Sait C. Sofuoglu

Sait C. Sofuoglu
Izmir Institute of Technology · Department of Environmental Engineering

PhD

About

85
Publications
19,638
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Introduction
Sait C. Sofuoglu currently works at the Department of Environmental Engineering, Izmir Institute of Technology. Sait does research in Indoor Air Quality and Environmental Exposure and Risk Assessment.

Publications

Publications (85)
Article
Indoor air quality (IAQ) is impacted by polluted outdoor air in naturally ventilated schools, especially in places where both anthropogenic and natural sources of ambient air pollution exist. CO2, PM2.5, PM10, temperature, relative humidity (RH), and noise were measured in five naturally ventilated primary schools in City of Sanliurfa, in a dusty r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sleep quality, which significantly affects daily life, is also affected by indoor air quality as well as comfort aspects such as noise, temperature, and relative humidity in the sleeping environment. Carbon dioxide concentration is commonly considered as an indicator of indoor air quality, and it has been observed that increasing concentrations inc...
Article
Full-text available
Houses are the places where people spend most of their time. That is why indoor air quality at home is essential for public health. Sufficient ventilation is the factor to avoid accumulation of pollutants in indoor air, which include microorganisms, such as SARS-CoV-2. Therefore, adequate ventilation is needed to provide good indoor air quality for...
Chapter
Full-text available
Flame retardant chemicals are added to polyurethane foams (PUFs) during production. These chemicals are released to the environment during the use of PUF containing furniture or building materials. In contrast, organic pollutants such as polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, synthetic musk compounds, and volatile organic comp...
Article
Full-text available
Olive Mill Wastewater (OMW) contains high concentrations of contaminants, including organic, nitrogen, and phenolic compounds that are extremely harmful to the environment and human health. The key purpose of this study was to remove total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), and phenolic compounds (TP) from OMW using floating wetland planted...
Book
Full-text available
Bu kitap, iç çevre kalitesi (ses, ışık, ısıl konfor ve iç hava kalitesi) bileşenlerinin, uyku kalitesi ve ertesi gün sağlık ve zihinsel performansı üzerine günümüze kadar yapılan araştırmaların derlemesini ve değerlendirmesini içeren özgün çalışmalardan oluşmaktadır. Çalışmaların amacı, iç çevre parametrelerinin etkileri üzerine okuyucuya veyaşam a...
Article
Full-text available
Doğal havalandırma dolayısıyla havalandırmanın yetersiz kaldığı ülkemiz okulları sınıflarında diğer iç hava kirleticilerinin de konsantrasyonları yüksek bulunmakta ve çocuklarımız sağlık ve akademik performanslarını etkileyebilecek düzeylere maruz kalabilmektedir (Güllü, 2015; Sofuoğlu, 2015; Ekren vd., 2017). Bu tip bir sınıf ortamı, ülkemizde sın...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic, which has reached 4 million global cases as of March 10, 2020, has become a worldwide problem. Turkey is one of the most affected (9th in the world) country with 139 771 cases. An intermittent curfew policy that differ for three age groups, and an intercity travel ban varying within the country have been implemented. The effe...
Preprint
SARS-CoV-2 olarak isimlendirilen yeni tip bir korona virüsün sebep olduğu COVID-19 olarak isimlendirilen enfeksiyon hastalığı salgını bir yıldan fazla bir süredir tüm dünyayı etkisi altına almıştır. Süper yayılma olaylarının ana sebeplerinden birisi olarak havalandırma yetersizliği öne çıkmaktadır. Okul sınıfları gibi kalabalık iç ortamlarda Maske,...
Article
Ergene Basin is located in Thrace, Turkey, where industries are densely populated. This study aimed to determine exposure of people living in Ergene Basin (Çorlu and Çerkezköy) to fine and coarse PM, and its potentially toxic element (PTE) content by considering variation in respiratory airway deposition rates with daily activities and PM particle...
Article
A number of green treatment technologies have been used for textile wastewater treatment, among which phytoremediation is a low cost, effective, and promising alternative -to conventional treatment techniques. The aim of this study was to investigate performance of Lemna minor (L. minor) for phytoremediation of Methylene Blue (MB). A Box- Behnken e...
