Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur

Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur
Université Grenoble Alpes · Laboratoire Sport et Environnement Social

PhD
Associate professor in exercise, sport, and health psychology at Université Grenoble Alpes

About

73
Publications
54,014
Reads
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1,020
Citations
Citations since 2016
55 Research Items
905 Citations
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Introduction
Sport is considered beneficial to health. However, it is supposed that beyond a certain threshold, the practice can lead to psychological risks. My researches then focus on the determinants and barriers to physical activities, and the consequences of these activities on the psychosocial and physical health of employees. My researches also focus on the study of the developmental, emotional and motivational determinants of athlete burnout among adolescents engaged in elite sport.
Additional affiliations
October 2011 - August 2013
University Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2009 - August 2011
Université d´Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse
Position
  • ATER
September 2007 - November 2010
Claude Bernard University Lyon 1
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
September 2005 - August 2007
Claude Bernard University Lyon 1
Field of study
  • Sport and Exercise Psychology

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Full-text available
The negative feelings that are part of burnout syndrome may prompt athletes to drop out of their sport. The objective of the current study was therefore to examine the influence of athlete burnout profiles on playing status 6 years later. The participants of this study were 458 boys and girls between 14 and 18 years old (M = 15.44; SD =.95) enrolle...
Article
Objectives: The aim of the current study was to examine (1) associations between the quality of the coach-athlete relationship as perceived by athletes and athlete burnout and, (2) the role of achievement goals in mediating the association between the coach-athlete relationship and burnout. Design: Cross-sectional. Method: 359 athletes completed me...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined (a) the developmental trajectories of athlete burnout perceptions, (b) the gender differences on these trajectories, and (c) the interactions in the developmental trajectories of the three burnout dimensions. A five-wave longitudinal study was conducted with 895 athletes (47.6% female; Mage=15.67). Results of multilevel growth m...
Article
Full-text available
Aims of the study: The objectives of the present study is to examine relationships between potential causal directions of coaching style, basic psychological needs, quality of motivation; and athlete burnout in high level young athletes. Methods: Data was collected from a sample of 309 handball players of elite training centers. Structural equation...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the role of personal resources, specifically vigor at work (a positive affect generated by the ongoing interactions in the workplace) and weekly physical activity (PA), in the stress-mental health relationship, given the positive relationships found between PA and levels of vigor experienced on health. Thus, we hypothesized that...
Article
Full-text available
Background Frequent car use contributes to health and environmental issues such as air pollution, climate change and obesity. Active and sustainable mobility (bike, walk, public transport, car sharing) may address these issues. Different strategies have been implemented in past research, involving hard levers, aimed at modifying the economical or g...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Frequent car use contributes to health and environmental issues such as air pollution, climate change and obesity. Active and sustainable mobility (bike, walk, public transport, car sharing) may address these issues. Different strategies have been implemented in past research, involving hard levers, aimed at modifying the economical or g...
Poster
Full-text available
Du laboratoire au terrain, une évaluation multiple du stress pour mieux comprendre les effets de facilitation et d'inhibition sociale sur la performance sportive : Protocole d'étude longitudinale
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives. To examine whether automaticity mediated the association between action planning and physical activity and whether autonomous motivation moderated this mediation. Methods and measures. Physical activity was measured by accelerometry during seven days among 124 adults. Action planning, automaticity and autonomous motivation were assessed...
Article
Using a person-centered approach, this study was conducted to identify (a) specific athlete profiles in terms of degree of discrepancy between their self-appraisals and the reflected appraisals of their coach and (b) the relations between these profiles and athlete burnout. Athletes ( N = 369; M age = 21.15 years) fulfilled measures of self-apprais...
Article
Full-text available
The objective is to examine the links between peer motivational climate (peerMC) and sport-related well-being (SRWB), and the mediational role of motivation in these relationships. Seventy-three athletes aged 18–25 years completed questionnaires on peerMC, motivation, burnout and engagement, every week for one month. Linear Multilevel Models reveal...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Precursors driving leisure-time sedentary behaviors remain poorly investigated, despite their detrimental consequences. This study aimed to investigate the predictive validity of controlled and automatic motivational precursors toward reducing sedentary behaviors and being physically active on leisure-time sedentary behaviors. The influ...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective. The present study objective is to examine (a) the links between temporal evolution of peer motivational climate and sport related well-being (SRWB), and (b) the mediational role of motivation in these relationships, using within and between level analyses. Method. 73 athletes aged 18-25 years completed questionnaires on peer motivational...
Article
Full-text available
