Salvador Pardo-Gordó

Salvador Pardo-Gordó
Universidad de La Laguna | ULL · Department of Pre-history, Anthropology and Ancient History

PhD in Prehistory
Ramón y Cajal researcher

About

112
Publications
29,403
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702
Citations
Citations since 2017
66 Research Items
592 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120

Publications

Publications (112)
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally the concept of ‘complexity’ is used as a synonym for ‘complex society’, i.e., human groups with characteristics such as urbanism, inequalities, and hierarchy. The introduction of Nonlinear Systems and Complex Adaptive Systems to the discipline of archaeology has nuanced this concept. This theoretical turn has led to the rise of modell...
Article
Full-text available
We applied taphonomic analysis combined with geostatistical approaches to investigate the hypothesis that Cocina cave (Eastern Iberia) represents an acculturation context for the appearance of Neolithic Cardial pottery. In the 1970s, Fortea suggested that this important site was a prime example of acculturation because of the presence of early Neol...
Article
Full-text available
As field data accumulates, the study of Neolithic Portugal has been receiving increasing attention recently, from material culture and subsistence to ideology. However, little is known about population dynamics. In this paper, we use a judicious selection of radiocarbon determinations to evaluate demographic phenomena within the 9.500–5.000 cal BP...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN: El uso de la información radiométrica para establecer con mayor precisión la llegada del Neolítico a la Península Ibérica se ha incrementado en las últimas décadas, debido a la popularización y utilidad del método de datación por C14. Sin embargo, las fechas de radiocarbono presentan problemas asociados a cuestiones de contexto arqueológic...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of scattered prehistoric human bones in caves and sinkholes is common in many regions of Iberia. These are usually interpreted as erratic elements coming from burial contexts, usually collective associations. These burial contexts are very frequent in karst areas of the Iberian Peninsula since the Early Neolithic, mostly in the Late Ne...
Article
Full-text available
El radiocarbono puede presentar problemas relacionados con la naturaleza de la muestra fechada, los propios del método y la fiabilidad estratigráfica del contexto fechado. Por ello, el principal objetivo de este trabajo consiste en efectuar una exploración sistemática de cada uno de ellos. Para ello ha sido realizada una revisión crítica de las fec...
Chapter
Several studies indicate that ecosystem resilience exhibits decreased signals before regime shifts. Considering human dynamics, the Neolithic constitutes a techno-economic revolution that implies a significant increase in population according to SPDs from calibrated radiocarbon dates as a relative demographic proxy. The use of SPD methods in severa...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this work is to show an automatic Bayesian procedure to obtain accurate chronological information of archaeological assemblages characterized by palimpsest or without radiocarbon dates and whose temporal information comes only from bifacial flint arrowheads. In this paper, a classification method based on the Dirichlet-multinomial in...
Article
Full-text available
Radiocarbon dating can give rise to problems associated with the nature of the dated sample, with the method used itself and with the stratigraphic reliability of the dated site. Consequently, the principal objective of this paper is to carry out a systematic exploration of each of these aspects. To this end, a critical review was conducted of the...
Book
Full-text available
Desde hace poco tiempo en el estudio sobre los orígenes de las primeras sociedades agrícolas en el Mediterráneo Occidental se ha generado un amplio debate en torno a la filiación y características culturales de los primeros grupos que practican una economía de subsistencia. En este contexto encuentra sentido la discusión sobre la presencia en la pe...
Article
Full-text available
This work is a starting point for rethinking the role of the Iberian Peninsula in the neolithisation of northern Morocco. It focuses on the similarities and divergences between the first pottery productions and their decorations in both territories. This relationship is supported by the existence of an accurate chronological gradation between the f...
Article
Full-text available
Dating is a key element for archaeologists. We propose a Bayesian approach to provide chronology to sites that have neither radiocarbon dating nor clear stratigraphy and whose only information comes from lithic arrowheads. This classifier is based on the Dirichlet-multinomial inferential process and posterior predictive distributions. The procedure...
Article
Agricultural activities, including practices, crops and techniques have evolved throughout history undergoing tremendous changes. From the early Neolithic farmers in the Mediterranean focused on cereal agriculture and only later, during the 4th/3rd millennium cal. BC in the Eastern basin, other species such as fruit trees were introduced into the a...