Article
As a result of its unique location, Turkey receives air masses from Europe, Russia, Middle East, and Africa, making it an important place in terms of long-range atmospheric transport (LRT) of contaminants. Atmospheric levels of 22 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), 45 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and 14 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) we...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, Wood Plastic Composites (WPCs) were produced from post-consumer bulky wastes of recycled plastic and wood in order to minimize waste, decrease environmental effects of plastics, reserve natural resources, and support circular economy for sustainable production and consumption. Five different types of polypropylene (PP) or polyethylen...
Article
Full-text available
SARS ve MERS gibi virüs salgınlarının ardından günümüzde küresel yeni bir salgın süreci yaşanmaktadır. Yeni bir korona virüs olan SARS-CoV-2, ya da yaygın şekliyle COVİD-19 isimli virüsün iç ortamlarda, özellikle aynı anda çok sayıda insanın bulunduğu halka açık binalarda yayılımının engellenmesi için havalandırma sistemleri kritik önem taşımaktadı...
Preprint
The COVID-19 pandemic, which has reached 4 million global cases as of March 10, 2020, has become a worldwide problem. Turkey is one of the most affected (9th in the world) country with 139 771 cases. An intermittent curfew policy that differ for three age groups, and an intercity travel ban varying within the country have been implemented. The effe...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 öncesi HVAC sistemlerinde iki canlı ilgi odak noktası söz konusuydu. Bunlardan ilki küresel iklim değişikliğinin getireceği değişen şartlara karşı HVAC sistemlerinin uyumu/esnekliği (resilience), diğeri ise ekonomiden, sosyal ve politik hayata kadar, her yapıyı etkileyeceği öngörülen üstel bozucu teknolojiler sonucu gelecek dijital dönüşüm...
Preprint
GİRİŞ COVID-19 öncesi HVAC sistemlerinde iki canlı ilgi odak noktası söz konusuydu. Bunlardan ilki küresel iklim değişikliğinin getireceği değişen şartlara karşı HVAC sistemlerinin uyumu/esnekliği (resilience), diğeri ise ekonomiden, sosyal ve politik hayata kadar, her yapıyı etkileyeceği öngörülen üstel bozucu teknolojiler sonucu gelecek dijital d...
Preprint
ÖZET. SARS ve MERS gibi virüs salgınlarının ardından günümüzde küresel yeni bir salgın süreci yaşanmaktadır. Yeni bir korona virüs olan SARS-CoV-2, ya da yaygın şekliyle COVİD-19 isimli virüsün iç ortamlarda, özellikle aynı anda çok sayıda insanın bulunduğu halka açık binalarda yayılımının engellenmesi için havalandırma sistemleri kritik önem taşım...
Article
Full-text available
Household cleaning products are sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Bleach containing products are a special case because reactions occur between chloride and their organic content such as surfactants, perfumes, etc., generating VOCs. This study aimed to determine concentration of 13 VOCs in bleach-containing automatic toilet cleaners, to...
Article
Due to diversity of contaminants indoors and complexity in the physical structure of particulate matter, partition process of chemicals affects indoor concentration distribution. Synthetic Musk Compounds (SMCs) are ubiquitously found in household and personal care products, thus, in the environment. Exposure to SMCs is important for human health, t...
Article
Full-text available
Natural arsenic contamination is a critical problem for various places around the world. Simav Plain (Kutahya, Turkey) is one such area that was shown to have natural arsenic contamination in its waters and soils. Arsenic exposure through ingestion of edible crops cultivated in Simav Plain and associated health risks were assessed in this study. To...
Article
Full-text available
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and some of their nitrated derivatives, NPAHs, are seemingly ubiquitous in the atmospheric environment. Atmospheric lifetimes may nevertheless vary within a wide range, and be as short as a few hours. The sources and sinks of NPAH in the atmosphere are not well understood. With a Lagrangian field experiment a...
Article
Full-text available
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are found in multi-media indoors, therefore, may pose serious risks to human health. This study investigated the occurrence of BFRs in particulate matter (PM1 and PM10) and gas phase by active and passive sampling, and settled dust to estimate potential exposure in a computer technical service. Polybrominated diph...
Conference Paper
Inhalation of carcinogenic and toxic trihalomethanes (THM) originating from disinfected tap water could result in relatively high exposure doses. However indoor air concentrations of these compounds were generally not reported due to high cost and analytical requirements. Two-resistance theory can be applied for estimating the indoor air concentrat...
Article
Full-text available
Development of new wind energy projects require complex planning process involving many social, technical, economic, environmental, political concerns, and different agents such as investors, utilities, governmental agencies, or social groups. The aim of this study is to develop a tool combining Geographic Information System (GIS) and Multi-Criteri...
