Sabina Porfido

Sabina Porfido
Italian National Research Council and INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano -Napoli- ITALY

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316
Publications
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2,292
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1984 - December 1990
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (316)
Article
Full-text available
The Environmental Seismic Intensity scale (ESI 2007) is a new earthquake intensity scale only based on the effects triggered by the earthquake in the natural environment. The coseismic effects considered more diagnostic for intensity evaluation are surface faulting and tectonic uplift/subsidence (primary effects), landslides, ground cracks, liquefa...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to provide a contribution to seismic hazard assessment of the Salento Peninsula (Apulia, southern Italy). It is well known that this area was struck by the February 20, 1743, earthquake (I0 = IX and Mw = 7.1), the strongest seismic event of Salento, that caused the most severe damage in the towns of Nardò (Lecce) and Franc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to describe the modifications of the built environment that have occurred in 36 years following the Irpinia-Basilicata, 1980 earthquake. In particular, especially in the villages of the epicentral area, changes in the urban and territorial setting have been examined, as well as the consequences of ground effects that have i...
Article
Seismically induced ground effects characterize moderate to high magnitude seismic events, whereas they are not so common during seismic sequences of low to moderate magnitude. A low to moderate magnitude seismic sequence with a Mw = 5.16 ± 0.07 main event occurred from December 2013 to February 2014 in the Matese ridge area, in the southern Apenni...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to present, through a photographic reportage, the current state of rebuilding of the most devastated villages by the earthquake that hit the Southern Italy on 23 November 1980, in Irpinia-Basilicata. The earthquake was characterized by magnitude Ml = 6.9 and epicentral intensity I0 = X MCS. It was felt throughout Italy with the epic...
Data
Supplementary material As supplementary material we propose a publication, in which there is the first preliminary attribution of macroseismic intensity for the 1980 earthquake: “Il terremoto del 23-11-1980. Rilievo Macrosismico Stato di Avanzamento al 27-1-1981” [29] and some topographic maps of the effects induced by the 1980 Irpinia�Lucania eart...
Article
Full-text available
After more than forty years since the 1980 Irpinia-Lucania earthquake, with this Special Issue “The 23 November 1980 Irpinia-Lucania, Southern Italy Earthquake: Insights and Reviews 40 Years Later” we revisit this milestone geological and seismological event, bringing together the latest views and news on this earthquake, with the aim of improving...
Article
On December 26, 2018 (2:19 UTC), during a volcanic eruption on the Mt. Etna eastern flank (Sicily, southern Italy), the largest instrumental earthquake ever recorded in the volcano ruptured the Fiandaca Fault, with epicenter between Fleri and Pennisi villages (hypocenter at ca. 300 m a. s. l., Mw 4.9). This was the mainshock of an earthquake swarm...
Research Proposal
Globally, natural hazards present a serious and critical threat to life, as a result of both endogenous and exogenous processes. Natural hazards (geological, geomorphological, hydrological and meteorological) quickly present a risk to individuals, communities and societies when they are threatened with disruption or losses, with the impact being a...
Presentation
Full-text available
Le Ghost Towns di Aquilonia, Melito Irpino, Conza della Campania e Romagnano al Monte tra dissesti idrogeologici e terremoti. Nell’Appennino meridionale l’abbandono di alcuni centri abitati è direttamente riconducibile da un lato, al ripetersi di eventi sismici distruttivi con I> IX MCS, avvenuti negli ultimi secoli, e dall’altro, alla presenza di...
Article
Earthquake Environmental Effects (EEEs) such as surface faulting, landslides, liquefaction and tsunamis are widely distributed following strong seismic events and may account for a significant part of the overall damage. Here, we investigate EEEs generated by two earthquakes with different source parameters, both occurring along the Mexican subduct...
Thesis
Full-text available
Il 23 Novembre 1980 alle ore 19:34, un forte terremoto colpì un’ampia area al confine tra la Campania e la Basilicata. Il terremoto fu caratterizzato da una Magnitudo Mw 6.9 e da un’Intensità epicentrale Io del X grado MCS, risultando essere l’evento a più elevata energia avvenuto in Italia negli ultimi cento anni. Si ebbero danni in 800 località,...
Book
Full-text available
New Perspectives in the Definition/Evaluation of Seismic Hazard through Analysis of the Environmental Effects Induced by Earthquakes Edited By: Sabina Porfido, Giuliana Alessio, Germana Gaudiosi, Rosa Nappi mdpi.com/books/pdfview/book/4375 ISBN 978-3-0365-1877-0 (Hbk) https://www.mdpi.com/books/pdfview/book/4375 The devastating effects caused by...
