Saif Khan

Saif Khan
University of Hail · College of Dentistry

About

97
Publications
26,761
Reads
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995
Citations
Citations since 2016
69 Research Items
909 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200

Publications

Publications (97)
Article
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Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) disease management is highly dependent on the immune status of the infected individual. An increase in the incidence of depression has been observed during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Autoantibodies against in vitro reactive oxygen species (ROS) modified BSA and Lys as well as antibodies against receptor binding domai...
Article
Mycobacterium Aspartate beta semialdehyde dehydrogenase (ASADH) was studied using various spectroscopic techniques and size exclusion chromatography to examine the unfolding of free (apo) and NADP/H-bound (holo) forms of ASADH. Non-cooperative guanidinium chloride (GdnHCl)-induced unfolding of the apo ASADH was discovered, and no partially folded i...
Article
The question of the origin of coronavirus spread like wildfire ever since it wreaked havoc among humankind, and ever since the scientific community has worked tirelessly to trace the history of the virus. In this review, we have tried to compile relevant literature pertaining to the different theories of origin of SARS-CoV-2, hopefully without any...
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COVID-19 infection is associated with elevated oxidative stress, systemic hyper-inflammatory responses, endothelial dysfunction, and red blood cell membrane deformability. Nigella sativa extract is widely used in alternative and complementary medicine systems in a large population, due to its highly therapeutic, economic, natural, and safe nature....
Article
IntroductionGarlic is an established antioxidant, owing its antioxidant property to a number of constituent sulfhydryl compounds, the most important of which is diallyl sulfide (DAS). Garlic and its constituents are known to protect against reactive oxygen species mediated damages by various toxicants including asbestos, a well known carcinogen. Pr...
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Glycation is vital in terms of its damaging effect on macromolecules resulting in the formation of end products, which are highly reactive and cross-linked irreversible structures, known as advanced glycation end products (AGEs). The continuous accumulation of AGEs is associated with severe diabetes and its associated ailments. Saccharides with the...
Article
The robust use of osmolytes (i.e., polyols and sugars) in the key therapeutic regimens/formulations has questioned their impact beyond the stability of therapeutic proteins as these osmolytes trigger structural alterations into proteins including misfolding and subsequent aggregation into amyloid fibrils. Therefore, the current study is the first t...
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When glucose and Amadori products are auto-oxidized, glycation occurs, resulting in the formation of early (Amadori) and late advanced glycation end products (AGEs), as well as free radicals. Glycation and an increase in free radical activity induce diabetic complications. Antioxidant and antiglycation compounds may aid in the prevention of oxidati...
Article
Rapid growth of nanotechnology has accelerated immense possibility of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) exposure by human and living organisms. In this context, wide range applications of graphene based nanomaterials (GBNMs) may inevitably cause their release into the environment. Consequently, potential risks to the ecological system and human healt...
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Cellulases are the enzymes of broad industrial interests due to their versatile applications including biomass conversion processing. However, issues, e.g., high production cost of enzyme and lack of suitable bioprocess technology, are the main thirst of this area. Additionally, fungal strains are frequently reported for the cost-effective cellulas...
Article
Glycation of proteins results in structural alteration, functional deprivation, and generation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are generated during in vivo autoxidation of glucose induces glycoxidation of intermediate glycation-adducts, which in turn give rise to aldehyde and/or ketone groups containing...
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Hundreds of millions of people around the globe are afflicted by diabetes mellitus. The alteration in glucose fixation process might result into hyperglycaemia and could affect the circulating plasma proteins to undergo nonenzymatic glycation reaction. If it is unchecked, it may lead to diabetes with increase in advanced glycation end products (AGE...
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Synthesis of nanomaterials following green routes have drawn much attention in recent years due to the low cost, easy and eco-friendly approaches involved therein. Therefore, the current study is focused towards the synthesis of Fe 3 O 4 /α-Fe 2 O 3 nanocomposite using waste pulp of Jamun ( Syzygium cumini ) and iron nitrate as the precursor of iro...
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To date, several Glucosyltransferase C (GtfC) inhibitors have been identified and experimentally validated. All these inhibitors have been validated at different experimental conditions like degree of purity, animal models, kinetic conditions, experimental environment etc.; and most of these inhibitors (ligands) proved to be quite effective in thei...
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Dysregulated immune response significantly affects hepatocellular carcinoma’s (HCC) prognosis. Human Leukocyte Antigens are key in devising immune responses against HCC. Here, we investigated how HLAs modulate HCC development at the transcriptomic level. RNA-seq data of 576 patients from two independent cohorts was retrieved. The clinicopathologica...
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Strong association has been recently observed between periodontitis/gingivitis and Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). A high incidence of oral cancer has been reported in the case of chronic periodontitis. Recently Cell cycle regulatory /Senescence genes have been associated with Gingivitis/ Periodontitis susceptibility. Cyclin D1 is one such cel...
Article
Gynecologic cancer, starting in the reproductive organs of the females, includes cancers of cervical, endometrial, ovary commonly and vaginal and vulvar cancers rarely. The changes in the composition of microbiome in gut and vagina affect immune and metabolic signaling of the host cells resulting in chronic inflammation, angiogenesis, cellular prol...
