Sander L Gilman

Sander L Gilman
Emory Hospitals · None

About

376
Publications
20,853
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6,459
Citations
Citations since 2016
14 Research Items
2738 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600

Publications

Publications (376)
Article
Dieting as a fashionable undertaking in the public sphere appears in the course of the long eighteenth century. It is part of a shift to an awareness of the public stigma of obesity and marks the rise of a dieting culture focused on psychological rather than a purely somatic phenomenon. It is coterminous with the redefinition of the "reasonable" (r...
Book
Cosmopolitanisms and the Jews adds significantly to contemporary scholarship on cosmopolitanism by making the experience of Jews central to the discussion, as it traces the evolution of Jewish cosmopolitanism over the last two centuries. The book sets out from an exploration of the nature and cultural-political implications of the shifting percepti...
Article
Certainly the question of Jewish rootlessness or rootedness has been a major topic of German-Jewish historiography from the Wissenschaft des Judentums to the present day. That this concept as articulated in the paired notions of cosmopolitanism and nomadism is actually shaped by the Jews of Central Europe as the litmus test for that which is consid...
Article
Do our faces reflect who we are? Or do they display the person we would like to be? Or even the person our society would like us to be? What is the difference between "enhancement" and "reconstruction", between "improving" facial features and restoring them? To what extent is the definition of these terms determined by cultural assumptions, particu...
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In a world in which, according to public health authorities and the media, everyone seems to be getting fatter, what does fat mean when we look across cultures? Is being fat the same in China as in the USA? How does obesity map onto culture in a world in which there are multiple, competing models for understanding illness?
Chapter
Even the remembered whisper of ‘stand up straight’ brings us to attention. Whether uttered by parent, teacher or sergeant, it is a call to be self-aware, or at least aware of how we are seen. Posture, that term for the way that we stand, is used over and over again to suggest a way of being. Over the past two centuries, it has come to define a wide...
Article
How does society imagine mental illness? Does this shift radically over time and with different social attitudes as well as scientific discoveries about the origins and meanings of mental illness? What happens when we begin to think about mental illness as madness, as a malleable concept constantly shifting its meaning? We thus look at the meanings...
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Article
Full-text available
This present collection of essays concerns the representation of illness in literature…
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The essay presents a set of interlinked claims about posture in modern culture. Over the past two centuries it has come to define a wide range of assumptions in the West from what makes human beings human (from Lamarck to Darwin and beyond) to the efficacy of the body in warfare (from Dutch drill manuals in the 17th century to German military medic...
Article
In this powerful and wide-ranging study, Sander Gilman explores the idea of ‘the multicultural’ in the contemporary world, a question he frames as the question of the relationship between Jews and Muslims. How do Jews define themselves, and how are they in turn defined, within the global struggles of the moment, struggles that turn in large part ar...
Article
It is rare that a symptom becomes a disease entity. 'Self-harm' is now a full-fledged diagnostic category for DSM-5. The existing literature of the topic posits that it is a trans-historical psychiatric category and that examples of self-harm can be found from the earliest written records, which is part of the underlying argument for its inclusion...
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"Self-harm" is now proposed as a full-fledged diagnostic category for DSM-5. The existing literature of the topic posits that it is a transhistorical psychiatric category and that examples of self-harm can be found from the earliest written records, which is part of the underlying argument for its inclusion in DSM-5. However, how old is self-harm a...
Article
Full textFull text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (308K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. 477 478
Article
MassonJeffrey M., The assault on truth. Freud's suppression of the seduction theory, New York, Farrar, Straus & Giroux; London, Faber, 1984, 8vo, pp. 308, £9.96. - Volume 28 Issue 4 - Sander L. Gilman
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SpreeReinhard, Soziale Ungleichheit vor Krankheit und Tod. Zur Socialgeschichte des Gesundheitsbereichs im Deutschen Kaiserreich, Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1981, 8vo, pp. 208, DM. 17.80 (paperback). - Volume 27 Issue 4 - Sander L. Gilman
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CowlingMary, The artist as anthropologist: the representation of type and character in Victorian art, Cambridge University Press, 1989, 4to, pp. xxii, 391, illus., £50.00, $69.50. - Volume 34 Issue 3 - Sander L. Gilman
Article
“Laugh and the world laughs with you.” Everyone knows that you have to be able to laugh at yourself. It is a hallmark of being a “good sport” and a member of the team. Faced with hostility in eighteenth-century Germany, Jews won some acceptance by poking fun at themselves. Might the Canadian sitcom Little Mosque on the Prairie do the same for Musli...
Chapter
Warum sind Juden so intelligent ? Weil sie sich im Rahmen einer evolutionären Gruppenstrategie gezielt „hochgezüchtet” haben: Dieses Erklärungsmuster hat Thilo Sarrazin von dem amerikanischen Antisemiten Kevin MacDonald übernommen. Das Klischee vom intelligenten Juden wurzelt in der uralten Vorstellung eines rassisch homogenen „jüdischen Typus”, de...
Chapter
