Sabina De Geest

Sabina De Geest
University of Basel | UNIBAS · Institute of Nursing Science & Department of Public Health

Phd
Driven by implementation science methods developing , implementing & testing of innovative interdisciplinary are models

About

531
Publications
119,340
Reads
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24,083
Citations
Citations since 2017
144 Research Items
12467 Citations
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Introduction
Driven by implementation science methodology, her research portfolio focuses on the development of innovative care models partially also powered by eHealth. In addition, her research addresses psychosocial and behavioural pathways and their relation to outcomes in chronic illness and the development and testing of instruments to assess patient reported outcomes.

Publications

Publications (531)
Article
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Background HRQoL is an indicator of individuals’ perception of their overall health, including social and environmental aspects. As a multidimensional concept, HRQoL can be influenced by a multitude of factors. Studies of HRQoL and factors associated with it among home-dwelling older adults have often been limited to inpatient settings or to a sub-...
Article
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Background: Evaluations of integrated care models for home-dwelling frail older adults have shown inconclusive results on health and service outcomes. However, limited research has focused on the implementation of integrated care models. Applying implementation science methods may facilitate uptake of integrated care models, thus generating positi...
Article
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Implementation fidelity assesses the degree to which an intervention is delivered as intended. Little is known about how it acts as a moderator between an intervention and its intended outcome(s) and which factors affect the fidelity trajectory over time. We exemplify implementation fidelity in INTERCARE, a nurse-led care model implemented in eleve...
Article
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Background Within implementation science studies, contextual analysis is increasingly recognized as foundational to interventions' successful and sustainable implementation. However, inconsistencies between methodological approaches currently limit progress in studying context and guidance to standardize the use of those approaches is scant. Theref...
Article
Background: Identification of differences in medication adherence by sex or organ type may help in planning interventions to optimize outcomes. We compared immunosuppressive medication adherence between males and females, and between kidney, liver and heart transplant recipients. Methods: This multicenter study of prevalent kidney, liver and hea...
Article
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Background The rapid course of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic calls for fast implementation of clinical trials to assess the effects of new treatment and prophylactic interventions. Building trial platforms embedded in existing data infrastructures is an ideal way to address such questions within well-defi...
Article
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Background Home-dwelling frail older adults are often faced with multimorbidity and complex care needs, requiring health and social care systems that support frail older adults to age in place. The objective of this paper was to investigate the types of formal health and social care as well as informal care and social support used by home-dwelling...
Article
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Background Unmet needs for home support occur when any support services perceived by older people as needed are not being received. Not meeting these needs can negatively impact older adults’ quality of life, and increase health care utilization, hospitalizations, institutionalizations, or death. To date there is no consensus in how to define and a...
Article
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Background Transplantoux’s MVT exercise intervention prepares organ transplant recipients to cycle or hike up France’s Mont Ventoux. We aimed to assess (i) MVT’s effects on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and (ii) perceived barriers and facilitators to physical activity. Methods Using a hybrid design, a convenience sample of transplant recipients...
Article
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Background and objective: Non-adherence to tacrolimus commonly manifests as low drug concentrations and/or high intra-patient variability (IPV) of concentrations across multiple measurements. We aimed to compare several methods of tacrolimus IPV calculation and evaluate how well each reflects blood concentration variation due to medication non-adhe...
Article
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Background Designing intervention and implementation strategies with careful consideration of context is essential for successful implementation science projects. Although the importance of context has been emphasized and methodology for its analysis is emerging, researchers have little guidance on how to plan, perform, and report contextual analys...
Article
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Importance: Whether interprofessional collaboration is effective and safe in decreasing hospital length of stay remains controversial. Objective: To evaluate the outcomes and safety associated with an electronic interprofessional-led discharge planning tool vs standard discharge planning to safely reduce length of stay among medical inpatients w...
Article
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Bone and joint infection (BJI) epidemiology and outcomes in solid organ transplant recipients (SOTr) remain largely unknown. We aim to describe BJI in a multi‐center cohort of SOTr (Swiss Transplant Cohort Study). All consecutive SOTr with BJI (01.05.2008‐31.12.2019) were included. A nested case‐control study to identify risk factors for BJI was pe...
