Sang-Hyun Lee

Sang-Hyun Lee
Chungbuk National University · Agricultrual and Rural Engineering

Ph. D

About

59
Publications
9,992
Reads
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596
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - August 2014
Seoul National University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
As the uncertainty and importance of securing resources increase, the nexus concept is used for integrated sustainable use management planning. In particular, because protected farms are most affected by temperature change, the connection between the heating temperature variable and resources must be analyzed. In this study, a water-energy-food-car...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to analyze the possible relationship between industrial structure and economic development in rural areas in South Korea. Accordingly, this study uses the Herfindahl–Hirschman Index and a two-step cluster analysis method to conduct an empirical analysis of the rural areas of Chungcheongbuk-do as the research object. The...
Article
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the blueprints for achieving a sustainable future, and understanding the interlinkages among social, economic, and environmental fields is a key factor in accomplishing them. The goal of this study was to analyze a framework for sustainable economic growth considering the trade-offs among economic inequality...
Article
This study aimed to assess the holistic impacts of climate change and irrigation management on food centric water-energy-land interlinkages in the Food-Energy-Water (FEW) nexus specialized in agriculture. Accordingly, we analyzed the trends and variation in productivity, irrigation requirement, and energy input for paddy rice production, which is t...
Article
Full-text available
The study objective was to develop and use the Water-Energy-Food Nexus Phosphate (WEF-P) Tool to evaluate the impact of Morocco's phosphate industry on water, energy, and food sectors of Khouribga, which is the representative phosphate mining region of Morocco. The developed WEF-P Tool enabled a trade-off analysis based on integrating supply-chain...
Article
We discussed the applicability of high-resolution meteorological data simulated by the NCAM-Weather Research and Forecasting (NCAM-WRF) model to investigate spatially distributed soil-moisture deficits in site-scale farmland areas. A gridded soil water budget model was developed to utilize the 90 m NCAM-WRF meteorological data to predict soil moist...
Article
Full-text available
This study applied ratio correction factor (RCF) optimization to calibrate the daily storage of agricultural reservoirs located in ungauged catchments that lack stream flow data. Using Run theory, we then assessed the impacts of climate change on the resilience of agricultural reservoir operations during reservoir drought conditions. First, we opti...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract. The aim of the study is to apply the Nexus approach for conducting trade-off analysis between industrial and agricultural area, thus we developed Water-Energy-Food Nexus-Phosphate (WEF-P) Tool based on integrating the supply chain processes, transportation, and water-energy footprints. This study evaluated the impact of phosphate industry...
Article
Full-text available
Through the global analysis of inundation disasters with regards to population and land elevation, we found that the largest number of people living in low-elevation land was in Asia. Population increase was also most rapid at these locations. Furthermore, through three case studies in Asia, we found that a critical land–water elevation difference...
Article
Full-text available
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has the largest water deficit in the world. It also has the least food self-sufficiency. Increasing food imports and decreasing domestic food production can contribute to water savings and hence to increased water security. However, increased domestic food production is a better way to achieve food sec...
Article
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The aim of this study is to assess the impact of rice-based food security on water, energy, land, and CO2 emissions from a holistic point of view using the Nexus approach, which analyzes tradeoffs between water, energy, and food management. In Japan, both rice consumption and the area harvested for rice have decreased. Maintaining a high self-suffi...
Article
Full-text available
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has the largest water deficit in the world. It also has the least food self-sufficiency. Increasing food imports and decreasing domestic food production can contribute to water savings and hence to increased water security. However, increased domestic food production is a better way to achieve food sec...
Article
One possible approach for addressing water and food insecurity involves food production, trade, and water used elsewhere. In this study, we introduce a water footprint for Korean rice products and focus on the impacts of localized cultivation and water supply systems on the water footprint. In addition, we discuss several studies on the application...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to analyze the characteristics of drought, such as intensity and trends, based on SPEI (Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index) at 8 stations in South Korea from 1981 to 2010. The traditional SPEI is based on the Thornthwaite equation for estimating evapotranspiration; SPEI_th. However, a standard of agricultur...
Article
The aim of this study is to identify the global circulation model (GCM)-related uncertainties regarding the climate-change impacts that affect the water management in paddy rice fields. The crop evapotranspiration, effective rainfall, net irrigation water requirement (NIWR), and design water requirement (DWR) were simulated from 1981 to 2100 using...
Article
Full-text available
North Korea is a food-deficit nation in which climate change could have a significant impact on drought. We analyzed drought characteristics in the Hwanghae Plain, North Korea using both the multiple timescales of the standardized precipitation index (SPI) and the standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) from 1981 to 2100. The pro...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate virtual water export through five crops (barley, rice, maize, soybeans, and wheat) in terms of the external virtual water rate, within and outside of Asia from 2000 to 2012, and in comparison with that within and outside the European Union (EU). The external virtual water rate indicates the proportion of virtua...
