Salah Hamad

Salah Hamad
University of Omar Al-Mukhtar · Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental sciences

Master of Science
GIS and RS applications in water resource management of the semi-arid and arid environment

About

46
Publications
39,658
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
88
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
42 Citations
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
Introduction
Assistant professor with 23 years of experience in conventional water resources. Holds an MSc in GIS and a Postgraduate Diploma in Integrated Water Resources Management (University of Salzburg & UNU University). Currently, work within geospatial technology in water resources at the Faculty of Natural resources and environmental science, University of Omer Al-Mukhtar.
Additional affiliations
November 2013 - May 2017
Higher Institute for The Agriculture Technology
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Lecturer for the following undergraduate courses: • Groundwater • Surface water • Geographic Information Systems
February 2012 - present
University of Omar Al-Mukhtar
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Lecturer for the following undergraduate courses: • Groundwater • Remote sensing • Water resources • Geographic Information Systems
January 2000 - December 2011
General Water Authority -Libya
Position
  • Hydrogeologist
Description
  • -Supervising drilling of exploratory and production water wells -Preparation of tender, technical specification, bill of quantities, and final technical reports for drilling of exploratory and production water wells Supervising drilling of exploratory and production water wells -Supervising water supply constructions in east Libya -Chief of the groundwater monitoring network in Eastern Libya -GIS activities of General Water Authority Eastern Zone Branch
Education
February 2010 - November 2012
United Nations University (UNU)
Field of study
  • Integrated Water Resource Management
May 2006 - November 2008
University of Salzburg
Field of study
  • GIS
January 1993 - December 1998
University of Benghazi
Field of study
  • Earth Science