Article
Full-text available
We report a geophysical study across an active normal fault in the Southern Apennines. The surveyed area is the "Il Lago" Plain (Pettoranello del Molise), at the foot of Mt. Patalecchia (Molise Apennines, Southern Italy), a small tectonic basin filled by Holocene deposits located at the NW termination of the major Quaternary Bojano basin structure....
Article
Full-text available
Ischia is a densely inhabited and touristic volcanic island located in the northern sector of the Gulf of Naples (Italy). In 2017, the Mw 3.9 Casamicciola earthquake occurred after more than one century of seismic quiescence characterized only by minor seismicity, which followed a century with three destructive earthquakes (in 1828, 1881, and 1883)...
Presentation
Full-text available
ESEMPIO DI RICOSTRUZIONE DOPO IL TERREMOTO DEL 1980-CASSANO IRPINO (AV)
Article
Full-text available
On 21 August 2017 at 20:57 (local time) a very shallow (H = 1.2 km), moderate (Md = 4.0), earthquake hit the volcanic island of Ischia (Southern Italy), causing the death of two people. The study of the damage to the buildings with the European Macroseismic Scale 98 (EMS-98), carried out immediately after the earthquake, highlighted that hilly area...
Article
Full-text available
The earthquake environmental effects (EEEs) around the epicentral area of the Pohang earthquake (Mw-5.4) that occurred on 15 November 2017 have been collected and classified using the Environmental Seismic Intensity Scale (ESI-07 scale) proposed by the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) focus group. The shallow-focus 15 November Po...
Book
Full-text available
VIAGGIO ICONOGRAFICO NEL POST TERREMOTO DEL 1980. https://it.blurb.com/b/10359572-ricostruzione-1980-2020-vol-ii-sabina-porfido-efi
Book
Full-text available
Viaggio fotografico nella ricostruzione post 1980. quaranta anni dopo, le foto mostrano alcuni edifici simbolo di : Castelnuovo di Conza, Conza della Campania , laviano, Lioni, Santomenna, S. Angelo dei Lombardi, Balvano , Calabritto, Caposele , Guardia dei Lombardi https://it.blurb.com/books/10357761-ricostruzione-1980-2020-vol-i-sabina-porfido-...
Book
Bisaccia, piccolo paese a 860 metri sul livello del mare, situato in provincia di Avellino, è certamente caratterizzato da aspetti particolarmente controversi, che ne hanno condizionato pesantemente lo sviluppo: da un lato le frane ed i terremoti, dall’altro gli interventi di ricostruzione post-disastro. Paese perennemente in frana per la natura st...
Conference Paper
L’articolo affronta il tema dell’utilizzo dei dati storici finalizzato ad una corretta pianificazione territoriale e quindi ad una mitigazione del rischio geologicogeomorfologico. In Italia molti centri abitati,più volte coinvolti in passato da processi endogeni ed esogeni, hanno continuatoad ampliarsi spesso nelle medesime aree nelle quali vi era...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
On December 26, 2018, a Mw 4.9 earthquake hits the eastern flank of Mount Etna volcano (Sicily). The epicenter is located between the Fleri and Pennisi villages, and focal depth is estimated at 0.3 km (http://cnt.rm.ingv.it/event/21285011). This earthquake is part of a seismic sequence begun on December 23, 2018 and a concurrent phase of volcanic e...
Article
Full-text available
The city of Naples (Campanian region, Southern Italy) has been hit by the strongest earthquakes located inside the seismogenic areas of the Southern Apennines, as well as by the volcano-tectonic earthquakes of the surrounding areas of the Campi Flegrei, Ischia and Vesuvius volcanic districts. An analysis of the available seismic catalogues shows th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduzione. L'impatto dei forti eventi sismici sull'ambiente fisico e antropico è un tema di cruciale interesse in un territorio densamente popolato e con un patrimonio artistico, storico e culturale di inestimabile valore come quello italiano. Investigare le complesse interazioni uomo-ambiente in un contesto specifico di grande vulnerabilità com...
Research
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Special Issue "The November 23rd, 1980 Irpinia-Lucania, Southern Italy Earthquake: Insights and Reviews 40 Years Later"https://www.mdpi.com/journal/geosciences/special_issues
Book
Full-text available
https://it.blurb.com/books/10118040-confinamento-da-coronavirus-il-mio-domani Tempo di coronavius. tempo per guardare quello che ti circonda, con gli occhi di sempre o con lo sguardo incuriosito del vecchio che appare nuovo. Un paese irpino, 1500 abitanti: S. Potito Ultra, le vie, le luci, le case, il silenzio, nell'alternarsi del tempo bloccato fi...
