Sami Domisch

Sami Domisch
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries | IGB · Department of Ecosystem Research

PhD

About

76
Publications
42,061
Reads
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2,495
Citations
Introduction
I'm a Junior Research Group Leader at IGB, Germany, working on global freshwater biodiversity, biogeography and conservation (https://glowabio.org/).
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - present
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries
Position
  • Group Leader
August 2016 - present
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • www.aquacross.eu
September 2013 - July 2016
Yale University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
April 2006 - October 2008
Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
Field of study
  • Biology / Marine Biodiversity
October 2001 - April 2005

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
Full-text available
Globalization has led to the introduction of thousands of alien species worldwide. With growing impacts by invasive species, understanding the invasion process remains critical for predicting adverse effects and informing efficient management. Theoretically, invasion dynamics have been assumed to follow an “invasion curve” (S-shaped curve of availa...
Preprint
The geographic distribution of streams and rivers drives a multitude of patterns and processes in hy-drology, geomorphology, geography and ecology. Therefore, a hydrographic network that accurately delineatesboth small streams and large rivers with equal precision, along with their topographic and topological proper-ties, would be indispensable in...
Article
Full-text available
Global freshwater biodiversity is declining dramatically, and meeting the challenges of this crisis requires bold goals and the mobilisation of substantial resources. While the reasons are varied, investments in both research and conservation of freshwater biodiversity lag far behind those in the terrestrial and marine realms. Inspired by a global...
Article
Full-text available
The cover image is based on the Viewpoint A global agenda for advancing freshwater biodiversity research by Alain Maasri et al., https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13931. Image Credit: Solvin Zankl. image
Article
Species delimitation is fundamental to deciphering the mechanisms that generate and maintain biodiversity. Alpha taxonomy historically relied on expert knowledge to describe new species using phenotypic and biogeographic evidence, which has the appearance of investigator subjectivity. In contrast, DNA-based methods using the multispecies coalescent...
Article
Full-text available
• Freshwater biodiversity is declining at an unprecedented rate. Freshwater conservationists and environmental managers have enough evidence to demonstrate that action must not be delayed but have insufficient evidence to identify those actions that will be most effective in reversing the current trend. • Here, the focus is on identifying essential...
Preprint
Full-text available
River ecosystems belong to the most threatened ecosystems on Earth. Historical anthropogenic alterations have, and future climate change will further affect river ecosystems and the species therein. While many studies assess the potential effects of expected future changes on species, little is known about the severity of these changes compared to...
Poster
Full-text available
Freshwater ecosystems are among the most biodiverse and the most important providers of services to humans globally. Unfortunately, these ecosystems are also among the most threatened in the world due to human induced land use/land cover change and climate change. Protected areas constitute a worldwide established tool to preserve biodiversity. How...
Preprint
Full-text available
Freshwater biodiversity is declining dramatically, and the current biodiversity crisis requires defining bold goals and mobilizing substantial resources to meet the challenges. While the reasons are varied, both research and conservation of freshwater biodiversity lag far behind efforts in the terrestrial and marine realms. We identify fifteen pres...
Article
Full-text available
Since the early phase of the artificial-intelligence (AI) era expectations towards AI are high, with experts believing that AI paves the way for managing and handling various global challenges. However, the significant enabling and inhibiting influence of AI for sustainable development needs to be assessed carefully, given that the technology diffu...
Article
Full-text available
Global declines in biodiversity highlight the need to effectively monitor density and distribution of threatened species. In recent years, molecular survey methods detecting DNA released by target-species into their environment (eDNA) have been rapidly on the rise. Despite providing new, cost-effective tools for conservation, eDNA-based methods are...
Preprint
Full-text available
Freshwater biodiversity is declining dramatically, and the current biodiversity crisis requires defining bold goals and mobilizing substantial resources to meet the challenges. While the reasons are varied, both research and conservation of freshwater biodiversity lag far behind efforts in the terrestrial and marine realms. We identify fifteen pres...
Article
Full-text available
Plans are currently being drafted for the next decade of action on biodiversity— both the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Biodiversity Strategy of the European Union (EU). Freshwater biodiversity is disproportionately threatened and underprioritized relative to the marine and terrestrial b...
Article
Full-text available
A recent global meta‐analysis reported a decrease in terrestrial but increase in freshwater insect abundance and biomass (van Klink et al., Science 368, p. 417). The authors suggested that water quality has been improving, thereby challenging recent reports documenting drastic global declines in freshwater biodiversity. We raise two major concerns...
Article
Full-text available
Topographical relief comprises the vertical and horizontal variations of the Earth’s terrain and drives processes in geomorphology, biogeography, climatology, hydrology and ecology. Its characterisation and assessment, through geomorphometry and feature extraction, is fundamental to numerous environmental modelling and simulation analyses. We, ther...
Article
Full-text available
Nitrogen (N) and Phosphorus (P) are essential nutritional elements for life processes in water bodies. However, in excessive quantities, they may represent a significant source of aquatic pollution. Eutrophication has become a widespread issue rising from a chemical nutrient imbalance and is largely attributed to anthropogenic activities. In view o...