Chapter
The purpose of this work is to explore hitchhiking as the main process responsible for the diversity of cultural items in the Western Mediterranean in the context of the spread of agriculture during the Neolithic (8000 to 7200 cal BP). The use of hitchhiking in a cultural context is defined as the transmission of neutral traits (e.g. linguistics) w...
Chapter
Most models or explanations of the past attempt to integrate a wide array of social and ecological processes while relying on modest amounts of evidence. This makes the validation of such models challenging, especially when explanations apply to wide geographical or chronological contexts, such as the transition to agriculture across Europe. Comput...
Article
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Se presentan los resultados obtenidos del estudio de los restos y materiales arqueológicos recuperados en 1969, mediante excavación, en la cueva del Cara-sol de Vernissa (Xàtiva, València). Se trata de una pequeña cavidad utilizada como espacio sepulcral. Las aportaciones más notables son la constatación de que la mayoría de los restos pertenecen a...
Article
Full-text available
In the lower Ebro valley, the problem of surface artefact palimpsests has been materialized in studies that provide rigid and linear relative chronologies, with little rigor and without considering the post-depositional processes that affect such assemblages. In order to explore this problem and to be able to specify and analyze these superficial s...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this paper is to discuss the validity of radiocarbon dates as a source of knowledge for explaining social dynamics over a large region and a long period of time. We have carefully selected c. 1000 14C dates for the time interval 8000–4000 cal BC within the northwestern Mediterranean area (NE Iberian Peninsula, SE France, N Italy) and Sw...
Preprint
Dating is a key element for archaeologists. We propose a Bayesian approach to provide chronology to sites that have neither radiocarbon dating nor clear stratigraphy and whose only information comes from lithic arrowheads. This classifier is based on the Dirichlet-multinomial inferential process and posterior predictive distributions. The procedure...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: Los estudios focalizados en la Prehistoria Reciente peninsular han sido escasos en el cauce bajo del valle del Ebro (Tarragona). La investigación en esta área se caracteriza sobre todo por el estudio de los materiales recuperados en intervenciones arqueológicas de urgencia o bien en su inventario. Esto deriva en la emergencia de una proble...
Chapter
De la misma manera en que se ha definido una geoestadística que analiza la variabilidad en el espacio usando técnicas estadísticas muy específicas, podemos imaginar una cronoestadística que estudia la variabilidad a lo largo de la escala calendárica. Los métodos estadísticos específicos son conocidos desde hace bastante tiempo, usualmente englobado...
Chapter
En este trabajo se realiza análisis exhaustivo de todas aquellas propuestas en las que se han utilizado las fechas radiométricas de forma aislada o en comparación con otros indicadores para la realización de inferencias y/o análisis paleodemográficos en la prehistoria de la península ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias. Basándose en un trabajo...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este capítulo se describe el diseño, manejo y la gestión de una base de datos radiométrica centrada en el estudio del Mesolítico y el Neolítico de la península Ibérica. Las investigaciones sobre el proceso de neolitización en el arco mediterráneo peninsular desarrolladas desde el Departament de Prehistòria, Arqueologia i Història Antiga (Univers...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dating is a key element for archaeologists. We propose a Bayesian approach to provide chronology to sites that have neither radiocarbon dating nor clear stratigraphy and whose only information comes from bifacial flint arrow-heads. This classifier is based on the Dirichlet-multinomial inferential process and posterior predictive distributions. The...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological and climate modelling is increasingly common in archaeological science as it is a useful tool to analyse human behaviour and ecological variables that influenced the conformation of landscapes. Predictive vegetation models, mainly based on palynological data, provide meaningful information about the theoretical distribution of plant form...
Conference Paper
While technological innovation is one of the main traits defining the Neolithic spread, it has often been associated to farming and agriculture. However, innovation can be expressed in many ways, from the introduction of new tools serving specific purposes to the modification of the pre-existing ones, where this modification could be responding bot...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we describe the radiocarbon dataset compiled in the context of the project HAR2015-68962 EVOLPAST: 'Dinámicas evolutivas y patrones de variabilidad cultural de los últimos cazadores-recolectores y el primer Neolítico en el este peninsular (7000–4500 cal. BC)' funded by the Spanish government. The dataset offers the most complete and...
