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Background: Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are an important opportunistic pathogen in hospitalized patients due to their resistance to commonly administered antimicrobial agents. Material and Methods: A pilot study consisting of 100 urinary enterococcal isolates with significant bacteriuria (>105 CFU/ml) was conducted to assess the resistan...
BACKGROUND: Coinfections of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with hepatitis viruses may affect the progress of disease and response to therapy. OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfections in HIV-positive patients and their influence on HIV-1 viral load and cluster of differentiation 4+ (C...
Dengue virus infection has emerged as a notable public health problem in recent decades in terms of its increased transmission to urban and semi urban areas. Study was conducted on samples of suspected dengue cases with the aim to find out seropositivity and seasonal pattern of dengue, which is important for effective control of a disease. For this...
Background: CD4 + T lymphocyte count is a standard measure of immunodeficiency in adults infected with HIV to initiate and monitor highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); however, it may not be feasible in resource poor countries. There is need to have another marker of immunodeficiency that is less resource demanding. Objective: The aim of t...
Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important hospital acquired pathogen, usually resistant to many antibiotics. This study was aimed at determination of antibacterial effect of Neem oil (Azadirachta indica, N.O. Meliaceae) on MRSA. Antibacterial effect of Neem oil (Medinova chemicals, Bangalore) was studied using 107 strains o...
EFFICACY OF SERUM HBV DNA LEVELS TO DIFFERENTIATE VARIOUS STAGES OF CHRONIC HEPATITIS B INFECTION AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH SEROLOGIC MARKERS AND BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE Paras Shah,1 Sakshi Gupta,2 Bharti Malhotra,2 Sandeep Nijhawan,1 Amit Mathur1 1Departments of Gastroenterology; SMS Medical College & Hospital; Jaipur 302004; India, 2Departments of Mi...