Article
Statistische Art-Areal-Modelle werden zunehmend für Fließgewässerökosysteme angewendet. Um der Herausforderung der Konnektivität in diesen Ökosystemen gerecht zu werden, dienen häufig unregelmäßige Teileinzugsgebiete als Modellierungseinheiten. Eine Veränderung der Größe dieser Einheiten kann zu veränderten statistischen Beziehungen zwischen Umwelt...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Species distribution models (SDMs) are statistical tools to identify potentially suitable habitats for species. For SDMs in river ecosystems, species occurrences and predictor data are often aggregated across subcatchments that serve as modeling units. The level of aggregation (i.e., model resolution) influences the statistical relationsh...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change has the potential to alter the flow regimes of rivers and consequently affect the taxonomic and functional diversity of freshwater organisms. We modeled future flow regimes for the 2050 and 2090 time horizons and tested how flow regimes impact the abundance of 150 macroinvertebrate species and their functional trait compositions in o...
Preprint
Full-text available
The drafting of a new Global Biodiversity Framework for the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Biodiversity Strategy for the European Union (EU) render 2020 a critical crossroad for biodiversity conservation. Freshwater biodiversity is disproportionately threatened and poorly studied relative to marine and terrestrial biota, despite provi...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) and its progressively wider impact on many sectors requires an assessment of its effect on the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Using a consensus-based expert elicitation process, we find that AI can enable the accomplishment of 134 targets across all the goals, but it may also inhibit...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding and predicting the ecological consequences of different management alternatives is becoming increasingly important to support environmental management decisions. Ecological models could contribute to such predictions, but in the past this was often not the case. Ecological models are often developed within research projects but are ra...
Preprint
Full-text available
The development of AI will shape all aspects of our future. Our novel analysis shows that AI can support the achievement of all the UN Sustainable Development Goals. However, it is essential to reinforce the global debate regarding the use of AI and to develop the necessary regulatory insight and oversight for AI-based technologies. * With: Max Te...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Systematic conservation planning is vital for allocating protected areas given the spatial distribution of conservation features, such as species. Due to incomplete species inventories, species distribution models (SDMs) are often used for predicting species’ habitat suitability and species’ probability of occurrence. Currently, SDMs mostly ign...
Preprint
Full-text available
The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) and its progressively wider impact on many sectors across the society requires an assessment of its effect on sustainable development. Here we analyze published evidence of positive or negative impacts of AI on the achievement of each of the 17 goals and 169 targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable De...
Technical Report
T he interdisciplinary research project AQUACROSS supports European efforts to protect biodiversity in Europe’s lakes, rivers, coasts and oceans. The case study at the IBRM Andalusia (Spain) and Morocco contains nine different realms and five biotic groups. In addition, fifteen ecosystem services have been assessed, including provisioning, regulati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Topographical relief is composed of the vertical and horizontal variations of the Earth's terrain and drives processes in geography, climatology, hydrology, and ecology. Its assessment and characterisation is fundamental for various types of modelling and simulation analyses. In this regard, the Multi-Error-Removed Improved Terrain (MERIT) Digital...
Preprint
Topographical relief is composed of the vertical and horizontal variations of the Earth's terrain and drives processes in geography, climatology, hydrology, and ecology. Its assessment and characterisation is fundamental for various types of modelling and simulation analyses. In this regard, the Multi-Error-Removed Improved Terrain (MERIT) Digital...
Preprint
Nitrogen (N) and Phosphorus (P) are essential nutrients for life processes in water bodies but in excessive quantities, they are a significant source of aquatic pollution. Eutrophication has now become widespread due to such an imbalance, and is largely attributed to anthropogenic activity. In view of this phenomenon, we present a new dataset and s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nitrogen (N) and Phosphorus (P) are essential nutrients for life processes in water bodies but in excessive quantities, they are a significant source of aquatic pollution. Eutrophication has now become widespread due to such an imbalance, and is largely attributed to anthropogenic activity. In view of this phenomenon, we present a new dataset and s...
Article
• Freshwater ecosystems are under a constant risk of being irreversibly damaged by human pressures that threaten their biodiversity, the sustainability of ecosystem services (ESs), and human well‐being. Despite the implementation of various environmental regulations, the challenges of safeguarding freshwater assets have so far not been tackled succ...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrological variables are among the most influential when analyzing or modeling stream ecosystems. However, available hydrological data are often limited in their spatiotemporal scale and resolution for use in ecological applications such as predictive modeling of species distributions. To overcome this limitation, a regression model was applied t...
Article
Green and Blue Infrastructure (GBI) is a network designed and planned to deliver a wide range of ecosystem services and to protect biodiversity. Existing GBI designs lacked a systematic method to allocate restoration zones. This study proposes a novel approach for systematically selecting cost-effective areas for restoration on the basis of biodive...
Article
Full-text available
Freshwater biodiversity is declining, despite national and international efforts to manage and protect freshwater ecosystems. Ecosystem-based management (EBM) has been proposed as an approach that could more efficiently and adaptively balance ecological and societal needs. However, this raises the question of how social and ecological objectives ca...