Recovery refers to the process of replenishing resources that occurs when employees distance themselves from their work, leading to improvements in work‐related well‐being indicators (WRWB), such as burnout and vigor. Research has shown that weekend activities are related to changes in WRWB and that recovery experiences could mediate these relation...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Research has shown important between-individual variations in physical activity (PA) during the COVID-19 lockdown. Objectives: The objectives of this is study are to examine the individual, sociodemographic, and environmental factors related to PA during the spring 2020 COVID-19 lockdown in France and to explore the mediating and modera...
Article
Full-text available
To examine the indirect relationships between physical activity, and well-being (i.e., need satisfaction, subjective vitality, and stress) of individuals, through recovery experiences (i.e., detachment from lockdown, relaxation, mastery, and control over leisure time) during the spring 2020 COVID-19 lockdown. Methods: 405 participants answered an...
Thesis
Full-text available
This synthesis note, produced in preparation for the Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, presents our work on the relationships between the practice of physical activity and/or sport and perceived well-being in different contexts - i.e., sport and work - as well as the role of social context, and the mechanisms by which well-being can be improve...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective. To examine the indirect relationships between physical activity, and well-being (i.e., need satisfaction, subjective vitality, and stress) of individuals, through recovery experiences (i.e., detachment from lockdown, relaxation, mastery and control over leisure time) during the spring 2020 COVID-19 lockdown. Design. Cross-sectional. Meth...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recovery refers to the process of replenishing resources that occurs when employees distance themselves from their work, leading to improvements in work-related well-being indicators (WRWB), such as burnout and vigor. Research has shown that weekend activities are related to changes in WRWB, and that recovery experiences could mediate these relatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective. This study aimed to investigate the predictive validity of controlled and automatic motivational precursors toward reducing sedentary behaviors and being physically active on leisure-time sedentary behaviors. Moreover, the influence of demographic, physical, socio-professional, interpersonal, and environmental variables on leisure-time s...
Preprint
Background. Recent findings have shown changes in physical activity (PA) levels during the COVID-19 lockdown.Objective. To appraise the psychological, sociodemographic and, environmental levers and barriers to PA during the COVID-19 lockdown.Method. Participants living in France (N= 390) answered a cross-sectional online survey between March 30 and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. Recent findings have shown changes in physical activity (PA) levels during the COVID-19 lockdown. Objective. To appraise the psychological, sociodemographic and, environmental levers and barriers to PA during the COVID-19 lockdown. Method. Participants living in France (N= 390) answered a cross-sectional online survey between March 30 a...
Presentation
Full-text available
La récupération fait référence à un processus de restauration des ressources énergétiques personnelles qui se produit lorsque les employés prennent de la distance avec leur travail (Geurts & Sonnentag, 2006). Les études existantes ont montré que certaines activités de récupération étaient liées à la récupération vis-à-vis du travail, et que certain...
Presentation
Full-text available
Almost 20% of European employees report high burnout, indicating impaired work-related well-being (WRWB; Eurofound, 2018). Previous research has shown that regular physical activity (PA) was efficient to promote vigor at work and protect employees from burnout (Naczenski, Vries, Hooff, & Kompier, 2017). The few existing workplace PA interventions s...
Article
Current research highlights the need to critically examine the factors that can reduce the relationship between work stress and burnout to improve employee health and well-being, as well as to create healthier workplaces. The objective of this study was to enhance insight into the association between stress and job burnout by testing the moderated...
Article
Work vigor is defined by cognitive, affective, and behavioral components. The purpose of this multi-study paper was to develop a French version of the Shirom-Melamed Vigor Measure (F-SMVM), and test its (a) construct validity (i.e., factorial structure and internal consistency), (b) convergent and discriminant validity with the Utrecht Work Engagem...
Article
The present study aimed to increase understanding of well-being in workplace community by examining a moderated mediated model including the test of the mediating effect of needs satisfaction, and the moderating effect of physical activity on the sense of community-vigor relationship, in a longitudinal perspective. The sample was composed of 95 wor...
Article
Full-text available
Background WOPAP is a theoretically-grounded workplace physical activity intervention that aims to reduce work-related burnout and to improve vigor at work and other work-related outcomes. Using a randomized controlled trial, we investigate whether a 10-week program including two Nordic walking sessions per week is effective in improving employee w...
Article
Full-text available
The development of cynical attitudes towards elite sport is a core symptom of athlete burnout and has been associated with dropout from elite sport. To date, this phenomenon has mainly been studied by investigating explicit attitudes towards sport, whereas athletes’ automatic evaluations (i.e. implicit attitudes) that have been shown to influence b...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Few studies have tested whether the stress-buffering effects of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) depend on other resources, such as the satisfaction of basic psychological needs. Therefore, the present study examines the interaction between perceived stress, LTPA and psychological need satisfaction (PNS) on occupational burnout sym...
Article
Full-text available
