Safdar Hussain Bouk

Safdar Hussain Bouk
Old Dominion University | ODU · Virginia Modeling, Analysis & Simulation Center

PhD in Engineering

About

109
Publications
36,906
Reads
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1,956
Citations
Introduction
Bachelors in Computer Systems Engineering from Mehran University of Engineering & Technology (MUET), Jamshoro in 2001. Masters and Ph.D.in Engineering from Keio University, Yokohama, Japan in 2007 & 2010, respectively. Assistant Professor, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad, Pakistan, Nov. 2010~Jun.2016 Postdoctoral Fellow, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea, Feb. 2014~Feb. 2016. Currently, working as a Research Professor, DGIST, Daegu, Korea.
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - present
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor
March 2014 - February 2016
Kyungpook National University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
November 2010 - June 2016
COMSATS University Islamabad
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
September 2007 - August 2010
Keio University
Field of study
  • Wireless Communication
September 2005 - August 2007
Keio University
Field of study
  • Wireless Communication
April 1996 - August 2001
Mehran University of Engineering and Technology
Field of study
  • Computer Engineering

Publications

Publications (109)
Article
In this paper, the superframe structure of IEEE 802.15.4 standard is improved to meet the adaptive data traffic requirements of hierarchical Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). In the IEEE 802.15.4 standard, sensor nodes send their data implicitly by using the Guaranteed Time Slots (GTS) to their PAN coordinator. The standard does not meet the adaptiv...
Article
Full-text available
IEEE 802.15.4 standard is specifically designed for a low-rate and low-processing Internet of things (IoT) applications and offers guaranteed time slots. A beacon-enabled IEEE 802.15.4 consists of a superframe structure that comprises of the contention access period and contention-free period. During contention-free period, nodes transfer their dat...
Article
Full-text available
Large number of services and heterogeneity of the objects have made Internet of Things (IoT) a complex paradigm. It is necessary to placate the requirements of quality of service metrics for IoT model of urban development. Rapid delivery and continuation of services to the customers without delay, is first and foremost requisite. Applications of Io...
Conference Paper
Named Data Networking (NDN) uses the content name to enable content sharing in a network using Interest and Data messages. In essence, NDN supports communication through multiple interfaces, therefore, it is imperative to think of the interface that better meets the communication requirements of the application. The current interface ranking is bas...
Article
Full-text available
Effective resource allocation has always been one of the serious challenges in wireless communication. A considerable number of machine type communication (MTC) devices in 5G with variable quality of service (QoS) aggravates this challenge even further. Existing Resource allocation schemes in MTC are usually considering signal to noise ratio (SNR),...
Article
Cyber-physical system (CPS) provides a well-organized integration between communication , computation , and control (3C) technologies. CPS has been widely used in the vehicular networks and it requires to discover multimodal data from the physical system to make appropriate decisions and actions, for example, congestion warnings, applying bra...
Article
Full-text available
Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks devices are usually battery powered and thereby their lifetime is limited. This issue leads to lose data measurements and thus to a performance loss of the underlying UWSN application. It also increases the maintenance cost in Internet of Underwater Things scenarios with a huge number of UWSN devices. Additionall...
Thesis
The day to day increase in world’s population is producing a gap between the demand and supply of electricity. Traditional Grid (TG) with the aging infrastructure is unable to address the increasing electricity demand. Installation of new generation systems is not a good solution to tackle the high demand of electricity. Smart Grid (SG) enhanced th...
Article
Conventionally, a node or vehicle in the Named Data Networking (NDN) sends an interest packet to discover information and receives a single data packet in response. However, in the case of named data Vehicular Cyber-Physical System (VCPS), a vehicle may require content from multiple vehicles in the network. Therefore, NDN forwarding daemon must rec...
Article
Named Data Networking (NDN) is one of the future networking architectures that communicates content using names, instead of the node addresses. It uses a very simple pull-based communication mechanism to retrieve content by sending an Interest message, and the node that has the required content or producer node replies with the Data message. In wir...
Thesis
There is an exponential increase in the demand of the energy due to increasing electrical devices. This results in an increasing demand versus supply gap. Due to scarcity of fossil fuels (e.g., oil, gas and coal), global environmental concerns, the rise in demand and addition of multiple efficient power generating systems; reformation of the curren...