Article
Tracing hunter-gatherer's mobility has been a recurring topic both in anthropological and archaeological literature. Following Binford's approach (1980), ethnographic comparisons have been brought out in order to better understand mobility patterns among Palaeolithic and Mesolithic groups, and how they relate with their environment, thus formulatin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El presente seminario tiene por objetivo crear un foro de debate en torno a los contextos con materiales cerámicos impressos del Neolítico antiguo de la península ibérica. Recientes hallazgos permiten vislumbrar un posible horizonte cronocultural previo al tradicional Neolítico antiguo cardial.
Article
Full-text available
Las comarcas centro-meridionales del País Valenciano y sus cuencas fluviales constituyen áreas con documentación excelente de la Prehistoria Reciente, gracias al interés continuado de la investigación desde el s. XIX hasta hoy. En este trabajo, presentamos un análisis combinado de series de fechas C14 junto con datos relativos al poblamiento, para...
Article
Full-text available
Among the objectives addressed in the framework of the projects HAR2012-33111 MESOCOCINA and HAR2015-68962 EVOLPAST are the evaluation of the socio-ecological dynamics along the broad Mesolithic sequence, as well as the analysis of the neolithisation process in a framework designed for obtaining and studying precise archaeological records. The inte...
Conference Paper
When trying to understand the Neolithic transition in the Western Mediterranean, Cocina Cave (Dos Aguas, Valencia, Eastern Iberia) outstands as a key landmark for many reasons. We count its archaeological record as one of the most significant in southwestern Europe. Not only are its lithic and faunal records counted by the thousands, but they also...
Article
Full-text available
The agricultural way of life spreads throughout Europe via two main routes: the Danube corridor and the Mediterranean basin. Current archaeological literature describes the arrival to the Western Mediterranean as a rapid process which involves both demic and cultural models, and in this regard, the dispersal movement has been investigated using mat...
Conference Paper
L´arrivée de l´agriculture et l´élevage, apparait comme une des piliers fondamentaux pour la compréhension de la dynamique historique du Maghreb et sa relation avec l´ensemble des régions méditerranéennes, et en particulier, avec la Péninsule Ibérique. Entre 2011 et 2013 dans le cadre du projet AGRIWSTMED Origins and spread of agriculture in the so...
Article
Full-text available
The period comprising the end of the Early Neolithic and the Middle Neolithic, dated broadly within the fifth millennium cal BC, corresponds to an interval that remains largely unknown in the extreme north-western tip of Africa. This situation contrasts with that of the Early Neolithic, a period characterised by the earliest evidence of the diffusi...
Conference Paper
Cocina Cave was excavated for the first time by Lluís Pericot during the 1940s of the XX century. Due to the archaeological methodology followed at the time, some problems may arise for the sake of today's needed accuracy. The main goals of the team of the University of Valencia currently working at the site are not just providing a more detailed r...
Article
Full-text available
In landscapes whose surface has been modified by terracing and other agricultural land-use, the spatial and temporal patterning of prehistoric settlement can be difficult to detect using traditional, site-orientated archaeological survey methods, especially for small-scale societies. In these contexts, methods that can reveal occupational patterns...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. Este capítulo tiene como objetivo la comprensión de la estratigrafía en Cueva de la Cocina, y más en concreto de las intervenciones realizadas por Pericot en el año 1941 y 1945. Para ello se hará uso del conjunto de dataciones radiocarbónicas disponibles para dichas intervenciones sobre las que se elaborarán diferentes modelos cronológicos...
Article
Full-text available
Durante el otoño de 2017, entre los meses de septiembre y octubre, se ha llevado a cabo la segunda campaña de prospección en el territorio circundante a Cueva de la Co cina (Dos Aguas, València) en el marco del proyecto de investigación HAR2015-68962 EVOLPAST: dinámicas evolutivas y patrones de variabilidad cultural de los últimos cazadores-recolec...
Chapter
Full-text available
In landscapes intensely modified by agricultural terraces and other modern land uses, the spatio-temporal pattern of prehistoric settlement can be difficult to detect using traditional surveying methods oriented to the location of singular sites. Agricultural terraces are the norm, so it is necessary to examine the landscape as a whole, instead of...
