Salvatore T. March

Salvatore T. March
Vanderbilt University | Vander Bilt · Owen Graduate School of Management

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102
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
The traditional and most prevalent view of theory in the information systems (IS) discipline is conceptualized in what has been termed ?variance theory," or more properly ?variance meta-theory," where a meta-theory is a means by which to conceptualize the types of constructs and relationships used to develop a specific theory (instance). Variance m...
Article
Full-text available
A combination of big data and predictive analytics orchestrated through the Internet of Things (IoT) offers many opportunities for researchers in Information Systems, Operations Management and Strategy to look at old problems in new ways, and to identify completely new research areas. While there is much hype, little research has been conducted tha...
Article
The term theoretical lens has grown in usage in business and social science research and particularly in the information systems (IS) discipline. In this paper, we question what the term really means by examining it on several dimensions in the context of its actual use. In particular, we consider 1) where the term appears in each paper, 2) how man...
Article
Full-text available
Championed by Whitehead (1979), a process metaphysics has been forwarded as one way of conceptualizing the fundamental nature of our existence. On an applied level, we might use the notion of process within the framework of scientific method to advance our knowledge of how we might take steps to create particular outcomes or states that we desire w...
Article
Process theory has become an important mechanism for the accumulation of knowledge in a number of disciplines. Process theory focuses on sequences of activities, their durations, and the intervals between them, as they lead to specific outcomes. Thus, process theory is particularly relevant to project management knowledge representation and accumul...
Article
Alter (2013) proposes the work system theory (WST) as the transformation of previously developed information system (IS) artifacts: the work system method (WSM), the work system framework, and the work system life cycle (WSLC). This transformation of IS artifacts into theory suggests a new set of questions regarding how we conceptualize theory and...
Article
Conceptual modeling is fundamental to information systems requirements engineering. Systems analysts and designers use the constructs and methods of a conceptual modeling formalism to represent, communicate, and validate the contents, capabilities, and constraints of an envisioned information system within its organizational context. The value of s...
Data
Two paradigms characterize much of the research in the Information Systems discipline: behavioral science and design science. The behavioral-science paradigm seeks to develop and verify theories that explain or predict human or organizational behavior. The design-science paradigm seeks to extend the boundaries of human and organizational capabiliti...
Article
Empirical research is an important methodology for the study of conceptual modeling practices. The recently published article "Representing Part-Whole Relations in Conceptual Modeling: An Empirical Evaluation" (Shanks et al. 2008) uses the lens of ontology to study a relatively sophisticated aspect of conceptual modeling practice, the representatio...
Article
We must look ahead at today's radical changes in technology, not just as forecasters but as actors charged with designing and bringing about a sustainable and acceptable world. New knowledge gives us power for change: for good or ill, for knowledge is neutral. The problems we face go well beyond technology: problems of living in harmony with nature...
Article
Design science has emerged as an important research paradigm in the information systems (IS) discipline, and much has been written on how it should be conducted and evaluated (e.g., Hevner et al. [2004]; Walls et al. [1992]; Vaishnavi and Kuechler [2007]; Kuechler and Vaishnavi [2008]; Peffers et al. [2007]; Iivari [2010]; Pigneur [2011]). We conte...
Article
The explicit representation of context and subjectivity enables an information system to support multiple interpretations of the data it records. This is a crucial aspect of learning and innovation within scientific information systems. We present an ontology-based framework for context and subjectivity that integrates two lines of research: data p...
Article
Full-text available
Research in temporal database management has suggested that the Entity-Relationship (E-R) model lacks appropriate constructs for representing the dynamic nature of the real world. To make up for this claimed deficiency numerous structural extensions have been proposed. The notion that the fundamental E-R model is inadequate for representing the tem...
Chapter
Full-text available
Domains for which information systems are developed deal primarily with social constructions—conceptual objects and attributes created by human intentions and for human purposes. Information systems play an active role in these domains. They document the creation of new conceptual objects, record and ascribe values to their attributes, initiate act...
Article
Full-text available
Some of the significant topics included in the special issue on design science research in the MIS Quarterly journal are discussed. It has been stated in the journal that design is fundamental to the information systems discipline. The journal informs that information systems (IS) professionals are engaged in the design and implementation of the in...
Article
Active information systems participate in the operation and management of business organizations. They create conceptual objects that represent social constructions, such as agreements, commitments, transactions, and obligations. They determine and ascribe attributes to both conceptual and concrete objects (things) that are of interest to the organ...
Chapter
Active information systems participate in the operation and management of business organizations. They create conceptual objects that represent social constructions, such as agreements, commitments, transactions, and obligations. They determine and ascribe attributes to both conceptual and concrete objects (things) that are of interest to the organ...