A. war eine der prägenden Gestalten im kulturellen Leben des deutschsprachigen Prag in der Ge neration vor der Gruppe »Jung-Prag« um Max Brod und Franz Kafka. Im Literaturverein »Concordia«, den er leitete, lasen u. a. Gerhart Hauptmann, Arthur Schnitzler und Detlev Liliencron. Bekannt geworden ist A. zu Beginn des Jahrhunderts durch seine er folgr...
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Full-text available
In their critical paper on images in the health sciences, Roger Cooter and Claudia Stein pointed out the limits of visualisation and representation in the existing literature in the public representation of health and illness. They focus on the complex and multilayered field of medical representations as the site where levels of epistemic, philosop...
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The on-going discussion about a new empiricism in the study of the medical humanities has lead to a misapprehension about the problems attendant to representing health and illness. The difficulty in understanding the politics of health and illness as well as the concomitant new aestheticism that has arisen concerning its representation demands a re...
Article
The study of pain has a history as long as that of Western medicine. In the 20th and 21st centuries much has been made about the epistemological problem of seeing somatic as well as psychic pain in the clinical setting. The two schools seem to be those which rely on self-reporting and those that rely on the interpretation of visual materials (expre...
Article
The categories of the ‘global’ in Jewish culture are a controversial source of discussion. Are these positive or negative ways of seeing ‘Jewish’ difference? The Manchester conference, ‘Jewish Culture in the Age of Globalisation’, in 2008 was an attempt to mirror these discussions and seek new and creative ways of understanding the ‘global’ as a pr...
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The problems of "center-periphery" arguments are many: the one is always more interesting than the other; the center always defines the periphery or the other way around; and the author who uses this model always takes one side against the other. And that not always consciously. Vivian Liska, a distinguished scholar of Paul Celan and modern Jewish...
Article
The study of human appearance is as old as the oldest written culture. Babylonian physiognomies tell us that. But that such physiognomies, now translated into the vocabulary of twenty-first-century evidence-based medicine, still claim to provide a means of reading the interiority of the body from examining its external presentation (either fixed or...
Chapter
In June 2008 the Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel noted “economic success today means education [Bildung] for all.”1 But what does Bildung mean 20 years after the establishment of a “normal” state? Goethe’s notion of Bildung as the secular self-betterment and social self-realization in an imagined Germany is clearly no longer applicable in the newly r...
Book
Diseases and Diagnoses discusses why such social problems as addiction, sexually transmitted diseases, racial predisposition for illness, surgery and beauty, and electrotherapy, all of which concerned thinkers a hundred years ago, are reappearing at a staggering rate and in diverse national contexts. In the twentieth century such problems were view...
Chapter
Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) an Austrian physician and founder of psychoanalysis.
Article
1. See also his “Nasenverkleinerungen” (Joseph 1904: 112–20) as well as Eine Nasenplastik, ausgeführt in Lokalanesthesie (Joseph 1927). 2. I am indebted to the reading of McMahon (2005: 442–51). 3. See also Young and Brook (1994: 101–118). 4. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual[s] of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association are th...
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Full-text available
Book
According to the World Health Organization we are in the midst of a global obesity crisis. Is obesity a disease itself or a symptom of underlying physiological or psychological illnesses? Is it a sign of social excess and therefore not a disease in the medical sense at all? Is it really 'new'? Sander L. Gilman, a leading authority in the social an...
Book
The work of Richard Wagner is a continuing source of artistic inspiration and ideological controversy in literature, philosophy, and music, as well as cinema. In Wagner and Cinema, a diverse group of established and emerging scholars examines Wagner's influence on cinema from the silent era to the present. The essays in this collection engage in a...
Article
The literature on Jewish thought and identity in the life and work of Sigmund Freud is extensive and complex. Arising early in Freud's lifetime, this topic was of interest to his contemporaries, friends and foes, and has continued to engage readers ever since. The most recent contribution to this is the clearly written and comprehensive study by El...
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In 2000, the Centrum Judaicum, housed in the wreck of the great New Synagogue located in what had been to 1989 East Berlin, presented an exhibit on the lives and times of Berlin Jews from 1938 to 1945. As some of the events and many of the people whose lives were rpdetold in this exhibit had inhabited the walls of this space and that the scholars w...
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One of the central texts in the debate about the etiology of Nietzsche’s ‘illness’ is an unpublished interview with one of his physicians, Otto Eiser, by Eugen Kretzer. Here reproduced in its totality for the first time, the text reveals much about the debate about the origin and meaning of Nietzsche’s illness in his own time and among his acquaint...
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A century after syphilis first appeared in London, William Shakespeare knew the risk of trusting your sexual partner. Neither abstinence nor the marriage bed was a space safe from such diseases. Honesty, as Shakespeare observes in As You Like It, is rarely found in human sexual relations.
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Jay Geller, who teaches at the Vanderbilt Divinity School, has collected and reshaped his contributions on Freud and his Jewish context, researched and writ-ten over the past twenty-five years, into a comprehensive and readable volume. On Freud's Jewish Body begins with a valuable stocktaking. Looking at the debates about Freud and his times in the...
