Sandeep Chaudhary

Sandeep Chaudhary
Indian Institute of Technology Indore | IITI · Department of Civil Engineeering

PhD

About

134
Publications
31,280
Reads
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2,567
Citations
Introduction
Sandeep Chaudhary is currently working as a Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Indore. Prior to joining IIT Indore, he served as a faculty member in different capacities at MNIT Jaipur for more than twenty years. His research interests are steel-concrete composite structures and sustainable materials including utilisation of waste materials in concrete. His group carries out both analytical and experimental studies.
Additional affiliations
October 2018 - present
Indian Institute of Technology Indore
Position
  • Professor
May 2017 - October 2018
Indian Institute of Technology Indore
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Associate Professor
August 2010 - July 2011
Kunsan National University
Position
  • Professor
Education
July 2002 - August 2006
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Field of study
  • Structural Engineering

Publications

Publications (134)
Article
The present study demonstrates the mixing process of lime stabilized fly ash bricks. In India, fly ash bricks are gaining popularity against fired clay bricks due to their green benefits. However, the lack of technical guidelines on mixing methodology, and disproportionate moisture content in raw materials adversely affect the performance and produ...
Article
Increased efficacy of fiber incorporation in self-compacting cementitious mixes (SCM) (mortar and concrete) has resulted in increased demand for virgin fibers. Production of virgin fibers consumes natural resources, which is an environmental concern. Researchers have investigated different waste originated fibers as an alternative to virgin fibers...
Article
Stone processing wastes, being inherently colored, present an attractive option to develop the building façade products. In this study, four different types of stone processing wastes are characterized using X-ray diffraction, FTIR & Raman spectroscopies, and their suitability is evaluated to develop the colored bi-layered bricks. The stone process...
Article
https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1eRxh3O1E1Qa5m Incorporating waste originated fibre in cementitious mixes facilitate safe waste disposal and leads to environment-friendly construction practices. The use of waste originated fibre sometimes degrades cementitious mixes’ properties due to weak fundamental properties of waste originated fibre. In the pr...
Article
A large number of wastes and naturally occurring resources have been recognized as Supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) for their role in clinker substitution and the resulting low carbon cement. While helpful for optimum utilization, existing literature fails to help stakeholders in selecting a suitable SCM. To address this challenge, the ma...
Article
The continuous production of granite powder (GP) waste causes a deadly impact on environment and human life. This present study thus examines the impact of granite powder (GP) as substitute to natural fine aggregate (up to 60%) on compressive strength and durability properties of eco-friendly fly ash blended self-compacting concrete (SCC). Results...
Article
With the intention of improving sustainability of ceramic manufacturing and construction industry this study evaluates the use of ceramic effluent treatment plant (ETP) sludge as a supplementary cementitious material (SCM). ETP sludge which was source from the manufacturing plant of vitrified porcelain stoneware tiles had a specific surface area of...
Article
Full-text available
The conventional disposal methods of waste tires are harmful to the environment. Moreover, the recycling/reuse of waste tires in domestic and industrial applications is limited due to parent product’s quality control and environmental concerns. Additionally, the recycling industry often prefers powdered rubber particles (<0.60 mm). However, the pro...
Article
This study discerns the resistance of fly ash blended self-compacting concrete (SCC) incorporating granite powder (GP) exposed to aggressive environments (such as acid and sulphate) for up to 270 days. GP (up to 60% by weight) was used as an alternative to natural fine aggregate. The performance of designed mixtures against aggressive environments...
Article
This study reports the amalgamation of ceramic waste procured from various sources such as waste from ceramic products manufacturing, construction and demolition waste etc. as an alternative of cement up to certain substitution percentage. The prime motive of this study is to evaluate the effect of ceramic waste on fresh and mechanical properties o...
Article
Full-text available
Zinc tailing waste is a type of mine waste generated during the extraction of zinc metal. Disposal of a huge amount of mine tailing waste is an open area and tailing dam causing a negative impact on the natural ecosystem and human health. In this research study, the mechanical properties and durability performance of concrete containing zinc mine t...
Article
This study examines the mechanical characteristics (compressive strength, split tensile and flexural strength) and microstructure characteristics (scanning electron microscopic (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared radiation (FTIR)) of fly ash blended selfcompacting concrete (SCC)...
