Sanda Erdelez

Sanda Erdelez
Simmons University · School of Library and Information Science

PhD in Information Transfer

About

101
Publications
35,186
Reads
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1,583
Citations
Citations since 2016
35 Research Items
728 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
June 2018 - present
Simmons College
Position
  • Managing Director
January 2016 - May 2018
University of Missouri
Position
  • Professor
August 2013 - January 2016
University of Missouri
Position
  • Chair, Library & Information Science Program
Education
August 1987 - May 1995
Syracuse University
Field of study
  • Information Science

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Echoing the urge for in-depth research on the mechanisms of the seeking-encountering tension, i.e., foreground and background tasks co-exist and switch between each other, this study conducted a true experiment based on 2*2 factorial design to examine the roles of task urgency in such tension. The experiment used an eye tracker and the build-in scr...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia, is an incurable neurological disease with an unknown cause. Since AD is not only social and health challenge but also an economic and fiscal burden and its prevalence is expected to grow exponentially as world population gets older, in 2012 the World Health Organization (WHO) and Alzheime...
Article
This qualitative study explores the information behavior of newspaper reporters regarding their serendipitous encounters with information that lead to story ideas, and how newspaper editors affect reporters’ ability to pursue such encountered ideas. As an interdisciplinary examination in human information behavior and journalism studies, behaviors...
Article
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It is not clear if people’s high propensity for information encountering translates to organizational work settings. We investigate the relationship between individual predisposition for information encountering with the frequency of individual information encountering at work. Through a survey of 274 medical librarians of the top 100 medical schoo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction. The paper presents findings from a study that investigated information needs of caregivers of Alzheimer’s disease patients’ in Croatia, a country in which health and social care systems for such persons are insufficiently developed. Special emphasis is put on the barriers caregivers face in obtaining required information or services....
Article
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Visual reasoning is critical in many complex visual tasks in medicine such as radiology or pathology. It is challenging to explicitly explain reasoning processes due to the dynamic nature of real-time human cognition. A deeper understanding of such reasoning processes is necessary for improving diagnostic accuracy and computational tools. Most comp...
Article
In recent years, there has been an increased focus on information encountering and serendipity within information behavior research and practice. Serendipity has the potential to facilitate creativity and innovation in various spheres, including in libraries, archives and museums. However, do we wait for chance to occur, or can serendipity be desig...
Article
In this poster, we report the preliminary results of an inventory of 149 publicly accessible active COVID-19 tracking systems. Key findings include the frequency distribution of the systems' web domain names, the countries where the systems were created, the languages they support, the visual display format, the map platforms, and the data sources....
Article
Informal information networks are the personal connections of friends, family and colleagues that people use to help them find information. Recently, a great deal of attention has been paid to social network sites, and other social media, as a key source of information and misinformation in contemporary society. This panel will probe deeper, to inv...
Article
Purpose In order to understand the totality, diversity and richness of human information behavior, increasing research attention has been paid to examining serendipity in the context of information acquisition. However, several issues have arisen as this research subfield has tried to find its feet; we have used different, inconsistent terminology...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To examine medical‐surgical nurses’ capacity and tendency to perceive cues indicating clinical deterioration as well as nursing characteristics influencing deterioration cue perception. Design Cross‐sectional, explorative study design. Methods Data were collected over a ten‐week period between September ‐ November 2017. Medical‐surgical nurse...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to build upon the studies of journalism from an LIS perspective by exploring and differentiating the purposive behavior of newspaper reporters from their serendipitous encounters with information that lead to new story ideas. This paper also provides a path toward pedagogical improvements in training the modern...
Article
Background and objectives: Medical calculators synthesize measurable evidence and help introduce new medical guidelines and standards. Some medical calculators can fulfill the role of CDS for Meaningful Use purposes. However, there are barriers for clinicians to use medical calculators in practice. Objectives of this study were to determine whethe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents findings from the study which investigated information needs of patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and their caregivers in Croatia. The study was conducted with the help of quantitative analysis and content analysis of statements on the Croatian Internet forum (Forum.hr) posted by the patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) a...
