Sanne Botden

Sanne Botden
Radboud University Medical Centre (Radboudumc) · Surgery

MD, PhD

About

59
Publications
11,538
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1,256
Citations
Citations since 2017
33 Research Items
705 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
The aim of this study was to develop an adequate tracking method for open surgical training, using tracking of the instrument or hand motions. An open surgical training model and the SurgTrac application were used to track four separate suturing tasks. These tasks were performed with colour markings of either instruments or fingers, to find the mos...
Article
Inguinal hernia in children is caused by an incomplete obliteration of the vaginal process during the embryological development. The vaginal process can thus become a hernia sac that often contains bowel and in girls, an ovary. The diagnosis of inguinal hernia is made by history and physical examination. According to current guidelines surgical rep...
Article
Full-text available
This retrospective study examines the outcomes of sclerotherapy in children with (veno)lymphatic malformations who received sclerotherapy between 2011 and 2016 (116 children, 234 procedures). Complication severity was classified using the Society of Interventional Radiology classification. Clinical response was rated on a scale of 0 (no change) to...
Article
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Purpose: To evaluate imaging, treatment, and outcomes in neonates with a lymphatic malformation (LM) adjacent to the airway and to evaluate risk factors that can predict outcome. Methods: A retrospective case series was conducted of ten patients treated between January 2011 and July 2019. The main outcome measures included airway compromise and cli...
Article
Introduction An anorectal malformation (ARM) is a congenital malformation that requires surgical correction. To acquire the skills needed to perform this complex procedure, an affordable simulation model has previously been developed and validated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the suitability of this ARM model (with perineal fistula) for tr...
Article
Full-text available
The RobotiX robot-assisted virtual reality simulator aims to aid in the training of novice surgeons outside of the operating room. This study aimed to determine the validity evidence on multiple levels of the RobotiX simulator for basic skills. Participants were divided in either the novice, laparoscopic or robotic experienced group based on their...
Article
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Background An Anorectal Malformation (ARM) is a rare congenital malformation, which requires proper correction to ensure the best long-term prognosis. These procedures are relatively infrequent and complex, in which a structured approach is important. Therefore, training on an affordable model could be beneficial. Methods A low-cost ARM model was...
Article
Background: To increase complex minimally invasive skills (MIS), frequent training outside the clinical setting is of uttermost importance. This study compares two low-cost pediatric MIS simulators, which can easily be used preclinically. Materials and Methods: The LaparoscopyBoxx is a portable simulator without a tracking system, with costs rangi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The correction of an anorectal malformation (ARM) is highly complex and relatively infrequent. Simulation training and subsequent assessment of its effectiveness may result in better clinical outcomes. Assessment can be done using a CAT to assess surgical skills of a specific procedure. This study aims to develop and validate a competen...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate treatment outcomes of embolization for peripheral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in a tertiary referral center where ethanol is the primary agent of choice. Methods: A retrospective study was performed of 93 patients (median age, 31 years; range, 2-66 years) with peripheral AVMs treated with embolization (n = 442; median...
Article
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Background: Robot assisted surgery has expanded considerably in the past years. Compared to conventional open or laparoscopic surgery, virtual reality (VR) training is an essential component in learning robot assisted surgery. However, for tasks to be implemented in a curriculum, the levels of validity should be studied for proficiency-based train...
Article
Introduction Self-assessment aids “reflection-before-practice,” which is expected to result in a better understanding of one's strengths and weaknesses and consequently a better overall performance. This is, however, rarely used in surgical training. This study aims to evaluate the correlation between self-, peer-, and expert assessment on surgical...
Article
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Background Compared to conventional laparoscopy, robot assisted surgery is expected to have most potential in difficult areas and demanding technical skills like minimally invasive suturing. This study was performed to identify the differences in the learning curves of laparoscopic versus robot assisted suturing. Method Novice participants perform...
Article
Full-text available
Background Laparoscopic suturing can be technically challenging and requires extensive training to achieve competency. To date no specific and objective assessment method for laparoscopic suturing and knot tying is available that can guide training and monitor performance in these complex surgical skills. In this study we aimed to develop a laparos...
Article
Full-text available
Congenital diaphragmatic eventration (CDE) and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) with or without hernia sac are three different types of congenital diaphragmatic malformations, which this study evaluates. All surgically treated patients with CDE or Bochdalek type CDH between 2000 and 2016 were included in this retrospective analysis. Demographi...
Article
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Extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) cannulation can be a stressful procedure because a fast cannulation is vital for the patient’s survival. Therefore, it is important to train the steps of cannulation outside the clinical setting. A relatively low budget, easy to use model, was developed to train the most important steps of an ECMO cannula...
