Samvel Nahapetyan

Samvel Nahapetyan
Yerevan State University | YSU · Faculty of Geography and Geology

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48
Publications
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Publications

Publications (48)
Article
The significance of the southern Caucasus in understanding Pleistocene hominin expansions is well established. However, the palaeoenvironments in which Palaeolithic occupation of the region took place are presently poorly defined. The Hrazdan river valley, Armenian Highlands, contains a rich Palaeolithic record alongside Middle Pleistocene volcanic...
Poster
Full-text available
In Armenia, the increasing number of excavated and chronometrically dated Middle Paleolithic (MP) localities is broadening our view of Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherer settlement dynamics (Marine Isotope Stage [MIS] 3; ~ 60 – 30 ka). This poster summarizes results of ongoing research at several MP sites in a range of contexts to assess variability...
Article
Full-text available
Barozh 12 is a late Middle Paleolithic open-air locality in western Armenia dating from 60,000 to 31,000 years ago. Stratified deposits with high densities of obsidian artifacts permit the analysis of diachronic trends in manufacture, reduction, discard, and toolstone provisioning as related to technological organization in the context of hunter-ga...
Poster
Full-text available
Following the discovery of the H. erectus fossils and stone tools dating to 1.85–1.78 Ma at the site of Dmanisi in Georgia [1], recent field research in neighboring Armenia has focused on documenting Lower Paleolithic (LP) sites that may provide insight into the behavior of the first hominins to occupy Eurasia. The few LP sites under study in Armen...
Article
Barozh 12 is a Middle Paleolithic (MP) open-air site located near the Mt Arteni volcanic complex at the margins of the Ararat Depression, an intermontane basin that contains the Araxes River. Sedimentology, micromorphology, geochronology, biomarker evidence, together with an assessment of artifact taphonomy permits the modelling of site formation p...
Book
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The book is dedicated to the coverage of activities towards the formation of potential Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCI) of the Republic of Armenia – “Emerald” Network – the joint program between the Council of Europe/European Union within the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern, 1979). The “Th...
Article
The southern Caucasus is home to a particularly rich record of Middle Paleolithic (MP) occupation. However, the potential contribution of the southern Caucasus to broader discussions of MP behavior and adaptations has remained largely unfulfilled because many key archaeological assemblages, deriving as they do from either surface scatters or sites...
Article
The Armenian kites are the northernmost known kites in south-west Asia. In contrast to those in the deserts further south, their research has only recently begun. The Armenian kites are situated at high elevations, mostly between 900 and 1500 m above mean sea level, in steppic conditions where Artemisia is at present the dominant shrub on the lands...
Article
Full-text available
The Lower to Middle Paleolithic transition (~400,000 to 200,000 years ago) is marked by technical, behavioral, and anatomical changes among hominin populations throughout Africa and Eurasia. The replacement of bifacial stone tools, such as handaxes, by tools made on flakes detached from Levallois cores documents the most important conceptual shift...
Chapter
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Excavations in 2009 and 2010 at Aghitu–3 Cave in the Syunik Province of southern Armenia yield new insights into the Upper Paleolithic settlement of the Armenian Highlands. The site is situated at an elevation of 1601 m in a side valley of the Vorotan River. The river cuts down through Pleistocene basalt flows and provides a corridor for the moveme...
Article
Full-text available
""Résumé : L’article livre le résultat d’une série de prospections (2003-2007), doublées le cas échéant de sondages pour une zone d’Arménie jusqu’à présent quasi-inédite quant aux modalités de peuplement pléistocène. La région correspond à la haute vallée du Kasakh avec des sites s’étageant entre 1855 et 2302 m d’altitude entre différents édifi ces...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetation, fire and climate history are investigated in the 10 000-year record of Zarishat fen located today in the steppe grasslands of Armenia (Near East). Pollen-based climate quantification provides a reconstruction of seasonal parameters. The development of in-situ water-dependant plants and of forests at lower altitude at 8200 cal a BP echoe...
Article
Full-text available
The open-air site of Kalavan 1 is located in the Aregunyats mountain chain (at 1640 m above sea level) on the northern bank of Lake Sevan. It is the first Upper Palaeolithic site excavated in Armenia. Led by an Armenian-French team, several excavations (2005-2009) have revealed a well preserved palaeosoil, dated to around 14,000 BP (years before pr...
