Saija Mauno

Saija Mauno
Tampere University | UTA · Faculty of Social Sciences (psychology)

PhD, professor

About

122
Publications
69,117
Reads
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7,085
Citations
Introduction
Saija Mauno currently works at the Faculty of Social Sciences in Tampere University and in University of Jyväskylä (psychology). Saija does research in occupational health psychology and other fields of applied psychology in the context of working life. Her current main project is IJDFIN research consortium.
Additional affiliations
January 1996 - present
University of Jyväskylä
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
December 1995 - December 1999
University of Jyväskylä
Field of study
  • work and organizational psychology

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the effect of stress, fatigue, and sleep deprivation on the ability to maintain an alert and attentive state in an ecologically valid setting is of importance as lapsing attention can, in many safety-critical professions, have devastating consequences. Here we studied the effect of close-quarters battle (CQ battle) exercise combined w...
Article
Tutkimuksessa tarkasteltiin työn intensiivistymisen ilmenemismuotojen ja työn imun välisiä yhteyksiä yhdeksän ammattialan aineistossa (N = 7 786). Tutkimus toteutettiin kyselyllä, ja tuloksia analysoitiin regressioanalyyseillä ammattialoittain. Tulokset osoittivat, että yhteydet työn imuun vaihtelivat työn intensiivistymisen eri ilmenemismuotojen j...
Article
Purpose Robots have a history of replacing human labor in undesirable, dirty, dull and dangerous tasks. With robots now emerging in academic and human-centered work, this paper aims to investigate psychological implications of robotizing desirable and socially rewarding work. Design/methodology/approach Testing the holistic stress model, this stud...
Article
The aims of this study were twofold: first, to investigate whether illegitimate tasks and job crafting are associated longitudinally with meaning of work, and, second, to explore whether job crafting strategies moderates longitudinally the relationship between illegitimate tasks and meaning of work. The study was based on one-year follow-up data fr...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on intensified working life via the intensified job demands (IJDs) model from the perspective of recovery from work by paying particular attention to the potentially mediating and buffering roles of recovery in the linkages between IJDs and their consequences. In empirical analyses, we examined the buffering role of psychologic...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Intensified job demands (IJDs) and their effects on employee burnout, work engagement and patient satisfaction were investigated across different work units and occupational groups in a healthcare setting. Design A multilevel study. Methods One thousand twenty-four healthcare employees responded to a survey in 2019 and rated their experience...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we examined whether maternal perceived job insecurity (JI) affected depressive symptoms in their adolescent children. Specifically, we tested a mediator-moderator model in which we hypothesized that maternal JI was related to adolescent depressive symptoms indirectly via maternal depressive symptoms. Most importantly, we also explore...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Nurses frequently face ethically demanding situations in their work, and these may lead to stress of conscience. Working life is currently accelerating and job demands are intensifying. These intensified job demands include (1) work intensification, (2) intensified job-related planning demands, (3) intensified career-related planning d...
Article
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This three-wave study explored whether living a calling (at work) mediated the relation between unnecessary tasks (time wasting work tasks) and socio-contextual performance at work (cynicism, organizational citizenship behavior). Participants were 518 Finnish white- and blue-collar employees, who were followed up in 2018, 2019, and 2020. The result...
Article
Full-text available
Aims and objectives The aims of the study were to identify content categories of unreasonable and unnecessary illegitimate tasks and to investigate how unreasonable and unnecessary tasks relate to occupational wellbeing. Background Illegitimate tasks are a common stressor among healthcare professionals, and they have been shown to have negative as...
Article
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) programs have rarely been used as tools for promoting adolescents' career preparation. This randomized controlled trial examined the possibility to promote the career preparation of Finnish ninth-grade adolescents (n = 249, 49% females) with a web-based five-week ACT-based online intervention program. Partici...
Article
https://journalppw.com/index.php/JPPW/article/view/209 A sense of meaningfulness is one of the most sought‐after work characteristics to be associated with employees’ well-being. This study explored whether meaningful work enhances self-rated health in a challenging work context, under distractions, unnecessary tasks and unreasonable tasks using a...
Article
Full-text available
SOC-strategies (selection, optimization, and compensation) are crucial for well-being and adaptation throughout the life course. The workforce is aging rapidly, thus the age-conditional premises of SOC theory require attention. This study explored (1) whether older employees used SOC strategies more often (compared to younger employees), and (2) wh...
Article
Working life is becoming more mentally demanding and intense due to technological acceleration. The present study explored employees’ experiences of different mental job demands (MJDs) and their outcomes (job burnout, job performance, and meaning of work). We focused on intra- and inter-individual variations and possible harmful combinations of MJD...