Article
Humanities research informs people's movements across time and reshapes cultural worldviews. While we know that humanists integrate information resources into their research program and that serendipitous discoveries enable truly transformative knowledge creation, our picture of discovery in the humanities is unclear. There is an important role for...
Article
In an increasingly interconnected world, information professionals are expected to be at the forefront of implementing and instructing others in using information technologies. Yet, it is a challenge for educators to leverage library and information science students' varying interests and experiences to develop technology curricula that addresses d...
Article
A usability study was conducted on a new human‐computer web interface for large displays created by researchers from the Media Lab at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Data was collected by observing 12 subjects who were asked interact with a large screen monitor using a set of gestures. The subjects were also asked to complete a survey...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents findings from a study which investigated the information needs of caregivers (CGs) of persons with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in Croatia, a country where the health and social care systems for AD patients and their CGs are not fully established nor efficient. The study was conducted with the help of qualitative content analysis on...
Article
Full-text available
An interdisciplinary approach explores how journalists embrace the unexpected as part of their reporting routines using Erdelez’s framework of information encountering from the study of human information behavior and the concepts of news routines and story ideation from journalism studies. This paper provides a fresh perspective on the sociology of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this position paper we shed light on the problem of the relation between digital environments and serendipity from a sociotechnical perspective. The paper brings attention to a potential impact of personalized information systems on the loss of genuine serendipity as a valued aspect of human information interaction. This issue is presented in th...
Article
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Research activities of humanities scholars are complex. Novel methodologies are needed to facilitate investigation of their information behavior processes. This poster presents a case study designed to evaluate use of information encountering (IE) model as a methodological framework for soliciting rich feedback about serendipity in information beha...
Article
The Greek Key is a prototype Virtual Research Environment (VRE) for the analysis of patterns in ancient texts and manuscripts. A Powerpoint presentation demonstrates how the VRE functions through a comparative case study of the organization of information in Plato and Aristotle. The interdisciplinary method combines historical, philological, and ph...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports a portion of the results of a 2016 mixed methods study on the acquisition of legal information by members of the public. While information acquisition by health information seekers has been extensively studied, similar studies of legal consumers are almost nonexistent. Even less research has focused on incidental encounters with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The information behavior of Millennials and the effects of information overload, multitasking and social media on both task performance and learning have been the subject of intense research. However, the role of serendipitous information encountering in information intensive environments and its inclusion in information literacy instruction has be...
Chapter
The first set of questions that guided our research includes: How does the phenomenon of serendipitous news discovery manifest itself, and where does it take place in everyday news consumption? What is serendipitous news discovery for news consumers? What are their perceptions of this behavior?
Chapter
Our next task was to examine the process of IEON by focusing on the behavioral, cognitive, and affective characteristics associated with this behavior with the help of the IE model developed by Erdelez (2000) and introduced in Chapter 1.
Article
Once upon the time when information was difficult to find and hard to access, libraries and other information agencies were the key curators of information resources and the gatekeepers of information access. They were places that people visited to satisfy their information needs -- borrow a book, examine a document, find a piece of data. The colle...
Article
Serendipitous discovery has been a research topic for more than one hundred years, but only recently has it been the focus of attention in library and information science (LIS). In 1960, Bernier published the first article on serendipity in a LIS journal. The number of publications gradually grew until 1990s, after which the field experienced a sig...
Article
Full-text available
There are many indicators about the worldwide rise of age-related neurodegenerative diseases, especially Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Significant and urgent improvements are needed in the areas of prevention, drug discovery, treatment, cost-effective delivery of health-care service, and caregiver support. Researchers and professionals from medicine, n...
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Prior research shows that students use the Internet as a main source of health information. When starting college, students get greater autonomy over their behaviors and responsibility for their own health, which creates a number of health-related information needs. As a result of this newly acquired autonomy, students also frequently engage in var...
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Full-text available
Using the Internet as a source of health information is increasing among the college population (Escoffery et al., 2005; Ogan et al., 2008). A number of studies investigated how frequently they actively seek health-related information on the Internet, popular topics, used online sources (Baxter et al., 2008; Buhi et al., 2009; Escoffery et al., 200...
Conference Paper
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The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discoveries, is not ‘Eureka!’ but ‘That's funny …’ — Isaac Asimov From the discovery of penicillin and x-rays to the development of many of today's chemotherapy agents, serendipitous findings tangential to the researcher's intended purpose, those “That's funny …” moments, have gr...