Article
The natural fine aggregates required for concrete works diminishes day by day with development in the construction industry. Also, the waste rubber obtained from used tires is nonrecyclable, severely impacts the environment and human health, and constitutes a large amount of global waste. In this quest, a systematic, detailed empirical examination...
Article
Shear lag is one of the governing phenomena considered in the design of flanged flexural members. The effect of the location of load on shear lag is not well understood yet. This paper presents a study to understand the shear lag behavior in the concrete slab of bonded steel-concrete composite flexural members, conducted with the help of a develope...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents an investigation of the effects of the precursor, alkalinity and temperature on the rheology and structural buildup of alkali activated materials. Here, 100% fly ash, 100% slag and blended mixes of fly ash and slag were activated by 4 M, 6 M, 8 M or 10 M (only for sodium hydroxide) solutions at 25 �C, 35 �C, 45 �C and 55 �C. The...
Chapter
Massive consumption of natural resources in composite materials for structural applications has resulted in an acute shortage of materials in the construction industry. In order to ensure sustainability, the reader is introduced to the concept of waste utilization in composite materials. Over the years, numerous wastes have been identified for larg...
Article
The codes of practice do not provide a methodology for estimation of deflection in two-way reinforced concrete (RC) slabs. Hence, a methodology has been proposed for immediate estimation of central deflections in two-way RC slabs considering cracking under service load for use in everyday design. The methodology covers the derivation of a closed-fo...
Article
https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1cyni3O1E1MoFI The continuous production and dumping of plastic waste cause a serious impact on environmental pollution. Deploying of plastic waste in construction products reduces environmental pollution and also minimizes construction and dumping cost. This paper examines the mechanical, durability and impact attri...
Article
Concrete is a basic engineering material used for developing modern structures. The engineering properties of structures can be enhanced by using different concrete grades in the same structural element based on its specific requirement in functionally graded concrete (FGC). For meticulous critical inspection, an experimental investigation was pros...
Article
This article investigates the suitability of utilizing end of life rubber tyre particles in concrete as fine aggregate. Rubber ash and rubber fibers were used to develop two series of rubber ash concrete (series I) and hybrid concrete (series II) mixes. The natural fine aggregate was replaced by rubber ash (by volume of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%) in ser...
Article
This paper proposes a closed-form expression for the rapid prediction of long-term deflections in simply supported steel–concrete composite bridges under the service load. The proposed expression incorporates the flexibility of shear connectors, shear lag effect and time effects (creep and shrinkage) in concrete. The expression has been derived fro...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzed the last 20 years` data available on power plant coal ashes used in clay brick production. The statistical analysis has been carried out for a total of 302 cases based on the relevant parameters reported in the literature. The chemical composition of the clays and coal ashes, percentage incorporation and maximum particle size of...
Article
The current study investigates the functionally graded concrete (FGC) prepared using waste rubber tyre fibers as replacement of fine aggregates (FA) at a constant w/c ratio of 0.45. FGC is a continuously graded concrete which has different properties either in top or bottom portion according to the properties of materials added. Different materials...
Article
Full-text available
This research intends to use granite waste (GW) and fly ash as alternatives for fine aggregate and cement, respectively, for the sustainable production of self-compacting concrete (SCC). The fresh properties were evaluated using slump flow, T500 flow, V-funnel, J-ring, and L-box tests, while the hardened properties were evaluated in terms of using...
Article
Full-text available
Adhesive bonding has recently emerged as an alternative to shear stud connection in steel-concrete composite flexural members. Research on adhesive-bonded steel-concrete composite flexural members is in a preliminary stage, and the behavior of the bond layer in these structures is not well understood yet. A three-dimensional finite element model is...
Article
The improper disposal of waste rubber tires leads to severe environmental and health issues, which can be mitigated through the use of waste tire rubber particles as construction material. In the present study, use of fiber shaped rubber particles has been explored as fine aggregates (up to 25%) in self-compacting mortar (SCM). Fresh state properti...
Article
Fiber reinforced concrete is a concrete strengthened through discrete strings of reinforcing material. Reinforcing material as fibers can be of steel, glass or any synthetic or any natural material. Fiber increases the structural integrity of concrete. Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete (SFRC) is extensively being handled in construction nowadays. Thi...
Book
New Materials in Civil Engineering provides engineers and scientists with the tools and methods needed to meet the challenge of designing and constructing more resilient and sustainable infrastructures. This book is a valuable guide to the properties, selection criteria, products, applications, lifecycle, and recyclability of advanced materials. It...
