Saleem Ali

Saleem Ali
University of Delaware | UDel UD · Department of Geography

PhD

About

214
Publications
93,243
Reads
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4,879
Citations
Citations since 2016
118 Research Items
3985 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
Additional affiliations
August 2002 - September 2012
University of Vermont
Position
  • Professor of Environmental Planning

Publications

Publications (214)
Article
Significant amounts of feedstock metals will be required to build the infrastructure for the green energy transition. It is currently estimated, however, that the world may be facing an "infrastructure gap" that could prevent us from meeting United Nations Sustainable Development Goal targets. Prior investigations have focused on the extractive asp...
Article
Full-text available
Non-technical summary. As we consider a transition to a low-carbon future, there is a need to examine the mineral needs for this transformation at a scale reminiscent of the Green Revolution. The efficiency gains of the agrarian transition came at ecological and social costs that should provide important lessons about future metal sourcing. We pres...
Preprint
The Crimean Peninsula is not self-sufficient in terms of water. To ensure regional water security, in 1975, the North Crimean Canal was completed and began diverting water from the Dnieper River to the peninsula. After Russia annexed Crimea in 2014, the canal became transboundary and was blocked by Ukraine. Russia performed various projects to reme...
Article
Many major rivers discharge into the Black Sea and bring major nutrient pollution, leading to rapid plant growth and eutrophication impacts in the ecosystem. Yet, the Black Sea cannot replace the lost oxygen during this process due to its natural conditions, such as low salinity, low density, very limited connection to larger seas and oceans, and l...
Article
The low-carbon energy transition is becoming a major driver of the global demand for metals. In particular, energy storage is an essential component of the global electrification trend, and it relies on the supply of battery metals. The International Energy Agency assesses that, in a scenario that meets the Paris Agreement goals, global installatio...
Article
Full-text available
Across the globe, the livelihood of millions of people relies on the recovery and sale of valuable materials previously discarded as waste. In developed countries, this is mainly incorporated into the official recycling and resources recovery sector, while in developing countries the informal waste picking activities often make a major contribution...
Article
Full-text available
Solar geoengineering is gaining prominence in climate change debates as an issue worth studying; for some it is even a potential future policy option. We argue here against this increasing normalization of solar geoengineering as a speculative part of the climate policy portfolio. We contend, in particular, that solar geoengineering at planetary sc...
Article
Full-text available
Pressures on natural resources, such as from environmental change, have influenced the global human mobility landscape. In this article, we review the scientific evidence on the interlinkages between natural resources, human migration and sustainability. Drawing on a review of the existing literature in combination with the authors’ research experi...
Article
Full-text available
Many major rivers discharge into the Black Sea and bring major nutrient pollution, leading to rapid plant growth and eutrophication impacts in the ecosystem. Yet, the Black Sea cannot replace the lost oxygen during this process due to its natural conditions, such as low salinity, low density, very limited connection to larger seas and oceans, and l...
Article
To meet UN Sustainable Development goals, a clean-energy transition with minimal ecological impact from its raw-material supply chain is essential. Polymetallic nodules lying unattached on the abyssal seafloor of the Pacific Ocean's Clarion Clipperton Zone contain four critical metals (nickel, cobalt, manganese, copper) in large quantities, and the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report reviews 14 circular economy interventions, with case studies of successful implementation that illustrate the effectiveness of the circular economy in delivering climate change mitigation and other environmental objectives – for example, clean water and healthy soils, forests, and marine ecosystems – as well as socioeconomic co-benefits...
Article
Traditional mineral resource availability assessment methods always have strong assumptions and limitations on application. Both the physical mechanism of the Hubbert model and the economic mechanism of the Hotelling model can evaluate only specific dimensions of the availability of mineral resources. Therefore, we propose a hybrid model that could...