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to estimate runoff in Wadi Ba Al Arid watershed for a period of ten years 2009-2018 by Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN) method in combination with the GIS techniques using remote sensing data. The used data are the daily rainfall data from NASA Prediction of Worldwide Energy Resource (POWER), digital elevatio...
Article
Full-text available
From the beginning of the twentieth century, topographic maps for the Libyan state carried out by various compilers, where the first mapping was carried out by the Italian Military Geographical Institute, the Soviet Union Military, and the U.S. Army, followed by mapping carried out by the Libyan state from the 1950s to the 2000s. Most of these maps...
Chapter
Full-text available
Al Jabal Al Akhdar is an upland area along the northeast coast of northern Libya. There are more than 200 Karst water springs in the area, with a discharge from 1 to 200 L per second, mostly in the geological structures, and the contacts between the Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous carbonate formations, which constitute the main aquifers. These spring...
Article
Full-text available
Tazerbo water wellfield, located in southeast Libya, was constructed as part of the first stage for the Man-Made River Project (Eastern System) during 1995–2003. A group of land subsidence forms was discovered approximately 30 km north of the wellfield two years after production, which began in March 2004. The wellfield production rate is only abou...
Book
Full-text available
يعيش جزء كبير من سكان العالم٠في المناطق الساحلية، وفي الغالب يتركزون بالمراكز الحضرية الرئيسية. حيث يؤدي استمرار النمو السكاني والنمو الاقتصادي إلى زيادة الطلب على موارد المياه المُستنزفة أصلاً، ومنها تُعرِّض خزّانات المياه الجوفية الساحلية لخطر تسرب مياه البحر. كما وتتسبب كثافة استخراج المياه الجوفية في تمّلح المياه الجوفية بالمناطق الساحلية وذلك...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Zamzam water has been used for over 4000 years. Its safety is a public health issue, as it is consumed by thousands of Muslims for religious and medicinal purposes. The objective of the present study was to draw up the metallic profile of Zamzam water. Materials and method: Sampling (N=10) was carried out via Zamzam taps which are dis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In general, energy is regarded as a critical factor in any economic evolution, and electrical energy indicates the counter's potential for economic and technological development. Libya currently generates electricity using traditional energy sources (oil and natural gas). Libya, on the other hand, has a high potential for renewable energy generatio...
Book
Full-text available
This book addresses the environmental challenges that Libya and similar countries in the regions are currently facing. Each chapter of this book provides a methodology using remote sensing (RS) and geographical information systems (GIS) dealing with one of these environmental challenges such as monitoring and mapping soil salinity and prediction of...
Chapter
Full-text available
The watershed under investigation is located in northeast Libya and lies in arid (downstream) and semi-arid (upstream) regions with an aerial extent of 1511 km2. Rainfed agriculture and grazing form the regular economic activities of the local community, and they face challenges related to scarce water resources and soil loss due to less rainfall a...
Book
Full-text available
تعتمد الدول العربية بشكلٍ كبير في جميع الاستخدامات المائية على موارد المياه الجوفية المتجددة وغير المتجددة، وقد أدى استخدامها غير الرشيد إلى استنزافٍ سريع لاحتياطيات طبقات المياه الجوفية، وعلى الرغم من ذلك مازالت الدول العربية تعاني من قصور وتحديات في إدارة موارد المياه الجوفية لعدة أسباب، منها: المركزية في التخطيط والتمويل، ونقص في القدرات المؤسسي...
Article
Full-text available
تواجه ليبيا مشكلة متزايدة بسبب النقص الحاد في المياه نتيجة عدم التوازن بين إمدادات المياه وزيادة الطلب على المياه، الأمر الذي سيهدده انخفاض توافر المياه، وخاصة للاستخدامات الحضرية والمنزلية، لذلك ركزت هذه الدراسة على التوصيف الهيدروجيولوجي والتقييم الاقتصادي لأحد مصادر المياه الجوفية في منطقة الجبل الأخضر المعروفة باسم حقل آبار وادي العكي الواقع بم...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater resources, developed in the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System (NSAS), in Al Kufra Oasis in Libya are becoming increasingly vulnerable due to increasing pressures to meet the demand for economic development. These activities are represented mainly by agriculture activities in addition to the inefficient water use by other consuming sectors...
Research
Full-text available
Northern Africa countries share largest sedimentary aquifers with largest quantities of groundwater as well as huge overlapping aquifers that cover wide areas of surface water. On same time, Northern Africa region is considered as the world's most water-scarce region, which has been categorized under water poverty line. This complex dilemma is rela...
Article
Full-text available
The present study is to evaluate the spatial characteristics of the watersheds located in Northeast Libya, which is vital since the area is promising for surface water investment in rain-fed agriculture and pastoral activities. The study conducted using Geographical Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) data sets: SRTM elevation data, La...
