Santiago Ramon Y Cajal

Santiago Ramon Y Cajal
University Hospital Vall d'Hebron · Department of Pathology

MD. PhD

About

564
Publications
63,120
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17,746
Citations
Citations since 2017
177 Research Items
7154 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,2001,400
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,2001,400
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,2001,400
Introduction
Santiago Ramon y Cajal currently works at the Department of Pathology, University Hospital Vall d'Hebron. Santiago does research in Oncology and Pathology. Their current project are 'Stress kinases and response to chemotherapy and clonal cooperation and environment in cancer progression '.

Publications

Publications (564)
Article
Full-text available
Background Although the standard of care is to perform surgery of primary breast cancer (BC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), for certain patients achieving clinical complete response (cCR) and pathologic complete response (pCR), omission of surgical treatment may be an option. Levels of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) during and after therapy c...
Article
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The human transcriptome contains thousands of small open reading frames (sORFs) that encode microproteins whose functions remain largely unexplored. Here, we show that TINCR lncRNA encodes pTINCR, an evolutionary conserved ubiquitin-like protein (UBL) expressed in many epithelia and upregulated upon differentiation and under cellular stress. By gai...
Article
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Colorectal cancer causes >900,000 deaths every year and a deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying this disease will contribute to improve its clinical management and survival. Myosin Vb (MYO5B) regulates intracellular vesicle trafficking, and inactivation of this myosin disrupts the polarization and differentiation of intestinal...
Article
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The incidence of new cancer cases is expected to increase significantly in the future, posing a worldwide problem. In this regard, precision oncology and its diagnostic tools are essential for developing personalized cancer treatments. Digital pathology (DP) is a particularly key strategy to study the interactions of tumor cells and the tumor micro...
Article
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Sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of tumors in which the role of ERK5 is poorly studied. To clarify the role of this MAPK in sarcomatous pathology, we used a murine 3-methyl-cholanthrene (3MC)-induced sarcoma model. Our data show that 3MC induces pleomorphic sarcomas with muscle differentiation, showing an increased expression of ERK5. Indeed, thi...
Article
Gastric cancer constitutes the third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide and tumors with diffuse histology have poor prognosis and low response rates to therapy. Missense mutations in the RHOA (Ras homolog family member A) GTPase have recently been identified in 24% of patients with diffuse gastric cancer. RHOA mutations are not randomly di...
Article
Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is usually diagnosed at stages IIIB-IV, with a median overall survival that does not exceed two years. In contrast, patients diagnosed at early and locally advanced stages (I-IIIA) can undergo surgery and have a significantly better prognosis. Imaging technologies often detect lung nodules of unknown s...
Article
Hybrid neurofibroma/schwannoma is a rare variant of hybrid peripheral nerve sheath tumours (HPNST). A Medline search up to December 2021 identified only six cases of this tumour in the orbit. We report the case of a 78-year-old man who presented with left exophthalmos. Computed tomography showed a left intraconal orbital mass. The clinico-radiologi...
Article
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Targeting the kinases MNK1 and MNK2 has emerged as a valuable strategy in oncology. However, most of the advanced inhibitors are acting in an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-competitive mode, precluding the evaluation of different binding modes in preclinical settings. Using rational design, we identified and validated the 4,6-diaryl-pyrazolo[3,4-b]py...
Article
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Complete digital pathology transformation for primary histopathological diagnosis is a challenging yet rewarding endeavor. Its advantages are clear with more efficient workflows, but there are many technical and functional difficulties to be faced. The Catalan Health Institute (ICS) has started its DigiPatICS project, aiming to deploy digital patho...
Article
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We report a medium-throughput drug-screening platform (METPlatform) based on organotypic cultures that allows to evaluate inhibitors against metastases growing in situ. By applying this approach to the unmet clinical need of brain metastasis, we identified several vulnerabilities. Among them, a blood-brain barrier permeable HSP90 inhibitor showed h...
Article
Introduction: Our objective is to identify thrombus composition associated with first pass recanalization (FPR) in mechanical thrombectomy (MT). Methods: Intracranial thrombi obtained in MT were divided in two equal parts. One part was analyzed with anatomopathological studies to quantify fibrin, red-blood cell( Hematoxilin & Eosin) and platelets(...
Article
Aim: We performed a histological and immune analysis of the clot in acute stroke patients to detect surrogates of stroke etiology. Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study of consecutive patients with acute stroke who underwent thrombectomy that obtained extracted thrombus (ITACAT study). Several staining were performed to evaluate r...
Article
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Due to their ease of isolation and their properties, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been widely investigated. MSCs have been proved capable of migration towards areas of inflammation, including tumors. Therefore, they have been suggested as vectors to carry therapies, specifically to neoplasias. As most of the individuals joining clinical trial...