Article
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Background While effectiveness outcomes of eHealth-facilitated integrated care models (eICMs) in transplant and oncological populations are promising, implementing and sustaining them in real-world settings remain challenging. Allogeneic stem cell transplant (alloSCT) patients could benefit from an eICM to enhance health outcomes. To combat health...
Article
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Context in implementation science includes not only characteristics of a setting in which an intervention will be delivered, but also social systems (e.g., interrelationships). Context is dynamic and interacts with both, the intervention and its implementation. Therefore, contextual analysis is recognized as an indispensable part of implementation...
Article
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Background Among hospital-acquired infections, surgical site infections (SSI) are common. The occurrence of SSIs in the early post-transplant course poses a relevant threat for simultaneous pancreas kidney transplant (SPK-Tx) or pancreas transplant (P-Tx) recipients. Methods Adult SPK-Tx and P-Tx recipients with a follow-up of at least 90 days wer...
Article
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Background Health economic evaluations of the implementation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) into practice provide vital information but are rarely conducted. We evaluated the health economic impact associated with implementation and intervention of the INTERCARE model—an EBI to reduce hospitalisations of nursing home (NH) residents—compared...
Article
Aims: Social support is critical in follow-up of patients after heart transplant (HTx) and positively influences well-being and clinical outcomes such as medication adherence. The purpose of this study was to (i) explore received social support variation (emotional and practical) in HTx recipients at country and centre level and (ii) to assess mul...
Article
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Physical inactivity is highly prevalent after solid organ transplantation and leads to unfavourable outcomes. This review aimed to understand posttransplant physical activity behaviour and propose physical activity interventions. Michie’s Behavioural Change Wheel was applied, in which the Context and Implementation of Complex Interventions framewor...
Article
We aimed to identify, assess, compare and map research priorities of patients and professionals in the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study. The project followed 3 steps. 1) Focus group interviews identified patients' (n = 22) research priorities. 2) A nationwide survey assessed and compared the priorities in 292 patients and 175 professionals. 3) Priorit...
Article
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Advances in the field of kidney transplantation have led to improved postoperative survival rates, but age-standardized mortality nonetheless remains 2- to 7-fold higher in kidney transplant recipients—with cardiovascular disease representing the leading cause of death in recipients with a functioning graft. Poor physical fitnes...
Article
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Background: Epidemiological studies involving large samples usually face financial and operational challenges. Objectives: To describe the planning and execution of ADHERE Brazil, an epidemiological study on 1,105 kidney transplant patients, and report on how the study was structured, difficulties faced and solutions found. Design and setting:...
Article
Introduction: Gender differences in nonpharmacological health-related behaviors are under-investigated in heart transplantation. Research Questions: The investigation sought to answer two questions for gender-specific prevalence of nonpharmacological health-related behaviors and if gender differences were evident at the continent level. Design:...
Article
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Background | objective To evaluate the implementation of three intervention elements to reduce hospitalizations in nursing home residents. Design Convergent mixed-method design within a hybrid type-2 effectiveness-implementation study. Setting Eleven nursing homes in the German-speaking region of Switzerland. Participants Quantitative data were...
Article
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Background: Unplanned nursing home (NH) transfers are burdensome for residents and costly for health systems. Innovative nurse-led models of care focusing on improving in-house geriatric expertise are needed to decrease unplanned transfers. The aim was to test the clinical effectiveness of a comprehensive, contextually adapted geriatric nurse-led...
Article
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Introduction: The effect of age on health outcomes in kidney transplantation remains inconclusive. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between age at time of kidney transplantation with mortality, graft loss and self-rated health status in adult kidney transplant recipients. Methods: This study used data from the Swiss Transplant Cohort St...
Article
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Purpose: Little is known about allogeneic stem cell transplant (alloSCT) patients' medication adherence strategies. Acceptability and preferences regarding electronic monitoring (EM) systems to assess all three phases of medication adherence (ie, initiation, implementation, persistence) are crucial to allow their successful implementation in clini...
Article
Background Growing numbers of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are showing the effectiveness of interventions to improve medication adherence in transplantation recipients. However, real-world implementation is still a major challenge. This systematic review assesses the range of information available in RCTs supporting these interventions' clin...
