Sajad Fakhri

Sajad Fakhri
Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; and ; Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran · Pharmacology

Pharm.D. _ Ph.D of Pharmacology
Neuropharmacology, Spinal cord injury, Pain, Cancer, Phytochemicals

About

73
Publications
15,673
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1,258
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - March 2020
Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
Position
  • PhD
Description
  • My primary research interest encompasses mechanistic-based Neuropharmacology and Cancer Biology.

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
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Introduction: Curcumin has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties, and the aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of Curcumin on tissue damages induced by renal ischemia/reperfusion.
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Objective: Curcumin has anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties. The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of curcumin on functional disturbances, oxidative stress, and leukocyte infiltration induced by renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Materials and methods: Animals were randomly divided into 9 groups. The gr...
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Objective: The presence of synthetic drugs (as adulterant) in slimming herbal products of world markets has contravened the country’s law and has created many troubles for some consumers of slimming products. This study aims to use a simple and reliable method for simultaneously finding and validating the presence of possible adulterants in some sl...
Article
Astaxanthin (AST) is a lipid-soluble carotenoid with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Previous reports demonstrated the promising effects of AST on spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced inflammation and sensory-motor dysfunction. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), as a cytokine, plays a critical role in the inflammatory phase of...
Article
As a group of heterodimeric and transmembrane glycoproteins, integrin receptors are widely expressed in various cell types overall the body. During cardiovascular dysfunction, integrin receptors apply inhibitory effects on the antioxidative pathways, including nuclear factor erythroid 2–related factor 2 (Nrf2)-Kelch like eCH Associated Protein 1 (K...
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Objective(s): Therapeutic strategies that facilitate extinction are promising in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has a crucial role in neural plasticity, a process needed for the retention of fear extinction. In this study, we investigated the effects of local administration of a hist...
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Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most debilitating disorders throughout the world, causing persistent sensory-motor dysfunction, with no effective treatment. Oxidative stress and inflammatory responses play key roles in the secondary phase of SCI. Naringenin (NAR) is a natural flavonoid with known anti-inflammatory and antioxidat...
Chapter
Cachexia has been recognized as involuntary weight loss resulting from a decline in food consumption correlated to metabolic dysfunction. It is an impaired metabolism leading to the progressive loss of muscle and functional impairment, as well as a reduction in survival. Several pathophysiological conditions are behind the progression of cachexia i...
Chapter
As a double-edge knife, oxidative stress (OS) has shown paradoxical behaviors toward beneficial/harmful responses on human health. In this regard, while the high levels and long-lasting exposure to OS is associated with disease development, low/moderate levels of OS could be a natural defense system in the human body. From the mechanistic point, re...
Article
Background and Aim: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating sensory-motor dysfunction. Neuropathic pain and motor dysfunction are the most common types of dysfunctionality after SCI, which reduces the quality of life. So far, SCI treatment has not been completely effective and researchers are seeking for novel alternative/potent therapies. Metfo...
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Asthma is a chronic disease with eosinophilic inflammation and oxidative damages leading to airway obstruction. Naringenin is a phytochemical possessing strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities against chronic destructive conditions. e current study is devoted to evaluating naringenin's effects on the attenuation of inflammation and oxid...
Article
Senescence is a special state of tumor suppression induced by cell cycle arrest. However, releasing senescence-associated secretory phenotypes by senescent cells could provide tumorigenic conditions and epigenetic changes in neighboring cells. The conventional anticancer drugs activate therapy-induced senescence by several mechanisms which include...
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Background Tumors often progress to a more aggressive phenotype to resist drugs. Multiple dysregulated pathways are behind this tumor behavior which is known as cancer chemoresistance. Thus, there is an emerging need to discover pivotal signaling pathways involved in the resistance to chemotherapeutic agents and cancer immunotherapy. Reports indica...
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Cervical and ovarian cancers contribute significantly to female morbidity and mortality worldwide. The current standard of treatment, including surgical removal, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, offers poor outcomes. There are many side effects to traditional chemotherapeutic agents and treatment-resistant types, and often the immune response i...
Article
Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are leading causes of death and morbidity in the elderly worldwide. From the mechanistic/pathological view, oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis are responsible for the etiology of neuronal diseases, and play detrimental roles in neuronal cell death and neurodegenerative processes. The diverse pathophysiol...
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As the worldwide average life expectancy has grown, the prevalence of age-related neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) has risen dramatically. A progressive loss of neuronal function characterizes NDDs, usually followed by neuronal death. Inflammation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, and protein misfolding are critical dysregulated signaling pathways tha...
