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Salvatore Ceccarelli

Salvatore Ceccarelli

PhD
Free Lance

About

249
Publications
139,304
Reads
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10,274
Citations
Introduction
Evolutionary plant breeding as a way of addressing the complexity of climate change
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - present
Self Employed
Position
  • Consultant
July 2011 - June 2014
International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
Position
  • Consultant
Description
  • Consultant for a EU funded project (SOLIBAM)
September 2010 - August 2014

Publications

Publications (249)
Article
In this study we explored the effects of short-term evolution on a barley population selected through evolutionary breeding, which evolved under five environmental conditions for three years: three environments were favorable for growing barley while two were affected by either extreme cold and freeing periods or scarce precipitations. Molecular ch...
Book
Genetic, ecological and evolutionary research, spanning over several decades, showed that cultivating diversity promotes ecosystem services and its is a viable approach for reducing environmental impact while maintaining and even increasing yields. This research showed that evolutionary populations and dynamic mixtures: a) are able to adapt their p...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change affects the evolutionary potential and the survival of wild plant populations by acting on fitness traits. Resurrection approach was applied to investigate the phenotypic changes during the evolution of the wild progenitor of cultivated barley, Hordeum vulgare L. subsp. spontaneum (K. Koch.) Thell. in Jordan. We compared 40 Hordeum s...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity in general, and agrobiodiversity in particular are crucial for adaptation to climate change, for resilience and for human health as related to dietary diversity. Participatory plant breeding (PPB) has been promoted for its advantages to increase selection efficiency, variety adoption and farmers’ empowerment, and for being more sociall...
Chapter
Full-text available
Two mechanisms in plant breeding are thought to diminish crop diversity: the displacement of landraces by “improved” varieties, and a bias towards varieties developed under a high-input management regime. This multinational study examines how genetic diversity can be restored through evolutionary plant breeding: enabling plants under cultivation to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Climate change affects the evolutionary potential and the survival of wild plant populations by acting on fitness traits. Resurrection approach was applied to investigate the phenotypic changes during the evolution of the wild progenitor of cultivated barley, Hordeum spontaneum K. Koch in Jordan. We compared 40 Hordeum spontaneum K. Koch population...
Article
Full-text available
The CGIAR crop improvement (CI) programs, unlike commercial CI programs, which are mainly geared to profit though meeting farmers' needs, are charged with meeting multiple objectives with target populations that include both farmers and the community at large. We compiled the opinions from more than thirty experts in the private and public sector o...
Article
Organic agriculture mitigates the effects of climate change, is more sustainable than industrial agriculture, provides more nutritious and healthy food, and several ecosystem services. However, its potential to feed the world is largely unexplored, due to the limited number of breeding programs addressing the need of varieties specifically adapted...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is one of the processes that have already overstepped the safe planetary boundaries, together with the rate of biodiversity loss and human interference with the nitrogen and phosphorus cycles. The three processes are related to agriculture and, as such, to both food safety and food security, and ultimately to human health. Adaptation...
Article
Full-text available
India has the largest area of rainfed dryland agriculture globally, with a variety of distinct types of farming systems producing most of its coarse cereals, food legumes, minor millets, and large amounts of livestock. All these are vital for national and regional food and nutritional security. Yet, the rainfed drylands have been relatively neglect...
Preprint
Full-text available
In barley, the transition from the vegetative to reproductive phase is complex and under the control of photoperiodic and temperature conditions. One major gene involved is PPD-H1, a PSEUDO-RESPONSE REGULATOR 7 (PRR7) that encodes a component of the circadian clock. Mutation at PPD-H1 resulted in the photoperiod non-responsive ppd-H1 alleles that a...
Chapter
Agriculture production is a major driver of destabilization of the earth's planetary boundaries within which humanity can safely operate. Producing enough food that is safe and nutritious is the biggest challenge in 21st century agriculture. Yield gains through genetic enhancement have either slowed down or not rising to the level needed to meet th...
Article
The role of biodiversity in plant breeding needs to be reconsidered to cope with the complexity, location specificity and combined challenges of climate change, human population increase, human health and food security, safety and sovereignty. From a biological viewpoint, heterogeneous plant populations derived from evolutionary plant breeding may...
Article
Organic agriculture mitigates the effects of climate change, is more sustainable than industrial agriculture, provides more nutritious and healthy food, and several ecosystem services. However, its potential to feed the world is largely unexplored, due to the limited number of breeding programs addressing the need of varieties specifically adapted...
Chapter
Despite its demonstrated efficiency, participatory plant breeding (PPB) has not gained widespread acceptance. Selection theory and variety adoption dynamics provide the scientific basis of PPB. Decentralized selection (selection in the target environment) yields greater genetic gains, particularly with heterogeneous target populations, as is common...
Article
Full-text available
Legumes' cultivation contributes services to agro-ecosystems and society, in line with the principles of sustainability. Among pulses, the common bean is one of the most important sources of plant proteins and other important nutrients for humans. Extensive phenotypic and genetic characterisations of unexplored bean germplasm are still needed to un...
