Sándor Hornok

Sándor Hornok
University of Veterinary Medicine Budapest · Faculty of Veterinary Science

About

275
Publications
45,994
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3,507
Citations
Citations since 2016
132 Research Items
2643 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Introduction
Blood-sucking ectoparasites.

Publications

Publications (275)
Article
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This study was initiated to assess the seasonality and to investigate the morphology of questing ixodid ticks in an urban habitat in Central Europe, Hungary. A neglected part of a large cemetery, with sparse tree covering and dense lower vegetation, was sampled monthly from February 2019 to May 2021. All ticks were analyzed morphologically, and sel...
Article
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Reptiles are frequently kept as pet animals. They are considered as important reservoirs of protozoa with veterinary-medical significance. At a reptile farm in Ireland, fecal samples were collected from 98 captive reptiles, representing 43 species of three orders (Squamata, Testudines, and Crocodylia). After DNA extraction, all samples were screene...
Article
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Polyctenidae bugs are rarely studied, hematophagous, and highly specialized ectopar-asites of bats. There are only 32 described species worldwide, including six species in the Afrotropical region. Knowledge on these parasites is limited, and most studies are restricted to the New World polyctenid species. Here we report additional records of Adroct...
Article
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Anaplasma phagocytophilum is the causative agent of granulocytic anaplasmosis in humans, dogs, cats, horses and tick-borne fever in ruminants. In Europe, its main vector is the tick species Ixodes ricinus . In this study, spleen and liver samples, as well as ticks from 18 wild-living mammals (belonging to seven species) were analysed for the presen...
Article
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Hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are considered the most important transmitters of pathogens in the temperate zone that covers most of Europe. In the era of climate change tick-borne diseases are predicted to undergo geographical range expansion toward the north through regions that are connected to southern areas of the continent by bird migration. Th...
Article
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Purpose To date, ten validated Arthrostoma species were reported. Here, a new hookworm species was found from Asian badger ( Meles leucurus ). Methods Nineteen hookworms (9 males and 10 females) were collected from the small intestine of two Asian badgers in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, northwestern China. The hookworms were morphologically e...
Article
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European beaver (Castor fiber L. 1758) is the biggest rodent species living in Europe. Beavers are semi-aquatic animals; they are defecating directly into the water; thus, they have an important role in spreading parasites related to water (e.g., protozoa and flukes). The first specimens of this once extinct rodent species in Hungary turned up in S...
Article
The Maltese Archipelago is situated in the middle of the Mediterranean Basin, between Europe and Africa, therefore representing an important stopover site for migratory birds between these two continents. Despite of this, up-to-date information is not available on tick species associated with birds in Malta. Therefore, in this study, birds mist-net...
Article
Ecdysteroids are steroid hormones involved in moulting and development of arthropods. Blood samples of 32 individual bats of eight insectivorous species were analysed for the presence of ecdysteroids, using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Nine ecdysteroids were detected. The spectrum of these ecdysteroids was similar in bat species whi...
Article
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During the investigation of the terrariums of snake pets, two species are reported for the first time from Hungary. Females of Ophionyssus natricis (Gervais, 1844) were collected from the body of a Boa sp. (Reptilia:Boidae), and females of Hirstionyssus butantanensis (Fonseca, 1932) were found on body of the new-born mice (Mus musculus Linnaeus) (R...
Article
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Background Among live wild mammals adapted to urban and peri-urban habitats in Europe, members of the families Felidae, Mustelidae and Sciuridae deserve special attention as pathogen reservoirs because all of these families include members that are kept as pets. We report here the results of our study on two important groups of tick-borne protozoan...
Article
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Wild boars show increasing numbers and population densities throughout Europe, including Hungary. While their presence is appreciated as game animals, they are also responsible for significant agricultural damage, habitat degradation and water quality issues. In addition, wild boars may harbor ticks and can act as reservoirs of tick-borne pathogens...
Article
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All species of hard ticks associated with reptiles as hosts throughout their life cycle, are currently assigned to genera including Amblyomma and Africaniella. Among these species, based on literature data, Africaniella transversale has never been investigated for the presence of tick-borne pathogens. In this study, seven DNA extracts (two from A....