Thesis
Full-text available
Demand Side Management (DSM) is an effective and robust scheme for energy management, Peak to Average Ratio (PAR) reduction and cost minimization. Many DSM techniques have been proposed for industrial, residential and commercial areas in last years. Smart Grid (SG) gives the opportunity of two-way digital communication to consumers and utility. SG...
Thesis
The energy demand is increasing every day due to the huge amount of residential appliance’s energy consumption. As the energy demand for consumption is comparably higher than the generation of energy, which produce the shortage of energy. Industrial and commercial areas are also consuming large amount of energy, however residential energy demand is...
Thesis
The significant part of smart grid is to make smart grid cost-efficient by predicting electricity price and load. To resolve the problem, three modules are incorporated within the prediction model 1. Firstly, the fusion of Decision Tree (DT) and Random Forest (RF) are used for feature selection and to remove the redundancy among feature. Secondly,...
Article
Modern vehicles equipped with a large number of electronic components, sensors, actuators, and extensive connectivity, are the classical example of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). Communication as an integral part of the CPS has enabled and offered many value-added services for vehicular networks. The communication mechanism helps to share contents w...
Article
Full-text available
The Internet-of-Things (IoT) is the future of the Internet, where everything will be connected. Studies have revealed that Fog/Edge Computing (FEC)-based services will play a major role in extending the cloud by carrying out intermediary services at the edge of the network. Fog/Edge Computing-based IoT’s (FECIoT) distributed architecture enhances s...
Conference Paper
Named data networking has been efficiently utilized in Vehicular networks as a promising solution to enable reliable and efficient content retrieval. Vehicular named data networks (VNDN) employ a pull-based mechanism where an Interest packet is broadcast in order to receive the Content. This forwarding scheme mitigates the forwarding of unsolicited...
Article
Full-text available
Flying Ad hoc Network (FANET) is a new resource-constrained breed and instantiation of Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) employing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) as communicating nodes. These latter follow a predefined path called ’mission’ to provide a wide range of applications/services. Without loss of generality, the services and applications offe...
Article
Due to immense urbanization and growing number of vehicles, parking space is scarce and expensive in metropolitan cities. Drivers spend more time in searching and wandering for vacant parking facilities which causes traffic congestion, additional fuel consumption, and pollution. To provide more robust parking solutions, we propose a novel cloud-bas...
Article
Named Data Networking (NDN) uses the content name instead of its location within the Interest message to locate the content within the network. Interest is broadcasted by the content seeking node over the wireless channel with specific content name and waits for the Data message containing the actual content. The broadcast region of an Interest is...
Article
In this paper, we propose a distributed interest forwarder selection (DIFS) scheme that mitigates the interest broadcast storm in vehicular named data networks. In DIFS, a vehicle sends an interest packet piggybacking its location, distance to the neighbors, and speed. In this case, the immediate neighbors do not have the requested content and rank...
Article
Connected car technology (also referred to as vehicular ad hoc network - VANET) has gradually paved its way to legislation in several countries and soon will be followed by mass-scale deployment. However, the race between the advancements in technologies and utilization of the available resources have left a question mark on the future of pure VANE...
Article
Full-text available
Industrial Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (IUASNs) come with intrinsic challenges like long propagation delay, small bandwidth, large energy consumption, three-dimensional deployment, and high deployment and battery replacement cost. Any routing strategy proposed for IUASN must take into account these constraints. The vector based forwarding s...
Article
Full-text available
Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network (UASN) comes with intrinsic constraints because it is deployed in the aquatic environment and uses the acoustic signals to communicate. The examples of those constraints are long propagation delay, very limited bandwidth, high energy cost for transmission, very high signal attenuation, costly deployment and batter...
Article
Named Data Networking (NDN) and Software Defined Networking (SDN) share the mutual courage of changing legacy networking architectures. In case of NDN, the IP-based communication has been tackled down by naming the data or content itself, while SDN proposes to decouple the Control and Data planes to make various services in hands without physical i...
Chapter
This chapter describes the recently proposed Future Internet architectures followed by insight and discussion on named data networking (NDN). It also describes the possible applicability of NDN in smart cities and its potentials. To date, Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) proposed a promising Future Internet architecture named as CCN. The NDN is pro...