Article
We examined intensified job demands (IJDs) and selecting-optimizing-compensating (SOC) strategies as predictors of job performance (task performance, organizational citizenship behavior). We also investigated SOC strategy use as a moderator in the linkages between IJDs and performance. We sampled three disparate occupational groups (N=4,582). We fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Does recovery from work strain protect employees from the effects of intensified job demands on job exhaustion? Abstract Purpose: Technological acceleration is changing working life and one of its implications are intensified job demands (IJDs), referring to work intensification, intensified job-related planning and decision-making demands, intensi...
Article
This study aimed to improve our understanding of what constitutes a healthy organizational change process among university employees. Positive attitudes and proactive participation toward organizational change were presumed to affect and be affected by personality resources measured via core selfevaluations and work-related motivational well-being...
Article
Purpose In order to understand the driving forces behind intensified job demands (IJDs), the purpose of this paper is to examine demographic factors, structural work-related factors, personal and job resources as antecedents of IJDs. Design/methodology/approach The study is based on cross-sectional (n=4,963) and longitudinal (n=2,055) quantitati...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Working life today is characterized by acceleration and intensification due to social, and particularly technological, acceleration affecting the whole of society. These phenomena also affect working life by intensifying job demands, possibly imposing new job stressors on the workforce. At the same time workforce is aging, raising a que...
Article
Full-text available
Job insecurity is recognized as one of the most prominent job stressors for employees. Despite decades of research, the concurrent examination of both quantitative (i.e., perceived threat of job loss) and qualitative (i.e., perceived threat of losing some job features) job insecurity and the analysis of their different relationships with well-being...
Article
Full-text available
Minkkinen, J., Mauno, S., Feldt, T., Tsupari, H., Auvinen, E., & Huhtala, M. (2019). Uhkaako työn intensiivistyminen työhyvinvointia? Intensiivistymisen yhteys työuupumukseen opetus- ja tutkimustyössä. Psykologia, 54 (04), 255–301. Abstract: Work intensification has recently attracted interest as changes in working conditions are occurring continuo...
Article
Mauno, S., Minkkinen, J., & Auvinen, E. (2019). Nakertaako työn intensiivisyys työssä suoriutumista ja työn merkityksellisyyttä? Vertaileva tutkimus eri ammattialoilla. Hallinnon tutkimus, 38(4). Do intensified job demands harm job performance and meaningfulness at work? Comparative study across occupational group Abstract Technological accelerati...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examines whether mothers’ positive work-related experiences, work engagement and recovery from work, are indirectly linked to their children’s life satisfaction via mothers’ perceived life satisfaction and closeness with their children. Theoretically the study is based on the spillover and crossover models of work–family interface...
Article
Work–family balance is often defined as the extent to which individuals are satisfied and functioning well, both in work and family domains, with the lowest level of role conflict (Clark, 2000). In the present study, we sought to identify longitudinal profiles of work–family balance and examine their mediating roles in the relationship between job...
Article
Latent profile analysis (LPA) is a person-centered method commonly used in organizational research to identify homogeneous subpopulations of employees within a heterogeneous population. However, in the case of nested data structures, such as employees nested in work departments, multilevel techniques are needed. Multilevel LPA (MLPA) enables adequa...
Book
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Hyvinvointi työelämässä puhututtaa paljon: Mikä nykyisessä työelämässä kuormittaa? Miksi työ koukuttaa toisia ja kuluttaa toisia? Miten työkuormituksesta palaudutaan ja miten työuupumusta hoidetaan? Kirjassa kuvataan, mitä työstressi on ja millaiset tekijät sitä lisäävät alati muuttuvassa työelämässä. Lisäksi teoksessa esitellään laajasti työhyvin...
Article
Työntekijöiden jaksaminen on työelämässä koetuksella. Tarkoituksemme on tutkia, kuinka uupumusasteisen väsymyksen taso muuttuu kahden vuoden aikana ja miten tämä muutos tai pysyvyys kytkeytyy työstä palautumiseen. Palautumista tutkimme sitä ylläpitävien palautumisen kokemusten (työstä irrottautuminen, rentoutuminen, taidonhallinta ja kontrolli vapa...
Article
- Emotional labor is a common job stressor among health care professionals and therefore more research evidence is needed concerning its buffers. - Age-specific knowledge regarding the buffers of different job stressors is needed as health care professionals in industrialized countries are aging. - The results showed that recovery from work bufferi...
Article
Job insecurity (JI) appears a fairly stable job stressor in working life today and likely to impair employee well-being. This review article presents the key findings of studies examining the effects of perceived JI on family well-being (e.g., marital/parental role quality, work-family conflict). The results, based on 25 published peer-reviewed stu...
Article
Work-related rumination is not a single construct, but consists of a dimension associated with negative emotions or affect (affective rumination), and a dimension associated with reflective thinking and applying strategies to solve problems (problem-solving pondering). In this threewave longitudinal study across two years (N = 630) we investigated...