Chapter
Full-text available
We present the design and development of the 3D virtualization of the excavations in Cueva de la Cocina (Dos Aguas, Valencia) within the framework of a research project whose objective is to approach the socio-ecological dynamics of the last hunter-gatherers and the first Neolithic based on the interesting sequence provided by this site. The projec...
Poster
Full-text available
Botanical identification of charcoal fragments from two Middle Palaeolithic sites located in Eastern Iberia provided significant palaeoenvironmental data where different plant formations are represented: extended coniferous woodlands dominated by junipers (Abric del Pastor, MIS 5/4) and scots pines (El Salt, MIS 3) and Mediterranean mixed forests m...
Article
In this paper, we compile recent ¹⁴ C dates related to the Neolithic transition in Mediterranean Iberia and present a Bayesian chronological approach for testing the dual model , a mixed model proposed to explain the spread of farming and husbandry processes in eastern Iberia. The dual model postulates the coexistence of agricultural pioneers and i...
Chapter
The spread of domestic plants and animals from the Near East towards the Western Mediterranean region is analysed using the current radiocarbon dataset relating to the last hunter-gatherers and the first farmers in the area. In order to do this, we have selected radiocarbon dates and built summed probability distributions and density maps, as a mea...
Chapter
Full-text available
The spread of agriculture from the Near East to Europe has long been a subject of intense archaeological study and debate in light of the social and economic changes that occurred and were set in motion as a result of this transition. Despite the attention paid to this important process, a consensus is far from being reached. Perhaps for these reas...
Chapter
Full-text available
Actual research into the neolithization process and the development of farming communities in the Western Mediterranean reveals a diverse and complex cultural landscape. Dispersal routes and rhythm of diffusion of the agro-pastoral economy, Mesolithic inheritance, regional interactions between communities, and functional adaptations all have to be...
Presentation
Full-text available
séminaire Modéliser la diffusion du Néolithique et les réseaux d’interaction
Article
Full-text available
Recent approaches have described the evolutionary dynamics of the first Neolithic societies as a cycle of rise and fall. Several authors, using mainly c14 dates as a demographic proxy, identified a general pattern of a boom in population coincident with the arrival of food production economies followed by a rapid decline some centuries afterward in...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Recent excavations and radiocarbon work conducted at Cocina Cave (Valencia region, Eastern Iberia) provide new insights into the transition from foraging to farming in the eastern Iberian Peninsula between 8000 and 7300 cal yrs. BP. Cocina cave was discovered in 1940 and excavated by L. Pericot from 1941 to 1945. J. Fortea continued excava...
Article
Full-text available
In the summer of 2016, between the months of July and September, a new excavations were carried out in Cueva de la Cocina (Dos Aguas, Valencia) funded by the SIP-Museo de Prehistòria de València program. The fieldwork was guided by the results of the previous campaign, in which we were able to carry out a total of six shovel tests in different part...
Chapter
Full-text available
The significance of coastal areas to human survival and expansion on the planet is undeniable. Their ecological diversity and their use as communication routes are some of their most distinctive qualities. However, the evidence of exploitation of these resources has had an uneven preservation, which is limited to certain regions and more recent eve...
Chapter
Full-text available
Radiocarbon and Neolithisation in the Iberian Peninsula. In this work we have carried out a compilation of radiocarbon dates availables for the entire Iberian Peninsula with the goal to built temporal maps about the neolitisation process. We have calculated the calibrated radiocarbon dating densities and we have represented them spacially in order...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, the synergistic approach to the relationship between humans and their environment has been consolidated in the social sciences and humanities, including archeology (Barton et al., 2002). In essence, this perspective is based on considering that human beings and their cultures have a major role in the evolution of the landscape. I...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN: Presentamos en este trabajo una evaluación inicial de los trabajos de prospección sistemática llevados a cabo en la comarca de La Canal de Navarrés (Valencia) desde el año 2014 en el marco del proyecto NSF " The Emergence of Coupled Natural and Human Landscapes in the Western Mediterranean ". El programa desarrollado ha seguido un protocol...