Article
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The aim of the study was to find markers of high-risk cardioembolic etiology (HRCE) in patients with cryptogenic strokes (CS) through the analysis of intracranial clot by flow cytometry (FC). A prospective single-center study was designed including patients with large vessel occlusion strokes. The percentage of granulocytes, monocytes, lymphocytes,...
Article
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Genome‐wide association studies have described several genes as genetic susceptibility loci for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among them, CD2AP encodes CD2‐associated protein, a scaffold protein implicated in dynamic actin remodeling and membrane trafficking during endocytosis and cytokinesis. Although a clear link between CD2AP defects and glomerular...
Article
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Background: Cancer metastasis is a deathly process, and a better understanding of the different steps is needed. The shedding of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and CTC-cluster from the primary tumor, its survival in circulation, and homing are key events of the metastasis cascade. In vitro models of CTCs and in vivo models of metastasis represent...
Article
The work of Santiago Ramón y Cajal has been widely commented in biographies and scientific articles. This text seeks to provide historiographical information on a facsimile illustration donated to the National Academy of Medicine of Colombia, currently on display in its permanent collections at the Museum of the History of Medicine in Bogotá. For t...
Article
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The invasive tumor front (the tumor–host interface) is vitally important in malignant cell progression and metastasis. Tumor cell interactions with resident and infiltrating host cells and with the surrounding extracellular matrix and secreted factors ultimately determine the fate of the tumor. Herein we focus on the invasive tumor front, making an...
Article
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Resident memory T cells (TRM) positioned within the respiratory tract are probably required to limit SARS-CoV-2 spread and COVID-19. Importantly, TRM are mostly non-recirculating, which reduces the window of opportunity to examine these cells in the blood as they move to the lung parenchyma. Here, we identify circulating virus-specific T cell respo...
Article
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Placental pathology in SARS-CoV-2-infected pregnancies seems rather unspecific. However, the identification of the placental lesions due to SARS-CoV-2 infection would be a significant advance in order to improve the management of these pregnancies and to identify the mechanisms involved in a possible vertical transmission. The pathological findings...
Article
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There is an unmet need for simplified in vitro models of malignancy and metastasis that facilitate fast, affordable and scalable gene and compound analysis. “Adherent” cancer cell lines frequently release “free-floating” cells into suspension that are viable and can reattach. This, in a simplistic way, mimics the metastatic process. We compared the...
Article
Background and objective: The risk of recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is likely related to the amount of tumour in the metastatic lymph node (LN). Therefore, the current TNM classification (N0/N1) make it necessary to find a method to quantify the LN metastasis (LNM). We propose that the quantitative molecular assay One-Step Nuclei...
Article
Vulvar cancer is rare and accounts for only 5% of all gynecologic cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common and makes up 90% of the cases. Vulvar adenocarcinoma usually arises in Bartholin and other vulvar glands. Primary vulvar intestinal-type adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare disease with an unclear prognosis and treatment. Its origin...
Article
Methods: We analyzed data from 190 patients in a prospective unicentric study. Thrombi obtained in emergent endovascular treatment ( EVT) were analyzed by MFC order to calculate the percentage of granulocytes , monocytes and lymphocytes, over total leukocyte population as well as monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio ( MLR) Clinical and interventional param...
Article
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Background This study evaluated the consequences in Europe of the COVID-19 outbreak on pathology laboratories orientated toward the diagnosis of thoracic diseases. Materials and methods A survey was sent to 71 pathology laboratories from 21 European countries. The questionnaire requested information concerning the organization of biosafety, the cl...
Preprint
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Considering that SARS-CoV-2 interacts with the host at the respiratory tract mucosal interface, T cells strategically placed within these surfaces, namely resident memory T cells, will be essential to limit viral spread and disease. Importantly, these cells are mostly non-recirculating, which reduces the window of opportunity to examine circulating...
Preprint
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To inform on the correlates of protection against SARS-CoV-2, we studied T cell functions, migration patterns and apoptosis associated with antigen responses in three groups of patients during acute infection. T cell functional profiles against SARS-CoV-2 depended on the targeted viral protein and clinical outcome. Hospitalization and disease sever...
Data
Supplementary Figure S2. Example of the management explaining, at least partially, the decrease in activity in thoracic pathology. (A) Thoracic surgery for cancer in the Southern Region of France, between January-May 2019 and 2020. (B) The pTNM ratio for samples from thoracic surgery between January-May 2019 and 2020. Source « Agence Régionale de S...
Data
Supplementary Figure S1. (A) Map of Europe showing the location of the cities of the different pathology laboratories participating in the study. (B). Map of Europe showing the number of laboratories per country participating in the study.
Data
Supplementary Table S1. Questionnaire sent to the different pathology laboratories participating in this study.