Article
Background: Until a hundred years ago, cereals were grown only as populations with varying amounts of genetic diversity both within and among different crops. However, since the nineteenth century, methods for isolating and reproducing monocultural varieties have become universal, particularly among larger producers, leading to widespread within-f...
Article
In the Mediterranean region, progress in selection for yield in harsh environments is hampered by large environmental variation between seasons and locations. This study analyzes the genotype-by-environ-merit (GE) interaction of 36 two-rowed genotypes of barley (Hordeum vulgate L.), grown in 14 environments in Syria and North Africa. It assesses th...
Chapter
Full-text available
 Crop diversity increases resilience of farm production to climate changes and damage from pests and diseases.  Science has associated the decrease of biodiversity with (our physical and mental health) the increase of certain diseases in humans linked to the composition and diversity of the microbiota in our intestines.  Dietary diversity is of...
Article
Barley is an important cereal crop for the arid and semi-arid Mediterranean environments. Future climate projections show that Mediterranean countries will get drier and hotter. The objectives of the study are to: i) simulate the impacts of different climate projections and different sowing dates on yield; ii) quantify the importance of heat and dr...
Article
The paper provides an overview of institutions, scientists, and practitioners involved over the years in the various ways in which participatory plant breeding (PPB) is implemented, with indication of the crops involved and the countries in which it took place, or is still taking place. This might help creating a better awareness of the scope (both...
Book
Full-text available
Produce tus propias semillas Introducción práctica al mejoramiento evolutivo participativo
Chapter
Modern plant breeding has moved towards uniformity, while the increasing demand for nutritious and safe food would require the maintenance and enhancement of biodiversity to respond to climate changes, to improve resilience at farm level and to improve health through a diversified diet. Thus, a change in the way new varieties are produced is necess...
Chapter
There is a need for a shift in the objectives and organization of plant breeding programs with a return to selection for local adaptation, in collaboration with farmers using participatory-evolutionary breeding, which reconciles agro ecological principles, with income generating agriculture, adaptation to climate changes and production of healthy f...
Article
The wild ancestral form of Oat, Avena sterilis L., collected from the oat diversity center, is a valuable source for gene enrichment in oat crop improvement. This study is aimed at assessing the extent and the pattern of morphological variation in the wild populations of oat with respect to populations’ passport data, and to identify the major trai...
Article
Full-text available
Background Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is a major cereal crop, which is cultivated under variable environmental conditions and abiotic stresses in marginal areas around the globe. In this study, we evaluated 150 Jordanian landraces obtained from ICARDA Gene Bank and four local checks for yield and yield components related-traits in two locations ac...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing demand for nutritious, safe, and healthy food because of a growing population, and the pledge to maintain biodiversity and other resources, pose a major challenge to agriculture that is already threatened by a changing climate. Diverse and healthy diets, largely based on plant-derived food, may reduce diet-related illnesses. Investments...
Article
Full-text available
Varieties specifically bred for organic and low-input agriculture are presently lacking. A strategy to develop them is evolutionary breeding that relies on a combination of natural and artificial selection. This study investigated the ability of an evolutionary breeding program, carried out over 24 years, to select barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) heter...
Article
Full-text available
Approaches to food security primarily focus on technological solutions, seeking to produce more food, preferably with fewer resources. It has been argued that access to food involves issues of resource distribution and social marginalization. Governance is seen as one of the keys to redressing the institutional inequity that affects resource distri...
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate changes are expected to have major effects on food security and agricultural production, mostly by increasing uncertainty, thus increasing the vulnerability particularly of small farmers who are producing 70% of the world's food. These expected effects of climate changes are made worse by the approximations of the current prediction models,...
Article
Full-text available
Wheat landraces and old varieties could have an important role for food security not only as source of gene readily available for breeders, but also because they perform well in marginal environments and are more resilient as compared to the modern cultivars. The Italian cereal sector suffers from lack of seed companies that breed specifically adap...
Chapter
Full-text available
The PPB Syrian experience has shown that it is entirely possible to organize a plant-breeding program with the full participation of farmers while maintaining intact the “science” of plant breeding. Therefore, from a scientific point of view there are not scientific justifications against using PPB. The Syrian experience has also shown the PPB can...
Article
Full-text available
Plant landraces represent heterogeneous, local adaptations of domesticated species. and thereby provide genetic resources that meet current and new challenges for farming in stressful environments. These local ecotypes canm show variable phenology and low-to-moderate edible yield, but are often highlymnutritious. The main contributions of landraces...
Article
Full-text available
In order to reduce the environmental impact of agriculture and improve the resilience and sustainability of our food systems, there is an increasing interest in shifting from the present agricultural systems, which are characterized by high external inputs, to low-input productive systems characterized by high resilience and sustainability. Purpose...
