Samir AlAdawi

Samir AlAdawi
Sultan Qaboos University | SQU · Department of Behavioural Medicine

Phd

About

331
Publications
179,341
Reads
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4,957
Citations
Introduction
Our studies largely dovetailed with the notion that illness or distress, despite its biological origin, is often experienced in a social and/or cultural context. Our studies indicate that the incidence of neurobehavioural disorders in Oman is common, with some minor differences in the incidence of the types of reactions. The scope for the future is to continue to conduct psycho-sociocultural studies so that culturally sensitive interventions can be contemplated.
Additional affiliations
May 2004 - January 2005
Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Position
  • Matsumae Scholar
April 2004 - December 2004
The University of Tokyo
Position
  • Matsumae Scholar
November 2001 - November 2002
Harvard Medical School
Position
  • Fulbright (Fellow)

Publications

Publications (331)
Article
Full-text available
The disturbance of motivation and its relationship to depression continues to spark contradictory findings among European and North American populations. Could a cross-cultural study shed some light on the situation? This study aims to detect the prevalence of apathy and to test whether the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) can spot the presence or abs...
Article
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To test the hypothesis that treatment with bromocriptine would ameliorate deficits in clinical motivation, responsiveness to reward, and frontal cognitive function after brain injury. An open trial in six men and five women who had had either traumatic brain injury or subarachnoid haemorrhage between two months and five years previously. After repe...
Article
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Deficits of motivation are recognized as a significant clinical problem following brain injury, and a neuropsychological model is postulated linking such deficits with cognitive deficits of a frontal type. However, few, if any, quantitative assessment measures exist; most descriptions in the literature are qualitative, and this has limited the scop...
Preprint
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BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, there has been an increasing interest to view the diagnosis of Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) through the lens of the biopsychosocial model. However, other than a few epidemiological surveys, there is a dearth of studies from emerging economies that have examined FH using the biological, psychological and so...
Article
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Background Anxiety disorders are a significant factor associated with physician burnout and poor patient care, reported to have a significant frequency among the youth in the Middle East. However, to date, no study has explored the prevalence of anxiety among resident physicians in the Arabian Gulf country of Oman. This cross-sectional study, condu...
Conference Paper
Background: Several reports have emerged addressing the burden and the prevention of hospital acquired bloodstream infections (HA-BSI); however, they have been largely limited to developed countries. In Arab countries, however, few studies have emerged on various aspects of HA-BSIs. To our knowledge, there have been no reports of the prevalence rat...
Article
Objective: This study examined socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of individuals who attended the emergency department (Muscat, Oman) following a suicide attempt. Methods: A retrospective study (n= 154) was conducted between January 2015 and June 2018. Information accrued included socio-demographic variables (age, nationality, sex, mari...
Article
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We appreciate the comments from Al-Mendalawi1 on our case report2 and on the merit of exploring cytokine and immunosuppression in the context of psychosis
Article
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Background: Presently, there is an abundance of research indicating that depressive symptoms are a common occurrence in people with Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). However, the mechanism by which this occurs is yet to be established. And although many studies of this sort have emerged the world over, this topic has still been under-researched in the Arab...
Article
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Background Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is among the most common anxiety disorders worldwide with data largely emerging from the Euro-American and Pacific Rim populations. In contrast, there is a dearth of studies among the populations of Arabian Gulf countries including Oman. This study has two interrelated aims: (i) to explore the prevalence of...
Article
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We evaluated the impact of olanzapine on metabolic changes in patients with psychotic disorders. This was a retrospective cohort study involving patients prescribed olanzapine and attending Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (Muscat, Oman). Patients were followed up retrospectively from March 2006 until April 2021. Cardiovascular treatment targets w...
Article
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The temporal relationship between work-life balance/imbalance, occupational burnout, and poor mental health outcomes have been widely explored. Little has been forthcoming on cognitive functioning among those with work-life imbalance. This study aimed to explore the rate of work-life imbalance and the variation in neuropsychological functioning. Th...