Article
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Breast cancer is the cancer with the most incidence and mortality in women. microRNAs are emerging as novel prognosis/diagnostic tools. Our aim was to identify a serum microRNA signature useful to predict cancer development. We focused on studying the expression levels of 30 microRNAs in the serum of 96 breast cancer patients vs. 92 control individ...
Article
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Zika virus (ZikV) is a flavivirus that infects neural tissues, causing congenital microcephaly. ZikV has evolved multiple mechanisms to restrict proliferation and enhance cell death, although the underlying cellular events involved remain unclear. Here we show that the ZikV-NS5 protein interacts with host proteins at the base of the primary cilia i...
Article
After undergoing remodeling, uterine spiral arteries turn into wide, flexible tubes, with low resistance. If remodeling does not occur, spontaneous abortions, intrauterine growth restriction, and pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders can ensue. Arterial transformation begins at a very early gestational stage; however, second quarter pregnancy hi...
Article
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The molecular characterisation of medulloblastoma, the most common paediatric brain tumour, is crucial for the correct management and treatment of this heterogenous disease. However, insufficient tissue sample, the presence of tumour heterogeneity, or disseminated disease can challenge its diagnosis and monitoring. Here, we report that the cerebros...
Article
Resumen En esta actualización del consenso de la Sociedad Española de Oncología Médica (SEOM) y la Sociedad Española de Anatomía Patológica (SEAP) se revisan los avances producidos en el análisis de biomarcadores en cáncer colorrectal (CCR) avanzado, así como en los marcadores de susceptibilidad del CCR hereditario y los biomarcadores moleculares d...
Article
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The experience of recent months in the study of the pathology associated with COVID-19 infection is showing histological alterations similar to other infections associated with previous pandemics, such as diffuse alveolar damage, signs of endotheliitis, inflammatory infiltrates and fibrin microthrombi. In the samples of patients with COVID-19, a gr...
Article
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Connexin 43 (Cx43) forms gap junctions that mediate the direct intercellular diffusion of ions and small molecules between adjacent cells. Cx43 displays both pro-and anti-tumorigenic properties, but the mechanisms underlying these characteristics are not fully understood. Tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) are long and thin membrane projections that connec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Connexin 43 (Cx43) forms gap junctions that mediate the direct intercellular diffusion of ions and small molecules between adjacent cells. Cx43 displays both pro- and anti-tumorigenic properties, but the mechanisms underlying these characteristics are not fully understood. Tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) are long and thin membrane projections that conne...
Article
Introduction: Axillary staging (pN) is a strong predictor of outcome in early stage breast cancer yet following the publication of the Z0011 trial there has been an increasing tendency to spare lymph node dissection. Automated molecular detection of cytokeratin 19mRNA by one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) has been demonstrated to be an acc...
Article
Twin pregnancies with complete hydatidiform mole and coexisting live fetus are very rare, with only about 300 reported cases. This type of pregnancy is considered a high obstetric risk due to the possibility of severe maternal-fetal complications. Although the clinical and ultrasound findings can be highly suggestive of this type of pregnancy, the...
Article
Full-text available
Metastasis, the spread of malignant cells from a primary tumour to distant sites, causes 90% of cancer-related deaths. The integrin ITGB3 has been previously described to play an essential role in breast cancer metastasis, but the precise mechanisms remain undefined. We have now uncovered essential and thus far unknown roles of ITGB3 in vesicle upt...
Article
Background and objective The risk of recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is likely related to the amount of tumour in the metastatic lymph node (LN). Therefore, the current TNM classification (N0/N1) make it necessary to find a method to quantify the LN metastasis (LNM). We propose that the quantitative molecular assay One-Step Nucleic-...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Ki67 is a prognostic and predictive marker in breast cancer (BC). However, manual scoring (MS) by visual assessment suffers from high inter-observer variability which limits its clinical use. Here, we developed a new digital image analysis (DIA) workflow, named KiQuant for automated scoring of Ki67 and investigated its equivalence with st...
Article
Objectives: The human papilloma virus (HPV) test is recommended in the posttreatment follow-up of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. The aim of the study was to assess whether the intraoperative HPV (IOP-HPV) test had a similar diagnostic accuracy that HPV test performed at 6 months to predict high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) rec...
Article
Pyrazol-3-amine is a scaffold present in a large number of compounds with a wide range of biological activities and, in many cases, such heterocycle is C4-C5 fused to a second ring. Among the different reactions used for the decoration of the pyrazole ring, Ullman and acylation have been widely applied. However, there is some confusion in the liter...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Previous studies have shown that levels of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) during therapy and post-surgery can stratify patients who exhibit effective responses versus those showing minimal residual disease. In this study, we performed longitudinal tracking of plasma TP53 and PIK3CA mutations prespecified from NGS analysis of tumor tiss...
