Said Aldhafri

Said Aldhafri
Sultan Qaboos University | SQU · Department of Psychology

Professor of Educational Psychology
The editor-in-chief of the Journal of Educational and Psychological Studies, SQU.

About

226
Publications
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1,459
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1996 - February 2016
Sultan Qaboos University
Position
  • Director of Social Observatory Strategic Research Program, TRC

Publications

Publications (226)
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to identify the impact of emotional intelligence skills-based program in the development of attitudes towards bullying, among tenth-grade students in the Sultanate of Oman. Semi- experimental method was used to achieve the objectives of this study. The researchers developed a training program and administered a questionnaire relate...
Article
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This study aims to examine the mutual effects between students’ academic self-efficacy beliefs and their achievement goal orientations when both are examined in relation to academic achievement. The sample consisted of 376 tenth-grade students from the Sultanate of Oman. The participants responded to two questionnaires examining academic self-effic...
Article
Introduction. Homework is one of the daily assessment methods used by the classroom teacher. In the literature, there are many studies dealing with homework management from the perspectives of students and parents. However, studies concerning teachers' self-efficacy for homework management are scarce. This study aimed at developing and validating a...
Article
Introduction. Homework is one of the daily assessment methods used by the classroom teacher. In the literature, there are many studies dealing with homework management from the perspectives of students and parents. However, studies concerning teachers' self-efficacy for homework management are scarce. This study aimed at developing and validating a...
Article
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The study examines the role of goal orientations; as a mediating variable, in determining the association between parenting styles and learned helplessness. The sample included 645 10th grade students from Sultanate of Oman. The adolescents completed measures regarding their perception of parenting styles, goal orientations, and learned helplessnes...
Article
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The present study aimed to explore the possibility of building an optimal causal model between optimism, pessimism, future anxiety post COVID-19, and coping styles among a sample of university students in the Sultanate of Oman, and then to verify the validity of the proposed model by examining the direct and indirect effects of pessimism, optimism...
Article
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The current study investigated Student-Teacher Relationship Measure (STRM) psychometric properties using Rasch analysis in a sample of middle school female students (N = 995). Rasch Principal Components Analysis revealed psychometric support of two subscales (i.e., Academic and Social Relations). Summary statistics showed good psychometric properti...
Article
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هدفت الدراسة الحالية التي اتبعت المنهج الوصفي إلى تحديد مستوى الذكاء العاطفي والأمل، واستكشاف إمكانية التنبؤ ببعدي الأمل من خلال الذكاء العاطفي وذلك مع عينة غير احتمالية من طالبات جامعة السلطان قابوس بلغت 167 طالبة. ولجمع بيانات الدراسة، تم تطبيق مقياس الذكاء العاطفي ومقياس الأمل للراشدين بعد التأكد من صدقهما وثباتهما. وأشارت النتائج إلى ارتفاع مست...
Article
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The widely spread dependence on smartphones by children, adolescents, and adults has shoved researchers to assess its impact on the wellbeing of individuals. Nomophobia, the fear of being out of cellular contact, was typically assessed by self-report measures or proxy measures in adolescents and older adults. The goal of the current study was to ex...
Article
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هدفت الدراسة للتحقق من الخصائص السيكومترية لمقياس هكساكو- 60 للعوامل الستة للشخصية، على عينة من طلبة المدرسة والجامعة في سلطنة عمان. وقد تكونت عينة الدراسة من 784 طالبًا وطالبة من الصفين التاسع والحادي عشر )متوسط العمر 15.31 عامًا(. أجاب 444 منهم على نسختي التقرير الذاتي، وتقييم الأقران؛ بينما أجاب الآخرون على نسخة التقرير الذاتي فقط. بالإضافة إلى...
Article
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This study aimed to develop a scale for organizational loyalty for workers in Sultan Qaboos University and University of Nizwa. The sample of the study consisted of (303) workers (151 males and 152 females), who were selected using random sampling from Sultan Qaboos University and University of Nizwa. The scale consisted of (35) items representing...