Article
Image searching behaviors are complex interactions among many factors. This study sheds light on the effects of two key factors (domain knowledge and search tasks) on search tactics in order to provide implementation guides for designing medical image information systems. 41 participants were recruited to perform on three types of image search task...
Article
Full-text available
Now that digital information can be accessed anywhere, there has been a resurgence of interest in information encountering (IE) and the opportunistic discovery of information (ODI). However, no studies have attempted to distinguish between the task-oriented contexts associated with IE and the more diffuse and varied situations in which ODI occurs....
Article
Full-text available
World Digital Libraries - An International Journal. Academic libraries are often required to support decision-making related to data that are both credible and readily obtained. Library researchers and practitioners have recognized the need for tools, such as Web Analytics (WA) for online researching. However, few studies have analysed the library...
Chapter
This chapter situates collaborative information behavior in completely online groups as a phenomenon distinct from prior work understanding collaborative information behavior in face-to-face groups, free and open source software groups and Wikipedia groups. The unexpected diversity of information resources utilized by completely online group member...
Conference Paper
Growing demand for usability testing as a part of iterative design process requires novel approaches and methods to accelerate the process. This paper introduces a new approach of conducting MUST (Multiple-User Simultaneous Testing) using the Autopilot feature of Morae as a potential way for discounted usability testing method. Seventeen participan...
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Full-text available
An efficient and robust medical-image indexing procedure should be user-oriented. It is essential to index the images at the right level of description and ensure that the indexed levels match the user's interest level. This study examines 240 medical-image descriptions produced by three different groups of medical-image users (novices, intermediat...
Article
Today's digital information environment is rich with varied types of information that is available anytime, anywhere at a user's fingertips. While children and young adults constitute a high percent of the online population worldwide and are being characterized as “savvy,” or “born digital,” there is a need to examine how what has been considered a...
Article
Full-text available
The proposed poster poster presents findings of a case study involving undergraduate students enrolled in an information literacy course that were surveyed regarding their experiences managing information found online. While information literacy courses teach students to identify, seek, analyze, and use needed information, it does not prepare them...
Chapter
Online education is a popular paradigm for promoting continuing education for adult learners. However, only a handful of studies have addressed usability issues in the online education environment. Particularly, few studies have integrated the multifaceted usability evaluation into the lifecycle of developing such an environment. This paper will sh...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing use of websites as vehicles for the dissemination of information services in the digital environment and interaction with users has raised many usability concerns in creating user-friendly digital information services. Hence, it is important to understand if and how the future generations of library and other information professionals le...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Information encountering (finding information while searching for some other information), is a type of opportunistic discovery of information that complements purposeful approaches to finding information. The motivation for this paper was to determine if the current models of information literacy instruction refer to information enco...
Article
Full-text available
The effectiveness of clinical information systems to improve nursing and patient outcomes depends on human factors, including system usability, organizational workflow, and user satisfaction. The aim of this study was to examine to what extent residents, family members, and clinicians find a sensor data interface used to monitor elder activity leve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This preliminary study, as a part of a broader study about the medical image use by experts and novices, examines the differences in image describing behavior between these two categories of users. Eye tracking technique was used to capture the image users' eye movement on the Area of Interests (AOIs). This study found that a domain expert was capa...
Conference Paper
This paper proposes an integrated model of traditional consumer buying decision process and Information Encountering (IE) model to study online consumer actual consumption. This study uses Poisson Regression to analyze the relationships between three major factors (consumer, product, and situation) and four types of possible online consumption resu...
Article
Full-text available
The Internet and new technologies are changing the information behavior of news readers. This study explored the perception of news and online news reading behavior by applying Savolainen's (1995) model of Everyday Life Information Seeking. Online news readers participated in a two-phase mixed method study. The first phase involved a web survey wit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Few studies have explored image search behavior in the medical field. This study investigated the effect of domain knowledge on the uses of search tactics during image search process by radiologic technologists. We found that in the field of Radiography, experts and novices demonstrated significant differences in employing five search tactics: Brow...