Article
Recent studies about irrigation water use have focused on agricultural reservoir operation in irrigation period. At the same time, it is significant to store water resource in reservoir during non-irrigation period in order to secure sufficient water in early growing season. In this study, Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5, 8.5 scenar...
Article
Climate change causes changes in rainfall patterns, temperature and drought frequency. Climate change impact influences on water management and crop production. It is critical issue in agricultural industry. Rice is a staple cereal crop in South Korea and Korea uses a ponding system for its paddy fields which requires a significant amount of water....
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of climate change on green and blue water use with temporal change in the transplanting and growing season for paddy fields in South Korea using the representative concentration pathway (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 scenarios in 2025 (2011–2040), 2055 (2041–2070), and 2085 (2071–2100). The optimal transplant date...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to analyze the characteristics of global virtual water trade (GVWT), such as the connectivity of each trader, vulnerable importers, and influential countries, using degree and eigenvector centrality during the period 2006–2010. The degree centrality was used to measure the connectivity, and eigenvector centrality was used to measure...
Preprint
The aim of this study is to analyze the characteristics of drought such as intensity, cumulative curves and trends, based on SPEI (Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index) at 8 stations in Korea from 1981 to 2010. The traditional SPEI is based on Thornthwaite equation for estimating evapotranspiration; SPEI_th. However, a standard of ag...
Article
Trading in crops can be regarded as the primary source of water demand in terms of virtual water trade, and the main importers would have to consider the trading in crops from a water management perspective. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the dependency and intensity of the virtual water trade in Korea. The virtual water trade values of 41 c...
Article
The aim of the study is to analyse the effects of large-scale agricultural infrastructure investment on rural development. Accordingly, we selected the Yeongsan River Basin Comprehensive Development Project (YRBCADP) as the case project and evaluated the impacts of YRBCADP on agricultural and regional development individually. In terms of agricultu...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to analyse the characteristics of global virtual water trade (GVWT) such as connectivity of each trader, vulnerable importers, and influential countries using degree and eigenvector centrality during the period 2006–2010. The degree centrality was used to measure the connectivity and eigenvector centrality was used to measure the in...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to analyze the contribution of regional water resources through the gap between water used for rice production and water used for consumption. The blue water use for rice production and for consumption was quantified and the regional blue water flows were estimated using the virtual water concept from 1995 to 2010. About 11...
Article
South Korea’s food self-sufficiency ratio (SSR) dramatically decreased from 56 % in 1980 to 27 % in 2010, due to changes in food production and consumption patterns. Naturally, the changes in food self-sufficiency and consumption patterns will affect the world agricultural trade. This study aims to analyze trends in water footprints (WFs) on the ba...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to develop a soil moisture simulation model equipped with meteorological data enhanced by WRF (Weather Research and Forecast) model, and this soil moisture model was applied for quantifying soil moisture content and irrigation requirement. The WRF model can provide grid based meteorological data at various resolutions. For...
Article
The majority of projections of future climate come from Global Circulation Models (GCMs), which vary in the way they were modeled the climate system, and so it produces different projections about conceptualizing of the weather system. To implement climate change impact assessment, it is necessary to analyze trends of various GCMs and select approp...
Article
Full-text available
The agricultural water management generally has focused on water resources for crop production but it could be affected by the food consumption pattern. The aim of this study is to estimate virtual water consumption for food consumption and calorie supply using the water footprint and virtual water concept. In addition, we estimated the virtual wat...
Article
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the paddy irrigation efficiency using real-time water level monitoring data and intermittent irrigation model in Gimjae, Dong-Jin irrigation district. For this study, the real-time water level data in Gimjae main canal and other secondary canals were collected from 2012 to 2014 and converted to daily dischar...
Article
Full-text available
Since the consumption of the livestock products increased for the past 10 years in Korea, the water use for live animals has become more important in terms of water savings. Therefore, the index connecting water use and livestock products consumption should be required for sustainable water management, and water footprint concept could be suggested...
Article
As livestock manure treatment is becoming a problem, manure application in forest plantation is recommended as an alternative. In this study, to investigate the impact due to liquid manure application in forest plantation, soil, soil water and shallow groundwater quality had been monitored in poplar experimental site where the liquid manure (LM) wa...
Article
Water footprint is defined as the total volume of direct and indirect water used to produce a good and service by consumer or producer, and measured at the point of production based on virtual water concept. The green and blue water footprint refers to the volume of the rainwater and the irrigation water consumed, respectively. Crop water footprint...
