Saleh Kalantari

Saleh Kalantari
Cornell University | CU · Department of Design and Environmental Analysis

Doctor of Philosophy

About

40
Publications
10,420
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176
Citations
Introduction
I am an assistant professor in Cornell University’s Department of Design and Environmental Analysis and the director of the Design and Augmented Intelligence Lab (DAIL), where my research group investigates human–technology partnerships in the design process, and the resulting opportunities for innovation and creativity. We take an interdisciplinary approach to developing innovative AI-aided design tools with two main focus areas: (1) using biometric sensory data (EEG sensors, heart-rate monitor

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
This study evaluated the impact of visual transparency vs. opaqueness in storefront window displays in relation to consumer responses and approach behavior. While there is extensive prior literature analyzing various design features in such exterior-facing displays, the ability to see through or around the window displays to observe the store inter...
Article
This study investigated the neural dynamics associated with short-term exposure to different virtual classroom designs with different window placement and room dimension. Participants engaged in five brief cognitive tasks in each design condition including the Stroop Test, the Digit Span Test, the Benton Test, a Visual Memory Test, and an Arithmeti...
Article
Background and Objectives Exposure to nature and nature-based imagery has been shown to improve mood states and stave off cognitive decline in older adults. Even “micro-doses” of natural scenery can provide beneficial effects in situations where more extensive interactions with nature are not feasible. In the current study we evaluated the use of v...
Article
The researchers developed and tested a hybrid physical/digital toolset for architectural prototyping, named “Ph2D,” which allows adjustments in a physical floorplan model to be mirrored and analyzed in a digital platform. The toolset uses a modular approach based on interconnectable tiles (e.g., “wall section with exterior door”). Additional tile p...
Preprint
p>Participants (n = 99) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions in a 2 x 2 factorial design that crossed visual surveillance with expected evaluation. Participants in the surveillance condition were told that their computer’s screen would be remotely observed as they worked, along with as a live video and audio feed. Participants in the ev...
Preprint
p>Participants (n = 99) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions in a 2 x 2 factorial design that crossed visual surveillance with expected evaluation. Participants in the surveillance condition were told that their computer’s screen would be remotely observed as they worked, along with as a live video and audio feed. Participants in the ev...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of external observers has been shown to affect performance on cognitive tasks, but the parameters of this impact for different types of tasks and the underlying neural dynamics are less understood. The current study examined the behavioral and brain activity effects of perceived observation on participants’ visual working memory (VWM)...
Preprint
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Engaging with natural environments and representations of nature has been shown to improve mood states and reduce cognitive decline in older adults. The current study evaluated the use of virtual reality (VR) for presenting immersive 360 degree nature videos and a digitally designed interactive garden for this purpose. Fifty participants (age 60 pl...
Preprint
Full-text available
The researchers used a machine-learning classification approach to better understand neurological features associated with periods of wayfinding uncertainty. The participants (n=30) were asked to complete wayfinding tasks of varying difficulty in a virtual reality (VR) hospital environment. Time segments when participants experienced navigational u...
Article
Wayfinding difficulties in healthcare facilities have been shown to increase anxiety among patients and visitors, to reduce staff operational efficiency, and to increase operational costs. There is evidence that wayfinding-oriented interior design features can mitigate these problems, but the robust evaluation of wayfinding design strategies is hin...
Article
The design and manufacturing of concrete elements need to be reconsidered in light of current trends in architectural geometry. Today, there is a movement toward greater customization and adaptability of concrete elements using “reconfigurable formworks” and “additive manufacturing.” Our study approached the issue of fabricating non-standardized co...
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Full-text available
Immersive virtual environments (VEs) are increasingly used to evaluate human responses to design variables. VEs provide a tremendous capacity to isolate and readily adjust specific features of an architectural or product design. They also allow researchers to safely and effectively measure performance factors and physiological responses. However, t...
Conference Paper
The number of older adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is rapidly increasing. Individuals with this condition suffer from reduced daily activities and capacities, the resulting sense of frustration, and a decline in mental and physical health. However, there are not many existing studies for this specific user group in the HCI community. T...
Preprint
Full-text available
Wayfinding difficulties in healthcare facilities have been shown to increase anxiety among patients and visitors and reduce staff operational efficiency. Wayfinding-oriented interior design features have proven beneficial, but the evaluation of their performance is hindered by the unique nature healthcare facilities and the expense of testing diffe...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study investigated the neural dynamics associated with short-term exposure to different virtual classroom designs with different window placement and room dimension. Participants engaged in five brief cognitive tasks in each design condition including the Stroop Test, the Digit Span Test, the Benton Test, a Visual Memory Test, and an Arithmeti...
Article
Full-text available
The process of urban landmark-based navigation has proven to be difficult to study in a rigorous fashion, primarily due to confounding variables and the problem of obtaining reliable data in real-world contexts. The development of high-resolution, immersive virtual reality technologies has opened exciting new possibilities for gathering data on hum...
Conference Paper
Sleep disturbance and deprivation are major factors in delayed recovery, which can affect both the physical and emotional well-being of patients. Patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) are especially vulnerable to sleep deprivation due to light-induced disturbances. A desirable lighting intervention in the ICU would minimize light-i...
Article