Article
Industrial disasters are a test of human and ecological resilience and offer a complex set of choices for restorative activity after their occurrence. Unlike natural calamities, industrial disasters have greater human agency associated with their prevention and remediation. In this paper, we analyze two major disasters that occurred within a period...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing agrarian transition from small-holder farming to large-scale commercial agriculture is reshaping systems of production and human well-being in many regions. A fundamental part of this global transition is manifested in large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) by agribusinesses. Its energy implications, however, remain poorly understood. He...
Article
Full-text available
Non-technical summary Urban density is erroneously regarded as the main factor in the spread of COVID-19 in cities. A review of extant literature and findings from our case study of Karachi, Pakistan indicate that inequalities in income, healthcare, and living conditions play a key role in the spread of contagions along with government responsivene...
Article
The scale and scope of the COVID-19 pandemic has been unprecedented with lockdowns and closed borders impacting consumer demand and trade – and hence material flows. Global financial markets are suffering a major shock and exhibiting immense volatility. Metal prices have experienced a V-shaped change with sudden crash in some cases followed by rapi...
Article
Full-text available
Material flow has been accelerated from underground natural minerals and is accumulating as aboveground waste stock. China is not only the largest producer and consumer of material-driven products, but also the largest generator of product waste. No official annual product waste data are released for China, which creates challenges especially in li...
Poster
Full-text available
Traditional mineral resource availability assessment methods always have strong assumptions and limitations on application. Both the physical mechanism of the Hubbert model and the economic mechanism of the cumulative availability curve (CAC) can only evaluate the specific dimensions of the availability of mineral resources. So, we propose a hybrid...
Article
Full-text available
According to the 2020 Climate Change Performance Index, Australia was ranked as the worst-performing country on climate change policy. The country has an ambivalent record of climate policy development as well as implementation, and has been criticized for its inaction. This paper considers why the country has been locked in climate policy "paralys...
Article
Full-text available
Non-timber forest products have often been held out as potential tools for conservation and sustainable development, but sustainability assessments are frequently difficult and time-consuming, especially in conflict areas. Thus, rapid assessments can be useful in providing a broad overview of the harvesting system in order to generate meaningful co...
Article
Full-text available
Anthropogenic mineral is absorbing wide concern in the context of circular economy, but its generation mechanism and quantity from product to waste remain unclear. Here we consider three product groups, 30 products, and use the revised Weibull lifespan model to map the generation of anthropogenic mineral and 23 types of the capsulated materials by...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This United Nations (UNEP) International Resource Panel Report provides a detailed insight into the global mineral resources industry, it sustainability performance and the many efforts undertaken to foster its sustainability. It advocates for mining activities to become subject to a sustainable development license to operate and provides policy-re...
Article
The climate change impacts of mining are often not fully accounted for, although the environmental impact of mineral extraction more generally is widely studied. Copper mining can serve as a case study to analyse the measurable pathways by which mining contributes to climate change through direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions. For example,...
Chapter
Entrepreneurship for green energy provision in Pakistan is direly needed to ensure universal access to energy, diffusion of renewable energy, and improving energy efficiency. Pakistan’s per capita electricity consumption is less than 467 kWh, which is very low compared to other countries in the region. Employing the green technologies is already cr...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract To address future challenges of planetary decision-making on key ecological and social issues in an increasingly nationalistic world, we propose a new global governance model of technocratic ascendancy that can be integrated with quasi-democratic norms. Our model proposes the creation of a series of self-organized “Hybrid Leadership Assemb...
Article
Full-text available
Coal phase-out is an integral part of the ongoing energy transition to a decarbonized economy. Any such process involves diverse actors that compete over the nature and pace of such transition. This research uses the Advocacy Coalition Framework to analyze the conditions of policy change within an adversarial subsystem. It focuses on the coal subsy...
Article
Signed in December 2015 by 194 countries, the Paris Climate Agreement laid a very encouraging foundation for global attempts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. While this was an important step for the global community, much work remains to be done. Based on climate change and technology scenarios developed by the International...