Article
Full-text available
Plant landraces represent heterogeneous, local adaptations of domesticated species. and thereby provide genetic resources that meet current and new challenges for farming in stressful environments. These local ecotypes canm show variable phenology and low-to-moderate edible yield, but are often highlymnutritious. The main contributions of landraces...
Chapter
Full-text available
The global issues frequently debated today are poverty, hunger and malnutrition, water, biodiversity in general and agrobiodiversity in particular, and climate change: the problems are often discussed separately even though they are closely interdependent. Here, they will not be discussed in detail as this has been done recently by Dendena et al. (...
Article
Full-text available
Wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum is the progenitor of cultivated barley. The center of diversity is in the Fertile Crescent in the Near East, where wild barley grows under a wide range of environmental and climatic conditions. Jordan wild barley is expected to harbor important genes that could be used for the improvement of the cultivated varieties...
Research
Full-text available
The paper suggest methods (participatory and evolutionary plant breeding) to produce varieties specifically adapted to an agro ecological agricultural model and to climate change.
Book
Full-text available
This manual has been written for peasants. The aim is to share with them some basic biological knowledge that is useful to understand what seeds are and how farmers can eventually produce seeds that will give the type of plants that are best suited to their conditions of today and those of tomorrow.
Article
Full-text available
Participatory plant breeding (PPB) has been proposed as a breeding methodology to increase/optimize the development and adoption of several new varieties each one different and each adapted to individual microclimates. Tomato is an important horticultural crop in Europe, and in particular in Italy, and there is an increasing demand for organic toma...
Article
Full-text available
Participatory plant breeding (PPB) has been practiced for several reasons, including sociological, humanitarian, and egalitarian. This paper aims to demonstrate that PPB should be practiced simply because it increases plant breeding efficiency, which is defined as (i) the ratio between the number of varieties adopted and the number of crosses made,...
Article
Full-text available
After a review of the effects of climate changes on food security and agricultural production, the chapter relates modern plant breeding, as opposed to farmers' breeding practiced for millennia, with the decrease of agrobiodiversity. It underlines the contradiction between the unanimous recognition of the importance of biodiversity and the tendency...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing debate about the use of genetically-modified (GM) crops in agriculture has largely focused on food safety and genetic contamination issues. Given that the majority of GM crops have been produced to respond to the problem of crop yield reductions caused by diseases, insects and weeds, the paper argues that in those cases, the currently u...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-environment trials represent a highly valuable tool for the identification of the genetic bases of crop yield potential and stress adaptation. A Diversity Array Technology®-based barley map has been developed in the ‘Nure’ × ‘Tremois’ biparental Doubled Haploid population, harbouring the genomic position of a gene set with a putative role in...
Article
Full-text available
There are situations in which a number of inbred lines are found grouped into classes, depending on their origin and phenology. Interest in such situations lies in the estimation of genotypic variations between the genotypes from individual groups, whereas all genotypes are evaluated in a single trial conducted in a randomized complete block design...
Chapter
This new book Plant Genetic Resources and Climate Change contains 11 chapters summarizing perspectives on climatic change and how it might affect plant populations, and the expected impact on agriculture around the world. It presents some of the latest perspectives about how genetic resources can contribute to achieving food security under the chal...
Article
Full-text available
Key message Spring growth in barley controlled by natural variation at Vrn-H1 and Vrn-H2 improved yield stability in marginal Syrian environments. Abstract The objective of the present study was to identify QTL influencing agronomic performance in rain-fed Mediterranean environments in a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population, ARKE derived fro...
Chapter
Full-text available
Old barley germplasm from the primary gene pool (landraces and wild relative) provides a broad representation of natural variation not only in agronomically important traits but also in nutraceuticals. Five hundred and twenty barley landraces including 36 wild barley relatives belonging to 33 countries were subject to agronomic and quality screenin...
Article
Full-text available
Participatory plant breeding was introduced in Algeria in 2005–2006 with the full collaboration and support of the Ministry of Agriculture. This paper describes the methodology used in the first cycle of evaluation and selection with barley (Hordeum vulgare spp. vulgare L.), which lasted five years but in one year data were not collected because of...
Article
Full-text available
Wild barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum) and landraces are important sources of resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses since they possess wide genetic diversity that may be missing in current elite varieties. In this study, we evaluated a set of 57 barley introgression lines divided in groups depending on the expected levels of introgressio...
Article
Full-text available
23 January 2012 marked 70 years since the death of the Italian plant breeder Nazareno Strampelli (1866–1942), one of the most important plant geneticists of the 20th century. During the first 30 years of what is known as the ‘short century’, Strampelli was among the first, in Europe and in the world, to systematically apply Mendel's laws to plant b...