Article
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent childhood psychiatric disorder. In general, a child with ADHD has significant attention problems with difficulty concentrating on a subject, and is generally associated with impulsivity and excessive activity. The etiology of ADHD in most patients is unknown, although it is consi...
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Despite the progression in targeting the complex pathophysiological mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) and spinal cord injury (SCI), there is a lack of effective treatments. Moreover, conventional therapies suffer from associated side effects and low efficacy, raising the need for finding potential alternative therapies. In this regard...
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Background: Cupressus arizonica Greene is a coniferous tree with great importance in fragrance and pharmaceutical industries. Essential oils from C. arizonica (EC) have shown potential antioxidant, and anti-microbial activities. This study aimed at investigating the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects/mecha nisms of EC. Methods: The EC w...
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Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most prevalent and debilitating neurodegenerative conditions, and is currently on the rise. Several dysregulated pathways are behind the pathogenesis of PD; however, the critical targets remain unclear. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to reveal the key dysregulated pathways in PD. Prevailing reports have...
Article
Anticancer drugs are not purely effective because of their toxicity, side effects, high cost, inaccessibility, and associated resistance. On the other hand, cancer is a complex public health problem that could intelligently adopt different signaling pathways and alter the body's metabolism to escape from the immune system. One of the cancer strateg...
Article
Senescence suppresses tumor growth, while also developing a tumorigenic state in the nearby cells that is mediated by senescence-associated secretory phenotypes (SASPs). The dual function of cellular senescence stresses the need for identifying multi-targeted agents directed towards the promotion of cell senescence in cancer cells and suppression o...
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Cancer is a major cause of death, affecting human life in both developed and developing countries. Numerous antitumor agents exist but their toxicity and low efficacy limits their utility. Furthermore, the complex pathophysiological mechanisms of cancer, serious side effects and poor prognosis restrict the administration of available cancer therapi...
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Abstract: Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are one of the leading causes of death and disability in humans. From a mechanistic perspective, the complexity of pathophysiological mechanisms contributes to NDDs. Therefore, there is an urgency to provide novel multi-target agents towards the simultaneous modulation of dysregulated pathways against NDD...
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As progressive, chronic, incurable and common reasons for disability and death, neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are significant threats to human health. Besides, the increasing prevalence of neuronal gradual degeneration and death during NDDs has made them a global concern. Since yet, no effective treatment has been developed to combat multiple d...
Article
One of the main functions of the sensory system in our body is to maintain somatosensory homeostasis. Recent reports have led to a significant advance in our understanding of pain signaling mechanisms; however, the exact mechanisms of pain transmission have remained unclear. There is an urgent need to reveal the precise signaling mediators of pain...
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Growing studies are revealing the critical manifestations of Influenza, Dengue virus infection, Zika virus disease, and Ebola, as emerging infectious diseases. However, their corresponding mechanisms of major complications headed for neuronal dysfunction are not completely understood. From the mechanistic point of view, during emerging infectious d...
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Materials and methods: Hydroalcoholic extractions of pumpkin fruit peel were obtained and used to prepare two different cold cream-based formulations, namely, 10% and 20% pumpkin peel extracts (PPEs). These formulations, phenytoin cream, and cold cream were topically used once daily for 14 days to compare their wound-healing effects in a rat model...
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Tangeretin is one of the many polymethoxyflavones (PMFs) mostly found in fruits and fruit peels of citrus plants. In view of its importance as a nutraceutical it has received extensive scientific scrutiny with regards to its suspected diverse bioactivities including anti-oxidant, anti-diabetes, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotection, efflux pump inhibi...
Article
As a promising flavonoid, naringenin has shown potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties mainly in inflammatory pain models by oral administration. Therefore, we investigated the antinociceptive activity of this compound by intraperitoneally (i.p.) administration, as well as, associated mechanism of action considering the involvement o...
Article
The radiation for therapeutic purposes has shown positive effects in different contexts; however, it can increase the risk of many age-related and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington’s disease (HD), and Parkinson’s disease (PD). These different outcomes highlight a dose-respon...
Article
Background : As common, progressive, and chronic causes of disability and death, neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) significantly threaten human health, while no effective treatment is available. Given the engagement of multiple dysregulated pathways in neurodegeneration, there is an imperative need to target the axis and provide effective/multi-tar...