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Present study attempts to determine efficient biogenic leads against proteolytic enzyme Cystalysin of Treponema denticola, a red complex pathogen, responsible for periodontitis. Cystalysin is known to play central role in the occurrence and progression of chronic generalized periodontitis. The method involves the preparation of library of compounds...
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Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) induce the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and extra cellular matrix (ECM) degradation via suppression of neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) and interaction with AGE-receptors (RAGE). This study aimed to reveal whether modulation of NRP-1 by rosuvastatin (RT) prevents AGE-induced renal injury via targeting RAGE/...
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Proteins undergo glycation resulting in the generation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that play a central role in the onset and advancement of diabetes-associated secondary complications. Aminoguanidine (AG) acts as an antiglycating agent by inhibiting AGE generation by blocking reactive carbonyl species (RCS) like, methylglyoxal (MGO)....
Article
Introduction: As the amyloid precursor protein performs a remarkable part in chronic periodontitis and the progression of Alzheimer's disease growth, discoveryof novelactive inhibitors of this protein can be of great standing in the treatment of periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis is one of the causative factors and metabolic stressor for diabetes...
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Introduction: SARS-CoV2, first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan as COVID-19 causing respiratory illness, rapidly evolved into a pandemic owing to its very high infectivity. There is insufficient evidence about if and how smoking affects the risk of COVID-19 infection, and the reports on whether smoking increases or reduces the risk of respiratory...
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Optimally designed functional foods are considered the most important part of a balanced and healthy diet. Goat meat nuggets, an otherwise healthy option, are packed with undesirable saturated and unsaturated fats. The present work suggests an optimal functional formulation to reduce the surplus fat content of goat meat nuggets by adding two optima...
Article
Cell cycle, growth, survival and metabolism are tightly regulated together and failure in cellular regulation leads to carcinogenesis. Several signaling pathways like the PI3K, WNT, MAPK and NFKb pathway exhibit aberrations in cancer and help achieve hallmark capabilities. Clinical research and in vitro studies have highlighted the role of epigenet...
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The mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) enzyme protects lungs against oxidative stress by neutralizing the free radical superoxide produced in the respiratory function. This has relevance to asthma. Therefore, it is of interest to describe the potential effect of MnSOD Ala16Val genetic polymorphism to asthma risk. Known data in thi...
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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) uses Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors to infect host cells which may lead to coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Given the presence of ACE2 receptors in the brain and the critical role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in brain functions, special attention to brain microcir...
Article
In this study, attempts have been made to identify novel inhibitor(s) of SdiA (a homolog of LuxR transcription regulator) of Klebseilla pneumoniae using various computational techniques. 4LFU was used as a template to model the structure of SdiA. ProCheck, Verify3D, Ramachandran plot scores and ProSA-Web confirmed the good quality of the model as t...
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Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of elementary school teachers about the management of dental trauma. Material and Methods: An observational study, with the cross-sectional design, was conducted among primary school teachers in Hail, Saudi Arabia during January 2017. The questionnaire distributed among 400 primary school teachers from 18 diffe...
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Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge and awareness of the general population of Hail regarding oral cancer and assess their ability to identify the risk factors that may lead to oral cancer. Materials and methods: An observational study having cross-sectional design was carried out among Hail city population, Saudi Arabia. The st...
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Caspase 8 is a central player in the apoptotic cell death pathway and is also essential for cytokine processing. The critical role of this protease in cell death pathways has generated research interest because its activation has also been linked with neural cell death. Thus, blocking the activity of caspase 8 is considered a potential therapy for...
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Caspase 8 is a central player in the apoptotic cell death pathway and is also essential for cytokine processing. The critical role of this protease in cell death pathways has generated research interest because its activation has also been linked with neural cell death. Thus, blocking the activity of caspase 8 is considered a potential therapy for...
Article
Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) plays a crucial role in immunological responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) infection. The polymorphism at +874 A > T (rs2430561) influences the levels of IFN-γ, which may further influence the susceptibility to extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). This polymorphism has been investigated with respect to EPTB occurr...
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Background: Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) or mannose-binding protein (MBP), encoded by MBL2 gene and secreted by the liver, activates complement system through lectin pathway in innate immunity against the host's infection. Conflictingly, a number of MBL2 variants, rs1800450 (A>B), rs1800451 (A>C), rs5030737 (A>D), rs7096206 (Y>X), rs11003125 (H>L)...