Article
Full-text available
Work-related resources can be positive antecedents of employee work engagement (WE) and creativity. Although trait emotional intelligence (EI) and social support may be crucial resources in nursing, their relationships with WE and creativity remain unclear. Hence, with special focus on the role of trait EI, we examined this relationship by applying...
Article
The personality high-order concept of core self-evaluations (CSE), which refers to a basic evaluation of one’s worth, capability, and effectiveness, has attracted a lot of research interest. Yet little is known about the construct validity of the core self-evaluation scale (CSES) while information on its longitudinal factorial validity is wholly la...
Article
The research addresses the impact of long-term reward patterns on contents of personal work goals among young Finnish managers (N = 747). Reward patterns were formed on the basis of perceived and objective career rewards (i.e., career stability and promotions) across four measurements (years 2006–2012). Goals were measured in 2012 and classified in...
Article
We used a longitudinal design and a person-centred methodology to test the strain and learning hypotheses of the job demands–control model among Finnish employees (n = 926), who were followed-up at three time points covering a period of 2 years (2008–2010). First, we identified longitudinal subgroups in demands and control across three measurement...
Article
This study identified patterns of psychological contract (PC) and examined how these patterns were related to employee well-being and in-role performance over time (T1–T3). PC was measured at T1 based on cross-sectional data and well-being and performance longitudinally in two consecutive years (T1−T3) among university employees. Latent profile ana...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between authentic leadership and team climate across 22 months. More specifically, three alternative causation models (normal, reversed, reciprocal) were tested. Design/methodology/approach – The longitudinal study was conducted among 265 Finnish municipal employees (87.5 per cent...
Article
Aim: The study examined whether three resources, that is, compassion, transformational leadership and work ethic feasibility, buffer against the negative effects of emotional labour on work engagement. Background: Emotional labour is a common job stressor among nurses, but little is known about whether certain personal and work resources buffer...
Article
Trait emotional intelligence (EI) is a noteworthy psychological resource in nursing. However, its effects on well-being and job performance are inconsistent. Thus, we explored the latent beneficial and risk profiles of trait EI among 461 Japanese eldercare nurses. Latent profile analysis revealed six latent profiles. In addition, multivariate analy...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The present study aims to identify different work-family boundary management profiles among Finnish employees, and examine how these relate to conflict between work and family or their mutual enrichment. Method: Participants from two samples, one consisting of university staff (n 1 = 1,139) and another of nurses (n 2 = 271), were asked...
Article
This study examined whether work–family support (WF support) buffers permanent and temporary workers similarly against the negative effects of work–family conflict as regard job satisfaction and emotional energy level at work and at home. A total of 1,719 Finnish nurses participated in this study in 2009. The results revealed that high coworker WF...
Article
The aim of the present study conducted among 1,106 Finnish employees was to identify boundary management profiles based on cross-role interruption behaviors from work to nonwork and from nonwork to work. Adopting a person-oriented approach through latent profile analysis, five profiles were identified: Work Guardians (21% of the employees), Nonwork...
Article
Full-text available
Research has provided convincing evidence for the adverse effects of both short- and long-term unemployment, and perceived job insecurity on individuals' health and well-being. This study aims to go one critical step further by comparing the association between short- and long-term unemployment, and perceived job insecurity with a diverse set of he...
Article
We examined work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE) by comparing Finnish nurses, working dayshifts (non-shiftworkers, n = 874) and non-dayshifts. The non-dayshift employees worked either two different dayshifts (2-shiftworkers, n = 490) or three different shifts including nightshifts (3-shiftworkers, n = 270). Specifically, we i...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated work–family conflict (WFC) and enrichment (WFE) in relation to job exhaustion and turnover intentions among long-term temporary (n = 384) and permanent (n = 430) workers. We used three-wave data collected among Finnish university employees in 3 consecutive years. The participants were either permanently or temporarily employ...
Article
Full-text available
Using the stability and change model, conservation of resources theory and the job demands-resources model, this study aimed to determine: (1) the extent to which work engagement and job resources can be explained by a component reflecting stability and a component reflecting change in these constructs, and (2) the strength and direction of the rel...
Article
Full-text available
Work–family barriers can be conceived as a stressor, as it refers to organizational time demands interfering with an employee’s family-related needs and anticipated negative career outcomes as a result of prioritizing family over work. The negative effects of stressors can be buffered by various resources. In this study, we examined whether 4 speci...