Article
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Background Minimal invasive surgery (MIS) is increasingly used for the correction of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and esophageal atresia (EA). It is important to master these complex procedures, preferably preclinically, to avoid complications. The aim of this study was to validate recently developed models to train these MIS procedures pr...
Article
Introduction Congenital microgastria is an extremely rare birth defect. The aim of this study was to present an overview of existing literature on the treatment of microgastria. Materials and Methods The term “microgastria” was used in a PubMed and Medline search. Since merely case reports were found, only a narrative synthesis with limited statist...
Article
Full-text available
Virtual reality (VR) training is widely used in several minimal invasive surgery (MIS) training curricula for procedural training. However, VR training in its current state lack immersive training environments, such as using head-mounted displays that is implemented in military or aviation training and even entertainment. The virtual operating room...
Article
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No data exists concerning the application of a new robotic system with 3-mm instruments (Senhance™, Transenterix, Milano, Italy) in small cavities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test the system for its performance of intracorporal suturing in small boxes simulating small body cavities. Translucent plastic boxes of decreasing volumes (2519...
Article
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IntroductionSeveral medical and surgical improvements in the treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients have led to a higher survival rate. However, some of these improvements also lead to an increased morbidity rate. This study aims to determine the contribution different medical and surgical treatments have had on the development...
Article
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Motion tracking software for assessing laparoscopic surgical proficiency has been proven to be effective in differentiating between expert and novice performances. However, with several indices that can be generated from the software, there is no set threshold that can be used to benchmark performances. The aim of this study was to identify the bes...
Article
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Background The purpose of this study was to validate the eoSim, an affordable and mobile inanimate laparoscopic simulator with instrument tracking capabilities, regarding face, content and construct validity on complex suturing tasks. Methods Participants recruited for this study were novices (no laparoscopic experience), target group for this tra...
Article
Background: The eoSim laparoscopic augmented reality (AR) simulator has instrument tracking capabilities that may be suitable for implementation in laparoscopic training. The objective is to assess face, content, and construct validity of this simulator for basic laparoscopic skills training. Methods: Participants were divided into three groups: n...
Article
Introduction Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has been associated with other congenital malformations, such as intestinal rotation abnormalities. However, there is no standard evaluation and treatment of intestinal rotation during initial CDH repair. This study evaluates intestinal malrotation in CDH patients. Materials and Methods All patient...
Article
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Background Drug transporters and metabolizing enzymes located in the epithelial lining of the intestine limit or enhance systemic drug exposure. During child development, the abundance and activity of these transporters and enzymes - determining how fast and how much of a drug is being absorbed into the circulation - changes from birth to adolescen...
Article
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Background The use of motion tracking has been proved to provide an objective assessment in surgical skills training. Current systems, however, require the use of additional equipment or specialised laparoscopic instruments and cameras to extract the data. The aim of this study was to determine the possibility of using a software-based solution to...
Article
Background Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare birth defect with a high mortality and morbidity. Nonscrotal testes (NST) are the most reported genital anomaly in boys. Both defects have known associated anomalies, but little is known about the association between CDH and NST. This study evaluates this association and the location of the...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To establish whether a systematized approach to self-assessment in a laparoscopic surgical skills course improves accordance between expert- and self-assessment. Design: A systematic training course in self-assessment using Competency Assessment Tool was introduced into the normal course of evaluation within a Laparoscopic Surgical Sk...
Article
Background: Patients born with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have a high mortality and morbidity. After discharge, complications and long-term morbidity are still encountered. This study describes the factors related to the surgical long-term outcomes in CDH survivors. Methods: A cohort of CDH patients born between 2000 and 2014, with...
Article
Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a lethal birth defect, which occurs in 1:2000-3000 live births. Bilateral CDH is a rare form (1%), with a high mortality. This study presents the outcomes of the largest cohort of bilateral CDH patients. Methods: The records of patients with bilateral CDH from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hern...
Article
Full-text available
For the surgical treatment of Hirschsprung’s disease, several surgical techniques are used to resect the distal aganglionic colon. Two frequently used techniques are the Duhamel procedure and the transanal endorectal pull-through procedure. During the ‘8th Pediatric Colorectal Course’ in Nijmegen, November 2015, a workshop was organized to share ex...
Article
