Sanjeev Kumar

Sanjeev Kumar
AIIMS Bhopal All India Institute of Medical Sciences · Community & Family Medicine

MBBS, MD

About

47
Publications
7,092
Reads
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170
Citations
Introduction
I currently work in the department of Community & Family Medicine, AIIMS Bhopal, India. I research on Health Communication, Non-communicable diseases, Health System, Primary Care and Epidemiology. My current projects are on Health Literacy, doctor-shopping behaviour, self-care in hypertension, delivery of primary care in tertiary care facilities, self-care in hypertension, evidence generation in AYUSH etc.
Additional affiliations
July 2012 - present
AIIMS Bhopal All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
July 2009 - July 2012
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 2006 - January 2009
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Junior Resident
Education
September 2013 - June 2016
Christian Medical College Vellore
Field of study
  • Family Medicine
January 2006 - January 2009
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Field of study
  • Community Medicine
October 1996 - August 2001
BRA Bihar University
Field of study
  • Medical Sciences

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Background: The primary objective of National NCD monitoring survey (NNMS) was to generate national-level estimates of key NCD indicators identified in the national NCD monitoring framework. This paper describes survey study protocol and prevalence of risk factors among adults (18-69 years). Materials and methods: NNMS was a national level cross...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To generate national estimates of key non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors for adolescents (15–17 years) identified in the National NCD Monitoring Framework and, study the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards NCD risk behaviours among school-going adolescents. Design and setting A community-based, national, cross - sectional...
Article
Full-text available
Background The monitoring framework for evaluating health system response to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) include indicators to assess availability of affordable basic technologies and essential medicines to treat them in both public and private primary care facilities. The Government of India launched the National Program for Prevention and Con...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Digital surveillance has shown mixed results as supplement to traditional surveillance. Google Trends™ (GT) has been used for digital surveillance of H1N1, Ebola and MERS. We used GT to correlate the information seeking on COVID-19 with number of tests and cases in India. Methods We obtained data on daily tests and cases from WHO, ECDC a...
Article
Background: Prevention of premature deaths due to asthma requires continued disease control through efforts of both patients and healthcare providers. The expectations of patients have been shown to influence treatment adherence and disease control. Methodology: We conducted a hospital-based sequential exploratory mixed methods study and used defin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Optimization of preanalytical & analytical parameters to facilitate diagnostic stewardship in blood culture (BC) diagnostics is often talked about but rarely researched. We optimized them by developing a diagnostic stewardship care bundle (DSB): “Sepsis-48” (Table 1) with the aim of providing BC reports with gram- negatives to adult intensive care...
Preprint
Objectives We implemented a diagnostic stewardship care-bundle (DSB): “Sepsis-48” with the aim of evaluating its impact on changes in duration of key steps in automated blood culture diagnostics (aBCD), compliance to care-bundle and turnaround time (TAT). Methods In this prospective study, a care-bundle checklist for automated blood culture bottle...
Article
Question In people in the chronic phase of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), how much more does a supervised, individualised exercise program improve functional independence with activities of daily living than a home-based exercise program? How do the two exercise programs compare regarding their effects on muscle strength, fatigue, pain and quality...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: The objective of this scoping review is to methodically review the current literature and identify the factors/determinants of dietary salt consumption in adults. Introduction: High dietary salt intake has been identified as a risk factor for non-communicable diseases and conditions. Despite continuous and rigorous efforts, dietary salt...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Once identified with these conditions, individuals need to be linked to primary healthcare system for initiation of lifestyle modifications, pharmacotherapy and maintenance of therapies to achieve optimal blood pressure and glycaemic control...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective The objective of this review is to synthesise evidence regarding the different types of behaviour change interventions used by community health workers and the predictors of success/failure of these interventions. Introduction Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) serves as a key pathway for delivering messages for modifying risky behavio...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Digital surveillance has shown mixed results as supplement to the traditional surveillance. Google Trends™ (GT) is a digital platform explored for surveillance during pandemics of H1N1, Ebola and MERS. Similar efforts have been reported for the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic too. OBJECTIVE We used GT to correlate the information seeking on C...
Article
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: Smart cities endeavour to provide a good quality of life to its inhabitants. The COVID-19 pandemic necessitates redrawing the framework of epidemic management in India. Information, Communication & Technology (ICT) solutions such as mobile health (mHealth) can complement this. OBJECTIVES: To review ICT and mHealth used for epidemic ma...
Preprint
Full-text available
We designed and conducted a community based longitudinal study in 16 urban slum clusters in context of a community health worker (CHW) led screening and preventive therapy initiation initiative for CVD prevention. Linkage to public health systems primary care facilities was a key outcome indicator for this initiative. In this paper, we have investi...
Preprint
Full-text available
In urban India, about 35-40% of all adults have hypertension and about 10-15% have diabetes mellitus. National Program for Prevention and Control of Diabetes, Cancer and Stroke (NPCDCS) launched by Government of India has envisaged to screen all adults aged 30 years and above for presence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the community throu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: India went into the largest population-level lockdown on 25th March 2020 in response to the declaration of COVID-19 pandemic by World Health Organization (WHO). Digital surveillance has been shown to be useful to supplement the traditional surveillance. Google Trends ™ (GT) is one such platform reported to be useful during pandemics of...
Article
This study was aimed at a qualitative assessment of a cancer informational website, “India Against Cancer,” developed by the ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research with the dual purpose of promoting cancer awareness among the general population and providing comprehensive information to healthcare providers. We used the narrative...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Health literacy is one of the indicators of healthcare seeking behaviour of community. Improvement in health literacy can be achieved by provision of readable and understandable health information through the mediums used by community. Understandability of health information has not received due attention by practitioners of health educ...
Conference Paper