Chapter
Full-text available
Demand-side material efficiency potentials are elaborated for housing and cars, showing that increased material efficiency can reduce annual emissions from the construction and operations of buildings and the manufacturing and use of passenger vehicles, thus contributing a couple of gigatons of carbon dioxide equivalent in emission reductions to th...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the adaptive governance and effective implementation of climate policies at the subnational level in a developing country context. We focused on Pakistan as our central case as it is considered one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change and has also gone through a recent governance devolution process. This study is c...
Chapter
This chapter provides a critical overview of extant literature on energy politics in the Asia-Pacific region and proposes a future research agenda for the field. It argues that traditional, security-centric analyses of energy issues in Asia have been complemented in recent years by a small but growing body of literature that addresses environmental...
Preprint
An increasingly large quantity of primary mineral resource is being converted into manufactured products and destined for solid waste disposal. This material can be reclassified as “anthropogenic mineral reserves” and be a potential source of metals for a range of manufacturing uses. China is implementing a range of policy interventions which can l...
Article
Full-text available
Nighttime light data are often used to estimate some socioeconomic indicators, such as energy consumption, GDP, population, etc. However, whether there is a causal relationship between them needs further study. In this paper, we propose a causal-effect inference method to test whether nighttime light data are suitable for estimating socioeconomic i...
Chapter
Full-text available
The resolution in 1998 of the armed conflict between Peru and Ecuador through environmental peace-building negotiations, creating a transboundary conservation area, have been heralded as an exemplar of how ecological factors can foster collaboration between adversaries (Ali SH, Peace parks: conservation and conflict resolution. The MIT Press, Cambr...
Article
Due to historical grievances, Armenia and Turkey experience severe international conflicts and do not maintain diplomatic ties. Yet, as a vestige of the Soviet period, when Armenia was not an independent country, both nations share the Arpacay/Akhuryan Dam, and riparian cooperation exists at the local level. We observed that local cross-border wate...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study contributes to explore local responses to deal with the impacts of climate change on agriculture sector by looking the case of Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan's agriculture is facing severe challenges due to the negative consequences of climate change. In this study, we investigate (a) What are the different initiatives taken at planned and a...
Article
Gemstone value is often associated with origin, as the color, clarity, carat weight, cut, and other attributes of interest to consumers are often associated with the geological location of the stone. In this paper, we consider how the provenance of gemstones is harnessed through the ‘4P’ framework of product, price, promotion, and place. Both tanza...
Article
Full-text available
As one quarter of global energy use serves the production of materials, the more efficient use of these materials presents a significant opportunity for the mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. With the renewed interest of policy makers in the circular economy, material efficiency (ME) strategies such as light-weighting and downsizing of a...
Article
This paper critically examines the social dynamics of emerald mining in the Swat Valley and its impact on the broader gemstone processing sector in Pakistan. In particular, it pays attention to problematizing the existing structure of artisanal, small-scale emerald mining, and its fragmented supply chain that grapples with a branding stigma of gem...
Article
World Heritage sites provide a key mechanism for protecting areas of universal importance. However, fifty-four UNESCO sites are currently listed as "In Danger", with 40% of these located in the Middle East. Since 2010 alone, thirty new sites were identified as under risk globally. We combined big-data and remote sensing to examine whether they can...
Article
Mining poses serious and highly specific threats to biodiversity. However, mining can also be a means for financing alternative livelihood paths that, over the long-term, may prevent biodiversity loss. Complex and controversial issues associated with mining and biodiversity conservation are often simplified within a narrow frame oriented towards th...
Article
China is an important country for the storage, import, production and consumption of tin ore and is an exporter of refined tin. Since 2002, China has engaged in the export quota management of both tin and tin products. In January 2017, the Chinese government officially abolished quotas and tariffs for the export of refined tin. In this paper, we pr...