Article
Full-text available
Rice and wheat are rich sources of essential elements. However, they may also accumulate potentially toxic elements (PTE). Bulgur, the popular alternative to rice in the eastern Mediterranean, is produced by processing wheat, during which PTE content may change. This study determined PTE concentrations in rice and bulgur collected from 50 participa...
Article
Cancer has become the primary reason of deaths in Dilovasi probably due to its location with unique topography under the influence of heavy industrialization and traffic. In this study, possible sources and carcinogenic health risks of PAHs and PCBs were investigated in Dilovasi region by Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and the USEPA approach,...
Article
Atmospheric levels of 43 PCBs, 22 OCPs, and 14 PBDEs were determined in 16 cities at urban and rural sites by passive sampling to generate the first large-scale nationwide dataset of POP residues in Turkey's atmosphere. Sampling campaign was performed from May 2014 to April 2015 with three-month sampling periods at locations on east-west and north-...
Article
Full-text available
The occurrence and atmospheric behavior of tri- to deca- polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were investigated during a two-week campaign concurrently conducted in July 2012 at four background sites around the Aegean Sea. The study focused on the gas/particle (G/P) partitioning at three sites (Ag. Paraskevi/central Greece/suburban, Finokalia/sou...
Article
Atmospheric and concurrent soil samples were collected during winter and summer of 2014 at 41 sites in Kutahya, Turkey to investigate spatial and seasonal variations, sources, air-soil exchange, and associated carcinogenic risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The highest atmospheric and soil concent...
Article
This study reports levels of indoor environmental quality (IEQ) variables before and after installation of heat recovery ventilation (HRV) in a primary school located in an urban area in Izmir, Turkey. A CO2-based modeling was performed to determine the required flow rates that would comply with an international ventilation standard, followed by CF...
Article
Full-text available
Semi-volatile organic compounds were monitored over a whole year, by collection of gas and particle phases every sixth day at a suburban site in Izmir, Turkey. Annual mean concentrations of 32 polychlorinated biphenyls (∑32PCBs) and 14 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (∑14PAHs) were 348 pg/m3 and 36 ng/m3, respectively, while it was 273 pg/m3 for e...
Article
A model for gas-particle partitioning of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was evaluated using poly-parameter linear free energy relationships (ppLFERs) following a multiphase aerosol scenario. The model differentiates between various organic (i.e. liquid water soluble (WS)/organic soluble (OS) organic matter (OM) and solid/semi-solid organic...
Chapter
Chemical laboratories are special microenvironments, in which many pollutants may be found because of the large range and number of chemicals that can be used, while concentrations of some specific ones may relatively be elevated due to high source strengths depending on the type and the number of experiments conducted and the number of people work...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It was recently shown that a substantial amount of carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4) is formed in chlorine-bleach-containing household products as a result of reactions of sodium hypochlorite with organic product components. Use of these household products results in elevated indoor air CCl 4 concentrations. CCl 4 in several chlorine-bleach-containing h...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ÖZET Ülkemizde uzun yıllardır hava kalitesi standartlarının varlığından da anlaşılabileceği üzere insanlarımızın dış hava kirliliği ve sağlık etkileri konusunda belirli bir algı ve bilgilerinin var olduğunu düşünebiliriz. Ancak, zamanımızın sadece küçük bir kısmını dışarıda geçirdiğimiz için dış havadaki kirliliğe doğrudan maruziyetimiz de görecel...
Article
Full-text available
Indoor air quality has a great impact on human health. Cooking, in particular frying, is one of the most important sources of indoor air pollution. Indoor air CO, CO2, particulate matter (PM), and volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations, including aldehydes, were measured in the kitchen of a small establishment where a special deep-frying ma...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There are two main measures that can be taken to protect occupant‟s health from the effects of indoor air quality. One of the measures is controlling (mitigating, removing or isolating) the indoor emission sources while the other is to ventilate. Ventilation is to provide outdoor (fresh) air to all micro-environments in order to keep the indoor air...
Article
Full-text available
Near-ground air (26 substances) and surface seawater (55 substances) concentrations of persistent toxic substances (PTS) were determined in July 2012 in a coordinated and coherent way around the Aegean Sea based on passive air (10 sites in 5 areas) and water (4 sites in 2 areas) sampling. The direction of air-sea exchange was determined for 18 PTS....