Book
Full-text available
https://www.cnr.it/it/91-anni-terremoto-irpinia-casette-asismiche We wanted to testify, through an iconographic journey, what remains of the asismic houses after 90 years sincethe 1930 earthquake in the Irpinia. A testimony of what was and perhaps will remain for a short time in some small centres of Scampitella, Aquilonia, Bisaccia, Montecalvo Ir...
Article
Full-text available
The application of the Environmental Seismic Intensity (ESI) scale 2007 to moderate and strong earthquakes, in different geological context all over the word, highlights the importance of Earthquake Environmental Effects (EEEs) for the assessment of seismic hazards. This Special Issue “New Perspectives in the Definition/Evaluation of Seismic Hazard...
Preprint
On December 26, 2018, the largest instrumental earthquake ever recorded in Mt. Etna (Sicily, southern Italy) shook the eastern flank of the volcano, with epicenter near the Fleri village along the right-lateral Fiandaca Fault (focal depth less than 1 km, Mw 4.9). The mainshock was accompanied by widespread surface faulting. We surveyed and mapped t...
Book
Full-text available
The housing emergency due to the violent November 23, 1980 Irpinia-Lucania earthquake was really dramatic not only for the communities in the epicentral areas, but also for the villages located relatively further away, that suffered a much lower level of destruction. This is the case of my native land, San Potito Ultra, a small village of about 150...
Chapter
Full-text available
Un viaggio fotografico tra il molto poco provvisorio ed il quasi definitivo in un paese altamente sismico: l'Italia-ISBN 978 88 944925 0 7
Article
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Active calderas are the major volcanic features of the Earth's. They are associated with large magma reservoirs and are characterized by elevated geothermal gradients. Unrest episodes, often documented through historical times, are not always followed by an eruption; however, every eruption is preceded by unrest. Explosive caldera-forming eruptions...
Article
Full-text available
On 26th January 2001, an earthquake of magnitude Mw 7.7 occurred near Bhuj, in northwestern India, resulting in severe environmental effects. No unequivocal primary surface rupture was observed for the earthquake, but it caused widespread liquefaction and lateral spreading in the Rann of Kachchh and Little Rann. After the earthquake, several resear...
Technical Report
Full-text available
On 21 August 2017, a shallow earthquake of Md 4.0 struck the Casamicciola Terme village in the north of Ischia volcanic island (Italy). The earthquake has the typical characteristics of volcanotectonic events recorded at active volcanoes and occurred along the EW normal system fault bounding the northern slope of Mt. Epomeo. The epicentral area has...
Thesis
Full-text available
Resilienza è un termine che deriva dal Latino “resilire” ossia tornare alle origini, anche se non esiste un'univoca definizione, la resilienza può essere definita come: “la capacità di una persona di raggiungere un adattamento positivo a fronte di eventi significativamente stressanti e traumatici che, diversamente, potrebbero risultare gravemente i...
Poster
A modern approach to the assessment of seismic hazard cannot disregard the study of effects induced by earthquakes in the natural environment. The knowledge and mapping of seismic-induced effects represent the basis for providing a more reliable and realistic scenario in territorial planning. In recent years this has been dramatically demonstrated...
Article
Full-text available
A hazard assessment of the 1976 Guatemala earthquake (M = 7.5) was conducted to achieve a better definition of the seismic hazard. The assessment was based on the environmental effects that had effectively contributed to the high destructive impact of that event. An interdisciplinary approach was adopted by integrating: (1) historical data; (2) co-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The September 8, 2017, Mw 8.2 earthquake with epicenter in the Gulf of Tehuantepec offshore, 133 km Southwest of Pijijiapan, Oaxaca, Mexico, generated considerable environmental effects in a vast region including central-southern Mexico and Guatemala. Immediately after the event, we carried out field reconnaissance surveys of the geological phenome...
Conference Paper
The December 26, 2018, Mw 4.9, Fleri earthquake, is the among the largest shallow (H=1 km; INGV) seismic event instrumentally recorded on Mt. Etna volcano. On Dec 26 morning we started mapping surface faulting and other coseismic ground effects along the NNW-trending, right-lateral Fiandaca Fault. Heavy damage affected the localities of Fleri (Zaff...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The December 26, 2018, Mw 4.9, Fleri earthquake, is the among the largest shallow (H=1 km; INGV) seismic event instrumentally recorded on Mt. Etna volcano. On Dec 26 morning we started mapping surface faulting and other coseismic ground effects along the NNW-trending, right-lateral Fiandaca Fault. Heavy damage affected the localities of Fleri (Zaff...