Article
Full-text available
Pollution and the economy seem to have been inextricably linked throughout human history. Yet the relationship between environmental harm and economic development is complex and its understanding has been fragmented by disciplinary biases. Economists and environmental scientists have diverged on the urgency of abatement mechanisms and the marginal...
Article
Multilateral cooperation on hydroelectric dams in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) basin has been suggested by a number of academic studies as an economically viable and environmentally friendly solution to the chronic energy insecurity of South Asian countries. Despite recent efforts to rejuvenate subregional cooperation on hydroelectric projec...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we use a qualitative reflexive approach to understand the dynamics of Chinese migrant perceptions of Africans upon arrival in Africa and the changes in their views upon returning to China. The research is based on in-depth, semi-structured field interviews with Chinese workers and managers in Mozambique and South Africa, as well as i...
Article
This paper questions the drive towards more ecologically determined porosity across national borders in the context of incongruent economic regulation and incentives. The push towards regionalization and less austere border conditions have socio‐ecological salience and deserve consideration. However, mining creates human and financial capital flows...
Book
This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book explores the value of Africa’s mineral fortune from a diverse range of perspectives and disciplines. It has brought together environmental and political scientists, economists and geographers, geologists and mining engineers...
Article
In this empirically grounded perspective, we explore how, if managed correctly, mining might go beyond a straight conversion of finite natural capital to financial resources. We suggest a process where mineral extraction could act as a catalyst for more diversified growth and even serve as a basis to restore forms of 'natural capital' it had previo...
Chapter
Environmental issues can provide a higher purpose for cooperation despite their frequent framing as drivers of conflict. Linking environmental problems to integrative peace rather than to distributive conflict has much to do with instilling environmental norms through experiential education. In this chapter we consider the connections between exper...
Book
Full-text available
This book considers the most contemporary innovations propelling the extractive industries forward while also creating new environmental and social challenges. The socio-ecological fabric of innovation in the extractive industries is considered through an integrative approach that brings together engineers, natural scientists, and social scientists...
Article
Tracking global and regional conflict zones requires spatially explicit information in near real-time. Here, we examined the potential of remote sensing time-series data (night lights) and big data (data mining of news events and Flickr photos) for monitoring and understanding crisis development and refugee flows. We used the recent Arab Spring as...
Article
Full-text available
Joint research between economists and hydrologists increasingly contributes to optimising the economic value gained from water, while safeguarding its social and environmental values. The application of hydro-economic analysis to mining regions, however, is limited. This paper examines why this is the case and how to confront it. The paper focuses...
Article
Full-text available
The interactions between conflict and local development has puzzled scholars and practitioners alike. This article explores why the advent of peace in Colombia’s emerald-mining regions for the past few years, as well as a broader national peace process, has not delivered the expected development dividends among mining communities. We contrast diffe...
Article
Full-text available
Recent developments have brought due diligence, along with tracking and traceability, to the forefront of discussions and requirements in the diamond, coloured stone and pearl industries. This is a result of consumer demands for detailed information on the provenance of gems, banking requirements aiming to reduce risk, industry and company initiati...
Article
Lithium is central at least in the short term, for transitions to renewable energy. Substantial deposits reside in South America's ‘lithium triangle’ in Bolivia, Argentina and Chile. Bolivia has promoted lithium industrialization through vertically integrated mineral development under resource nationalism and public-private partnerships with foreig...
Article
Full-text available
Pollution and development seem to have been inextricably linked throughout human history. Yet the relationship between environmental harm and development is complex and its understanding has been fragmented by disciplinary biases. Economists and environmental scientists have diverged on the urgency of abatement mechanisms and the marginal returns o...
Chapter
Effective regional planning in the Indus basin necessitates greater transboundary data sharing on environmental indicators. Reliable hydrological data across political borders is essential to ensure more accurate and effective risk management mechanisms. Given the high vulnerability of this region to climate change, data sharing through existing re...