Background: Guillain Barre syndrome (GBS) is an immune mediated polyneuropathy characterized by progressive weakness and variety of symptoms including muscle paralysis, autonomic dysfunction and respiratory involvement that affect 1-2 persons in 100,000. Immunotherapies including therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE), immunoglobulins (IVIg) and cortico...
Article
Full-text available
India has witnessed a major shift in morbidity to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the last few decades. The service delivery for these long-term conditions has been physician-centred up till now. There is a recent move towards shared care, and nurses are being engaged in the delivery of NCD care. This study was performed in the context of a com...
Conference Paper
Background: Government of India has established many new AIIMS to correct the regional imbalances in healthcare. Quality of healthcare provided in these institutes need to be assessed periodically. The present study explores the organization of services, managerial actions taken to reduce congestion/ waiting time, and assess level of patient satisf...
Article
Full-text available
Background Management of diabetes is complex and requires multiple lifestyle modifications, drug therapy, and a sustained regular follow-up. Complexities of health-seeking pattern in individuals with diabetes have been poorly characterized. Objectives To understand the health-seeking patterns, and reasons of provider preference and switching among...
Conference Paper
Background: Amphotericin B is usually the first-line treatment of Kala-azar in India. Its potential to cause kidney damage during treatment has been reported previously. However, there is a lack of understanding regarding the other covariates associated with this phenomenon. This study aims to identify the predictors of acute kidney injury (AKI) am...
Article
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the clinical effectiveness of interventions for cutaneous sarcoidosis.
Article
Full-text available
p class="abstract"> Background: Guillain barre syndrome (GBS) is an immune mediated polyneuropathy characterized by progressive weakness and variety of symptoms including muscle paralysis, autonomic dysfunction and respiratory involvement that affect one or two persons in 100,000 population. Although immunotherapies including therapeutic plasma exc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia. Its presence makes the patient more prone for cardiovascular events. Its prevalence has been documented as 11%-41%. The present study was undertaken to find out the demographic profile of the MetS in Kanpur region of northern...
Conference Paper
Background – Treatment for kala-azar is complicated by adverse drug-effects. Amphotericin B is usually the first-line treatment in India. Its potential to cause kidney damage during treatment among kala-azar patients has not been studied much. Objectives – To assess the incidence and predictors of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) among Kala-azar patients...
Conference Paper
Background: Government of India launched a programme in 2011 to address the increasing burden of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) with training as one of the objectives. State Government of Madhya Pradesh (MP) commissioned All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Bhopal in 2013 to develop and implement a training programme for its health pro...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objectives Depression, especially in concurrence with chronic medical disorders, is highly prevalent worldwide. An average between 9.3% and 23% of patients with one or more chronic disease have co-morbid depression. This comorbid depression has the worst health scores of all the disease states. Despite this, patients with chronic med...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: Health promotion is one of four pillars of comprehensive healthcare delivery. Increasing burden of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) need organized health promotion activities at all levels of healthcare delivery system. Patients suffering from NCDs often visit multiple providers, but often are unaware of its chronic nature, risk facto...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: Department of Community & Family Medicine (CFM) in the new All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) face the challenge of developing curriculum in Family Medicine component for undergraduate (UG) medical students. In these AIIMS, students are uniquely posted in 9th semester too. At AIIMS Bhopal, this new posting was a challenge...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: Government of India has mandated the new All India Institute of Medical Sciences’ (AIIMS) department of Community & Family Medicine (CFM) to teach and practice Family Medicine. Accordingly a CFM OPD is functional in the main hospital of AIIMS Bhopal. Undergraduate (UG) medical students are uniquely posted here for 3-weeks during their...
Conference Paper
Self-reflection as a tool for self-directed learning among medical students Sanjeev Kumar1, Akash Ranjan, Abhijit P Pakhare1 1 Assistant Professor, Department of Community & Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 2 Senior Resident, Department of Community & Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sci...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Vitiligo is one of the common stigmatizing dermatosis in the Indian society and the vitiligo patients have to face significant psychological hurt and social neglect. The severity of the stigma is related to the society's attitude and knowledge about it. Aims and objectives: To document the prevalent knowledge and attitude in general...
Article
Full-text available
Government of India has launched National Program for Prevention & Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) to address high prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in India. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) constitute a significant portion of NCD burden. While this program is yet to be launched in all districts...
Article
Full-text available
Need for frequent blood transfusions exposes thalassemia major patients to risk of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs). Screening of donor blood through national protocols for possible infections like hepatitis B and C, HIV, syphilis and malaria is considered the optimal preventive method. There is constant need to explore the effect of curre...
Article
Full-text available
A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Animal Bite Management (ABM) clinic in a primary health centre in the Faridabad district of Haryana. Information about socio-demographic characteristics, animal bite exposure and pre-treatment practices was obtained. Clinical examination determined the severity of the bite. All 619 patients who reporte...
Article
Full-text available
Background Rabies is the most severe and neglected public health problem in India. Management of animal bite with post exposure prophylaxis is the only existent strategy to prevent rabies related deaths. Cost-effective and sustainable programme for provision of post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is needed in India. Methods In this study, we have docu...
Article
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To assess the clinical effectiveness of interventions for cutaneous sarcoidosis.
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of outcomes can help improve the quality of provision of services within a healthcare setting. There is limited report on patient satisfaction in private-sector in India although they provide three-quarters of healthcare services. AIM: The study was designed to report the level of satisfaction among inpatients of a private...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the risk of cancer associated with the use of oral contraceptives. It is based on the results of follow up of the Royal College of General Practitioners' (GPs') oral contraceptive study. The outcome of interest in this prospective cohort study was the incidence of some selected cancers. The study was started in mid-1968 and recr...