Book
New Materials in Civil Engineering provides engineers and scientists with the tools and methods needed to meet the challenge of designing and constructing more resilient and sustainable infrastructures. This book is a valuable guide to the properties, selection criteria, products, applications, lifecycle and recyclability of advanced materials. It...
Article
Full-text available
Expanding the capabilities of Raman scattering as an analytical tool for engineering applications can optimize the technological output immensely. Understanding the homogeneity of any blended mix is one such significant parameter in the family of composite building construction materials that needs an appropriate tool for its measurement. Raman spe...
Chapter
Fly Ash (FA) or Pulverised Fuel Ash (PFA), formed during the combustion of coal, earlier recognized as industrial waste, has become an important industrial by-product. Extensive research has been conducted worldwide towards the waste management of fly ash, within and outside the construction industry. Over time studies in fly ash have shifted from...
Article
The present study deals with the investigation of durability properties of reinforced concrete fabricated by incorporating fiber type rubber shreds as fine aggregate in concrete and silica fume as a supplementary cementitious material. Concrete designs were produced to replace natural fine aggregate and cement by rubber shreds, and silica fume, res...
Article
Full-text available
Manufacturing of unfired bricks, in which fines are stabilized using cementitious or chemical binders, has huge potential to incorporate various wastes as a building construction material. Although researchers have successfully attempted various wastes in unfired bricks at the laboratory scale, their industrial-scale incorporation is still limited...
Article
The main focus of the current study is to examine the functionally graded concrete (FGC) prepared using waste rubber tyre fibers as substitute of fine aggregates. Functionally graded concrete (FGC) is a concrete which, with variation in composition of structure shows corresponding change in the properties of the concrete. Different materials like f...
Book
This book presents select proceedings of the National Conference on Advances in Sustainable Construction Materials (ASCM 2019) held at the National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India. The book includes contributions from academics and practitioners on low-energy cement technologies, innovative materials and structural technologies towards cos...
Article
The current study made an attempt to enhance the functionally graded concrete properties by replacing the natural sand with waste rubber tyre fibers at different volume proportions (0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30%) for a constant w/c ratio of 0.35. Rubberized functionally graded concrete, hereinafter designated merely by FGC, can be characterized by varia...
Article
Application of concrete for pavement and barrier purposes demands ample energy absorption capacity and impact resistance characteristics. These attributes were investigated for concrete produced by using waste plastic shredded fibers (WPSF), which were obtained by shredding waste plastic bags. The WPSF were incorporated in concrete at an amount of...
Chapter
The rapid infrastructure development in India has given rise to problems regarding management of construction and demolition waste. On the other hand, the negative impact of mining for natural resources has raised serious concerns about the environment. The government of India recognising the need of alternative aggregates for concrete permitted th...
Article
Full-text available
Growing concern over the environment has led the Indian Construction Industry towards Sustainable Development and Circular Economy. As a part of the solution, a part of clinker, the primary constituent of cement, is replaced by industrial by-product, waste ash, or similar fine materials, collectively known as Supplementary Cementitious Materials or...
Article
The productive utilization of the vast amount of industrial ash generated is of economic and environmen-tal importance. The use of industrial ash in brick manufacturing gives the two-fold advantage of thereduced cost of fly ash bricks as well as efficient disposal of industrial ash. However, due to variationsin chemical characteristics in the vario...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic bags (PB) have become a requisite part of human beings in the present time. Hundreds of varieties of plastic bags are used for packing and protecting general things. The disposal of PB is a prime environmental problem which significantly threatens the environment, as its disposal affects fertility of land due to its non-biodegradable nature...
Article
The proper management of a vast amount of natural stone waste generated from various stone processing industries of economic and environmental importance. The current study characterizes four different types of sludge stone waste to understand their potential as building material. The different types of stone wastes were characterized using Raman s...
Conference Paper
Growing awareness on sustainability has prompted several researchers towards incorporation of wastes, like shredded rubber tyres, in concrete as a replacement to aggregate [1], [2]. A major chal-lenge observed while using Light Weight Aggregate (LWA), like shredded rubber tyre waste, is Segrega-tion [2]. Segregation results in a decline of mechan-i...