Article
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Background: Recent research has shown that countries in the 'global south' are often characterized by demographic and socio–economic factors that are likely to contribute to the increased incidence of non–intentional injuries, such as traumatic brain injury (TBI). This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the prevalence of neuropsych...
Article
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Aim: Despite the much heralded epidemic of adjustment difficulties, health-care workers (HCW), who are likely to be at risk and impacted with mental health issues, have received scant attention. This study aimed to determine whether definable profiles exist in a cohort of HCWs associated with demographic and mental health problems. Methods: An o...
Article
Full-text available
We appreciate comments from Al-Mendalawi [1] on our case report [2] and on the merit of exploring cytokine and immunosuppression in the context of psychosis. In our case report, we overlooked the literature suggesting the potential role of cytokine and immunosuppression in the development of psychosis despite emerging evidence that cytokine profile...
Article
Background: With the unprecedented spread of the novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, primary healthcare workers (PHCWs) are having to shoulder the increasing weight of this ongoing pandemic. Aims: This study explored the rate and covariates of depressive symptoms among PHCWs in the Muscat governorate. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was con...
Article
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Objectives: Neurocognitive dysfunction has been established in several studies in children with beta-thalassemia major (TM). However, despite its wide occurrence in populations across the Arabian Peninsula, scant attention has been paid to shedding light on neuropsychological functioning among adults with TM. This study aimed to examine the level...
Preprint
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BACKGROUND: Reports from different parts of the world suggest that the COVID-19 pandemic and the resultant lockdown and social distancing measures have heralded unprecedented mental health challenges among children and adolescents. To date, there is a dearth of studies emerging from the Arabian Gulf, where the majority of its population are childre...
Article
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Objectives: Despite the worldwide increase in health research, few studies have evaluated the health research productivity in member states of the Gulf Health Council (GHC). This study solicited the period-prevalence and publication rates of health research productivity in the seven GHC countries. Methods: We searched the Scopus database for pub...
Article
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Neurobehavioral impairment associated with COVID-19 infection has been recently documented in the literature. COVID-19 infection has also been associated with an increased risk for developing psychiatric symptoms, including rare reports on psychosis. We report a case of a 46-year-old male with no significant medical, family, and psychiatric history...
Article
This cross-sectional study examined the factors associated with depression among people with chronic pain (PwCP) attending specialized pain clinics in Muscat, Oman. Two-hundred eighty-seven participants were recruited for the study, and univariate analyses were used to investigate the difference between individuals who scored above/below the cutoff...
Article
Full-text available
This cross-sectional study examined the factors associated with depression among people with chronic pain (PwCP) attending specialized pain clinics in Muscat, Oman. Two-hundred eighty-seven participants were recruited for the study, and univariate analyses were used to investigate the difference between individuals who scored above/below the cutoff...
Article
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This study aimed to systematically synthesize and appraise existing literature on the prevalence of eating disorders and disordered eating in Western Asia. A systematic literature search of major English and Arabic databases, i.e., PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, PsychInfo, Web of Science and Scopus (English), Al-Manhal (Arabic) and grey literature was don...
Research
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Background: Vitamin D and its metabolites have a vital role to play in human health and diseases like cancer, Type 1 Diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia, immune system, and the nervous system. In the nervous system vitamin D could influence the proliferation, differentiation of neurons also plays an important role in neuro...
Article
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Recent research has shown that the prevalence of stroke incidents and the number of survivors in developing countries surpass those from developed countries. This study aimed to enumerate the prevalence of post-stroke psychiatric and cognitive symptoms among stroke survivors from West and South Asia and Africa through a systematic review and meta-a...
Article
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Background Despite efforts to improve patient safety, medical errors remain prevalent among healthcare workers. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between self-reported medical errors, occupational outcomes and socio-demographic variables. Methods The study employed a cross-sectional design to survey healthcare workers at a...
Article
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Aims To explore whether different profiles exist in a cohort of nurses regarding demographic and occupational outcomes. Background Nurses will facing many occupational problems, including workplace bullying, work-life imbalance, burnout, and medical errors. Methods A cross-sectional study included 232 nurses working in a hospital in Oman. Data wa...