Laparoscopic skills can be improved effectively through laparoscopic simulation. The purpose of this study was to verify the face and content validity of a new portable Ergonomic Laparoscopic Skills simulator (Ergo-Lap simulator) and assess the construct validity of the Ergo-Lap simulator in 4 basic skills tasks. Four tasks were evaluated: 2 differ...
Article
Full-text available
Even though literature provides compelling evidence of the value of simulators for training of basic laparoscopic skills, the best way to incorporate them into a surgical curriculum is unclear. This study compares the training outcome of single modality training with multimodality training of basic laparoscopic skills. Thirty-six medical students w...
Article
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Single-incision laparoscopy is a step forward toward nearly scarless surgery. Concern has been raised that single-incision laparoscopy is technically more challenging than conventional laparoscopy. This study researched the performance curves of novice trainees for single-incision laparoscopy (SILS) versus conventional laparoscopy for performing tw...
Article
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Single-port access (SPA) surgery is a novel surgical technique to create nearly "scarless" surgery. SPA surgery appears to be safe and feasible, but the exposure and handling of tissue may not be optimal. Therefore, the performance of SPA surgery with different instruments used and conventional laparoscopy is compared. Fifteen participants (>50 lap...
Article
The Editors welcome topical correspondence from readers relating to articles published in the Journal. Responses should be sent electronically via the BJS website (www.bjs.co.uk). All letters will be reviewed and, if approved, appear on the website. A selection of these will be edited and published in the Journal. Letters must be no more than 250 w...
Article
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To bridge the early learning curve for laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication from the clinical setting to a safe environment, training models can be used. This study aimed to develop a reusable, low-cost model to be used for training in laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication procedure as an alternative to the use of animal tissue models. From artificial o...
Article
A realistic human anatomy simulation model developed for training to perform laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (antireflux surgery) could reduce the need and use of animal tissue models. This article elaborates the designing process of this model and the development process used to create the abdominal organs with realistic haptic feedback. Before...
Article
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Providing informative feedback and setting goals tends to motivate trainees to practice more extensively. Augmented Reality simulators retain the benefit of realistic haptic feedback and additionally generate objective assessment and informative feedback during the training. This study researched the performance curve of the adapted suturing module...
Article
Full-text available
To be an effective training tool, a laparoscopic simulator has to provide metrics that are meaningful and informative to the trainee. Time, path length and smoothness are often used parameters, but are not very informative on the quality of the performance. This study aims to validate a newly developed assessment method for laparoscopic suturing on...
Article
Full-text available
To prevent unnecessary errors and adverse results of laparoscopic surgery, proper training is of paramount importance. A safe way to train surgeons for laparoscopic skills is simulation. For this purpose traditional box trainers are often used, however they lack objective assessment of performance. Virtual reality laparoscopic simulators assess per...
Article
Full-text available
It is a tacit assumption that clinically based expertise in laparoscopic tissue manipulation entails skilfulness in angled laparoscope navigation. The main objective of this study was to investigate the relation between these skills. To this end, face and construct validity had to be established for the place arrow (PA) and camera navigation (CN) t...
Article
Conventional video trainers lack the ability to assess the trainee objectively, but offer modalities that are often missing in virtual reality simulation, such as realistic haptic feedback. The ProMIS augmented reality laparoscopic simulator retains the benefit of a traditional box trainer, by using original laparoscopic instruments and tactile tas...
Article
Full-text available
To prevent unnecessary mistakes and avoidable complications in laparoscopic surgery, there has to be proper training. A safe way to train surgeons for laparoscopy is simulation. This study addresses the face validity of ProMIS, an Augmented Reality laparoscopic simulator, as a tool for training suturing skills in laparoscopic surgery. A two-paged,...
Article
Full-text available
The main objectives of this study were to establish expert validity (a convincing realistic representation of colonoscopy according to experts) and construct validity (the ability to discriminate between different levels of expertise) of the Simbionix GI Mentor II virtual reality (VR) simulator for colonoscopy tasks, and to assess the didactic valu...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving proficiency in flexible endoscopy requires a great amount of practice. Virtual reality (VR) simulators could provide an effective alternative for clinical training. This study aimed to gain insight into the proficiency curve for basic endoscope navigation skills with training on the GI Mentor II. For this study, 30 novice endoscopists per...
Article
Introduction: Previous studies on the difference between physical, augmented and virtual reality (VR) simulation state that haptic feedback is an important feature in laparoscopic suturing simulation. Objective assessment is important to improve skills during training. This study focuses on the additive value of VR simulation for laparoscopic sutu...
Article
Full-text available
Virtual reality (VR) is an emerging new modality for laparoscopic skills training; however, most simulators lack realistic haptic feedback. Augmented reality (AR) is a new laparoscopic simulation system offering a combination of physical objects and VR simulation. Laparoscopic instruments are used within an hybrid mannequin on tissue or objects whi...

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