Article
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Purpose Allogeneic stem cell transplantation would benefit from re-engineering care towards an integrated eHealth-facilitated care model. With this paper we aim to: ( 1) describe the development of an integrated care model (ICM) in allogeneic S te M -cell-transplantat I on faci L itated by e Health (SMILe) by combining implementation, behavioral, a...
Article
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Purpose The Swiss Transplant Cohort Study (STCS) is a prospective multicentre cohort study which started to actively enrol study participants in May 2008. It takes advantage of combining data from all transplant programmes in one unique system to perform comprehensive nationwide reporting and to promote translational and clinical post-transplant ou...
Article
Background MELD exceptions are designed to equipoise liver transplant waiting list survival. We aimed to analyze the impact of the MELD Upgrade rule and all other MELD exceptions on the liver transplant waiting list outcomes during 2012-2017 in Switzerland. Methods We conducted a nationwide cohort study including all adult patients registered on t...
Article
Background Although adherence to imatinib is critical for attaining treatment responses in chronic myeloid leukemia, there is evidence of varying adherence among patients. Our aim was to model and determine the margin of tolerance, if any, required to ensure treatment responses among patients prescribed imatinib before treatment response is at risk...
Article
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Purpose To explore the association between the degree of Chronic illness management and survival rates at 1-, 3-, 5-years post heart transplantation. Methods Exploratory secondary analysis of a cross-sectional, international study (Building Research Initiative Group study). Latent profile analysis was performed to classify 36 heart transplant cent...
Article
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Food-safety measures are recommended to solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. However, the burden of foodborne infections in SOT recipients has not been established. We describe the epidemiology and outcomes of bacterial foodborne infections in a nationwide cohort including 4405 SOT recipients in Switzerland between 2008 and 2018. Participants w...
Article
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Background: Living donor renal transplantation is widely performed in Switzerland with a superior long-term outcome and lower waiting time compared with deceased renal transplantation. However the chances of receiving a living donor kidney transplant are not the same for all transplant candidates. The current study aimed to identify psychosocial a...
Article
Background We aimed to identify care processes and structures that were independently associated with higher medication adherence among young transplant recipients. Methods We conducted a prospective, observational cohort study of 270 prevalent kidney, liver, and heart transplant recipients 14–25 years old. Patients were ≥3 months post-transplant,...
Article
Background Data on individualized immunosuppressive protocols for the pediatric heart recipients are missing in Europe. To contribute to this very small but specialized field, we describe the use of induction therapy (IT) in pediatric heart transplant patients in Switzerland and the retrospective outcomes. Method This is a retrospective national d...
Article
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Background Most older adults prefer to continue living at home despite increasing care needs and demand for services. To aid in maintaining independence, integrated care models for community-dwelling older people are promoted as the most cost-effective approach. The implementation of such care models is challenging and often the end-users are not i...
Article
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Objective: To estimate the prevalence and variability of nonadherence to immunosuppressives and nonpharmacological treatment across kidney transplantation centers and two health access-disparate regions in Brazil. Methods: In a cross-sectional design, a random multistage sample of 1,105 patients was included, based on center transplantation acti...
Article
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In implementation science (IS), conducting well-targeted and reproducible literature searches is challenging due to non-specific and varying terminology that is fragmented over multiple disciplines. A list of journals that publish IS-relevant content for use in search strings can support this process. We conducted a cross-sectional online survey of...
Technical Report
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Die Schweiz erlebt wie die meisten Länder weltweit einen Wandel in der Erbringung von Gesundheitsdienstleistungen, der durch demografische, wirtschaftliche und technologische Trends angetrieben wird. Angesichts einer alternden Bevölkerung steigt die Zahl älterer Menschen, die Pflege benötigen. Gleichzeitig ist es schwierig, genügend Personal für di...
Article
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Introduction: Implementation science methods and a theory-driven approach can enhance the understanding of whether, how, and why integrated care for frail older adults is successful in practice. In this study, we aimed to perform a contextual analysis, develop a logic model, and select preliminary implementation strategies for an integrated care m...
Article
Purpose Gender differences have been observed in health behavior, but have been understudied in transplantation. The aim of this study is to describe and compare gender differences in nonpharmacological health-related behaviors after heart transplantation (HTx) globally. Methods This is a sub-analysis of the cross-sectional BRIGHT study (ClinicalT...