Article
Full-text available
The study aimed to quantify the morphometric characteristics of 11 watersheds in south Al Jabal Al Akhdar area (Green Mountain) located on northeast Libya. Where Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data of 1 arcsec resolution for the study area downloaded from USGS Earth Explorer and processed to extract the watershed attributes using ArcGIS software. In...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Groundwater resources, developed in the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System (NSAS), in Al Kufra Oasis in Libya are becoming increasingly vulnerable due to increasing pressures to meet the demand for economic development. These activities are represented mainly by agriculture activities in addition to the inefficient water use by other consuming sectors...
Article
Full-text available
Since groundwater is the main water resource in Libya, groundwater information system (GWIS) is required as a decision support system (DSS) where it promises great potential for effective management and assessment of groundwater resources and enhances the sustainability and efficient use of groundwater resources. This paper discusses the requiremen...
Book
Full-text available
مقدمة تعاني منطقتنا العربية من أزمة في الموارد المائية نتيجة لندرتها من ناحية ونتيجة لسوء إدارتها من ناحية أخرى ورغم إسراع العديد من الدول المتقدمة والدول النامية في تبني تطبيق الإدارة المتكاملة للموارد المائية إلا أن العالم العربي لا زال متأخرًا في تبنيها وتطبيقها رغم ما يعانيه من أزمات في موارد المياه، لذا كان الهدف من ترجمة هذا الكتاب المنشور م...
Article
Full-text available
Al Jabal al Akhdar, Locally known as the Green Mountain, located in Cyrenaica on the north east coast of Libya. It is a limestone plateau with maximum altitudes of about 900 meters, holds the highest plant density and species diversity within the country. Among these plants is the Juniperus phoenicea (JP) which covers about 70% of this mountain. It...
Technical Report
Full-text available
مشروع طوبغرافيا ليبيا Libya Topographic Mapping Project LibyaTOPO إنشاء وتحديث قواعد البيانات الجغرافية لدولة ليبيا لتكون قاعدة بيانات مكانية متاحة لكل المهتمين والبحاث حيث تم رسم الخرائط الطبوغرافية بتغطية جغرافية كاملة لجميع إنحاء دولة ليبيا وفقا للآتي: مقياس الرسم 1:2,000,000 1:1,000,000 1:500,000 1:250,000 1:100,000 1:50,000
Presentation
Full-text available
مشروع طوبغرافيا ليبيا Libya Topographic Mapping Project LibyaTOPO إنشاء وتحديث قواعد البيانات الجغرافية لدولة ليبيا لتكون قاعدة بيانات مكانية متاحة لكل المهتمين والبحاث حيث تم رسم الخرائط الطبوغرافية بتغطية جغرافية كاملة لجميع إنحاء دولة ليبيا
Poster
Full-text available
مشروع طوبغرافيا ليبيا Libya Topographic Mapping Project LibyaTOPO إنشاء وتحديث قواعد البيانات الجغرافية لدولة ليبيا لتكون قاعدة بيانات مكانية متاحة لكل المهتمين والبحاث حيث تم رسم الخرائط الطبوغرافية بتغطية جغرافية كاملة لجميع إنحاء دولة ليبيا وفقا للآتي: المنجز عدد اللوحات لتغطية الدولة الليبية مقياس الرسم تم الانجاز 1 1:2,000,000 تم الانجاز 4 1...
Article
Full-text available
The Junipers Phoenicia is the major plant that covers 70% of eastern mountains series known as Al Jabal Al Akhdar, in the North East of Libya. The Junipers Phoenicia is a species that has been sharply deteriorated and affected by unidentified diseases over large scales of the Al Jabal. To investigate this phenomenon, we have used remote sensing dat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Water institutions in Libya implement and manage the groundwater data in a traditional, centralized and less integrated manner resulting in knowledge gaps and fragmentation and therefore constraining an integrative approach to the assessment and management of groundwater resources. Constraints and obstacles in managing and assessing the groundwater...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Water institutions in Libya implement and manage the groundwater data in a traditional, centralized and less integrated manner resulting in knowledge gaps and fragmentation and therefore constraining an integrative approach to the assessment and management of groundwater resources. Constraints and obstacles in managing and assessing the groundwater...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
هذه الورقة تناقش حصاد المياه السطحية في دولة ليبيا والفرص المتاحة والتحديات والمعوقات التي تواجه إمكانيات الاستثمار والتنمية في هذا المجال، لقد تمت الاستعانة ببعض الدراسات السابقة والمحدودة، ونظراً لاهتمام العديد من المؤسسات فيها بهذا الموضوع إلا أنه في ظروف عدم التكامل بينها نجد أن عملية الحصول على البيانات ليست سهلة. تمت مناقشة التجربة الليبية في...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this research is to review of the current management practices in terms of policies, legislative and organizational framework, and analyze existing gaps, constraints, and challenges of the water resources of Al Jabal Al Akhdar (Green Mountain) area, North East Libya. The statuses of water resources management was investigated according t...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research is to introduce an overview of the groundwater resources of Al Jabal Al Akhdar (Green Mountain) region, North East Libya, which is an area of unique environment from whole country since it is the wettest part of Libya, largely as a consequence of its proximity to the Mediterranean and its upland character with considerable...