Article
The purpose of this article is to examine the issues of low grain self-sufficiency and the high portion of agricultural water use in South Korea, and to trace the water footprint (WF) of rice products. In this study, different types of water use were described as green, blue, and gray WFs and were analysed using suitable estimation methods to deter...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of environmental water has been risen in terms of river ecosystem soundness with preventing stream flow depletion in rural area, while enlarging agricultural reservoir project is conducted under the 4 main river restoration project for supplying more water to 4 main rivers. The aim of this study was to estimate the amount of environm...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture is affected directly by climate conditions and changes, and it is necessary to understand the impact of climate change on agricultural reservoirs which are the main water resources for paddy fields in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of climate change on the anti-drought capacity including water supply capability (WSC) and...
Article
Full-text available
The main purposes of the agricultural reservoir enlargement (ARE) project are to secure water supply reliability (WSR) for agriculture and to release environmental water during dry seasons. In this study, an operational rule that will simultaneously satisfy both the above issues was developed. Initial amount of water storage at the beginning of non...
Article
Full-text available
Works for dam heightening plan have dual purposes: flood disaster prevention by securing additional storage volume and river ecosystem conservation by supplying stream maintenance flow. Now, the dam heightening project is in progress and there are 93 dam heightened reservoir. After the dam heightening project, 2.2 hundred million ton of flood contr...
Article
Full-text available
For stable and sustainable crop production, understanding the effects of climate changes on agricultural water resources is necessary to minimize the negative effects which might occur due to shifting weather conditions. Although various studies have been carried out in Korea concerning changes in evapotranspiration and irrigation water requirement...
Article
Full-text available
This study was aim to predict future land-cover changes and to analyze regional land-cover changes in irrigation areas and agricultural reservoir watersheds under climate change scenario. To simulate the future land-cover under climate change scenario - A1B of the SRES (Special Report on Emissions Scenarios), Dyna-CLUE (Conversion of Land Use Chang...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture is dependable to weather condition and its change so that it is necessary to understand the impacts of climatic change. The aim of this study is to analyze the change of consumptive use of water and rice yield due to climate change using CERES-Rice. In this study, the weather data of three emission scenario of A1B, A2 and B1 created fro...
Article
Full-text available
This study was conducted to predict future land-cover changes under climate change scenarios and to cluster analysis of regional land-cover characteristics. To simulate the future land-cover according to climate change scenarios - A1B, A2, and B1 of the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES), Dyna-CLUE (Conversion of Land Use Change and its E...
Article
This study simulated land-cover change using the Conversion of Land Use and its Effects (CLUE) model and predicted future changes in paddy field area under climate change scenarios A1B, A2, B1, and B2 of the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES). The CLUE model is a dynamic spatial land-use simulation model considering competition among land...
Conference Paper
The degree of grain self-sufficiency is currently about 27% in South Korea which is why Korea is one of the largest net virtual water import countries. Agricultural water resources have been heavily developed from early 1970 for rice self sufficiency and agricultural water use is 48% to the total fresh water resources in Korea. Tracing the water fo...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change due to global warming possibly effects the agricultural water use in terms of evapotranspiration. Thus, to estimate rice evapotranspiration under the climate change, future climate data including precipitation, minimum and maximum temperatures for 90 years (2011{\sim}2100), were forecasted using LARS-WG. Observed 30 years (1971{\sim}...
Article
Full-text available
Farmland spatial data are needed as a basic information in conducting rational use of farmlands in regional scale. This study develops a method that can be used to make up such farmland spatial data in a simple way and to develop a technique to manage them in a unitary way, and examines the effectiveness of the technique by applying it to the case...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to investigate the applicability of high spatial resolution remote sensing images for conducting the rural amenity resources survey. There are a large number of rural amenity resources and field reconnaissance without a sufficient preliminary survey involves a big amount of cost and time even if the data quality cannot alwa...
Conference Paper
The aim of this study is to analyze the green-tourism centrality considering spatial interaction using Gravity Model and social network method. The degree centrality and prestige centrality were applied as green-tourism centrality index. The rural amenity resources and human resources were counted as attraction factors, and a distance among village...
Conference Paper
In the process industrialization and urbanization in Korea, rural area has been degraded with incurable problems including community aging and destruction of ancient cultural or natural rural amenities. However, the tangible and intangible resources in rural areas has highlighted in these days since the life quality elevated. Rural Amenity, the rur...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Analysis of interaction among global and local scales, and water-energy-food sheds Development of a user inspired decision support system for assessing sustainability
Project
Effective management of urban metabolisms is the key to the health of our urban centers of tomorrow. The project will identify critical factors and define critical pathways of FWE delivery to urban centers using advanced tools such as artificial intelligence, data mining, system dynamics modeling, agro-logistics and scenario analysis to understand the intertwined nature of FWE in terms of lifecycles, including production, processing, delivery, consumption, and disposal. The underlying rationale is that FWE Nexus forms the basis of the urban metabolic system that sustains the development of urban centers. The primary outcome will be the development of the intelligent urban metabolic systems appropriate for cities and the unique challenges for green urban centers of tomorrow.