Article
Full-text available
News readership is shifting to the Internet because of accessibility, inexpensive technology, and free content. The prevalence of news on the Web provides opportunities for people to come across news in an incidental way as a byproduct of their online activities. This paper presents findings related to incidental exposure to online news from a stud...
Article
Online education is a popular paradigm for promoting continuing education for adult learners. However, only a handful of studies have addressed usability issues in the online education environment. Particularly, few studies have integrated the multifaceted usability evaluation into the lifecycle of developing such an environment. This paper will sh...
Article
Full-text available
As the very name of the SIG/USE suggests, with its emphasis on information seeking and use, many research approaches have, historically, been linked in certain ways to more technically oriented information retrieval research, with a focus on a relatively narrow range of information behaviors specifically in the context of formal information systems...
Article
Full-text available
Research examining how people use case-based reasoning retrieval systems has been limited. It has not been clear how mental models can be used as a framework to examine the usability of case-based reasoning retrieval systems. In this paper, we report our findings on how the presence of a mental model affects the experiences of users of the knowledg...
Chapter
This chapter situates collaborative information behavior in completely online groups as a phenomenon distinct from prior work understanding collaborative information behavior in face-to-face groups, free and open source software groups and Wikipedia groups. The unexpected diversity of information resources utilized by completely online group member...
Chapter
Full-text available
Web developers and usability specialists face the challenge of dealing with the cost and quality of usability testing that must be implemented in a short period of time. Multiple-User Simultaneous Testing (MUST) can reduce usability testing time by allowing data collection from many users at the same time. This chapter reviews the literature on MUS...
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Full-text available
College websites play an increasingly important role in the lives of students, faculty, and parents providing them with necessary information and communication opportunities. A number of researchers have studied the effectiveness of college websites, however, most of these studies focused on the needs of students. There is a research gap in underst...
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This study examines the use of web analytics in libraries to understand how this tool can be used to interpret users' behavior on the library's website. Evaluating library and information services is important for library management decision-making regarding the quality of library services. Because such decisions-making is time consuming and requir...
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Full-text available
Eye-trackers have widely been used to judge whether user interfaces fit the searchers' cognitive style, but not often used to examine search processes. We have been using eye-trackers to capture the behavior of people doing information searches on the web and attained an understanding of information search processes as cognitive processes with leng...
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This article describes an “on-the-road” usability study and explains the study's methodological challenges, solutions, and recommendations. The study concerned a library-consortium website, which is a communication and educational tool for librarians who are physically dispersed throughout the state, and an intranet for remote users. Rather than tr...
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This paper reportes a study that investigated the effects of conceptual description and search practice on users’ mental models and information seeking in a case-based reasoning retrieval (CBR) system with a best match search mechanism. This study also found examined how the presence of a mental model affects the users’ search performance and satis...
Article
Our highly digitized world brings us into contact with networked information systems with the potential to help us locate information quickly and easily at the touch of a button. But it is far from easy to quickly find the exact information we need. Every new resource added increases the time needed to locate the right information. The increasing s...
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Full-text available
A conceptually relaxed utilization of the variable “search experience” makes it difficult for researchers to perform meaningful cross-study comparisons. The purpose of this study was to examine how search experience is defined and measured when used as a research variable. We implemented a qualitative analysis of 32 library and information science...
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Full-text available
Because reference sources are a staple of reference service, reference source education is an intrinsic part of reference education. However, limited information exists about the strategies reference instructors use to teach their students about sources. Reference instructors at forty-eight ALA-accredited programs of library and information studies...
Article
Information seeking and use research generates numerous results on how users approach systems. Why then does it seem that something is lost in translation between research results and systems design? Panelists will discuss their experiences with incorporating the findings of information behavior research in system design. This panel focuses on the...
Article
The authors conducted an exploratory content analysis of 269 English language articles about the digital divide to identify potential connections between proposed solutions and the strategic interests of the proposers, or stakeholders. Articles were coded by type of suggested solution and by type of stakeholder offering the solution. Educators pred...
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Full-text available
In a world that is increasingly focused on knowledge work, there is a need to understand how information and knowledge are created, retained, and shared in organizations. Research into information sharing, incorporating theories of social interaction, creates a comprehensive framework for studying information sharing. This article reports the findi...