Questions

Questions (3)
Question
I have data on screening of cervical cancer by both cytology (Pap smear) and HPV testing. Many of the participants also underwent biopsy after screening with either Pap smear or HPV testing or both methods (co-testing). Now we wish to calculate diagnostic accuracy parameters (sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios) for Pap smear, HPV and co-testing.
Is this possible with Epi Info 7 software? If not, what other open-source software can I use?
Question
I have to mentor a medical post-graduate student's seminar. He has chosen the topic of 'Infectious Disease Modeling'. I don't know much about this. What would be appropriate resources to learn this?
Question
Our team was conducting assessment of functional independence. We came across a scale in English language which has been developed and validated. Our study population speaks Hindi, the major language in India. We had followed the steps of translation and cross-cultural validation mentioned by the original copyright holders of the scale. Different teams conducted forward and back-translation in a blinded manner. We compared the back-translated scale with original scale and made appropriate changes with mutual discussion. Then we used the translated tool among a scientifically selected sample. Now during publication, we are being told that we also needed to collect test-retest data on a subsample of participants as well as another subsample of inter-rater reliability data. It has been more than a year since our data collection finished. Do we need to enroll new participants to collect test-retest and inter-rater reliability data?

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Projects

Projects (11)
Project
The goal of the project is to determine the burden and risk factors of Chronic and Acute Pancreatitis as well as major Gastrointestinal diseases at national level in India. The burden would be estimated both in community as well as in health facilities.
Project
1. To determine the existing referral practices of the public health care system in Bhopal from the perspective of both providers and users 2. To conduct referral audit of the public health care system of Bhopal district 3. To explore and analyse the referral policy in public health system of Bhopal