of predators and scavengers can benefit from applying interdisciplinary approaches that consider and connect the processes/services and conflicts/disservices th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El águila inca (Spizaetus isidori) habita en bosques montanos a lo largo de los Andes. Su población global se estima en menos de 1000 individuos adultos, por lo cual está categorizada En Peligro. En Colombia y Ecuador, se ha estudiado su dieta y se han cuantificado las causas de mortalidad en los últimos 10 años. Presentamos los principales resulta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La mayor parte de las poblaciones de aves rapaces están declinando y el 18% de las especies, están listadas como globalmente amenazadas. Este es el caso del águila Inca, Spizaetus isidori, distribuida en seis países de América del Sur: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Perú y Argentina. Entre el 2017 y el 2021, hemos constituido y fortalecido...
Article
Full-text available
The Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja) may be perceived as a potential threat to the livestock and humans, and as a consequence can suffer poaching and human persecution around its distribution. The Harpy Eagle has been completely extirpated from countries like El Salvador, while suffering human persecution all over its distribution. In Colombia, only th...
Article
Aerial habitat is increasingly threatened. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) anthropause shows that a decrease in human mobility and goods production for even a short period reduces the global anthropogenic impact on airspace fragmentation and pollution. Economic and environmental post-COVID-19 agendas should consider the changes observed in...
Article
Full-text available
Noted with Interest: The book suggests rethinking species conservation as a spectrum bounded by two extremes: species that are no longer imperiled and those extinct. The authors bring together their own experience on wildlife conservation in the United States, as well as of other researchers and practitioners around the world. The Californian condo...
Article
Full-text available
El cóndor andino (Vultur gryphus) es una especie considerada como “En Peligro Crítico” (CR) en Colombia. En la Cordillera Central el último registro de la población nativa fue en 1977, por lo que a finales de la década de los 90’s fue establecido un núcleo de reintroducción con 14 individuos (4 hembras y 10 machos). El objetivo del presente estudio...
Article
In a recente study about the interactions between farmers and scavenging birds in northwest Patagonia, Argentina, Ballejo et al. (2020) found that perceptions of harm caused by the birds to livestock were not supported by field observations. While acknowledging the contribution made by this study, we argue that management and conservation would ben...
Article
In this comment, we emphasize the need to acknowledge that Andean Condors occasionally depart from their scavenging habits to injure or kill young livestock as an important first step to accepting the existence of a human-condor conflict. Estrada Pacheco et al. (2020) briefly admit a localized “strong conflict with the condor” due to perceived pred...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El Águila Poma (Spizaetus isidori) habita los Andes Tropicales desde el norte de Colombia hasta el noroeste de Argentina. En Colombia, la especie tiene una amplia distribución en bosques andinos de las tres cordilleras y una larga historia de persecución humana (80 casos). En Argentina si bien la especie ha sido registrada en las últimas décadas en...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Las aves rapaces son un grupo de aves muy carismático y con profundas relaciones con el ser humano. Fueron y son símbolos de poder terrenal y divino en multitud de sociedades desde tiempos prehistórico. Sin embargo, desde el siglo XVII, se fue imponiendo primero en Europa y después en Norteamérica una visión de este grupo como animales dañinos para...
Book
Full-text available
Cartilla divulgativa del PLAN DE CONSERVACIÓN DEL ÁGUILA CRESTADA EN LA JURISDICCIÓN DE CORPOGUAVIO 2019-2028
Article
Full-text available
El águila Poma ocurre en las selvas de montaña de la Cordillera de los Andes, en una estrecha franja que va desde el norte de Colombia y Venezuela hasta el norte de la Argentina. Está catalogada como en peligro de extinción de acuerdo con los criterios de la UICN debido al marcado proceso de pérdida de hábitat que sufre, su población en declive y a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Birds must adjust their breeding phenology to environmental variation and resource availability to maximize their fitness. In temperate climates, birds reproduction is usually seasonal and changes latitudinally. In the Neotropics, these patterns are less clear with some species having marked breeding seasonality and others a less clear pattern. The...
Article
Full-text available
The Black-and-chestnut Eagle (Spizaetus isidori) is one of the least known Neotropical birds of prey, with scarce information about its basic biology throughout its entire distribution range. Information on the duration of its parental dependence is inexistent, although this is a key period in the natural history of birds which will impact the subs...