Article
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The present study aims to investigate e-extortion in the Omani society in order to come up with proposed strategies to activate the role of educational institutions in reducing. The study adopted the qualitative approach where open individual interviews were conducted, followed by intensive focus group sessions, and then group structured interviews...
Article
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The effect of parental styles on academic achievement: The mediating role of learned helplessness among 10th grade students in Al Batinah North Governorate from Sultanate of Oman The study aimed to establish a theoretical model for the causal relationship between three variables of study: parental styles, learned helplessness, and academic achieve...
Article
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The present study examined the predictive role of students' perceptions of parenting styles on their academic efficacy beliefs. This relationship was examined using two large sets of national data that were collected from school and university students to see how the relationship between parenting styles and academic efficacy beliefs may or may not...
Article
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الملخص : هدفت الدراسة إلى إعداد برنامج تدريبي قائم على نظرية دانيال جولمان ) Daniel Goleman ( وتقييم مدى فاعليته في تنمية الذكاء الوجداني لدى ) 21 ( من معلمي ومعلمات العلوم والرياضيات والمجال الثاني بسلطنة عًمان، وذلك من خلال قياس رد فعلهم تجاه البرنامج، وقياس مستوى التعلم لديهم )المعارف، والمهارات، والثقة في القدرة على تطبيق المهارات المكتسبة(، وا...
Article
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he Goal of the Study: To investigate the Gratification achieved by the use of SNSs among young Omanis. Study Methodology: The study used the descriptive methodology. Sample of The Study: The study was applied on a sample of 550 young men and women from the Sultan Qaboos University (295 male and 255 female) who answered a questionnaire designed by t...
Article
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The current study aimed at investigating the psychometric properties of the SNS addiction scale. The scale was applied to a random sample of 2507 students 868 males, 1639 females from public and private universities and colleges in Oman. First, the indicators of the validity was verified by presenting the scale to the arbitrators. Then the explorat...
Article
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The current research aimed to investigate the psychometric characteristics of the Arabic version of the Nomophobia scale for the Omani youth. The scale was administered to a random sample of students from public and private universities and colleges in Oman. The research sample consisted of 2507 students, of whom 868 males and 1639 females. The val...
Article
Full-text available
هدفت الدراسة إلى إعداد برنامج تدريبي قائم على نظرية دانيال جولمان ) Daniel Goleman ( وتقييم مدى فاعليته في تنمية الذكاء الوجداني لدى ) 21 ( من معلمي ومعلمات العلوم والرياضيات والمجال الثاني بسلطنة عًمان، وذلك من خلال قياس رد فعلهم تجاه البرنامج، وقياس مستوى التعلم لديهم )المعارف، والمهارات، والثقة في القدرة على تطبيق المهارات المكتسبة(، والتعرف على...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. The purpose of this study was to examine if the perception of teaching value and a teacher's self-efficacy (SE) are related to burnout. Previous research has shown a strong relation between teachers SE and burnout. Rarely, however, job value has been included in any of the previous studies. Method. A stratified random sample (N =2446)...
Article
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The study aimed to identify the levels of organizational silence and organizational justice among school employees in Oman, and to investigate possible differences based on gender, school type and years of experience. The dimensions of organizational justice that are more capable of predicting organizational silence were also identified. The resear...
Article
This study investigated the relationship between academic self-efficacy and psychological adjustment among 2821 students (grades 7 to 12) who were selected from all Omani school districts. It also aimed at exploring the predictive possibility of academic self-efficacy by psychological adjustment, and identifying the differences in academic self-eff...
Article
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This paper sheds light into the role of emotional intelligence in school teaching. It reports the findings of a study that sought to investigate the emotional intelligence of 4,098 school teachers in the Sultanate of Oman in five dimensions using the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale (SEIS). The study also measured the relationship between teach...
Article
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The present study aimed to predict behavioral problems through the dimensions of moral intelligence as perceived by students in grades 7-9 in the North Batinah Governorate in the Sultanate of Oman. The study sample included 425 students that were randomly selected from different school districts. The participants responded to the Behavioral problem...
Article
Abstract: The present study aimed to predict teaching selfefficacy beliefs through work life quality of teachers in the Sultanate of Oman. The study also examined the differences between males and females in the teaching self-efficacy beliefs and in the dimensions of work life quality. The study adopted the descriptive predictive method where 1233...