Article
Full-text available
In this update of the consensus of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (Sociedad Española de Oncología Médica—SEOM) and the Spanish Society of Pathology (Sociedad Española de Anatomía Patológica—SEAP), advances in the analysis of biomarkers in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) as well as susceptibility markers of hereditary CRC and molecular bio...
Article
We present 783 surgical resections of typical and atypical carcinoid tumors of the lung identified in the pathology files of 20 different pathology departments. All cases were critically reviewed for clinical and pathological features and further correlated with clinical outcome. Long-term follow-up was obtained in all the patients and statisticall...
Article
Full-text available
In this review, we highlight the role of intratumoral heterogeneity, focusing on the clinical and biological ramifications this phenomenon poses. Intratumoral heterogeneity arises through complex genetic, epigenetic, and protein modifications that drive phenotypic selection in response to environmental pressures. Functionally, heterogeneity provide...
Article
Thirteen cases of primary pulmonary adenofibromas are presented. The patients are 8 women and 5 men between the ages of 41 and 73 years (average: 57 y). The patients presented with nonspecific symptomatology or their tumor was identified during routine chest films. A wedge resection was performed in all cases with lymph node sampling. Grossly, the...
Article
Approximately 30% of strokes are cryptogenic despite an exhaustive in-hospital work-up Analysis of clot composition following endovascular treatment could provide insight into stroke etiology. Objective: To evaluate different population of lymphocytes in the clot analyses obtained in the hyper acute phase of stroke, as an early marker of etiology o...
Article
Resumen El tumor vulvar similar a lipoblastoma (LBLTV) fue descrito inicialmente como una neoplasia mesenquimal benigna. Desde entonces, se han reportado únicamente 19 casos. Además, esta entidad no ha sido reconocida aún como diagnóstico separado en la clasificación de la OMS (2013) de los tumores de tejido blando. El diagnóstico diferencial de LB...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluate if the intraoperative human papillomavirus (IOP-HPV) test has the same prognostic value as the HPV test performed at 6 months after treatment of High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (HSIL) to predict treatment failure. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Barcelona, Spain. Population: A cohort of 216 patien...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Precision medicine has revolutionized the understanding and treatment of cancer by identifying subsets of patients who are amenable to specific treatments according to their molecular characteristics, as exemplified by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although tissue biopsy is the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Zika virus (ZikV) is a flavivirus that infects neural tissues, causing congenital microcephaly. ZikV has evolved multiple mechanisms to restrict proliferation and enhance cell death, although the underlying cellular events involved remain unclear. Here we show that the ZikV-NS5 protein interacts with host proteins at the base of the primary cilia i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cancer is a rapidly evolving, multifactorial disease that accumulates numerous genetic and epigenetic alterations. This results in molecular and phenotypic heterogeneity within the tumor, the complexity of which is further amplified through specific interactions between cancer cells. We aimed to dissect the molecular mechanisms underly...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Tumors are complex systems where cell-cell communication between intra-tumoral and extra-tumoral cells play a crucial role. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), membrane-limited vesicles secreted by normal and malignant cells, have been proposed to act as mediators of intercellular communication in physiological and pathological scenarios. I...
Conference Paper
The diagnosis of brain metastasis involves high morbidity and mortality and remains as an unmet clinical need in spite of being the most common tumor in the brain. Brain metastasis affects between 10-30% of cancer patients with 200.000 new cases yearly only in the US. Increasing evidences point out the relevance of the microenvironment to understan...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Tumors are complex systems where cell-cell communication between intra-tumoral and extra-tumoral cells play a crucial role. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), membrane-limited vesicles secreted by normal and malignant cells, have been proposed to act as mediators of intercellular communication in physiological and pathological scenarios. I...
Conference Paper
The diagnosis of brain metastasis involves high morbidity and mortality and remains as an unmet clinical need in spite of being the most common tumor in the brain. Brain metastasis affects between 10-30% of cancer patients with 200.000 new cases yearly only in the US. Increasing evidences point out the relevance of the microenvironment to understan...
Article
Introduction: Despite all treatment advances, lung cancer is still the main cause of death worldwide. Treatment for resectable stage IIIA remains controversial including definitive chemoradiotherapy and induction treatment followed by surgery. After definitive chemoradiation up to 35% of patients will relapse locally. Experience with salvage resec...
Article
Full-text available
The detailed molecular characterization of lethal cancers is a prerequisite to understanding resistance to therapy and escape from cancer immunoediting. We performed extensive multi-platform profiling of multi-regional metastases in autopsies from 10 patients with therapy-resistant breast cancer. The integrated genomic and immune landscapes show th...
Article
Full-text available
Alternatively activated M2 macrophages play an important role in maintenance of tissue homeostasis by scavenging dead cells, cell debris and lipoprotein aggregates via phagocytosis. Using proteomics, we investigated how alternative activation, driven by IL-4, modulated the phagosomal proteome to control macrophage function. Our data indicate that a...