Article
The most influential work in the application of ontology to conceptual modeling is that of Wand and Weber (1990, 1995) who used the ontology posed by Mario Bunge (1977). However, Bunge's ontology is concerned with representing the material world - the world of material objects that possess physical properties existing independently from human perce...
Article
The selection of an efficient set of access paths is critical to the design of large multiuser data bases. This task is formulated as an integer, linear mathematical program, and an approach to its solution is presented. A series of experiments support the assertion that this approach is sufficient for quickly producing an efficient, if not optimal...
Article
Successfully supporting managerial decision-making is critically dependent upon the availability of integrated, high quality information organized and presented in a timely and easily understood manner. Data warehouses have emerged to meet this need. They serve as an integrated repository for internal and external data—intelligence critical to unde...
Article
Full-text available
Decisions to invest in information technology (IT) infrastructure are often made based on an assessment of its immediate value to the organization. However, an important source of value comes from the fact that such technologies have the potential to be leveraged in the development of future applications. From a real options perspective, IT infrast...
Article
While passive information systems simply record and report on the observed states of things in the world active information systems participate in the determination and ascription of state to things. They infer conclusions based on the application of rules that govern how things in the real world are affected when defined and identified events occu...
Article
Domains for which information systems are developed deal primarily with social constructions - conceptual objects and attributes created by human intentions and for human purposes. Information systems play an active role in these domains. They document the creation of new conceptual objects, record and ascribe values to their attributes, initiate a...
Article
Information systems are integral to the management of business and organizational processes. They perform calculations and ascribe values to material and artificial things according to rules designed by the organization and activated when identified events occur. The ontological definition of an event as a state-transition results in the conceptual...
Article
Full-text available
Ad hoc query formulation is an important task in effectively utilizing organizational data resources. To facilitate this task, managers and casual end-users are commonly presented with database views expressly constructed for their use. Differences in the way in which things, states, and events are represented in such views can affect a user's abil...
Article
Organizations and the information systems that support them are artificial and intentionally designed artifacts. Policies and procedures created by an organization define how specific events affect the states of things about which the organization is concerned. Active information systems are designed to participate in the operation and management o...
Article
Full-text available
Despite their potential to significantly reduce transaction costs for both buyers and sellers, e-marketplaces have struggled. Recent literature has examined the value propositions of e-marketplaces and proposed conceptual frameworks for their analysis. In this research, we move beyond conceptual analysis by developing a gametheoretic model of retur...
Article
Full-text available
Two paradigms characterize much of the research in the Information Systems discipline: behavioral science and design science. The behavioral-science paradigm seeks to develop and verify theories that explain or predict human or organizational behavior. The design-science paradigm seeks to extend the boundaries of human and organizational capabiliti...
Article
The design of responsive distributed database systems is a key concern for information systems managers. In high bandwidth networks latency and local processing are the most significant factors in query and update response time. Parallel processing can be used to minimize their effects, particularly if it is considered at design time. It is the jud...
Article
What distinguishes information systems from closely aligned disciplines such as computer science, organizational science, management science, economics, or systems engineering? How does IS research balance the demands of relevance and rigor to make effective contributions to both theory and practice? As senior researchers in IS, the authors have en...
Article
Full-text available
Research in temporal database management has viewed temporal dynamics from a structural perspective, posing extensions to the Entity-Relationship (E-R) model to represent the state history of time-dependent attributes and relationships. We argue that temporal dynamics are semantic rather than structural and that the existing constructs in the E-R m...
Chapter
Research in temporal database management has suggested that the Entity-Relationship model must be extended to compensate for its lack of constructs for representing the world’s dynamic nature. This claimed deficiency arises from the mistaken idea that Entity-Relationship diagrams represent only a snapshot of reality. Practitioners have long used En...
Book
For more than 20 years, the series of Conceptual Modeling – ER conferences has provided a forum for research communities and practitioners to present and - change research results and practical experiences in the ?elds of database design and conceptual modeling. Throughout the years, the scope of these conferences has extended from database design...
Chapter
Research in temporal database management has suggested that the Entity-Relationship model must be extended to compensate for its lack of constructs for representing the world’s dynamic nature. This claimed deficiency arises from the mistaken idea that Entity-Relationship diagrams represent only a snapshot of reality. Practitioners have long used En...
Article
Full-text available
Application-driven, technology-intensive research is critically needed to meet the challenges of globalization, interactivity, high productivity, and rapid adaptation faced by business organizations. Information systems researchers are uniquely positioned to conduct such research, combining computer science, mathematical modeling, systems thinking,...
Article
Prior research on intelligent Internet agents has failed to address the needs of long-lived data-collecting agents, focusing instead on short-lived transaction agents. Transaction agents typically run for a few seconds and retrieve information for a single transaction. With the staggering growth of electronic commerce, researchers and practitioners...