Few studies have examined the association between sleep and burnout symptoms in elite athletes. We recruited 257 young elite athletes (Mage=16.8 years) from Swiss Olympic partner schools. Of these, 197 were re-assessed six months later. Based on the first assessment, 24 participants with clinically relevant burnout symptoms volunteered to participa...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Having psychometrically sound instruments is essential to the understanding of the determinants and consequences of athlete burnout. Therefore, this study examines the psychometric properties of a German version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) and its usefulness as a screening tool for the detection of clinically relevant bur...
Article
Full-text available
In light of recent concerns on the validity of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ), the aim of the present multi-study research was to examine the psychometric properties of a new measure of athlete burnout: the Athlete Burnout Scale (ABO-S). Three studies, involving 1034 French high-level competitive adolescents athletes (Mage = 18.07), were c...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine in a sample of young elite athletes (a) the presence of clinically relevant symptoms of burnout and depression, and (b) a possible interaction of perceived stress and mental toughness in the prediction of burnout and depressive symptoms. Design: 6-month prospective study. Methods: A representative sample of 257 young elite at...
Article
Performance-based self-esteem and a self-identity dominated by being an athlete have been associated with athlete burnout. Our aim is to extend previous research by adopting a person-centered approach and examining whether profiles of burnout can be identified based on the athletes’ identity and performance-based self-esteem. Swedish junior athlete...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of the study. The main objective of the present study was to examine the reciprocal relationships between off-job moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigor at work. Method. 128 workers (60% females) from different companies, with a mean age of 39.40 years old, comprising lower supervisory and technical employees, intermediate...
Presentation
Full-text available
D’après le sondage Great Place to Work réalisé en 2015, 17% des salariés français rapportent un état de burnout. Ce dernier est caractérisé par un épuisement émotionnel, une fatigue physique et une lassitude cognitive (Shirom, 2004). Le modèle « Job Demands-Resources » (Demerouti et al., 2001) explique cet état à partir d’une analyse des demandes e...
Poster
Full-text available
The objective was to conduct a systematic review of workplace interventions that provide physical activity to employees for the promotion of their occupational well-being. To analyse and compare the effect size between studies and identify possible modulators. The terms used in the search in titles, abstracts and keywords. The systematic review con...
Poster
Full-text available
D’après le sondage Great Place to Work réalisé en 2015, la santé mentale des salariés français est préoccupante, puisque 17% font état d’un épuisement professionnel ou « burnout », ce qui représente un coût annuel de près de 3 milliards d’euros. Ce constat a récemment retenu l'attention du ministère de la santé, qui a mis en place un groupe de trav...
Article
Grounded on the Reflective-Impulsive Model, a recent study by Cheval, Sarrazin, Isoard-Gautheur, Radel and Friese (2015) found support for an interactive pattern between reflective (i.e., physical activity intentions) and impulsive (i.e., impulsive approach tendencies towards sedentary behaviors; IASB) processes to prospectively predict objective m...
Article
Cet article se propose de presenter une revue exhaustive et critique sur le burnout sportif. Les differentes etudes ont permis de mettre en evidence que le burnout sportif semble lie au stress, a un « sentiment d’etre piege », a une identite sportive exclusive, a la perception d’un fort controle des autrui significatifs, a la non-satisfaction des b...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The aim of the current study was to examine (1) associations between the quality of the coacheathlete relationship as perceived by athletes and athlete burnout and, (2) the role of achievement goals in mediating the association between the coacheathlete relationship and burnout. Design: Cross-sectional. Method: 359 athletes completed me...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the workplace, the environment in which employees operate formulates job demands and provides ressources (Job Demands-Resources Model, Demerouti, 2001). An imbalance between both can lead to a state of stress. If it persists across time, it leads thereafter to a degradation of mental health, causing work-related diseases like burnout. Shirom (19...
Chapter
Full-text available
Pourquoi fait-on du sport ou de l’activité physique ? Est-ce que toutes ces raisons sont équivalentes ? Quels sont les ingrédients d’une expérience sportive réussie ? Comment nourrir un investissement durable pour l’AP avec toutes les conséquences qui lui sont liées en terme de santé ? Autant de questions auxquelles ce chapitre tente d’apporter des...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The present study tested whether taking into account both the reflective and the impulsive processes of physical activity (PA) is helpful in understanding how, and for whom, PA-promoting messages will be (in)effective in changing behavior. Method: Participants (N = 101) were presented with a persuasive message promoting either PA (exp...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Using self-determination theory (SDT) (Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York, NY: Plenum) as the theoretical framework, we conducted a longitudinal investigation of the temporal ordering between motivation and burnout among youth athletes in intensive training setting. Data...
Article
Full-text available
Aim of the study: The objective of the current study was to identify the motivational dynamics and the changes in the levels of burnout experienced among elite BMX riders during a competitive season. Methods: Data were collected each week during 32 weeks, among three BMX riders from an elite training structure. Paired sample t-tests were used to co...
Article
Full-text available
This study used confi rmatory factor analyses (CFAs) among a sample of young French table tennis players to test: (a) original 19-factor structure, (b) 14-factor structure recently suggested in literature, and (c) hierarchical factor structure of the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport). 148 table tennis players completed the RE...