Article
Full-text available
The Armenian Highlands have functioned as a gateway with regards to the peopling of the Southern Caucasus. Most importantly, changes in climate have long controlled access to this remote and often inhospitable mountainous region. Here we present the results of the multidisciplinary study of Aghitu-3 Cave which brings together researchers from the f...
Article
Vegetation, fire and climate history are investigated in the 10 000-year record of Zarishat fen located today in the steppe grasslands of Armenia (Near East). Pollen-based climate quantification provides a reconstruction of seasonal parameters. The development of in-situ water-dependant plants and of forests at lower altitude at 8200 cal a BP echoe...
Article
Full-text available
In the course of the International Associated Laboratory HEMHA (Humans and Environment in Mountainous Habitats : the case of Armenia), the French Foreign Affair Ministry Caucasus Mission (CNRS-UMR 5133 Archéorient, Lyon University) and the French-German research program Ancient Kura (CNRS-UMR 7192 PrOCauLAC, Paris, France, Deutsches Archäologisches...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé L'analyse des travertins caucasiens donne une grille de lecture de la variabilité environ-nementale. Vers 12900 cal. B.P. (11000 cal. B.C.), les paysages connaissent le dévelop-pement des feux et une dynamique de remblaiements alluviaux. L'Holocène voit une hausse des taxons forestiers entre 9900-9400 cal. B.P. (7900-7400 cal. B.C.) suivit d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The collaboration between the Institute of Archaeology of Yerevan (Academy of Sciences of Armenia) and the French “Caucasus” mission (MAEE - CNRS) is focused on the study of the cultures that developed in Armenia between the Palaeolithic and the end of the Chalcolithic, and on the defi nition of the exchanges which may have existed in these periods...
Article
During a survey conducted in 2005, the open-air site of Kalavan-2 was discovered located at an altitude of about 1600 m in the mountains dominating the northern bank of Lake Sevan (Armenia). The site yielded a Paleolithic industry associated with faunal remains, indicating that this is an important locality in the study of Armenian prehistory. Exca...
Article
The morphogenetic evolution of the Lesser Caucasus has been strongly influenced by Plio-Quaternary volcanic and tectonic events and Pleistocene glaciations. Fluvio-lacustrine environments, indicated by diatomaceous deposits, prevailed in the Syunik region of southern Armenia during the Pliocene and Pleistocene. The Pleistocene diatomaceous deposits...
Article
Plio-Pleistocene diatomitic sequences in the Shamb paleo-lake (South Armenia, Lesser Caucasus) offer a rare opportunity to give new insights on the paleo-climate of Western Asia. We present an integrated palynological, 40 Ar/ 39 Ar geochronologic and magnetostratigraphic study for the most complete section in the sedimentary deposits of the Shamb p...
Article
Full-text available
Plio-Pleistocene diatomitic sequences in the Shamb paleo-lake (South Armenia, Lesser Caucasus) offer a rare opportunity to give new insights on the paleo-climate of Western Asia. We present an integrated palynological, 40Ar/39Ar geochronologic and magnetostratigraphic study for the most complete section in the sedimentary deposits of the Shamb pale...
Article
Full-text available
Les travertins L. s. répondent à des processus d'élaboration bien définis qui sont l'expression de contextes hydrogéologiques, géomorphologiques et climatiques particuliers. De manière non exhaustive, cet article dresse un bilan du potentiel analytique des études concernant l'évolution des formations travertineuses quaternaires pour une meilleure c...
Article
The territory of present day Armenia is a geographic contact zone between the Near East and the northern Caucasus. Armenian Middle and Upper Paleolithic records are both few and patchy as a result of the historical paucity of systematic archaeological research in the country. Consequently, it is currently difficult to correlate the Armenian Middle...
Article
The territory of present day Armenia is a geographic contact zone between the Near East and the northern Caucasus. Armenian Middle and Upper Paleolithic records are both few and patchy as a result of the historical paucity of systematic archaeological research in the country. Consequently, it is currently difficult to correlate the Armenian Middle...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé: Au Caucase, dans la vallée du Vorotan (sud-est de l’Arménie), la découverte en 2003 par une équipe pluridisciplinaire arméno-française d’un gisement situé à 1 800 m d’altitude dans la commune d’Angeghakot, atteste la fréquentation de la région par des groupes de chasseurs-cueilleurs au Paléolithique moyen. L’industrie lithique, élaborée pri...

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