Article
Aim: Understanding variation in biodiversity typically requires consideration of factors operating at different spatial scales. Recently, ecologists and biogeographers have recognized the need of analysing ecological communities in the light of multiple facets including not only species‐level information but also functional and phylogenetic approac...
Preprint
We used the hydrologically corrected Multi-Error- Removed Improved-Terrain Digital Elevation Model at a 3 arc- second (90 m) spatial resolution to derive a seamless, standardized stream network by using GRASS-GIS hydrological modules. We compared the spatial accuracy of the derived stream network with the NHDPlusV2 dataset across the conterminous U...
Preprint
Full-text available
We used the hydrologically corrected Multi-Error- Removed Improved-Terrain Digital Elevation Model at a 3 arc- second (90 m) spatial resolution to derive a seamless, standardized stream network by using GRASS-GIS hydrological modules. We compared the spatial accuracy of the derived stream network with the NHDPlusV2 dataset across the conterminous U...
Article
Full-text available
Topographic variation underpins a myriad of patterns and processes in hydrology, climatology, geography and ecology and is key to understanding the variation of life on the planet. A fully standardized and global multivariate product of different terrain features has the potential to support many large-scale research applications, however to date,...
Article
Full-text available
Global change has the potential to affect river flow conditions which are fundamental determinants of physical habitats. Predictions of the effects of flow alterations on aquatic biota have mostly been assessed based on species ecological traits (e.g., current preferences), which are difficult to link to quantitative discharge data. Alternatively,...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying patterns in the effects of temperature on species' population abundances could help develop a general framework for predicting the consequences of climate change across different communities and realms. We used long-term population time series data from terrestrial, freshwater, and marine species communitieswithin central Europe to comp...
Technical Report
Full-text available
We review recent literature on participatory scenario development and analysis within the context of ecosystem services (ESS) and biodiversity research. Beyond direct use for AQUACROSS, this deliverable exemplifies how ecosystem-based management (EBM) in aquatic ecosystems can be supported by participatory scenarios. Following the AQUACROSS Asses...
Article
Understanding the drivers of stream macroinvertebrate distribution patterns – the most diverse animal group in freshwater ecosystems – is a major goal in freshwater biogeography. Climate and topography have been shown to explain species' distributions at continental scales, but the contribution of natural and anthropogenically altered streamflow is...
Article
Given the scientific consensus that climate change is impacting biodiversity, estimates of future climate change effects on stream communities and assessments of potential biases are necessary. Here, we propose a simple technique to approximate changes in invertebrate and fish biomonitoring results. Taxa lists for 60 (invertebrate) and 52 (fish) si...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change, land-use change, pollution and exploitation are among the main drivers of species’ population trends; however, their relative importance is much debated. We used a unique collection of over 1,000 local population time series in 22 communities across terrestrial, freshwater and marine realms within central Europe to compare the impac...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the interplay between environmental conditions and phenotypes is a fundamental goal of biology. Unfortunately, data that include observations on phenotype and environment are highly heterogeneous and thus difficult to find and integrate. One approach that is likely to improve the status quo involves the use of ontologies to standardiz...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of freshwater-specific environmental information at sufficiently fine spatial grain hampers broad-scale analyses in aquatic biology, biogeography, conservation, and ecology. Here we present a near-global, spatially continuous, and freshwater-specific set of environmental variables in a standardized 1 km grid. We delineate the sub-catchment...
Article
Full-text available
Freshwater ecosystems harbor specialized and vulnerable biodiversity, and the prediction of potential impacts of freshwater biodiversity to environmental change requires knowledge of the geographic and environmental distribution of taxa. To date, however, such quantitative information about freshwater species distributions remains limited. Major im...
Article
Modelling and mapping habitat suitability of species in a given study area has become a popular method to assess biogeographical questions on the habitat requirements of species, and to study the effects of land use or climate change on species distributions. Beside purely academic aims, model projections are increasingly used for devising conserva...
Article
Freshwater ecosystems are highly vulnerable to warming climates. However, macroecological studies of climate-change effects on aquatic biodiversity are rare because of a lack of standardized large-scale surveys, e.g., along large latitudinal gradients. Our goal was to assess the overall richness pattern and projected differences in present and futu...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods The geographic distributions and environmental niche associations of species are determined by processes that vary in relevance over spatial scales. Similarly, our ability to capture species distributions - e.g. through museum records, citizen science observations, or expert knowledge – also varies with spatial scale,...
Article
Species distribution models (SDMs) that provide extrapolations of species habitat suitability are increasingly being used in stream ecosystems, however the effects of different modelling techniques on model projections remain unknown. We tested how different study areas and predictors affect SDMs by using consensus projections of a fixed set of 224...
Article
Climate change is predicted to have profound effects on freshwater organisms due to rising temperatures and altered precipitation regimes. Using an ensemble of bioclimatic envelope models (BEMs), we modelled the climatic suitability of 191 stream macroinvertebrate species from 12 orders across Europe under two climate change scenarios for 2080 on a...