Article
Objective To investigate the impact of depressive symptoms at 1-year post-heart transplant (HTx) on cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) and mortality. Methods We performed a single-center prospective cohort study of patients 1-year post-HTx consecutively enrolled between January 2001 and September 2015, and followed-up until November 2020. Kaplan...
Article
Background The impact of pre‐transplant social determinants of health on post‐transplant outcomes remains understudied. In the US, poor clinical outcomes are associated with underprivileged status, as assessed by the Social Adaptability Index (SAI), a composite score of education, employment status, marital status, household income, and substance a...
Chapter
Medication adherence is a process consisting of three phases: initiation, implementation, and persistence. Nonadherence to immunosuppressive medications is substantial and increases over time after transplantation. Nonadherence to comedication is typically higher than to immunosuppressants. Nonadherence to immunosuppressants is associated with incr...
Article
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Purpose To describe a process of creating eHealth components for an integrated care model using an agile software development approach, user‐centered design and, via the Behavior Change Wheel, behavior theory‐guided content development. Following the principles of implementation science and using the SMILe project (integrated care model for allogen...
Article
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Background: Medication adherence to immunosuppressants in allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is essential to achieve favorable clinical outcomes (e.g. control of Graft-versus-Host Disease). Over 600 apps supporting medication adherence exist, yet they lack successful implementation and sustainable use likely because of lack of end-user...
Article
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Medication non‐adherence, defined as any deviation from the regimen recommended by their healthcare provider, can increase morbidity, mortality, and side effects, while reducing effectiveness. Through studying two respiratory conditions, asthma and tuberculosis (TB), we thoroughly review the current understanding of the measurement and reporting of...
Article
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Immunocompromised patients may be at increased risk for complications of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) infection. However, comprehensive data of SARS‐CoV‐2 infection in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are still lacking. We performed a multicenter nationwide observational study within the Swiss Transplant Cohor...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the levels of burnout and work engagement among home care workers in Switzerland and to test their association with job demands and job resources. We conducted a multi‐centre, cross‐sectional survey in the German‐speaking part of Switzerland with a convenience sample of seven home care agencies. Data were collected b...
Article
Background: Cost-related medication nonadherence (CRMNA) refers to not taking medications as prescribed because of difficulties paying for them. Objectives: The aims of this study were (1) to assess the prevalence of CRMNA to immunosuppressants in heart transplant recipients internationally and (2) to determine multilevel correlates (patient, ce...
Article
Purpose The aim of this study was to describe and compare gender differences in adherence and nonadherence to nonpharmacologic recommendations after heart transplant (HTx) globally; in Europe, North America, South America and Australia. Methods This a sub-analysis of self-reported data of 1397 adult HTx recipients from the 36- HTx-center, 11-count...
Article
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Background: Transplant recipients are chronically ill patients, who require lifelong follow-up to manage co-morbidities and prevent graft loss. This necessitates a system of care that is congruent with the Chronic Care Model. The eleven-item self-report Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) scale assesses whether chronic care is congr...
Article
We performed a cross-sectional study to describe the survivorship profile of a convenience sample of 244 allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients based on a comprehensive health status model and we compared them to controls from the general Belgian population using the Health Interview Survey database (matched 1:3 based on age...
Article
Background: Immunosuppressive nonadherence is a risk factor for worse outcomes after kidney transplantation (KT). Brazil, having the world's largest public, fully covered transplantation system and the second highest KT volume worldwide, provides a unique setting for studying multilevel correlates of nonadherence (patient, healthcare provider, tra...
Article
BACKGROUND Integrated care models are highly recommended to overcome care fragmentation in the multimorbid older population. Nurses are potentially ideally situated to fulfil the role as care coordinator to guide integrated care. No systematic review has been conducted specifically focusing on the impact of nurse-led integrated care models for olde...
Article
Purpose: We report on our contextual analysis's methodology, as a first step of an implementation science project aiming to develop, implement, and test the effectiveness of an integrated model of care in SteM-cell transplantatIon faciLitated by eHealth (SMILe). Methods: We applied an explanatory sequential mixed-methods design including clinici...
Article
Background: Infection control is a cornerstone of post-heart transplantation (HTx) in-hospital management when immunosuppression is highest. The use of protective isolation persists despite its questionable effectiveness. We describe and compare practice patterns internationally and assessed correlates of protective isolation. Methods: Using the...