Article
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The current status of tick species, important tick-borne bacteria and protozoan parasites is well-documented in Switzerland. However, reports on the genetic diversity and geographical relationships of tick species in this country appear to be in part lacking or outdated. Thus, the aim of this study was to collect ticks from various host species in...
Article
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The Eurasian lynx (Lynx) is a medium-sized wild cat species distributed throughout Eurasia. There has been no report on Taenia species (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) infecting this felid in China. In this study, 24 tapeworms were found in two Eurasian lynxes (#1 and #2) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), northwestern China. Based on the number,...
Article
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In this study, 263 tapeworms were collected from eight road-killed red foxes in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR, northwestern China). The tapeworms were analyzed based on morphological characters and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene sequences. Eighty-three Taenia and 180 Mesocestoides tapeworms were identified accordi...
Preprint
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Background The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is a geographically widespread predator species, occurring across the northern Hemisphere. It has high veterinary-medical significance, in part owing to its definitive host role in the life cycle of several tapeworm species, including zoonotic ones. However, there have been only few reports on cyclophyllid tap...
Article
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The family Cimicidae includes obligate hematophagous ectoparasites (bed bugs and their relatives) with high veterinary/medical importance. The evolutionary relationships of Cimicidae and their hosts have recently been reported in a phylogenetic context, but in the relevant study, one of the six subfamilies, the bat-specific Latrocimicinae, was not...
Article
Piroplasmosis is an economically important tick-borne disease worldwide. However, little is known about the presence of Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in ticks in Eastern and Southern Kazakhstan (ESK). During 2016 – 2019, adult ticks (at 26 sampling sites in 16 districts of 5 oblasts in ESK) were collected. Tick species were identified according t...
Article
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Babesia gibsoni is considered as an emerging protozoan parasite of dogs in North America and Europe. However, no data have been published on its prevalence, molecular-phylogenetic characteristics and associated co-infections in dogs used for illegal fighting (i.e. predisposed to acquiring this piroplasm via biting) in Europe. In this study, blood s...
Article
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Background Birds are major hosts for many tick species (Acari: Ixodidae, Argasidae), and their role is especially important in transporting ticks over large distances along their seasonal migratory routes. Accordingly, most studies across Europe focus on the importance of avian hosts in tick dispersal, and less emphasis is laid on resident birds an...
Article
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The soft ticks (Ixodida: Argasidae) are ectoparasites of terrestrial vertebrates with a wide geographic distribution, occurring on all continents. These ticks are obligate blood-feeders, most of them show high degrees of host-specialization and several species in arid and tropical regions are important parasites of livestock and men. Species common...
Article
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In this study, faecal samples of four American Staffordshire terrier dogs (used for illegal fighting) were analysed by DNA extraction, molecular-phylogenetic and parasitological methods, in order to examine the occurrence of protozoan, apicomplexan parasites. In one sample, the DNA of Sarcocystis morae was shown to be present. This species was iden...
Preprint
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Bats have deserved much scientific attention due to their biological-ecological properties and increasingly recognized epidemiological significance. Ecdysteroids are insect-molting hormones that (under experimental conditions) have stimulating and anabolic effects in mammals, including humans. Therefore, these biologically active compounds are curr...
Preprint
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Background The Eurasian lynx ( Lynx lynx ) is a medium-sized wild cat species distributed throughout Eurasia, from Europe to the Far East. There has been no report on Taenia species (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) infecting this felid in China.Methods In this study, 24 tapeworms were found in two Eurasian lynxes (#1 and #2) in Xinjiang, northwestern Chin...
Article
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Background Previously, twelve Rickettsia species were identified in ticks, fleas, sheep keds ( Melophagus ovinus ), bats ( Pipistrellus pipistrellus ) and a tick-bitten patient in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in northwestern China. Here we aimed to molecularly detect rickettsial agents in red fox ( Vulpes vulpes ), marbled polecat (...
Article
Ixodes simplex is a bat tick species, a common parasite of the Schreibers' bent-winged bat, Miniopterus schreibersii. Its distribution is linked to the range of its host, free stages occurring exclusively inside the underground bat shelters. Here we present the first case of human infestation with I. simplex. An adult female tick was found attached...