Article
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Students’ emotional intelligence represents an important variable that is connected to students’ academic achievementand life success. One main challenge when measuring students’ emotional intelligence is to have a valid and reliablemeasure that captures this emotional construct. The current study aims to investigate the psychometric properties of...
Article
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The current study aimed to adopt and assess the psychometric properties and measurement invariance of Grit-S among Omani and American students (N = 487) using Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Multi-Group Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The scale’s construct validity was estimated by investigating its associations with achievement goal orie...
Article
The current study examines the prediction of the achievement goals orientations of the Omani students through the students' perceptions of parenting styles. The sample included 919 students from seventh grade to the tenth grade of public school students in the Sultanate of Oman. The member of the sample answered a questionnaire consisting of two me...
Article
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Development and validation of a 25-item Student–Teacher Relationship Measure is described. It is a self-report measure estimating students’ perceptions of their relationship with teachers. The study was applied among adolescents in grades 7–11 in Oman. The measure was administered in Arabic. In Study 1, findings from exploratory factor analysis for...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to predict social self-concept through parenting styles as perceived by students in grades (6-10) of the basic education in the Sultanate of Oman. The sample included 509 students that were randomly selected from different school districts. The participants responded to the social self-concept questionnaire and the parenting author...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed at identifying the prevalence of addiction of SNS among the students of Sultan Qaboos University, analyzing the most common symptoms of SNS addiction among them, and determining the categories which are most vulnerable to addiction to SNS. The study sample consisted of 237= 67% females and 33% males. The Alpha Cronbach coeff...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed at identifying the prevalence of addiction of SNS among the students of Sultan Qaboos University, analyzing the most common symptoms of SNS addiction among them, and determining the categories which are most vulnerable to addiction to SNS. The study sample consisted of 237= 67% females and 33% males. The Alpha Cronbach coeff...
Article
The present study aimed at identifying the prevalence of addiction of SNS among the students of Sultan Qaboos University, analyzing the most common symptoms of SNS addiction among them, and determining the categories which are most vulnerable to addiction to SNS. The study sample consisted of 237= 67% females and 33% males. The Alpha Cronbach coeff...
Article
Full-text available
The current study aimed at identifying different aspects pertaining to the extent of smoking prevelence among SQU students. Among these aspects, reasons behind students’ smoking, students’ atttiudes towards smoking, their attempts to quit, and their awarness of smoking negative efffects in terms of physical, psychological, social, and academic effe...
Article
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هدف هذه الدراسة إلى تعرف جوانب مختلفة تتعلق بمدى انتشار التدخين لدى الطلبة في جامعة السلطان قابوس، وأهمّها الأسباب التي تدفع الطلبة إلى التدخين، واتجاههم نحوه، ومحاولاتهم للإقلاع عنه، ومستوى وعيهم لأضرار التدخين الصحية والنفسية والاجتماعية والأكاديمية. وقد قام فريق البحث باستخدام المنهج الكمي حيث شملت عينة الدراسة ) 3931 ( طالبا وطالبة، يشكلون نسبة...
Article
Full-text available
تهدف هذه الدراسة إلى تعرف جوانب مختلفة تتعلق بمدى انتشار التدخين لدى الطلبة في جامعة السلطان قابوس، وأهمّها الأسباب التي تدفع الطلبة إلى التدخين، واتجاههم نحوه، ومحاولاتهم للإقلاع عنه، ومستوى وعيهم لأضرار التدخين الصحية والنفسية والاجتماعية والأكاديمية. وقد قام فريق البحث باستخدام المنهج الكمي حيث شملت عينة الدراسة ) 3931 ( طالبا وطالبة، يشكلون نسب...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present study aimed to investigate the motives and students’ activities associated with the use of SNS among the students of Sultan Qaboos University using the theory of uses and gratifications. The study was applied on a sample of 550 students from the Sultan Qaboos University (295 males and 255 females) who responded to a questionnaire design...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Different biological and environmental factors may play roles in the development of self-concept. Many studies have focused on gender or age differences in self-concept separately. Objective: The current study aimed at examining the effects of grade, gender and their interaction on the development of four self-concept dimensions (appear...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of group guidance program based on academic superiority skills on the achievement motivation, academic achievement and the academic superiority skills of twelfth grade students. The study sample consisted of 104 female students from twelfth grade in the Directorate of Education in the Governorate of...