Presentation
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the surface water harvesting in Libya, the opportunities and challenges and obstacles faced during investment and development in this field. The research was based up on limited relevant literatures from water institutions, even of wide interest of Libyan water institution but the lack of their integration make the data collect...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research is to introduce an overview of the water resources of Al Jabal Al Akhdar (Green Mountain) the region, North East Libya, which is an area of the unique environment from the whole country since it is the wettest part of Libya, largely as a consequence of its proximity to the Mediterranean and its upland character with conside...
Article
Full-text available
Twelve subsurface boreholes (water wells, maximum depth reaches 650m) have been stratigraphically studied and micropaleontologically investigated, which are located in an area extended from Battah to the vicinity of Darnah in the second escarpment of Al Jabal al Akhdar region, Northeast Libya. The microfossils (foraminifers and calcareous nannofoss...
Thesis
Full-text available
The aim of this research is to introduce an overview of the water resources of Al Jabal Al Akhdar (Green Mountain) region, North East Libya, which is an area of unique environment from whole country since it is the wettest part of Libya, largely as a consequence of its proximity to the Mediterranean and its upland character with considerable vegeta...
Article
Full-text available
Wadi Al Lawlab basin is a part of the Al Jabal Al Akhdar (Green Mountain) basins networks in north eastern Libya and representing the main seasonal surface water resources in the area. The basin was studied on the basis of its geomorplogical characteristics in term of morphometric and spatial characteristics using geographic information system (GIS...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrochemical data gathered from 86 water wells in the in central part of Cyrenaica area including major cations and anions, as well as pH, total dissolved solids (TDS) were explored with spatial data analysis (ESDA) .Further more spatial analysis and interpolation for all the hydrochemical data was carried out using geostatistics simple and univer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The geostatistical analysis of the groundwater levels from 95 water wells in south Al Jabal Al Akhdar area north east Libya was conducted according to GIS methodology. Water level data firstly was explored for normality using exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) tools, as the transformation was required to drive the data into normality. Spat...
Thesis
Full-text available
South Al Jabal Al Akhdar in the north-eastern part of Libya represents a region with promising ecological underpinning for grazing and other agricultural developments. Water resources represents the corner stone for such development, therefore this research comes to highlight the spatial characteristics of the water level and hydrochemistry by usin...
Poster
Full-text available
Geothermal Energy in Libya 1-Abu Shayba Aquifer; which characterized by thick beds of sandstone intercalated with clay silt of Upper Triassic age and the depth of the aquifer ranges from 350 to 500 meters below the ground. The artesian pressure ranges from 4-8 meter above the ground, discharge 50-130 cubic meter /hour, and the water temperature ra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses the evaluation of the spatial characteristics of the Upper Cretaceous aquifer in the area of Al Ghareeb-Marawah using available hydrogeological data from existing 20 water wells. The spatial interpolations for the data were carried out using ordinary kriging for mapping the depth to water table, potentiometric level, aquifer th...
Poster
Full-text available
الوحدات الهيدروجيولوجية شمال -شرق ليبيا
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Al Jabal Al Akhdar area is an upland area along the northern coast of northeastern Libya It is bounded on the west by Gulf of Sirte, on the southwest by Sirte Basin, on the east by Gulf of Bomba and on the southeast by Mormarica. In other definition, Al Jabal Al Akhdar is a crescent-shaped ridge culminating at more than 870 m a.m.s.l, in it’s the c...

Questions

Questions (5)
Question
What is the best EO data for costal LULC change detection

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
We would like to share the initiatives and experiences related to the territorial governance and the sustainable use of the land, while sharing our skills in the field of urban and territorial planning. The project stems from the desire to bring together our initiatives in a web space but, above all, to give space to opinions and points of view different from our background, recognizing the weak knowledge of territorial governance systems different to the Italian one for cultural reasons , rather than political, legislative and sectorial. Subscribe our UrbanPolicies facebook page https://www.facebook.com/urbanpolicies.eu Follow our communications www.urbanpolicies.eu
Project
Hydrochemical Interpretation
Project
اعداد قاعدة بيانات جغرافية لكافة الأراضي الليبية ,وإنتاج خرائط مقياس رسم 1:250000 ومقياس 1:100000