Article
Full-text available
Indoor air pollution in university research laboratories may be important to building occupants, especially for those who work in the laboratories. In this study, indoor air quality (IAQ) and indoor environmental comfort were investigated in research laboratories of two departments at a university. PM2.5, PM10, TVOC (total volatile organic compound...
Article
Full-text available
A novel sorbent, chitosan-immobilized pum-ice, has been prepared for the sorption of As(V) from waters prior to its determination by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry. The success of the im-mobilization has been checked with such characteriza-tion techniques as scanning electron microscopy, ther-mal gravimetric analysis, and element...
Article
Full-text available
Olive tree leaf samples were collected to investigate their possible use for biomonitoring of lipophilic toxic substances. The samples were analyzed for 28 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) congeners. Twelve congeners were detected in the samples. PCB-60, 77, 81, 89, 105, 114, and 153 were the most frequently detected congeners ranging from 32 % for...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, olive tree leaves, collected from 50 sampling sites throughout the Province of Aydın, Turkey, were used to estimate level of pollution by measuring Al, As, B, Ba, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Sr, and Zn concentrations and calculating pollution factor (PF) values. After sample preparation, collected leaves were micro...
Article
Concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including formaldehyde, in classrooms, kindergartens, and outdoor playgrounds of three primary schools were measured in spring, winter, and fall terms in İzmir, Turkey. A health-risk assessment was conducted for odor detection, sensory irritation, chronic toxic effects, and cancer. Active samplin...
Article
Abstract Indoor air gas and particulate-phase samples (PM2.5) were collected from a primary school classroom and a women’s sport center because children are one of the sensitive population subgroups and women are frequent users of personal care products in addition to the high level of activity in this specific microenvironment. PM2.5 was collected...
Chapter
Our previous research (Kavcar et al., 2009) has shown that tap water arsenic concentrations in the City of İzmir, Turkey, was of concern as arsenic in 15 of 37 (41%) of the tap water samples (collected in the year 2004) exceeded the Turkish drinking water standard of 10 µg/L (TMH, 2005). The median, mean, and 95th percentile concentrations were 2.9...
Article
Full-text available
The aqueous phase adsorption of fuel oxygenates methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) and ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE) onto commercially available granular activated carbon (GAC; Norit GAC 1240) was investigated in a batch system at 27°C. The oxygenate concentrations were determined by headspace gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analyses. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ZET Bina-içi hava kalitesinin düşük olması, insanların çeşitli sağlık problemleri yaşamasına yol açmaktadır. Bu durumun çocuklar üzerindeki etkisini incelemek amacıyla, İlköğretim Okullarında Bina-İçi Çevresel Kalitenin Değerlendirilmesi projesi çerçevesinde, iç hava kirletici derişimlerinin ölçümü ile beraber ölçümlerin yapıldığı sınıflarda okuyan...
Article
Seasonal variation in concentrations of two different disinfection by-product groups, trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetonitriles (HANs), was investigated in tap water samples collected from five sampling points (one groundwater and four surface water sources) in Izmir, Turkey. Estimates of previously published carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic ri...
Article
A health risk assessment was conducted for exposure to trace metals via drinking water ingestion pathway for Province of Izmir, Turkey. Concentrations of 11 trace metals were measured in drinking waters collected from 100 population weighted random sampling units (houses). The samples were analyzed in atomic absorption spectrometry for arsenic, and...
Article
Artificial neural networks (ANN) were constructed to predict prevalence of building-related symptoms (BRS) of office building occupants. Six indoor air pollutants and four indoor comfort variables were used as input variables to the networks. A symptom metric was used as the measure of BRS prevalence, and employed as the output variable. Pollutant...
Article
Exposure and associated health risks for fluoride and trace metals in black tea were estimated. Fifty participants were randomly recruited to supply samples from the tea that they drink, and self-administer a questionnaire that inquired about personal characteristics and daily tea intake. Analyzed trace metals included aluminum, arsenic, barium, ca...
Article
Concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured in the drinking water in Province of Izmir, Turkey, and associated health risks due to ingestion of these compounds were investigated using population weighted random samples. A total of 100 houses were visited in different districts of Izmir and drinking water samples were collected...
Article
Full-text available
An Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) model is constructed to forecast SO2 concentrations in Izmir air. The model uses meteorological variables (wind speed and temperature) and measured particulate matter concentrations as input variables. The correlation coefficient between observed and forecasted concentrations is 0.94 for the network that uses al...