Chapter
This major contribution to modern biblical commentary addresses the most important concerns of modern men--issues like relationships, sexuality, ambition, work and career, body image, aging, and life passages--by opening them up to the messages of the Torah. It includes commentaries by some of the most creative and influential rabbis, cantors, jour...
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Tackling the myriad issues raised by Sander Gilman’s provocative opening salvo—”Are Jews Musical?”—this volume’s distinguished contributors present a series of essays that trace the intersections of Jewish history and music from the late nineteenth century to the present. Covering the sacred and the secular, the European and the non-Eur...
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Book synopsis: Tackling the myriad issues raised by Sander L. Gilman's provocative opening salvo - "Are Jews Musical?" - this volume's distinguished contributors present a series of essays that trace the intersections of Jewish history and music from the late nineteenth century to the present.Covering the sacred and the secular, the European and th...
Book
This book looks at the interweaving of fact and fiction relating to obesity, tracing public concern from the mid-nineteenth century to the modern day. It looks critically at the source of our anxieties, covering issues such as childhood obesity, the production of food, media coverage of the subject, and the emergence of obesity in modern China. Wri...
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Full-text available
Today electrotherapy has reappeared as a therapy of choice for the treatment of depression and other forms of mental illness. It had de facto vanished from allopathic medicine from the 1920s to the end of the century. The debates about electrotherapy mirror the question of whether mental illness was somatic and to be treated by somatic means or psy...
Article
The movement of peoples across linguistic boundaries means the existence of individuals who speak, to a greater or lesser extent, more than one language. How such individuals have in the past and can in the present serve as mediators within the health care system is described and the need for closer attention to such resources stressed.
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German studies in the United States are reaching a certain maturity as the field implodes. The relative decline in numbers of students studying German, being taught German, and using German (according to the 2006 MLA evaluation of enrollment) as opposed to the growth of non-European languages seems to be matched by a growing sophistication in the s...
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The present article surveys the literature on the electrotherapy treatment for voice disorders from the mid-18th century to World War I (1914--1918) and the post 1970s reappearance of such therapies. The reappearance of electrotherapy as treatment for voice disorders in the past 20 years has been heralded as a major breakthrough. In light of our re...
Chapter
How can we define the illness we label schizophrenia? As there seems to be no clear and definite answer to this question, I will assume the existence of a nosological category called “schizophrenia” and will also assume that this category was constructed historically.1 Thus our present diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia evolve out of a constant...
Article
Certainly the most terrifying moment in Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland is when the playing card “Queen turned crimson with fury, and, after glaring at her for a moment like a wild beast, screamed ‘Off with her head! Off—!” The only possible reply, of course, in this topsy-turvy world is Alice’s, whose head had been expanding and shrinking in t...
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The debate about "race" and "intelligence" seems to be never ending. The "special nature" of the intelligence ascribed to "Jews" has recently reappeared in an essay by one of the authors of the notorious study of race and intelligence - The Bell Curve. How this debate is constructed and what its implications are for the reappearance of "race" as a...
Article
"Sick" and "healthy" remain categories in our contemporary evaluation of the aesthetic—especially music, or at least Western popular music. In 2002 the American rapper Eminem featured "sound bites from Congressional hearings and newscasts describing him as vulgar, degenerate, homophobic, antisocial, misogynistic and 'noise and mind pollution.' He d...
Article
Sexual politics in twenty-first century America has taken a rather surprising turn. Given the realities of the stigma still strongly associated with sexually transmitted diseases, the politics of HIV/AIDS is an unusual case study of acceptance in an age of sexual conservatism. This acceptance is contrasted through a close reading of a “young reader...
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Kenneth Stow remains one of the best interpreters of medieval Christian attitudes toward the Jews. In this magnificent contribution of the representation of the Jews in Catholic (Christian) theology from the early Church through the late Middle Ages, Stow takes a theme: that of "Jewish dogs" (the Jews as dogs) as a means of exploring the dehumaniza...
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Werner J. Cahnman was a member of that last generation of German-Jews (however defined) who were trained and active in Weimar Germany. He was a lawyer for the Centralverein, the umbrella organization of Weimar Germany's Jews, and then, under the Nazis, active in the Kulturbund, the official structure for cultural activities created by the Nazis. In...
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The publisher graces the cover of Naked Germany with a double image of a naked young woman running across a meadow in an ecstatic pose. This would be enough to lead one to pick up this volume for its purely prurient interest—but nakedness is not nudity, as Kenneth Clarke taught us decades ago, and one reader's prurience is another's scholarly inter...

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