Article
The current study investigated the associations between three maternal and paternal parenting styles, moral intelligence, academic self-efficacy and learning motivation in three serial mediation models. Omani adolescents enrolled in 7th to 11th grades (N = 296) responded to an online survey containing demographic items and scales measuring the vari...
Preprint
Full-text available
Given the importance of comparing different groups in terms of perceptions of justice and justice effects, it is essential that the instrument used to measure perceptions behaves the same way across all groups. This study investigates the measurement invariance of the four-factor structure of organizational justice across nine Arab countries. Multi...
Article
Full-text available
Given the importance of comparing different groups in terms of perceptions of justice and justice effects, it is essential that the instrument used to measure perceptions behaves the same way across all groups. This study investigates the measurement invariance of the four-factor structure of organizational justice across nine Arab countries. Multi...
Conference Paper
The present study aimed at identifying the prevalence of addiction of SNS among the students at Sultan Qaboos University, analyzing the most common symptoms of SNS addiction among the students, and determining the categories of students who are most vulnerable to addiction to SNS. The study sample consisted of (237= 67% females and 33% males). The...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have supported the conceptualization that burnout consists of three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. When the proposed structure of burnout was tested in several studies, these three aspects were confirmed. However, several researchers found that depersonalization consists of two...
Article
Previous studies have supported the conceptualization that burnout consists of three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. When the proposed structure of burnout was tested in several studies, these three aspects were confirmed. However, several researchers found that depersonalization consists of two...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to reveal the positive and negative effects of SNSs on the values of citizenship among young Omanis. The study was applied on two samples. First, it includes a random sample of multiple component stages of 550 young men and women from the Sultan Qaboos University, of whom (295 males and 255 females), has responded to a quest...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the relation between academic self-efficacy and psychological adjustment among 2821 students (grades 7 to 12) who were selected from all Omani school districts. It also aimed at exploring the predictive possibility of academic self-efficacy by psychological adjustment, and identifying the differences in academic self-efficac...
Article
Previous studies have supported the conceptualization that burnout consists of three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. When the proposed structure of burnout was tested in several studies, these three aspects were confirmed. However, several researchers found that depersonalization consists of two...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have supported the conceptualization that burnout consists of three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. When the proposed structure of burnout was tested in several studies, these three aspects were confirmed. However, several researchers found that depersonalization consists of two...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present study aimed to investigate the motives and gratifications behind using SNSs by Sultan Qaboos University students using Uses and Gratifications (U&G) Theory. The study was applied on a sample of 400 students from the Sultan Qaboos University (200 males and 200 females) who responded to a questionnaire designed by the researchers. Results...
Article
This study aimed to explore the predictive effects of math teachers' emotional intelligence on their perceived self-efficacy. Three types of self-efficacy were examined (i.e., general teaching self-efficacy, self-efficacy about teaching math content, and self-efficacy about understanding math content). The sample of the study consisted of 1240 teac...
Article
A scale for measuring self-efficacy for teaching mathematics in grades 5 to 10 was developed in this study for teachers in Oman. The participants were 328 mathematics teachers randomly selected from five educational governorates in the Sultanate of Oman. Factorial structure of the scale revealed three subscales: selfefficacy for understanding the m...
Article
The Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) is a 20-itemself-report scale assessingemotional and social competency impairments like difficulty identifying feelings (DIF), difficulty describing feelings (DDF) and externally-oriented thinking (EOT). Despite strong validity and predictive utility in North American and European samples, its validity in Non-...
Article
Full-text available
Self-continuity – the sense that one’s past, present, and future are meaningfully connected – is considered a defining feature of personal identity. However, bases of self-continuity may depend on cultural beliefs about personhood. In multilevel analyses of data from 7287 adults from 55 cultural groups in 33 nations, we tested a new tripartite theo...