Article
Edible flowers are attracting special therapeutic attention and their administration is on the rise. Edible flowers play pivotal modulatory roles on oxidative stress and related interconnected apoptotic/inflammatory pathways toward the treatment of cancer. In this review, we highlighted the phytochemical content and therapeutic applications of edib...
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Since its inception, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has infected millions of people around the world. Therefore, it is necessary to find effective treatments against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), as it is the viral source of COVID-19. Alkaloids are one of the most widespread plant-derived natural co...
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Due to the complicated pathogenic pathways of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), related medicinal therapies have remained a clinical challenge. COVID-19 highlights the urgent need to develop mechanistic pathogenic pathways and effective agents for preventing/treating future epidemics. As a result, the destructive pathways of COVID-19 are in the...
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Spinal cord injury (SCI) is globally considered as one of the most debilitating disorders, which interferes with daily activities and life of the affected patients. Despite many developments in related recognizing and treating procedures, post-SCI neuropathic pain (NP) is still a clinical challenge for clinicians with no distinct treatments. Accord...
Book
Neurological disorders are the major and increasing cause of disability and death. Despite the progressions in the management of neurological diseases, revealing related medicinal therapies remained a clinical challenge, due to their less efficacy and different adverse effects. Besides, several cellular and molecular mechanisms are underlying the p...
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In recent decades, several neuroprotective agents have been provided in combating neuronal dysfunctions; however, no effective treatment has been found towards the complete eradication of neurodegenerative diseases. From the pathophysiological point of view, growing studies are indicating a bidirectional relationship between gut and brain termed gu...
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The novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has made a wide range of manifestations. In this regard, growing evidence is focusing on COVID-19 neurological associations; however, there is a lack of established pathophysiological mechanisms and related treatments. Accordingly, a compreh...
Article
Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI), often characterized by sensory-motor dysfunction, is a major debilitating disorder of the central nervous system. As no useful treatment for post-SCI complications has been approved thus far, finding novel treatments is of great importance. Objective: Considering the promising effects of melatonin (MEL) agains...
Article
Background: As a major cause of morbidity and mortality, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are globally increasing. In spite of recent development in the management of cardiovascular complications, CVDs have remained a medical challenge. Numerous conventional drugs are used to play cardioprotective roles; however, they are associated with several side...
Article
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Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019, millions of people have been infected and died worldwide. However, no drug has been approved for the treatment of this disease and its complications, which urges the need for finding novel therapeutic agents to combat. Among the complications due to COVID-19, lung injury ha...
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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neuronal/cognitional dysfunction, leading to disability and death. Despite advances in revealing the pathophysiological mechanisms behind AD, no effective treatment has yet been provided. It urges the need for finding novel multi-target agents in combating the complex dysregulated mechanisms in AD. Amongst...
Article
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that leads to progressive neurological disability due to axonal deterioration. Although MS presents profound heterogeneity in the clinical course, its underlying central mechanism is active demyelination and neurodegeneration associated with inflammation. Multiple...
Article
As an emerging global health crisis, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been labeled a worldwide pandemic. Growing evidence is revealing further pathophysiological mechanisms of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Amongst these dysregulated pathways inflammation seems to play a more critical role toward COVID-19 compl...
Article
Pain is one of the most common medical challenges, reducing life quality. Despite the progression in pain management, it has remained a clinical challenge, which raises the need for investigating novel antinociceptive drugs with correspondence signaling pathways. Besides, the precise antinociceptive mechanisms of melatonin are not revealed. Accordi...
Article
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COVID‐19, a new disease caused by the 2019‐novel coronavirus (SARS‐CoV‐2), has swept the world and challenged its culture, economy, and health infrastructure. Forced emergence to find an effective vaccine to immunize people has led scientists to design and examine vaccine candidates all over the world. Until a vaccine is developed, however, effecti...
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Multiple dysregulated signaling pathways are implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer. The'conventional therapies used in cancer prevention/treatment suffer from low efficacy, considerable toxicity, and high cost. Hence, the discovery and development of novel multi-targeted agents to attenuate the dysregulated signaling in cancer is of great import...
Article
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Researchers are aware of a global pandemic on novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2), which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19). It has been a serious leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide (Wang et al., 2020; Wu et al., 2020). Despite advancements in providing antiviral drugs, no ef...
Article
Cell cycle dysregulation is the mainstay of aberrant cell proliferation, which leads to tumor progression. Mutations in tumor cells initiate various dysregulated pathways and spontaneous over-proliferation with genomic/chromosomal instability. Despite advances in cancer therapy, it has remained a medicinal challenge to treat. Besides, the complexit...
