Saman Saffarian

Saman Saffarian
Universität Stuttgart · Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design

Ing. arch. Mag. arch.

About

14
Publications
11,272
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225
Citations

Publications

Publications (14)
Chapter
Plants have neither muscles nor “classic” local joints-and yet they can move. In the course of evolution, efficient movement mechanisms and esthetic movement forms have developed. Architects and engineers, in cooperation with biomechanists, are benefiting from this botanical “offering” and drawing inspiration for the development of new types of fac...
Chapter
Biology can provide exciting ideas for the development or improvement of technical products. As a rule, the underlying principles are first investigated using a feasibility demonstrator, which does not represent a finished technical product but nevertheless, on the whole, is intended to “function” like the finished product. However, there is a long...
Chapter
Biology can provide exciting ideas for the development or improvement of technical products. As a rule, the underlying principles are first investigated using a feasibility demonstrator, which does not represent a finished technical product but nevertheless, on the whole, is intended to “function” like the finished product. However, there is a long...
Chapter
Pflanzen besitzen weder Muskeln noch „klassische“ lokale Gelenke – und können sich dennoch bewegen. Im Laufe der Evolution sind effiziente Bewegungsmechanismen und ästhetische Bewegungsformen entstanden. Aus diesem „Angebot“ der Botanik schöpfen Architekten und Ingenieure in Zusammenarbeit mit Biomechanikern Inspiration für die Entwicklung neuartig...
Article
Full-text available
The ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016/2017 is the most recent in the series of experimental building demonstrators developed by the Institute for Computational Design (ICD) and the Institute for Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) at the University of Stuttgart. The completed structure is a 12 m long cantilevering lattice-composite shell...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Integrative Technology and Architectural Design Research (ITECH) Programme at the University of Stuttgart provides an international educational environment open to students from a variety of disciplines, such as architecture, engineering, biology and computer science. Together they envision, design and build novel material and fabrication syste...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the design and fabrication of the ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016/2017, the most recent in the series of experimental installations developed as an outcome of the design-and-build studio of the ITECH Masters Programme. The completed structure is a 12m long cantilevering lattice-composite shell that was wound in one piece by a m...
Article
Abstract. Smart and adaptive outer façade shading systems are of high interest in modern architecture. For long lasting and reliable systems, the abandonment of hinges which often fail due to mechanical wear during repetitive use is of particular importance. Drawing inspiration from the hinge-less motion of the underwater snap-trap of the carnivoro...
Article
Hingeless shading systems inspired by nature are increasingly the focus of architectural research. In contrast to traditional systems, these compliant mechanisms can reduce the amount of maintenance-intensive parts and can easily be adapted to irregular, doubly curved, facade geometries. Previous mechanisms rely merely on the reversible material de...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fiber composite materials have tremendous potential in architectural applications due to their high strength to weight ratio and their ability to be formed into complex shapes. Novel fabrication processes can be based on the unique affordances and characteristics of fiber composites. Because these materials are lightweight and have high tensile str...
Chapter
Full-text available
Pflanzen besitzen weder Muskeln noch „klassische“ lokale Gelenke – und können sich dennoch bewegen. Im Laufe der Evolution sind effiziente Bewegungsmechanismen und ästhetische Bewegungsformen entstanden. Aus diesem „Angebot“ der Botanik schöpfen Architekten und Ingenieure in Zusammenarbeit mit Biomechanikern Inspiration für die Entwicklung neuartig...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses the development of a bio-inspired compliant mechanism for architectural applications and explains the methodology of investigating movements found in nature. This includes the investigation of biological compliant mechanisms, abstraction, and technical applications using computational tools such as finite element analysis (FEA)...
Chapter
The project proposes a new train station on a site located in the center of Chicago city. It envisions the undulating roof structure of the station to form an urban park, from which the tracks below can easily be accessed. Accordingly, the diploma focuses on the development of the station roof as key element of the design, elaborating it as a porou...

Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
The Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD) and the Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) at the University of Stuttgart have completed a new research pavilion exploring building-scale fabrication of glass and carbon fibre-reinforced composites. The novel process is based on the unique affordances and characteristics of fibre construction. Because these materials are lightweight and have high tensile strength, a radically different approach to fabrication becomes possible, which combines low-payload yet long-range machines, such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), with strong, precise, yet limited reach, industrial robots. This collaborative concept enables a scalable fabrication setup for long span fibre composite construction. The research builds on a series of successful pavilions, which investigate integrative computational design, engineering and fabrication, and explores their spatial ramifications and construction possibilities. The project was designed and fabricated by students and researchers within an interdisciplinary team of architects, engineers and biologists.