Article
Full-text available
With our letter to Science, we draw attention to conflicts involving animals that have been underrepresented in the human-wildlife conflict literature in Latin America: BIRDS. "When humans attempt to kill the targeted species with a nonselective control method such as poison, other species are killed unintentionally. This is usually the case when...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the main challenges in species conservation and management is to incorporate movement ecology with management goals. The framework, in this theme, is still incipient therefore we have not achieved the incorporation of the movement of species in their conservation and management plans. It is frequently found that the movement data are incorpo...
Research
Full-text available
Hipótesis de distribución del Águila Crestada (Spizaetus isidori) en Colombia modelada con Maxent y R. Distribution hypothesis of Black-and-chestnut Eagle in Colombia - model created with Maxent and R. URL:biomodelos.humboldt.org.co/models/visor?species_id=6994 Schulze M. A. & Zuluaga S. 2017. Modelo de distribución de Spizaetus isidori ID AVE-505...
Article
Full-text available
Large birds of prey, such as the Black-and-chestnut Eagle (Spizaetus isidori), are among the most threatened species, due to their high habitat requirements as top predators. In order to develop effective conservation plans for this group, more detailed knowledge of the different aspects of their biology and interaction with human communities is re...
Article
Full-text available
Historicamente, el Cóndor Andino (Vultur gryphus) se distribuía en Colombia a lo largo de las tres cordilleras, la Serranía del Perijá y la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (Olivares 1963). Sin embargo, para finales de la década de los 80 sus poblaciones se encontraban muy reducidas, habían desaparecido de la mayoría de las localidades históricas y su...
Thesis
Full-text available
El conflicto entre los humanos y la vida silvestre se está volviendo una de las principales amenazas para las especies de fauna silvestre en el mundo. En los últimos años se han enfocado estrategias de conservación con el fin de entender la dimensión humana en estos conflictos, sin embargo, en la conservación de felinos el mayor número de estudios...
Article
Full-text available
El cóndor andino (Vultur gryphus) es considerado actualmente, a nivel mundial y nacional, como una especie en la categoría de casi amenazada (NT), con una población decreciendo. Como una estrategia para la restauración de las poblaciones silvestres y para la conservación de la especie, se ha recurrido a la reproducción en cautiverio y liberación de...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
En el género Falco se agrupan las aves rapaces con el diseño mas elegante y estilizado; tanto la estructura de su cuerpo como su plumaje están excepcionalmente desarrollados para las persecuciones aire-aire a campo abierto. El género se encuentra mundialmente constituido por 39 especies que varían considerablemente en talla, desde los pequeños cern...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Dear colleagues,
We are working in a general study to assess the viewpoints of raptor researchers about raptor conservation across the world.
We would like to ask you to fill out an online survey. It will take you a few minutes but we think the results may help us to focus on different aspects of raptor conservation worldwide. Please, we also encourage you to share it with other researchers that could be interested in the topic.
We divided the survey in four, one focused on Old World and New World vultures, one focused on the remaining Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, Kites, Harriers, etc.), another is focused on Falconids (Falcons and Caracaras), and finally one focused on owls. All four surveys are very similar but have small differences. We suggest you complete the ones of the groups that you know better, but if you work with different groups and want to complete more than one group it's ok.
Surveys:
Old World and New World vultures https://forms.gle/iu8uDsDKyAMgFQ5c6
The survey will be open between 01th October and 01th December 2019.
Many thanks to all of you,
Santiago Zuluaga Ph.D(s) and Juan M. Grande PhD.
INCITAP- CONICET / CECARA-FCEyN-UNLPam

Network

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Understanding the underlying causes of Human-Raptor Conflict to turn it‒with the best social and ecological tools and practices‒to Human-Raptor Coexistence. We will explore the applicability of the Socio-Ecological System (SES) Framework to generate socio-ecological evidence and planning in order to implement conservation measures. Into the raptors group, we consider: birds of prey and old- and new-world vultures. Our study area is mainly South America.
Project
Conocer la comunidad de aves rapaces presentes en agroecosistemas (Socio-ecological Systems) de los municipios de Villamaría y Manizales, departamento de Caldas, Colombia
Archived project
Contribute with the re-categorization of wild bird species in Colombia, in order to guide relevant and timely management and conservation measures.