Research items
Current institution
Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust
Ryegate Early Years Team
Current position
Occupational Therapist
Skills and Expertise
Awards & Achievements
Scholarship · Dec 2012
NIHR CAT MRes programme
Followers (17)View all
Sheffield Hallam University
Northumbria University
Newcastle University
Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Trinity College Dublin
Following (28)View all
Sheffield Hallam University
Belfast Health and Social Care Trust
Northumbria University
Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust
The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Research Items (3)
Context: Pre-appointment written materials, including letters and leaflets, are commonly used by healthcare organisations to deliver professional-patient interactions. The written materials potentially change patients' knowledge and behaviour as part of a healthcare intervention but have received little investigation. Objective: To describe the content of pre-appointment written materials through a behaviour change intervention perspective. Design: Mixed methods study with an online questionnaire about pre-appointment written materials and an analysis of actual materials. Questionnaire data were analysed descriptively and pre-appointment materials by qualitative framework analysis. Setting and participants: Children's community/outpatient occupational therapy, physiotherapy and/or speech and language therapy services across the UK. Service managers/clinical leads provided data. Intervention: Pre-appointment written materials. Results: Questionnaire responses were received from n = 110 managers/clinical leads from n = 58 NHS organisations. Written materials (n = 64) were received from n = 24 organisations. Current materials are used by therapy services as a conduit to convey the therapy service's expectations related to: accessing the service, decision-making about care and help-giving. The materials enrol the parent and child to the therapy services' expectations by behaviour change techniques. The materials configure the parent/child expectations, knowledge and behaviour towards the therapy services' operational procedures. Conclusion: Pre-appointment written materials configure patients to organisations' operational procedures. The written materials currently lack support for parent/child empowerment, shared decision-making and self-management to improve health. Patient contribution: Four parents of children accessing therapy services were involved in the study. The parents shared their experiences to highlight the importance of the topic and contributed to the final research design and methods.
Background: There is limited evidence about the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for participation outcomes in children with coordination difficulties. Developing theory about the interventions, i.e. their ingredients and change processes, is the first step to advance the evidence base. Aim: To develop theory about the key ingredients of occupational therapy interventions for children with coordination difficulties and the processes through which change in participation might happen. Material and methods: Grounded theory methodology, as described by Kathy Charmaz, was used to develop the theory. Children and parents participated in semi-structured interviews to share their experiences of occupational therapy and processes of change. Data collection and analysis were completed concurrently using constant comparison methods. Results: Five key ingredients of interventions were described: performing activities and tasks; achieving; carer support; helping and supporting the child; and labelling. Ingredients related to participation by changing children’s mastery experience, increasing capability beliefs and sense of control. Parents’ knowledge, skills, positive emotions, sense of empowerment and capability beliefs also related to children’s participation. Conclusion and significance: The results identify intervention ingredients and change pathways within occupational therapy to increase participation. It is unclear how explicitly and often therapists consider and make use of these ingredients and pathway.