Article
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Background A different ethos with respect to the perception of medical ethics prevails in societies in transition such as those in the Arabian Peninsula, which makes it difficult to apply international principles of bioethics in medical practice. This study aimed to develop and psychometrically test an instrument that measures physicians’ awareness...
Article
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Background The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), with its predominant ‘youth bulge’ among its 54 million people, has witnessed an exponential increase in research pertinent to Child and Adolescent Mental Health (CAMH). Aside from a few narrative reviews, to date, no critical appraisal examining the magnitude of CAMH has emerged from this region. Aim...
Article
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ABSTRACT Background: One of the many repercussions from the COVID-19 pandemic has been stress. The death toll from the pandemic, as well as sleep loss, have been noted to be the root causes of COVID- 19 related stress and distress among students in the Arabian Gulf countries. Aims: This study aimed to examine the relationship between self- reported...
Article
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Objectives: This study aimed to explore the intelligence quotient (IQ) profile among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and identify the most important subscales that predict the IQ. The analysis of an intellectual profile with age and gender differentials and the identification of a battery of subscales of intelligence are important for...
Preprint
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Neurobehavioral impairment associated with COVID-19 infection has been recently documented in the literature. COVID-19 infection has also been associated with an increased risk for developing psychiatric symptoms, including rare reports on psychosis. We report a case of a 45- year-old male with no significant medical, family, and psychiatr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder in children and comorbid depression is common. This study aimed to assess the frequency of depressive symptoms along with demographic and clinical factors in children diagnosed with epilepsy in a tertiary care institution in Oman. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted betw...
Article
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In line with international best practice, the Arabian Gulf countries have ratified the Convention on the Right of the Child (CRC), which has some clauses on child abuse and neglect. The present discourse, made from within an Arabian Gulf society, specifically Oman, reviews the socio-cultural differences of the region and explores the potential regi...
Article
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Diabetes requires challenging lifelong dietary management, affects quality of life and heightens the impact of affective functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Nutrition Quality of Life (NQOL) and affective functioning in a sample of Omani patients with type 2 diabetes. A sample of 149 adults with type 2 diab...
Article
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Vitamin D deficiency has been estimated to affect roughly 30% to 50% of the global population and thus labeled as a silent pandemic. In addition to its role in skeletal and calcium homeostasis, vitamin D has been implicated in brain functioning across both preclinical research and human populations studies. These findings have also been extended to...
Article
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Objectives: Medical students from several parts of the world have increasingly been reported to have higher rates of stress and distress. In this study, we intended to explore the prevalence of perceived stress, disordered eating, and poor quality and pattern of sleep among medical students in the Arabian Gulf country, Oman. The related objective w...
Preprint
Background: Existing literature is replete of the magnitude of occupational burnout among physicians and the role of emotional intelligence in moderating poor coping among physicians. However, these domains have not been explored in physicians in the Arabian Gulf countries. The study aims to quantify the rate of the presence of occupational burnout...
Preprint
Full-text available
Work-life balance/imbalance has been increasingly recognized as being critically involved in poor adjustment in occupational settings. Little has been forthcoming on cognitive functioning among those with work-life imbalance. This study was to explore the rate of work-life imbalance, variation in neuropsychological functioning. The relationship bet...
Article
Background The quality of life (QoL) of the caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disabilities has received limited attention in emerging economies such as those of the Arabian Gulf region.Objectives The aims of this investigation were threefold and sought to contribute to the gap in the literature by exploring the f...
Article
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Objective: To investigate whether electroencephalogram (EEG) requests at a psychiatric tertiary care center in urban Oman are being made according to guidelines for best practice. Methods: This study was carried out at a psychiatry tertiary care hospital in Muscat providing the most comprehensive psychiatric service in the country. Cases were exami...
Article
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Objective This study aims to assess and compare demographic and psychological factors and sleep status of frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) in relation to non-frontline HCWs. Design, settings, participants and outcomes This cross-sectional study was conducted from 8 April 2020 to 17 April 2020 using an online survey across varied healthcare sett...