Conference Paper
In the last few decades, pervious concrete has found heaps of application in reducing flooding risk, groundwater recharge and is an important sustainable drainage system in various parts of the world. Various technical studies on pervious concrete show that void percent is an important factor for the mechanical and durability properties of pervious...
Article
This paper investigates the influence of granite waste (GW) on the abrasion resistance and sorptivity characteristics of SCC as a replacement of fine aggregate (or river sand). GW was incorporated to replace fine aggregate in the amount of 0–100% with an increment of 20%. Total of six SCC mixtures was designed by maintaining a constant powder conte...
Article
Full-text available
The proper management of a vast amount of fly ash generated by various industries is of economic and environmental importance. The current study characterizes six different types of fly ash to understand their potential as a building material. The different types of fly ash were characterized by employing X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and identifying the...
Article
The current study focusses on the utilisation of stone processing dust (SPD) on the properties of concrete. The stone processing dust was used as a fine aggregate (up to 100%) for reducing the requirement of river sand in the production of concrete. The incorporation of 30% stone processing dust was found to improve the mechanical and durability pr...
Article
Considering scarcity of natural sand, waste rubber tyre can be an alternate ingredient for replacement of conventional fine aggregates in the production of concrete. Use of the waste rubber tyre in building materials is beneficial from sustainable and economical points of view. A systematic and comprehensive experimental study was conducted earlier...
Article
Continuous stockpiling of granite industrial by-product enforced researchers to use this waste in a sustainable manner in concrete to reduce its adverse impacts on the ecosystem. Therefore, fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete (SCC) containing granite cutting waste (GCW) were assessed in this study. The GCW was used at an incre...
Article
Steel-concrete composition is widely used in the construction due to efficient utilization of materials. The service load behavior of composite structures is significantly affected by cracking, creep and shrinkage effects in concrete. In order to control these effects in concrete slab, an efficient and novel strategy has been proposed by use of fib...
Article
Waste rubber tyres in crumb aggregate form have been extensively studied (mechanical and durability performance) to produce reinforced structural elements. Rubber powder (incinerated tyres) and rubber fibers (shredded tyres) are two different forms of aggregate that require similar durability based evaluations for structural applications. Hence in...
Conference Paper
The invention of plastic was a ground-breaking phenomenon which revolutionised the industrial output of the world. However, low rate of biodegradability and poor waste management practices led to accumulation of huge amount of plastic waste. The current study is focussed on the development of fine aggregate by shredding poly-ethylene terephthalate...
Conference Paper
Rubber fibers are manufactured by mechanical shredding of waste rubber tyres. The disposal of waste tyres is becoming a concern in developing countries witnessing an automobile boom. The current studies considers replacement of natural fine aggregate in concrete by rubber fibers. Investigation regarding the influence of elevated temperature on prop...
Conference Paper
The rapid infrastrucutre development in India has given rise to problems regarding management of construction and demolition waste. On the other hand the negative impact of minning for natural resources has raised serious concerns about the environmnet. The government of India recognising the need of alternative aggregates for concrete permitted th...
Article
This study focuses on the acid resistance of fine bone china ceramic aggregate (FBCA) concrete. Natural sand was partially and fully replaced by FBCA. The concrete specimens were exposed to 3% sulphuric acid solution up to 180 days. The main parameters identified were change in mass, compressive strength and microstructural changes. The changes in...
Article
Nowadays, an exigency has gone through the roof for cementitious material. Unfortunately, the present process of production of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) is found associated with pessimistic impacts on environments because of an emission of immense magnitude of CO2 – a primary Green House Gas (GHG). This has, on the whole, pushed around concret...
Article
The effectiveness of a composite connection lies in the adequate transfer of forces between the steel and concrete elements. The connection strategy adopted, determines the behavior of connection. This behavior of composite specimens connected using headed studs depends on various factors, such as, cross-sectional area and dimensions of shear conne...
Article
The performance of steel-concrete composite structural members depends on the connection at the steel-concrete interface. Structural adhesives are gaining rapid recognition as the bonding material between steel and concrete interfaces. The thickness of adhesive layer in a composite connection plays a key role in maximising the bond capacity. In thi...
Article
The accumulation of waste plastic worldwide creates serious environmental concerns. In the present study, efforts were made to utilize shredded plastic bags as concrete additive materials. Therefore, the workability, density, compressive and flexural strength, water permeability, static and dynamic modulus of elasticity and abrasion resistance prop...