What are the current challenges, effectiveness, and future research opportunities for using fully immersive virtual environments (FIVEs) for design research? To answer these questions, we conducted a systematic review to assess peer‐reviewed experimental studies, proof‐of‐concept studies, and conference proceedings that examined the use of FIVEs in...
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Rapid global urbanization has led to a construction boom in high-rise buildings, and this trend seems unlikely to change in the foreseeable future. But what are the social, psychological, and behavioral effects of living and working in high-rise environments? Researchers have only just begun to gather systematic empirical data about the positive an...
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Purpose This paper explores how service design can contribute to the evolution of health service systems, moving them toward people-centered, integrated and technology-enabled care; the paper develops a research agenda to leverage service design research for healthcare transformation. Design/methodology/approach This conceptual study starts by ana...
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This paper presents a new method of human-response testing to enhance the success of designs. Rather than waiting until after a building is constructed to see how the design will affect human users, we developed a high-resolution virtual-reality platform to present design variations to the study participants. This technique allowed us to make very...
Conference Paper
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Conference Paper
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The physical design of the learning environment has been shown to contribute significantly to student performance and educational outcomes. However, the existing literature on this topic relies primarily on generalized observations rather than on rigorous empirical testing. Broad trends in environmental impacts have been noted, but there is a lack...
Conference Paper
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1 ABSTR ACT Advances in construction automation have primarily focused on creating heavy machines to accomplish repetitive tasks. While this approach is valuable in an assembly-line context, it does not always translate well for the diverse terrain and dynamic nature of construction sites. As a result, the use of automation in the architectural ass...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a computational approach to generating architectural forms for large spanning structures based on a ``paper-cutting'' technique. Using this approach, a flat sheet is cut and scored in such a way that a small application of force prompts it to expand into a three-dimensional structure. Our computational system can be used to esti...
Conference Paper
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Current advancements in information technology and mechanical components offer incredible new possibilities for innovation in architecture. Many aspects of our physical environment are becoming integrated with information systems, a phenomenon that has been referred to as thè`Internet of Things.'' The implications and applications of this technolog...
Conference Paper
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Todays design researchers are beginning to develop a process-based approach to biomimicry. Instead of merely looking at static natural structures for inspiration, we are learning to draw from the underlying organic processes that lead to the creation of those structures. This paradigm shift points us in the direction of adaptive fabrication systems...
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There is a growing agreement among researchers and practitioners that the input of facility managers (FMs) can be a vital resource during the architectural design process. FMs are responsible for the everyday operations of buildings, and are therefore aware of many practical details of maintenance and efficiency that designers may overlook. However...
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Purpose The aim of this study is to focus on the perspectives of facility managers in each region and the different challenges impacting collaboration in each geographical context. This research analyzed obstacles to collaboration between facility managers and architectural designers in three international regions. Design/methodology/approach A mu...
Conference Paper
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GrowMorph is an ongoing research project that addresses the logic of bacterial cellular growth and its potential uses in architecture and design. While natural forms have always been an inspiration for human creativity, contemporary technology and scientific knowledge can allow us to advance the principle of biomimesis in striking new directions. B...
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Many elements of architectural design are becoming automated , and the boundaries between design, construction, and use are increasingly blurred. These developments have produced concerns that our design processes might outrun "human factors" in our search for novelty and automation. At the same time, however, this new technology can also improve o...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to identify the current challenges and opportunities faced by the facility managers (FMs) in Doha, Qatar. Design/methodology/approach Researchers queried 40 FMs about their experience working in Qatar, using interviews and workshops. Findings Comments gathered followed general patterns. Participants expressed appreciation...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study was a post-occupancy evaluation (POE) to examine the effectiveness of three specific design innovations in a mental healthcare facility. In addition to collecting data about the impact of these specific designs, the study provides a model for the broader implementation of POE approaches in the mental healthcare context. Bac...
Conference Paper
Many aspects of our physical environment are becoming integrated with information systems, a phenomenon that has been referred to as the “The Internet of Things(IoT).” In Architecture, IoT can be understood asa seamless combination of data-driven design, data analysis, and adaptive systems. AdaptiveSystems Studio, composed of 17 graduate architectu...
Article
This research examines the effects of the built environment on human stress and anxiety levels, by measuring the responses of participants as they interact with various architectural design features using Augmented Reality technology. Architectural form-making is becoming more dynamic and expressive in today’s world, deviating from traditional desi...
Conference Paper
The process of designing high rise buildings is demanding. In addition to being technically complex, high rise buildings must respond to the functional and psychological needs of the building users. As with other complex building types, an adequate design process suggests looking backward and forward simultaneously. Utilizing feedback from past use...

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