Sandra Ruzal

Sandra Ruzal
Universidad de Buenos Aires | UBA · Department of Biological Chemistry

Professor

About

35
Publications
2,982
Reads
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1,034
Citations
Citations since 2016
9 Research Items
474 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
In lactobacilli, CcpA is known to modulate the expression of genes involved in sugar metabolism, stress response and aerobic adaptation. This study aimed to evaluate a ccpA mutant of Lacticaseibacillus casei BL23 to increase lactic acid production using cheese whey. The ccpA derivative (BL71) showed better growth than the L. casei wild-type in the...
Article
Full-text available
The surface-layer (S-layer) protein of Lactobacillus acidophilus is a crystalline array of self-assembling subunits, non-covalently bound to the most outer cell wall envelope, which constitutes up to 20% of the total cell protein content. These attributes make S-layer proteins an excellent anchor for the development of microbial cell-surface displa...
Article
Full-text available
The surface layer (S-layer) protein of Lactobacillus acidophilus is a crystalline array of self-assembling, proteinaceous subunits non-covalently bound to the outmost bacterial cell wall envelope and is involved in the adherence of bacteria to host cells. We have previously described that the S-layer protein of L. acidophilus possesses anti-viral a...
Article
Full-text available
Alphaviruses and flaviviruses are important human pathogens that include Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Dengue virus (DENV), and Zika virus (ZIKV), which can cause diseases in humans ranging from arthralgia to hemorrhagic fevers and microcephaly. It was previously shown that treatment with surface layer (S-layer) protein, present on the bacterial cell-...
Article
Full-text available
Lactobacillus helveticus is a lactic acid bacterium used traditionally in the dairy industry, especially in the manufacture of cheeses. We present here the 2,141,841-bp draft genome sequence ofL. helveticusstrain ATCC 12046, a potential starter strain for improving cheese production.
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we studied the role of surface layer (S-layer) proteins in the adaptation of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356 to the osmotic stress generated by high salt. The amounts of the predominant and the auxiliary S-layer proteins SlpA and SlpX were strongly influenced by the growth phase and high-salt conditions (0.6 M NaCl). Changes in ge...
Article
Full-text available
We present the 1,956,699-bp draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus acidophilus strain ATCC 4356. Comparative genomic analysis revealed 99.96% similarity with L. acidophilus NCFM NC_006814.3 and 99.97% with La-14 NC_021181.2 genomes. FOOTNOTES Address correspondence to Sandra M. Ruzal, sandra{at}qb.fcen.uba.ar. M.M.P. and M.C.A. contributed equally...
Article
Full-text available
Lysinibacillus sphaericus strains belonging the antigenic group H5a5b produce spores with larvicidal activity against larvae of Culex mosquitoes. C7, a new isolated strain, which presents similar biochemical characteristics and Bin toxins in their spores as the reference strain 2362, was, however, more active against larvae of Culex mosquitoes. The...
Article
Full-text available
The probiotic Gram-positive bacterium Lactobacillus casei BL23 is naturally confronted with salt stress habitats. It has been previously reported that growth in high salt medium containing 0.8M NaCl leads to modifications in the cell envelope of this bacterium. In this study, we report that L. casei BL23 has an increased ability to form biofilms an...
Article
Full-text available
Industrial Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology is an optional 128h-course for Chemistry and Biology students at the Faculty of Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. This course is usually attended by 25 students, working in teams of two. The curriculum, with 8 lab exercises, includes an oil bioremediation practice covering an insight...
Article
We previously observed that Bacillus subtilis spores from sspE mutants presented a lower germination capacity in media containing high salt concentrations (0.9M NaCl). This deficiency was attributed to the absence of SASP-E (gamma-type small-acid-soluble protein), rich in osmocompatible amino acids released by degradation. Herein we observed that,...
Article
It has been previously described that S-layer binds to the C-type lectin DC-specific ICAM-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN, CD209). It was also shown that DC-SIGN is a cell-surface adhesion factor that enhances viral entry of several virus families. Among those, Junin virus (JUNV) entry is enhanced in cells expressing DC-SIGN and for that reason sur...
Article
Full-text available
Bacillus species have been involved in metal association as biosorbents, but there is not a clear understanding of this chelating property. In order to evaluate this metal chelating capacity, cultures and spores from Grampositive bacteria of species either able or unable to produce surface layer proteins (S-layers) were analyzed for their capacity...
Article
We here describe a new method for electroporation of Lactobacillus species, obligately homofermentative and facultatively heterofermentative, based on the cell-wall weakening resulting from growth in high-salt media. For L. casei, optimum transformation efficiency of up to 10(5) transformants per microgram of plasmid DNA was achieved following grow...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously described a murein hydrolase activity for the surface layer (S-layer) of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356. Here we show that, in combination with nisin, this S-layer acts synergistically to inhibit the growth of pathogenic Gram-negative Salmonella enterica and potential pathogenic Gram-positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus...