Article
This study deals with the results of sulphate attack on concrete containing fine bone china ceramic aggregate (BCFA). Natural river sand in concrete was substituted by 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% fine bone china aggregate. The concrete specimens were submerged in 3% MgSO4 solution for 7, 28, 90 and 180 days. The influence of sulphate solution w...
Article
A large amount of ceramic waste is produced in the form of deformed or broken ceramic products. A suitable waste recycling outlet for ceramic waste is to replace natural fine aggregates in concrete. One of the concerns with using alternative building materials is the durability performance under adverse environmental conditions. The present researc...
Article
Fine ceramic aggregates prepared from various types of tableware bone china ceramic was used in concrete. The raw fine bone china aggregates were evaluated for pozzolanic activity using the Frattini test, saturated lime test, and strength activity index test. The com-pressive strength results showed that up to 60% of the fine bone china ceramic agg...
Article
Lateral force microscopy was employed to study the influence of rubber ash on the microstructure of concrete. Tapping mode LFM images of microstructure were obtained to observe the calcium silicate hydrate gel in concrete mixes. The roughness parameters and roughness distribution of the scanned area were also determined. The results show that incor...
Article
PET (Polythene terephthalate) bottles and cans are mostly discarded after a single use cycle, creating environmental and waste management concerns. This study reports an experimental work carried out, in which PET bottles were shredded and used as aggregate (fine and coarse) in concrete at various replacement percentages, i.e., 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%...
Article
To suggest an alternative raw material for concrete, its role in the hydration mechanism and water durability characteristics is required to be understood. This article assesses the water based durability properties of concrete containing bone china ceramic fine aggregates (BCCFA). For this study, BCCFA was utilised as 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 10...
Article
This paper presents a comparative study on compressive strength of fly ash based geopolymer mortar with partial replacement of fly ash with rice husk ash. Amount of fly ash replaced was varied from 0% to 30% with a progressive increase of 10%. Further variations were done by using different combinations of sea sand and sea water in place of convent...
Article
The residual properties of concrete subjected to elevated temperature are of importance to assess the stability of the structure. This paper investigates the performance of concrete containing white ware ceramic sand exposed to elevated temperature. Concrete mixes containing 0%, 50%, and 100% ceramic sand were prepared. The specimen were exposed to...
Article
This research paper presents the first scientific attempt at a comparative study of thermal resistance of fly ash based geopolymer concrete and rubberized geopolymer concrete. In this study, rubberized fly ash based geopolymer concrete has been prepared using waste rubber tire fibres as a partial substitute for natural river sand, providing an effi...
Article
This article examines the mechanical and impact resistance properties of concrete incorporating fine bone china ceramic aggregate. Three different concrete mixes with varying water-to-binder ratios containing different substitutions (0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%) of fine bone china ceramic aggregate as fine aggregate were prepared. The mechanica...
Article
Plastic waste is a silent threat to the environment, and their disposal is a serious issue. To sort out this issue, many efforts were made to reuse the plastic waste, but no significant results were achieved. On the contrary, concrete being the widely used construction material is facing problem due to unavailability of ingredient material (sand an...
Conference Paper
In this study, detailed experimental studies have been carried out to determine the workability, density and compressive strength of cement concrete modified with polythene bags as a partial replacement of fine aggregtae.
Article
The effects of fine bone china ceramic aggregate on the nanostructure properties of concrete were studied through Lateral Force Microscopy (LFM). The LFM tapping mode technique was used on concrete samples to observe the different phases of concrete such as CSH and pores. Roughness of the interfacial transition zone (ITZ) between aggregate and ceme...
Article
Explicit expressions for rapid prediction of inelastic design quantities (considering cracking of concrete) from corresponding elastic quantities, are presented for multi-storey composite frames (with steel columns and steel-concrete composite beams) subjected to service load. These expressions have been developed from weights and biases of the tra...
Article
Full-text available
An automated computationally efficient two-stage procedure has been proposed for service load analysis of reinforced concrete (RC) flexural members considering concrete cracking and tension stiffening. The proposed procedure yields cracked lengths, redistributed bending moments and inelastic deflections. The computation of final state, including cr...
Article
Accumulation of the waste tire is a major problem as degradation of these tires is extensively difficult. The results of experimental studies available for rubberized concrete provide a strong recommendation for the use of this waste where strength is not a major concern. The effect of partial replacement of fine aggregate by waste rubber fiber on...