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Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is indispensable for endothelial control and vascular tone regulatory systems, usually affected in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). ACE insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism may influence the progress of SLE. Earlier studies have investigated this association without any consistency in results. We perform...
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Hepatotoxicity is a severe problem generally faced by tuberculosis (TB) patients. It is a well-known adverse reaction due to anti-TB drugs in TB patients undergoing long-term treatment. The studies published previously have explored the connection of N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) gene polymorphisms with isoniazid-induced hepatotoxicity, but the resu...
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Saudi Arabia is one of the largest producer and exporter of date fruit. Several cheap varieties of dates are available throughout Saudi Arabia. In the present study we have optimized the batch fermentation conditions for the maximum recovery of biomass from a date syrup based medium. We have employed central composite design of experiments in conju...
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Natural products from the unique environments of sea water and oceans represent a largely unfamiliar source for isolation of new microbes, which are potent producers of secondary bioactive metabolites. These unique life-forms from the marine ecosphere have served as an important source of drugs since ancient times and still offer a valuable resourc...
Article
Quorum sensing (QS) is a complex bacterial intercellular communication system. It is mediated by molecules called auto-inducers (AIs) and allows coordinated responses to a variety of environmental signals by inducing alterations in gene expression. Communication through QS can tremendously stimulate the pathogenicity and virulence via multiple mech...
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Objectives: The role of caveolin-1 (CAV1)(G>A, rs3807987) polymorphism is still dubious in cancer causation in Taiwanese population. The present study is an effort to assess the above relation for precise conclusion. Methods: EMBASE and PubMed (MEDLINE) databases were explored for the pertinent case-control studies reporting the connection of CA...
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Objectives The role of caveolin-1 (CAV1)(G>A, rs3807987) polymorphism is still dubious in cancer causation in Taiwanese population. The present study is an effort to assess the above relation for precise conclusion. Methods EMBASE and PubMed (MEDLINE) databases were explored for the pertinent case–control studies reporting the connection of CAV1 G...
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Full-text available
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a chronic and debilitating disease that affects people in tropical and sub-tropical areas of Asia, Africa, and Western Pacific. It is one of the leading community health problems in some of the endemic districts in India including Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh. The disease is caused by the parasites Wuchereria bancro...
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Human aldose reductase (hAR) is the key enzyme in sorbitol pathway of glucose utilization and is implicated in the etiology of secondary complications of diabetes, such as, cardiovascular complications, neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, and cataract genesis. It reduces glucose to sorbitol in the presence of NADPH and the major cause of diabetes...
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The emergence of multi-drug resistant strains and co-occurrence of tuberculosis with HIV creates a major burden to the human health globally. Failure of primary antibacterial therapy necessitates the identification of new mycobacterial drugs. In this study, a comprehensive analysis involving bottom-up systems biology approach was applied wherein we...
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Goals: The involvement of the VDR ApaI gene polymorphism in the development of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) has been reported by numerous published studies and yielded inconsistent results. The present meta-analysis evaluated the association of VDR ApaI polymorphism and risk of PTB occurrence. Procedures: PubMed (Medline), EMBASE and Google Scho...
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Cordyceps militaris has been a keystone in combating myriad health problems with innumerable far-reaching therapeutic effects. The present study focuses on effect of fermentation conditions such as (pH, temperature and incubation time) and solid-state fermentation (SSF) using solid substrates (wheat, oat and rice) on production of cordycepin. Tempe...
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The incidences of melanomas are increasing by leaps and bounds across the globe despite early detection and intervention. The numbers of patients dying from metastatic melanoma have been continually increased over the past thirty years. It has been considered as one of the most therapy-resistant malignancies due to the cross-resistant mechanism dev...
Article
Clostridium difficile is an enteric pathogen that causes approximately 20% to 30% of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. In recent years, there has been a substantial rise in the rate of C. difficile infections as well as the emergence of virulent and antibiotic resistant C. difficile strains. So, there is an urgent need for the identification of thera...
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Hail region of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has the highest adult obesity rates in the entire kingdom and limited information is available about the prevalence and patterns of growth markers. Therefore, it is important to monitor the growth trends to implement effective public health preventive strategies for the region. This study aims to estimate the preva...
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The 20th century observation of increasing comprehensive load of cancer, advanced cancer prevention strategies, creative hypotheses and control procedures by research communities are being traversed and stimulated in multiple facets. Inference of genetically modified non-pathogenic and natural bacterial species as potential anti-tumor agents is one...
Data
Designed questionnaires are available online as supplementary file. They were developed based on the various scales available for each of the domains. The major source for the idea of the study design was adopted from the book Design of the National Children's Study: A Workshop Summary, National Academics Press, USA, 2013.