Article
The study was focused on the role of the penicillin binding protein PBP4* of Bacillus subtilis during growth in high salinity rich media. Using pbpE-lacZ fusion, we found that transcription of the pbpE gene is induced in stationary phase and by increased salinity. This increase was also corroborated at the translation level for PBP4* by western blo...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a new enzymatic functionality for the surface layer (S-layer) of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356, namely, an endopeptidase activity against the cell wall of Salmonella enterica serovar Newport, assayed via zymograms and identified by Western blotting. Based on amino acid sequence comparisons, the hydrolase activity was predicted to...
Article
Biosorption of heavy metals by gram-positive, non-pathogenic and non-toxicogenic Paenibacillus polymyxa P13 was evaluated. Copper was chosen as a model element because it is a pollutant originated from several industries. An EPS (exopolysaccharide)-producing phenotype exhibited significant Cu(II) biosorption capacity. Under optimal assay conditions...
Article
To study the modification of the cell wall of Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 grown in high salt conditions. Differences in the overall structure of cell wall between growth in high salt (MRS + 1 mol l(-1) NaCl; N condition) and control (MRS; C condition) conditions were determined by transmission electronic microscopy and analytical procedures. Lacto...
Article
The role of glutamate as osmoprotector was investigated through the study of a mutation in its biosynthetic pathway. A glt::Tn917-lacZ-cat insertion mutant (N1) conferring glutamate auxotrophy and enhanced beta-galactosidase expression on high-salt media was selected. Co-transformation experiments and PCR analysis allowed locating the insertion int...
Article
To study the influence of peptides and proteolytic enzymes in the osmotic adaptation of Lactobacillus casei. Di- and tri-peptides added individually increased the osmotolerance of Lact. casei when grown in a chemically defined medium (CDM) containing NaCl. Growth stimulation and the re-establishment in their presence of plasmid DNA supercoiling (re...
Article
The behaviour and state of the envelopes from B. subtilis cultures grown in Luria Bertani (LB) medium with and without 1.5 M NaCl are compared. Under hypertonic conditions, the hydrophobicity of the cultures increases. The phospholipid and fatty acid (FA) compositions show important differences: a higher cardiolipin (CL) content [at the expense of...
Article
A microbial bioreactor based on calcium alginate immobilized Lactobacillus cells coupled to a pH electrode was developed for quantitative determination of carbohydrate fermentation activity. A high biomass (10(10) cfu mL(-)(1)) and particular pregrowth conditions were needed. Reduction of catabolite repression by monosaccharides was achieved by pre...
Article
The osmosensitivity presented by spo0A and degU null mutant strains of Bacillus subtilis pointed to their protein products as essential regulators for the osmotic response. This was further investigated by analyzing their transcription activity. The results showed that both spo0A-lacZ and degSU-lacZ were induced by the hypertonic medium. The actual...
Article
A strain isolated from Argentinean regional fermented sausages was found to produce and secrete a compound that inhibited growth of Lactobacillus strains used as indicators. It was characterized as Paenibacillus polymyxa (P13). The antimicrobial activity, named polyxin, was obtained from culture supernatant fluid of late stationary phase and was in...
Article
In Bacillus subtilis, osmotolerance is a stationary phase-dependent, adaptive response inhibiting sporulation and sharing common regulators with this process. The extent of this inhibition was determined by measuring transcription activity of promoter lacZ fusions to early sigma genes (spoIIG and spoIIA coding for precursors of sigmaE and sigmaF) a...
Article
The envelope properties of B. subtilis cultures grown in LB and LBN hyperosmotic media (LB + 1.5 M NaCl) were compared. Since hypertonic cultures showed a Spo-phenotype, a Spo-mutant grown in LB was also analyzed. LBN cultures showed extensive filamentation and presented different sensitivities toward phage infection (phi29 and phi105), or antibiot...
Article
Full-text available
Spores of Bacillus subtilis show similar plating efficiency on media with or without 1.5 M NaCl. In contrast, vegetative cells are osmosensitive unless the stationary phase has been reached. In the present work, loss of heat and osmotic resistance during germination was studied. Their kinetics and sensitivity to protein synthesis inhibition were di...
Article
Bacillus subtilis cultures submitted to an osmotic upshock (1.5 M NaCl) lysed unless stationary phase had been reached. Several physiological variations were observed, such as delayed growth (adaptation), a filamentous bacterial appearance, RecA-dependent osmoresistance (SOS), and cross-induction by a previous stress (heat shock). Osmoresistance an...
Article
The presence of the mutant prophage 105cts23 in Bacillus subtilis strains strongly affected several biological parameters including the viability of protoplasts and the establishment of plasmid pC194. A defective inducibility of the prophage after treatments that de-repress the SOS-like response were also observed. Although these alterations sugges...

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