Conference Paper
Underwater Sensor Networks (UWSNs) have been realized as a potential solution for offshore monitoring, undersea military applications, smart fishing, and so on. However, the current communication systems for underwater nodes are facing non-trivial challenges due to the constrained networking conditions. For instance, the sink addresses the node(s)...
Article
Smart city enhances the quality of its citizens’ life by providing ease of access to the ubiquitous services through integration using communication systems at the foundation. Additionally, Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) plays a major role in making a metropolitan area into a smart city. The current IP-based solutions for ITS have slanted...
Article
Wireless communications and networking have been continually evolving to improve and be a part of our lifestyle. This uninterrupted development is due to many research projects and practices that are being carried out to improve the quality of services and applications supported by networking technologies. Initially, the plethora of computer networ...
Article
Full-text available
An efficient superframe structure for 802.15.4 Medium Access Control (MAC) layer that operates over 868, 915 and 2400MHz, is proposed in this paper. In this superframe structure, Contention Free Period (CFP) precedes the Contention Access Period (CAP) and more number of slots are used in the same CFP period as of original 802.15.4 standard. As CFP...
Book
The motivation for this book is to provide students and future information engineers with a useful collection of Internet standards, technologies, and techniques that derive from research projects for the management of distributed data. We wrote the book during a very exciting period of the research advancements in the Future Internet paradigm. We...
Conference Paper
Recently, Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) have been providing a number of services for on-road users, including video content retrieval using 3G and 4G networks. However, owing to the highly dynamic network topology of VANETs, such services is highly susceptible to poor performance. In such a real-time scenario, a requesting vehicle may not be a...
Chapter
In the first decade of the 21st century, the cyber world and the physical world were considered as two different entities. However, in the literature we can easily find that these two entities are closely correlated with each other after integration of sensor and actuators in the cyber systems. Cyber systems became responsive to the physical world...
Conference Paper
IEEE 802.15.4 standard is specifically designed for Low Rate Wireless Personal Area Network (LR-WPAN). It uses slotted CSMA/CA algorithm while operating in beacon enabled mode. CSMA/CA algorithm highly depends upon backoff period. Default value of backoff period is 20 Symbols. In this work, the effect of varying backoff period is analyzed on differ...
Conference Paper
Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) have been providing promising solutions for both the safety and non-safety requirements of 21st century drivers. Since, the number of vehicles are increasing, the current host centric communication approach faces various challenges. On the other hand, the Information Centric Networking (ICN) concept in vehicular c...
Article
Recently, Named Data Networking (NDN) has been proposed as a promising architecture for future Internet technologies. NDN is an extension to the Content Centric Network (CCN) and is expected to support various applications in Vehicular communications (VNDN). VNDN, basically relies on naming the content rather than using end-to-end device names. In...
Chapter
Due to the early stage in development, content-centric networking (CCN) and its variants e.g., named-data network (NDN), are undergoing rigorous modifications to make them applicable to various future networks. In the previous chapter, we discussed the basic working principle of CCN as well as different CCN-based solutions for diverse application s...
Chapter
During the past decades, serious efforts have been made to propose various architectures for the future Internet. Each of those architectures has one thing in common, i.e., to focus on content delivery rather than on host-centric approaches. However, only few of them gained popularity due to their possible applications being investigated. In this c...
Chapter
Several initiatives have been taken in the past decade to improve the architecture and performance of information-centric networks (ICN). In this context, Van Jacobson presented a new architecture called the “content-centric network” (CCN), which was funded by the PARC research company. The main goal of CCN was to change host-centric communication...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Named Data Networking (NDN) has been recently added to the future Internet family. NDN is an extension to the Content Centric Network (CCN) and is expected to support various applications in the future. NDN relies on naming the content rather than using end-to-end device names. Recently, NDN has been adapted into Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs)...
Article
Full-text available
Smart cities have been envisioned during the last decade. Moreover, various projects have been initiated to bring this concept into reality. Smart city is basically an emergence of the existing and new Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) to make our living standard more safe and digitized. Wireless communications, such as sensors, act...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, various applications for Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) have been proposed and smart traffic violation ticketing is one of them. On the other hand, the new Information-Centric Networking (ICN) architectures have emerged and been investigated into VANETs, such as Vehicular Named Data Networking (VNDN). However, the existing application...