Article
User evaluations of information systems are frequently used as measures of MIS success, since it is extremely difficult to get objective measures of system performance. However, user evaluations have been appropriately criticized as lacking a clearly articulated theoretical basis for linking them to systems effectiveness, and almost no research has...
Conference Paper
Computer and related information and communication technologies have profoundly affected the shape of modern society. Shepherding the creation and utilization of effective and efficient computational technologies are the joint tasks of Computer Science and Information Systems researchers. Their realm is to understand and explicate the nature of tho...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research on intelligent Internet agents has failed to address the needs of long-lived data-collecting agents, focusing instead on short-lived transaction agents. Transaction agents typically run for a few seconds and retrieve information for a single transaction. With the staggering growth of electronic commerce, researchers and practitioners...
Article
Lack of support for Entity-Relationship (E-R) semantics and the disconnect between object-oriented programming languages (OOPLs) and database languages remain key roadblocks to the effective use of object-orientation in information systems development. We present SOODAS, a Semantic Object-Oriented Data Access System that defines and manages the met...
Article
Full-text available
The article focuses on information retrieval systems and its usefulness in business enterprises The article focuses on information retrieval systems and its usefulness in business enterprises . Information systems (IS) are quickly emerging as critical resources to be leveraged for organizational productivity in many business , social, and economic...
Article
ABSTRACT Recognizing the inadequacy of traditional cost/benefit analysis for evaluating information technology (IT) infrastructureprojects, research in technologyinvestment suggests the efficacy of taking a real options perspective for evaluating such projects[11, 24]. Option pricing methods (OPMs) help management properly evaluate the opportunitie...
Article
Full-text available
Object technology has been widely acclaimed as offering a revolution in computing that will resolve a myriad of problems inherent in developing and managing organizational information processing capabilities. Although its foundations arose in computer programming languages, object technology has implications for a wide range of business computing a...
Article
ptimizing join queries is a major problem in distributed database systems, particularly when files are replicated and copies stored at different nodes in the network. A distributed query optimization algorithm must select file copies and determine how and where those files will be processed. Process decisions include which files to reduce via semij...
Article
Theory suggests that semantic overload in database representations and query languages may be a significant contributing factor to difficulties in end-user access to corporate databases. With respect to join queries, two aspects of SQL-based relational database management systems are overloaded: (1) foreign key columns are overloaded to represent b...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Object-Orientation has the potential to significantlyimprove,information system development productivity through the reuse of code and design components. To achieve this potential, object patterns having similar update semantics must be recognized and standard interfaces developed for them. We propose six such patterns and demonstrate thei...
Article
Successful use of a computerized database by end users requires both an understanding of the structure of the database and knowledge of the available query language. Previous research has focused almost exclusively on query languages with little concern for how database structure is represented. This paper reports on an experiment that explores the...
Article
Full-text available
Research in IT must address the design tasks faced by practitioners. Real problems must be properly conceptualized and represented, appropriate techniques for their solution must be constructed, and solutions must be implemented and evaluated using appropriate criteria. If significant progress is to be made, IT research must also develop an underst...
Article
Accurate specification and validation of information requirements is critical to the development of organizational information systems. Semantic data models were developed to provide a precise and unambiguous representation of organizational information requirements [9, 17]. They serve as a communication vehicle between analysts and users. After an...
Article
The allocation of data and operations to nodes in a computer communications network is a critical issue in distributed database design. An efficient distributed database design must trade off performance and cost among retrieval and update activities at the various nodes. It must consider the concurrency control mechanism used as well as capacity c...
Conference Paper
Distributed database design is a difficult and complex process involving two major, interrelated problems. First, data must be allocated to nodes in the network. Second given such an allocation data must be efficiently accessed, processed, and possibly communicated to meet the retrieval and update requirements of the users. Both of these problems c...
Article
Information-based organizations depend upon computer databases and information systems for their ongoing operation and management. Information Resource Management 1992 is a program of activities directed at making effective use of information technology within an organization. These activities range from global corporate information planning to app...
Article
Field service managers are often faced with the problem of balancing the number of technicians, territory size, and field service quality. This paper presents an approximate state-dependent queuing model that can help field service managers make these tradeoffs. Simulation experiments over a variety of field service environments demonstrate that th...
Conference Paper
Conceptual data modeling is used in a variety of IS activities, including enterprise modeling, system requirements determination, logical database design, and data oriented application development. Recently a number of empirical studies have examined conceptual data models. The results from these studies are fragmented, often statistically insignif...
Article
Information-based organizations depend upon computer databases and information systems for their ongoing operation and management. is a program of activities directed at making effective use of information technology within an organization. These activities range from global corporate information planning to application system development, operatio...