Conference Paper
Introduzione. La teoria della Conservazione delle Risorse (Hobfoll, 2001) postula che molteplici fattori organizzativi, in termini di risorse, supportino gli individui nel far fronte a richieste provenienti dai domini organizzativi e familiari. Nell’ambito della conciliazione lavoro-famiglia, il costrutto di Work-family Culture (Thompson et al., 19...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this longitudinal study was to investigate the cross-lagged relations between core self-evaluations, vigor at work, and work–family enrichment over 3 years. Design/Methodology/Approach Data were obtained from a follow-up study of a sample of Finnish university employees (N = 700). Findings The results of structural equat...
Article
Purpose Ethical culture is a specific form of organizational culture (including values and systems that can promote ethical behavior), and as such a socially constructed phenomenon. However, no previous studies have investigated the degree to which employees’ perceptions of their organization’s ethical culture are shared within work units (departme...
Article
Full-text available
This 2-year longitudinal study among 848 university employees investigated the individual development of perceived job insecurity (JI) in the context of changes occurring in the Finnish universities during the follow-up time. Adopting a person-oriented approach through latent profile analysis, 8 classes of employees with similar mean levels and mea...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the relationship between job insecurity and turnover intention by applying occupational well-being (exhaustion, vigour) as a mediator. The study was inspired by two theories: the conservation of resources and emotional contagion theories. We investigated the relationships at the individual and work department levels by utilizing...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this quantitative diary study was to investigate daily vigor and exhaustion using a person-centered approach. The study also investigated whether and how experiences of vigor and exhaustion relate to a state of being recovered. A total of 256 Finnish employees filled in a diary questionnaire during five consecutive workdays. Vigor an...
Article
The study focuses on the relationship between job insecurity and self-reported job performance. Based on theoretical, empirical, and statistical arguments, we propose that this relationship is U-shaped and mediated by vigour at work. This assumption was tested cross-sectionally and across two measurement points, and against two alternative explanat...
Article
Job insecurity (threat of job loss) is widespread and becomes a permanent phenomenon for a lot of employees. Based on the response of 926 Finnish employees, this study investigated the direct lagged relationship between job insecurity, coping resources (job control, social support, and optimism), and employees’ work- (vigor at work and job satisfac...
Article
Full-text available
The primary aim of the present 1-year longitudinal study among university employees (N = 1314) was to investigate individual development of perceived employability (PE) by utilizing a person-centred approach. Thus, we identified latent classes of PE across 1 year based on growth mixture modelling. In addition, the latent classes were characterized...
Article
AimTo examine the moderating roles of job dedication and age in the job insecurity-family-related well-being relationship. Background As job insecurity is a rather permanent stressor among nurses nowadays, more research is needed on the buffering factors alleviating its negative effects on well-being. MethodsA total of 1719 Finnish nurses represent...
Chapter
Full-text available
Despite working in the same workplace and sharing the same working conditions, employees’ occupational well-being may vary considerably as a result of differences in their personalities, motivation, and personal goals. This is an issue that has attracted the attention of many scholars over the years. However, the role of personality in employee wel...
Article
The aims of this study were to investigate what kinds of personal work goals managers have and whether ethical organisational culture is related to these goals. The sample consisted of 811 Finnish managers from different organisations, in middle and upper management levels, aged 25–68 years. Eight work-related goal content categories were found bas...
Article
A four-dimensional typology of work-family balance (WFB) that has previously been reported was tested in four samples: Finnish nurses (n=662), Slovenian nurses (n=667), Finnish health and social care workers (n=1493) and Finnish service sector employees (n=827). Latent profile analyses identified three rather than four types of WFB in each sample....
Article
Objectives: This study examined whether an employee's age moderates the relationships between job stressors (i.e. job insecurity, workload, work-family conflict) and self-rated well-being (i.e. work-family enrichment, life satisfaction, job satisfaction, vigor at work). Method: Analysis of covariance and moderated hierarchical regression analysi...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the authors seek to account for possible transitions from temporary to permanent employment in relation to perceived psychosocial work characteristics, i.e. job insecurity, workload, job control and organizational communication. The study compared three groups of Finnish hospital workers utilizing a two-wave design with a two-year ti...
Article
This study investigates perceived external employability (PEE) as a personal resource in relation to job insecurity and exhaustion. We advance the idea that PEE may reduce feelings of job insecurity and, through felt job insecurity, also exhaustion. That is, we probe the paths from PEE to job insecurity and from job insecurity to exhaustion. We fur...
Article
This study investigated individual work–family coping strategies (WFCS). We focused on four types of coping efforts and behaviours that employees take up in order to balance their work and family life: (1) ‘Being super at work/home’, (2) ‘Being good enough at work/home’, (3) ‘Prioritizing at work/home’ and (4) ‘Delegating at work/home’. We examined...
Article
This study examined contextual (support, control at work/home) and dispositional (personal coping strategies) coping resources as predictors of work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE) by using the data from Finnish health care and service employees (n = 1,956). The contextual coping resources related more strongly to WFC and WFE...