Article
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Background: Most documented cases of menstrual psychosis have been from Euro-American populations with reports from cross-cultural populations being only a few. A primary aim was to determine whether the cyclical/episodic nature of menstrual psychosis among case series observed at a tertiary care unit in Oman fulfills the diagnostic criteria of th...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Depressive symptoms have been widely reported among people living with HIV (PLHIV) around the world. The extent of this on PLHIV in the Arabian Peninsula is unclear. This study aims to examine the prevalence of depressive symptoms using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in adult Omani patients with HIV attending a tertiary ca...
Experiment Findings
This cross-sectional study was conducted from the 8th to the 17th of April 2020 using an online survey across varied health care settings in Oman accruing 1139 HCWS. The primary and secondary outcomes were mental health status and socio-demographic data, respectively. Mental health status was assessed using Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is among the most common anxiety disorders worldwide with data largely emerging from the Euro-American and Pacific Rim populations. In contrast, there is a dearth of studies among the populations of Arabian Gulf countries including Oman. This study has two interrelated aims: (i) to explore the prevalence of...
Preprint
Full-text available
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess and compare demographic and psychological factors and sleep status of frontline HCWs in relation to non-frontline HCWs DESIGN, SETTINGS, AND PARTICIPANTS This cross-sectional study was conducted using an online survey from the 8th to the 17th of April 2020 across varied health care settings in Oman accruing 1139...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Evidence from industrialized/developed countries showed that colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence rates have significantly dropped due to the widespread use of colonoscopy. In Arab countries, however, the CRC had been reported to have increased. Despite the concerted effort in the primary prevention and widespread use of colonoscopy, to our...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Depressive symptoms are common among medical students. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of depressive symptoms among medical students in Sultan Qaboos University in Oman. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample selected from 1041 medical students at Sultan Qaboo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Depressive symptoms are common among medical students. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of depressive symptoms among medical students in Sultan Qaboos University in Oman. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample selected from 1041 medical students at Sultan Qaboos U...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Most documented cases of menstrual psychosis have been from Euro-American
Article
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Background: Road traffic accidents are known to be the main cause of traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI is also a leading cause of death and disability. This study, by means of the idiographic approach (single-case experimental designs using multiple-baseline designs), has examined whether methylphenidate (MPH - trade name Ritalin) had a differenti...
Article
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Objective: This study aimed to decipher the socio-demographic factors associated with the perception towards mental health problems among residents belonging to Oman Medical Specialty Board. Method: A cross sectional correlative study was conducted among a stratified random sample of residents. Attitude towards mental health problems (ATMHP) questi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study aimed to decipher the socio-demographic factors associated with the perception towards mental health problems among residents belonging to Oman Medical Specialty Board. Method: A cross sectional correlative study was conducted among a stratified random sample of residents. Attitude towards mental health problems (ATMHP) questi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: We sought to compare functional and cosmetic satisfaction among male and female patients undergoing open and closed septorhinoplasty within sub-groups of indications for the surgery at a tertiary care hospital in Oman. Methods: We conducted a prospective study in the ear, nose, and throat surgery department at Sultan Qaboos Universit...
Article
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Background: The duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) among adoles- cents with first-episode psychosis has received scant attention in non- western societies. Aim: This study aims to explore both sociodemographic and clinical profiles and examine their relationship to the DUP among adolescents with first-episode psychosis admitted to a tertiary car...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) has been reported from different parts of the world. With regard to countries in the Arabian Gulf, there have been some anecdotal and impressionistic observations of CSA and Oman is no exception. Aims: In order to lay the groundwork for empirical scrutiny of this phenomena, the present study elaborates on the...
Article
Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and the functional progress among patients with a recent hip replacement. Data suggest that a number of medical societies and organizations are restricting patient access to joint replacement surgeries based on the patient's BMI. This restriction...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Most documented cases of menstrual psychosis have been from Euro-American populations with reports from cross-cultural populations being only few in number. Objective: To determine whether the cyclical/episodic nature of menstrual psychosis among case series observed at a tertiary care unit in Oman fulfills the diagnosis criteria of the...