Article
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Background Among Dermanyssoidea, the chicken red mite ( Dermanyssus gallinae ) and the northern fowl mite ( Ornithonyssus sylviarum ) are considered to be the cause of high economic losses endured by the poultry industry in the Holarctic region, with O. sylviarum predominating in North America and D. gallinae in Europe. Both species have a short li...
Article
Babesia species (Apicomplexa: Piroplasmorida) are tick-borne protozoan hemoparasites, which pose a significant threat to domestic animals, wildlife and humans. This study aimed to determine and characterize Babesia species in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), Asian badgers (Meles leucurus) and their ticks. Blood, heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, large...
Article
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Three Palearctic members of the subgenus Pholeoixodes, i.e., Ixodes canisuga, Ixodes hexagonus and Ixodes kaiseri are frequently collected from dogs, cats, red foxes, badgers and other carnivorous/insectivorous hosts in Europe. While a pictorial identification key has been reported for female Pholeoixodes ticks, a similar work has not been done on...
Article
To date, there is no report on the genetic diversity of ticks in these regions. A total of 370 representative ticks from the south and east regions of Kazakhstan (SERK) and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) were selected for molecular comparison. A fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene, ranging from 631 bp t...
Article
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Malaria is responsible for major diseases of humans, while associated haemosporidians are important factors in regulating wildlife populations. Polychromophilus, a haemosporidian parasite of bats, is phylogenetically close to human-pathogenic Plasmodium species, and their study may provide further clues for understanding the evolutionary relationsh...
Article
Host associated microbiome not only may affect the individual health-status or provide insights into the species- or group specific bacterial communities but may act as early warning signs in the assessment of zoonotic res-ervoirs, offering clues to predict, prevent and control possible episodes of emerging zoonoses. Bats may be carriers and reserv...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Previously, twelve Rickettsia species were found in ticks, fleas, sheep keds ( Melophagus ovinus ), bats (common pipistrelle: Pipistrellus pipistrellus ) and a tick-bitten patient in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), northwestern China. Here we aimed to molecularly detect rickettsial agents in red fox ( Vulpes vulpes ), marbled po...
Article
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The arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) is the only native terrestrial mammal in Iceland. While red foxes (V. vulpes) are known to be epidemiologically important carriers of several vector-borne pathogens in Europe, arctic foxes have never been evaluated in a similar context on this continent. This has become especially relevant in the last decade, conside...
Article
The evolution and phylogenetic relationships of the ticks at both the family and genus levels are contested. The genus Amblyomma and its subgenera are in a state of flux; moreover, the relationships among the three tick families are controversial due to conflicting phylogenetic support for different arrangements of the three families of living tick...
Article
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Five unusual egg-clusters with numerous larvae of an unidentified species of sarcoptid mite (Notoedres sp.) were observed on the wings of the cave-roosting, Southeast Asian bat, Chaerephon plicatus. An egg-cluster contained more than 250 eggs and all eggs joined to each other with a long pedicel. The larvae of this unidentified sarcoptid mite are u...
Article
Twenty-five dog fleas (Ctenocephalides canis) and five ticks identified as Hyalomma asiaticum were collected from a Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) pup in northwestern China. Molecular analyses of four genetic markers showed the presence of Rickettsia aeschlimannii DNA in 5 out of 20 fleas. Only rickettsial 17-kDa gene was detected in the blood sample of...
Preprint
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Background The Republic of Kazakhstan, located in Central Asia, ranks as the world’s largest landlocked country, and borders five countries including China. There is a 1783 km long borderline between the South and East regions of Kazakhstan and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR, northwestern China). To date, there is no report on the genetic d...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Piroplasmosis, caused by Theileria and Babesia species, is an economically important tick-borne disease worldwide. However, little is known about the presence of Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in ticks from different host species in Kazakhstan. Method: We collected adult ticks at 26 sampling sites in 16 districts in the East and South...
Article
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The phylogeny of the hard tick genus Amblyomma Koch, 1844 deserves special attention, because several poorly studied tick species associated with reptiles still bear the name of this genus, although they may not belong to it. This study focuses on the phylogeny of two such species with uncertain taxonomic status, i.e., Amblyomma transversale (Lucas...