Article
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The current study aimed to investigate the Culture Intelligence and its relationship to some demographic variables which are sex, age, number of years of experience, and the number of languages that people spoken, in the Sultanate of Oman, Sultan Qaboos University. To achieve objectives of the study the researchers used cultural intelligence scale....
Article
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The current study examines the association between university students’ perceptions of parenting styles and their university life adjustment. Data were collected from Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) in Oman. The sample consisted of 2562 undergraduate students (59% were females) from different colleges and study years. The participants responded to t...
Article
The current study examines the association between university students’ perceptions of parenting styles and their university life adjustment. Data were collected from Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) in Oman. The sample consisted of 2562 undergraduate students (59% were females) from different colleges and study years. The participants responded to t...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the competing role of cognitive and affective learning processes used by students on predicting their academic achievement. The sample included 342 students from different schools in Oman (female=74.6%). The participants responded to a group of measures as part of a national study examining different learning variables. For the...
Conference Paper
هدفت الدراسة الحالية للتعريف بمفهوم علم السلوك العماني الذي أسسه الشيح الرئيس أبو نبهان جاعد بن خميس الخروصي الذي جاء مترفعا عن المفاهيم المغلوطة في تطبيق التصوف من خلال تأكيده على مبدأ العمل والتطبيق الفعلي لجملة من المبادئ والأفكار والعبادات والرياضات كركيزة أساسية للتدرج بين المقامات في طريق الوصول إلى الله، وما يترتب عليها من آثار في سلوك المري...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the characteristics of effective university instructors as perceived by 547 students. The students came from institutions in two different countries, Sultan Qaboos University in the Sultanate of Oman and Süleyman Demirel University in Turkey. They were asked to indicate the personality and the teaching characteristics they f...
Conference Paper
The study examines gender differences in emotional intelligence levels in the Sultanate of Oman, an Arabic country in the Middle East. The sample of the study consisted of 338 (50.6% were females) adults from different regions in Oman. The participants completed a 25-item emotional intelligence scale, using 5-point Likert type responses. The result...
Conference Paper
The current study aimed to develop a short version of the Teachers’ Perceived Collective Efficacy Scale (TPCES, Aldhafri, 2006). TPCE represents the teachers’ beliefs about their ability as a group to influence student learning. It has been investigated across different cultures using different measures. Using a sample of (490) Omani teachers, the...
Research
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Paper ready for publication. A paper that came out of strategic research. The paper report on the validity and construct validity of the Maslach Burnou Inventory for a large sample of Omani teachers.
Article
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Variations in acquiescence and extremity pose substantial threats to the validity of cross-cultural research that relies on survey methods. Individual and cultural correlates of response styles when using 2 contrasting types of response mode were investigated, drawing on data from 55 cultural groups across 33 nations. Using 7 dimensions of self-oth...
Article
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Across 5 different samples, totaling more than 1,600 participants from India, Indonesia, Oman, Romania, and Thailand, the authors address the question of cross-cultural replicability of a personality structure, while exploring the utility of exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) as a data analysis technique in cross-cultural personality r...
Article
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Markus and Kitayama's (1991) theory of independent and interdependent self-construals had a major influence on social, personality, and developmental psychology by highlighting the role of culture in psychological processes. However, research has relied excessively on contrasts between North American and East Asian samples, and commonly used self-r...
Article
Full-text available
The current study examined the relationship between university students’ academic identity and their perceptions of their parents’ parenting styles among a sample of Omani students. Marcia’s (1993) academic identity statuses are adapted. These are moratorium, foreclosed, diffuse, and achievement. Parenting styles included authoritative, authoritari...
Article
Full-text available
The current study examined the relationship between university students' academic identity and their perceptions of their parents' parenting styles among a sample of Omani students. Marcia's (1993) academic identity statuses are adapted. These are moratorium, foreclosed, diffuse, and achievement. Parenting styles included authoritative, authoritari...
Conference Paper
This paper has twofold. The first deals with a theoretical conceptual framework that builds on the proposed child right indicators led by The Research Council, TRC, as part of the Social Indicators that the Social Observatory Strategic Program is planning to implement in the Sultanate of Oman. This part aims at analyzing and evaluating the preschoo...