Article
Full-text available
As with many complex design problems, physical database design is difficult, ill-structured, and highly human intensive. In order to effectively construct support systems or improve the practice of database design, it is important to understand how human designers reason about the task. We report an empirical study of physical database design probl...
Article
This paper carefully examines the data structuring concepts underlying the two ANSI standards for data languages: the Network Data Language (NDL) adopted in 1986, and the Structured Query Language (SQL) adopted in 1986, its 1989 addenda with some integrity constraints, and the more continuing, advanced developments of SQL2 as of 1988 (not yet adopt...
Article
Physical database design is a difficult and complex process. Algorithmic approaches are appropriate for design subproblems, such as record segmentation and access path selection, but are infeasible for global design. A major problem with algorithmic approaches is that, for realistic databases, the number of alternative schema possibilities that mus...
Article
An information architecture is a personnel, organization, and technology independent profile of the major information categories used within an organization. It provides a way to map information needs, relate them to specific business functions, and document their interrelationships. It is used to guide applications development and facilitate integ...
Article
Traditionally, application databases have been developed for efficiency of computer operations. The logical structure of the data is buried in the database schemas, application programs, and users' and programmers' minds. To manage information as a corporate resource the logical data structures must be made explicit. In this way organizational data...
Article
While information is recognized as an important corporate resource, its management has not been accomplished to the extent of other major resources. A major reason for this condition is that the information resource is not as well defined as other resources. To manage any resource effectively, the nature of that resource must be well defined. In th...
Article
The database management requirements of design applications are inherently different than those of business applications. These requirements can be met by database management systems based on object-oriented semantic data models rather than record-based data models. An object-oriented semantic data model called odm is described which integrates fun...
Article
The physical organization of data within a database has two major components: record structures and access paths. Record structures specify the grouping of data items into data records that are physically stored and accessed together. Access paths specify the algorithms and system data used to determine the physical location of data records and to...
Article
Finding a proper balance between productivity and control is critical for maintaining an effective end-user computing environment. This paper surveys problems associated with productivity in end-user computing environments including their causes and organizational impacts. Controls are recommended to overcome the problems and thereby enhance produc...
Article
In recent years, the information processing requirements of business organizations have expanded tremendously. With this expansion, the design of databases to efficiently manage this information has become critical. This paper addresses two areas of physical database design: record structuring (the grouping of data items into records that are physi...
Article
In recent years the information processing requirements of business organizations have expanded tremendously. With this expansion, the design of databases to efficiently manage and protect business information has become critical. We analyze the impacts of record segmentation (the assignment of data items to segments defining subfiles), an efficien...
Article
Full-text available
In a recent paper, Mamer and Smith (Mamer, J. W., S. A. Smith. 1982. Optimizing field repair kits based on job completion rate. Management Sci. 28 (11) 1328--1333.) presented a formulation for determining the optimal kit of parts and tools for on-site equipment repairs under a job completion criterion. The optimal kit minimizes the sum of expected...
Article
This paper presents a working decision support system for use in the physical design of a database. Physical database design, a structured decision problem, lends itself to a decision support approach because closed form algorithms are computationally infeasible. The paper describes the physical database design problem, presents an overview of a so...
Article
A methodology to aid in the task of physical database design is described. The methodology provides a multiple level descriptive model for formally expressing logical database problems and their physical solutions and a set of software procedures to aid in the design process. The logical structure and volume of the data and the user processing requ...
Article
Full-text available
Structuring database records by considering data item usage can yield substantial efficiencies in the operating cost of database systems. However, since the number of possible physical record structures for database of practical significance is enormous, and their evaluation is extremely complex, determining efficient record structures by full enum...
Article
Frame memory is a virtual view of secondary storage that can be implemented with reasonable overhead to support database record storage and accessing requirements. Frame memory is designed so that its operating characteristics can be easily manipulated by either designers or design algorithms, while performance effects of such changes can be accura...
Conference Paper
This paper provides an overview of a methodology developed to support systems analysts in the process of database design. The design approach is built upon an analytic model composed of (1) parametric descriptions for components of a generalized database organization, (2) costing equations which can evaluate a proposed modular database design, (3)...
Article
It is generally believed that 80 percent of all retrieval from a commercial database is directed at only 20 percent of the stored data items. By partitioning data items into primary and secondary record segments, storing them in physically separate files, and judiciously allocating available buffer space to the two files, it is possible to signific...
Chapter
Design science and natural science are complementary research paradigms in the management disciplines. Fundamentally the task of management is to develop, articulate, and achieve organizational goals and purposes. Design science research addresses that task by creating novel and effective artifacts that are demonstrated to improve managers’ capabil...