Article
Recently, the occurrence of Ixodes ( Pholeoixodes ) kaiseri has been reported for the first time in several European countries, but data on the molecular analysis of this hard tick species are still lacking. Therefore, in this study DNA extracts of 28 I. kaiseri (collected from dogs and red foxes in Germany, Hungary and Romania) were screened with...
Preprint
Full-text available
Host associated microbiome not only may affect the individual health-status or provide insights into the species- or group specific bacterial communities but may act as early warning signs in the assessment of zoonotic reservoirs, offering clues to predict, prevent and control possible episodes of emerging zoonoses. Bats may be carriers and reservo...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing amount of data attest that (in the context of vector-borne infections) birds are not only important as hosts of blood-sucking arthropod vectors, but also as reservoirs of vector-borne pathogens. From 2015 to 2019 cadavers of 100 birds (from 45 species, nine orders) were collected in Hungary, and their organs were screened for DNA from a...
Article
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Background: From a veterinary-medical point of view, the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, is perhaps the economically most important blood-sucking muscoid fly species (Diptera: Muscidae), owing to its worldwide occurrence, frequently high local abundance, direct harm caused to livestock, pet animals and humans, as well as its vector role. Consider...
Article
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We isolated Brucella melitensis biovar 3 from the spleen of an Asian badger (Meles leucurus) in Nilka County, northwestern China. Our investigation showed that this isolate had a common multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis 16 genotype, similar to bacterial isolates from local aborted sheep fetuses.
Article
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Brucella abortus biovar 1 and atypical rough Brucella were isolated from Himalayan marmot ( Marmota himalayana). Multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis-16 typing indicated that the isolates both for smooth and atypical rough phenotypes had a common novel multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis-16 type (Panel 1: 3-2-7-5-...
Article
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Hungary is situated in the southern part of Central Europe, next to the northern boundary of the Mediterranean region. This geographical position may allow the northward expansion of Mediterranean ixodid tick species into Hungary, particularly in the era of warming climate. During the past 14 years numerous surveys have been published on the specie...
Article
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Birds are hosts for several zoonotic pathogens. Because of their high mobility, especially of long‐distance migrants, birds can disperse these pathogens, affecting their distribution and phylogeography. We focused on Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, which includes the causative agents of Lyme borreliosis, as an example for tick‐borne pathogens, to...
Article
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Background: Increasing molecular evidence supports that bats and/or their ectoparasites may harbor vector-borne bacteria, such as bartonellae and borreliae. However, the simultaneous occurrence of rickettsiae in bats and bat ticks has been poorly studied. Methods: In this study, 54 bat carcasses and their infesting soft ticks (n = 67) were colle...
Article
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Background: Parasites may actively seek for hosts and may use a number of adaptive strategies to promote their reproductive success and host colonization. These strategies will necessarily influence their host specificity and seasonality. Ticks are important ectoparasites of vertebrates, which (in addition to directly affecting their hosts) may tr...
Article
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Ecdysteroids (arthropod molting hormones) play an important role in the development and sexual maturation of arthropods, and they have been shown to have anabolic and “energizing” effect in higher vertebrates. The aim of this study was to assess ecdysteroid diversity, levels according to bird species and months, as well as to observe the molting st...
Article
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Bats are well adapted to inhabit human settlements and are suitable reservoirs of a high number of vector-borne pathogens with veterinary-medical importance. Owing to these eco-epidemiological traits, the importance of studying bat ectoparasites is increasingly recognized. However, relevant molecular-phylogenetic data are missing from several count...
Article
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The two most important tick species in Pakistan are Rhipicephalus microplus and Hyalomma anatolicum. When associated with cattle, these have one or three host life cycles, respectively, with potential implications for their population genetics and for their vector role in the transmission of pathogens. To compare the two tick species in this contex...
Article
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Reports of Sarcocystis rileyi-like protozoa ('rice breast disease') from anseriform birds had been rare in Europe until the last two decades, when S. rileyi was identified in northern Europe and the UK. However, despite the economic losses resulting from S. rileyi infection, no recent accounts are available on its presence (which can be suspected)...
Poster
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The poster gives information about the host specificity level of different bat fly species in SE Europe and about the influencing factors.
Poster
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Host specificity of bat flies in South-Eastern Europe Bat fly species categorized based on host specificity Seasonality of specificity Factors determining the level of host specificity at batflies