Cover Page
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Fotografie di San Potito ultra: visioni notturne.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Ischia island is located on the northwest side of the Gulf of Naples. In historical times it was characterized by strong seismic events and tsunami correlated to mass instability related to the volcano-tectonic dynamics of the island itself. In particular the Casamicciola Terme village, in the northern area of the island, was heavily hit by str...
Presentation
Full-text available
The Ischia island is located on the northwest side of the Gulf of Naples. In historical times it was characterized by strong seismic events and tsunami correlated to mass instability related to the volcano-tectonic dynamics of the island itself. In particular the Casamicciola Terme village, in the northern area of the island, was heavily hit by str...
Presentation
Full-text available
CONVEGNO SIGEA: LA BASILICATA COME LABORATORIO PER STUDI E RICERCHE SUL RISCHIO SISMICO- potenza 7 DICEMBRE 2018. http://www.sigeaweb.it/2012-07-23-20-04-01/convegni/861-la-basilicata-come-laboratorio-per-studi-e-ricerche-su-rischio-sismico.html
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we show why the geological model of the 21 August 2017 earthquake proposed by Nappi et al. (2018) has less uncertainty than the source model proposed by De Novellis et al.(2018). As a matter of fact, the Nappi et al. (2018) model takes into account all geophysical and geological information collected soon after the earthquake. On t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il terremoto Campano-Lucano del 23 novembre 1980, è stato l’evento sismico a più elevata energia che ha colpito l’Italia negli ultimi 100 anni, raggiungendo intensità I = X MCS e M=6,9, provocando 3000 vittime e 10.000 feriti. Il patrimonio abitativo dei paesi appenninici fu in alcuni casi irrimediabilmente danneggiato. In questa nota vengono esami...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il terremoto Campano-Lucano del 23 novembre 1980, è stato l’evento sismico a più elevata energia che ha colpito l’Italia negli ultimi 100 anni, raggiungendo intensità I=X MCS e M=6,9, provocando 3000 vittime e 10.000 feriti. Il patrimonio abitativo dei paesi appenninici fu in alcuni casi irrimediabilmente danneggiato. In questa nota vengono esamina...
Presentation
Full-text available
La notte europea dei ricercatori presso la Società Napoletana di Storia Patria- NAPOLI MASCHIO ANGIOINO. INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano-Storia Patria- CNR IAMC Napoli. ore 17-17,45 - Terremoti: memoria e prevenzione. presso la Biblioteca della Società Napoletana di Storia Patria: percorso guidato e illustrazione di testi su tre terremoti importanti d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
On August 21, 2017 at 20:57, an earthquake with Md 4.0 (Lat. 40.74°, Long 13.90°, hypocentral depth at about 1.2 km) hit the Ischia island. The main shock heavily damaged the hilly sector of Casamicciola Terme village, reaching a maximum intensity of VIII in MCS/EMS scale, and causing two fatalities. Widespread damages also occurred in the Fango di...
Article
Full-text available
On 21 August 2017, a shallow earthquake of Md 4.0 struck the Casamicciola Terme village in the north of Ischia volcanic island (Italy). It caused two fatalities and heavy damage in a restricted area of a few square kilometers. Casamicciola Terme has been recurrently destroyed in the last centuries by similar volcano‐tectonic earthquakes (1762, 1767...
Poster
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Twenty years later remembering the flash flood wich devastated Sarno (Campania, southern Italy) and the neighboring villages.
Conference Paper
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The surface faulting produced by the 21 August 2017 Mw 4.0, Ischia island (Southern Italy) earthquake Rosa Nappi (1), Giuliana Alessio (1), Germana Gaudiosi (1), Rosella Nave (1), Enrica Marotta (1), Valeria Siniscalchi (1), Riccardo Civico (1), Luca Pizzimenti (1), Rosario Peluso (1), Pasquale Belviso (1), Sabina Porfido (2), and Emergeo Working G...
Chapter
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I volumi contengono i risultati di un confronto tra studiosi ed esperti di discipline umanistiche e scientifiche sul tema della baia di Napoli. Strategie integrate per la conservazione e la fruizione del paesaggio culturale. Della baia di Napoli, la cui immagine è celebrata in tutto il mondo attraverso innumerevoli vedute, fotografie, dipinti, fino...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il terremoto del 23 novembre 1980, più comunemente noto come il terremoto dell’Irpinia-Basilicata, è stato il più forte evento sismico che ha colpito l’Italia, ed in particolare l’Appenino meridionale, negli ultimi 100 anni, caratterizzato da una Mw=6,9 ed una Io=X MCS (Postpischl et al., 1985). ISBN 978-88-941232-8-9 Fu avvertito in quasi tutta la...