Article
The complex pathophysiological mechanisms behind destructive chronic conditions, including cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and hepatic failure urge the need for finding pivotal dysregulated signaling mediators, as well as multi-target therapeutic agents. In the current study, critical roles of phospho...
Article
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Introduction: The major secondary complications of spinal cord injury (SCI) are neuropathic pain and motor dysfunction, which remained medical challenges for clinicians. Due to the major role of glutamate in excitotoxicity and central sensitization, the present experiment was to evaluate the effects of ketamine (KET), an n-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)...
Article
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a neurological disorder associated with the loss of sensory and motor function. Understanding the precise dysregulated signaling pathways, especially apoptosis and autophagy following SCI, is of vital importance in developing innovative therapeutic targets and treatments. The present study lies in the fact that it reveal...
Article
Cancer cells underlie the dysregulated metabolism of carbohydrate, lipid and protein and thereby, employ interconnected cross-linked signaling pathways to supply adequate energy for growth and related biosynthetic procedures. In the present study, a comprehensive review of cancer metabolism and anthocyanin’s effect was conducted using the existing...
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Isofraxidin (7-hydroxy-6, 8-dimethoxy coumarin) (IF) is a hydroxy coumarin with several biological and pharmacological activities. The plant kingdom is of the most prominent sources of IF, which, among them, Eleutherococcus and Fraxinus are the well-known genera in which IF could be isolated/extracted from their species. Considering the complex pat...
Article
Several signaling pathways and basic metabolites are responsible for the control of metabolism in both normal and cancer cells. As emerging hallmarks of cancer metabolism, the abnormal activities of these pathways are of the most noticeable events in cancer. This altered metabolism expedites the survival and proliferation of cancer cells, which hav...
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Angiogenesis, the process of formation and recruitment of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, plays an important role in the development of cancer. Therefore, the use of antiangiogenic agents is one of the most critical strategies for the treatment of cancer. In addition, the complexity of cancer pathogenicity raises the need for multi-tar...
Article
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As a group of progressive, chronic, and disabling disorders, neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) affect millions of people worldwide, and are on the rise. NDs are known as the gradual loss of neurons; however, their pathophysiological mechanisms have not been precisely revealed. Due to the complex pathophysiological mechanisms behind the neurodegenera...
Article
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As the leading cause of death worldwide, viruses significantly affect global health. Despite the rapid progress in human healthcare, there are few viricidal and antiviral therapies that are efficient enough. The rapid emergence of resistance, and high costs, as well as the related side effects of synthetic antiviral drugs, raise the need to identif...
Article
As a complicated process of forming new blood vessels from the present vasculature endothelium, angiogenesis plays a critical role in the progression of cancer, through developing new blood vessels in tumor cells. Angiogenesis is regulated by proteins known as inhibitor or activator molecules, affected by different medicinal herbs and small molecul...
Article
Objectives: Diabetic neuropathy (DNP) is a widespread and debilitating complication with complex pathophysiology that is caused by neuronal dysfunction in diabetic patients. Conventional therapeutics for DNP are quite challenging due to their serious adverse effects. Hence, there is a need to investigate novel effective and safe options. The novel...
Article
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As the leading causes of human disability and mortality, neurological diseases affect millions of people worldwide and are on the rise. Although the general roles of several signaling pathways in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders have so far been identified, the exact pathophysiology of neuronal disorders and their effective treatment...
Article
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Introduction: Sex differences in outcomes of spinal cord injury (SCI) suggest a sex hormone-mediated effect on post-SCI pathological events including glutamate excitotoxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of gonadal hormones on glutamate release subsequent to SCI in rats. Methods: After laminectomy at T8-T9, an electrolyt...
Article
Background Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes continuous neurological deficits and major sensory‐motor impairments. There is no effective treatment to enhance sensory‐motor function following SCI. Thus, it is crucial to develop novel therapeutics for this particular patient population. Astaxanthin (AST) is a strong anti‐oxidant, anti‐inflammatory, and...
Article
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Background and objectives: Dorema ammoniacum gum resin is used in Iranian traditional medicine for different indications including inflammatory diseases which are on the rise. Considering the important role of inflammation in different diseases, in the present study, we aimed to investigate the in vivo anti-inflammatory activity and skin toxicity o...
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Astaxanthin (AST) as a potent oxy-carotenoid has multiple health benefits and biological activities. Current research show AST can protect central nervous system due to it’s anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and anti-oxidant properties, as well as the ability to promote nerve plasticity in neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s disease, Hunti...