Article
Full-text available
Similar to terrestrial networks, underwater wireless networks (UWNs) also aid several critical tasks including coastal surveillance, underwater pollution detection, and other maritime applications. Currently, once underwater sensor nodes are deployed at different levels of the sea, it is nearly impossible or very expensive to reconfigure the hardwa...
Article
Full-text available
Timely detection of anomalous activity in wireless sensor network is critical for the smooth working of the network. This paper presents an intrusion detection technique based on the calculation of trust of the neighboring node. In the proposed IDS, each node observes the trust level of its neighboring nodes. Based on these trust values, neighborin...
Article
Full-text available
Vehicular Named Data Network (VNDN) has emerged as a promising network technology, where the focus of communication is moved from the host-centric to information centric. Since, the VNDN is at its early stage in its development, there are several open issues to be explored and Pending Interest Table (PIT) management is one of them. In VNDN, PIT sto...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Named Data Networking (NDN) uses data names to communicate contents in a network rather than node addresses. This paradigm shift from a host-centric to data-centric creates new challenges to efficiently exchange data between data consumer and provider. A consumer node generates an Interest message for the desired content and each intermediate node...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recently, various applications for VANETs have been proposed and smart traffic violation ticketing is one of them. On the other hand, content-centric networking has been emerged into VANET s and named as VCCN. However, the existing applications in VANETs are not suitable for VCCN paradigm due to the dependency on a named “content” instead of a curr...
Article
In this paper, we propose two routing protocols for Terrestrial Wireless Sensor Networks (TWSNs); Hybrid Energy Efficient Reactive (HEER), and Multi-hop Hybrid Energy Efficient Reactive (MHEER) routing protocol. The main purpose of designing these protocols is to improve the network lifetime and particularly the stability period of the underlying n...
Article
Full-text available
Vehicular Content-centric Network (VCCN) has been emerged as a future network technology for vehicular networks, where the focus of communication is shifted from the host to information centric. However, VCCN faces several challenges, including interest/data packet(s) flooding, provider/consumer mobility and so on. In this letter, we propose a sche...
Conference Paper
Nowadays, wide variety of devices have been considered for IoT (Internet of Things) research. In this paper, we introduce IPv6 packet transmission using NFC (Near Field Communication) devices. We propose an IPv6 adaptation layer that modi?es the existing standard to successfully operate over NFC devices with no impediment to the existing standard....
Article
Full-text available
Vehicular delay tolerant networks have proven to be a low-cost solution with an attempt to provide connectivity in the presence of vehicular mobility. In this paper, we propose a bivious relaying scheme to minimize the communication outage experienced by a vehicle within an uncovered area between two distant neighboring Road Side Units (RSUs). Our...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recently, Content Centric Networking (CCN) has been proposed for the Future Internet. Since CCN is at an early bud stage, many issues are still unidentified and open. In this paper, we investigate the feasibility of applying the CCN concept to vehicular communications (named as Vehicular CCN, VCCN in this work). In addition, we identify a number of...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose an adaptive TDMA based MAC protocol, called Bitmap-assisted Shortest job first based MAC (BSMAC), for hierarchical Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). The main contribution of BS-MAC is that: (a) it uses small size time slots. (b) the number of those time slots is more than the number of member nodes. (c) Shortest Job First (...
Article
Full-text available
Beacon or safety messages are broadcasted in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) to disseminate network state or emergency incident information to other vehicles in the network. The freshness of information depends upon the frequent transmission of beacons. Similarly, to increase the awareness area or communicating with the distant nodes, beacons ar...
Article
Full-text available
WiMAX offers promising data rate, low deployment cost and support for Vehicular Networks (VNs). In VNs, vehicles have high mobility as they move from the coverage area of a Serving-RSU (S-RSU) to a Target-RSU (T-RSU). When moving from a S-RSU to another RSU, every vehicle should complete handover process. How- ever, seamless handover is one of the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Beacon or safety messages are broadcasted by Ve-hicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) to disseminate network state or emergency incident information to other vehicles in the network. The freshness of information depends upon the frequent transmission of beacons. Similarly, to increase the awareness area or communicating with the distant nodes, beacons a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose a hierarchical and hash-based naming scheme for Vehicular Information Centric Networks (VICNs). Our proposed naming scheme makes the best use of the features offered by hierarchical as well as hash-based naming schemes. The hierarchical part of the content name contains information about content owner or generator, content...
Conference Paper
Full-text available