S. D. Joseph

S. D. Joseph
UNSW Sydney | UNSW · School of Materials Science and Engineering

About

153
Publications
131,862
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19,195
Citations
Citations since 2016
85 Research Items
14689 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500

Publications

Publications (153)
Article
While biochar amendment is widely recommended as an excellent agricultural management practice, the biochar effect on the productivity of legume crops with symbiotic microorganisms has been poorly elucidated. Hence, a pot experiment was conducted by growing soybean with or without commercial rhizobia inoculation in an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fu...
Article
Full-text available
The soil carbon (C) saturation concept suggests an upper limit to the storage of soil organic carbon (SOC). It is set by the mechanisms that protect soil organic matter from mineralization. Biochar has the capacity to protect new C, including rhizodeposits and microbial necromass. However, the decadal-scale mechanisms by which biochar influences th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In this study it is investigated whether typical pollution sources cause differences of heavy metal (Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn) pollution in the soil-leafy vegetable systems. Materials and methods Soil and leafy vegetable samples were collected in the fields contaminated by industrial operation sources (IOS) and organic fertilizer sources (OFS),...
Article
Full-text available
Background Biochar-based fertilizer products (BCF) have been reported to increase both crop yield and N-use efficiency. Such positive effects are often assumed to result from the slow-release of N adsorbed on BCF structures. However, a careful review of the literature suggests that actual mechanisms remain uncertain, which hampers the development o...
Article
Full-text available
The production of ginseng, an important Chinese medicine crop, has been increasingly challenged by soil degradation and pathogenic disease under continuous cropping in Northeast China. In a field experiment, an Alfisol garden continuously cropped with Chinese ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) was treated with soil amendment at 20 t ha−1 with maiz...
Article
Continual application of nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P) and potassium (K) fertilizer may not return a profit to farmers due to the costs of application and the loss of NPK from soil in various ways. Thus, a combination of NPK granule with a porous biochar (termed here as BNPK) appears to offer multiple benefits resulting from the excellent propertie...
Article
Soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration in croplands was well known through physical protection of particulae organic carbon (POC) in macroaggregates, particularly with crop residue amendment. How different forms of crop residue could affect development of macroaggregates and their micro-pore system remained unclear. In a field experiment, a rice p...
Article
Worldwide, massive amounts of food waste have been generated at increasingly accelerated rates, posing potentially great risks to the environment. Shifting traditional waste treatment to a sustainable bioeconomy thus challenges food chain management worldwide. In this study, food waste was copyrolyzed with rice husk to produce biochar with a pilot-...
Article
Co-pyrolysis of straw and Ca(OH)2 is a feasible modification method to improve the adsorption capacity of biochar for Cd. However, few studies have quantitatively analyzed the contribution of different adsorption mechanisms of alkali-modified biochar. In this study, the alkali-modified (Ca) biochar were prepared by co-pyrolyzing lime (Ca(OH)2) and...
Article
Biochar-based compound fertilisers (BCF) are gaining increasing attention as they are cost-effectiveness and improve soil fertility and crop yield. However, little is known about the mechanisms by which micron-size BCF particles enhance crop growth. In the present study, Wuyunjing7 rice seedlings were exposed to micron-size particles of wheat straw...
Article
Full-text available
Biochar compound fertilisers (BCFs) are an emerging technology that combine biochar with nutrients, clays and minerals and can be formulated to address specific issues in soil-plant systems. However, knowledge of BCF performance over consecutive crops and without re-application is limited. This study aims to assess the residual effect of organic BC...
Article
Full-text available
Improving nitrogen (N) use efficiency (NUE) in crop plants is important to reduce the negative impact of excessive N on the environment. While biochar‐blended fertilizer had been increasingly tested in crop production, the fate of fertilized N in soil and plant had not been elucidated in field conditions. In this study, a novel biochar‐blended urea...
Article
Full-text available
We synthesized 20 years of research to explain the interrelated processes that determine soil and plant responses to biochar. Biochar properties and its effects within agricultural ecosystems largely depend on feedstock and pyrolysis conditions. We describe three stages of reactions of biochar in soil: dissolution (1‐3 weeks); reactive surface deve...
Article
Soil organic carbon management is a nature-based carbon dioxide removal technology at the same time contributing to soil health and agricultural productivity. The soil science communities are refuting the traditional assumptions of the nature of soil organic matter (SOM) as based on ‘humic substances’ that are operationally-defined and have not bee...
Article
Fe-modified biochar has been shown to have high sorption ability for cadmium (Cd), while Cd immobilization effects of Fe-modified biochars with Si-rich and S-rich feedstocks have been rarely addressed. To explore the effects of Fe-modified Si-rich and S-rich biochars on Cd translocation in the soil-rice system, a pot experiment was carried out with...
Preprint
Full-text available
The soil carbon saturation concept suggests an upper limit to store soil organic carbon (SOC), set by the mechanisms that protect soil organic matter from decomposition. Biochar has the capacity to protect new C including rhizodeposits and microbial necromass. However, the decadal scale mechanisms by which biochar influences the molecular diversity...
Article
Full-text available
As one of the most important nutrients for plant growth, phosphorus was often poorly available in soil. While biochar addition induced improvement of soil structure, nutrient and water retention as well as microbial activity had been well known, and the effect of biochar soil amendment (BSA) on soil phosphorus availability and plant P uptake had be...
Article
Full-text available
While biochar use in agriculture is widely advocated, how the effect of biochar on plant growth varies with biochar forms and crop genotypes is poorly addressed. The role of dissolvable organic matter (DOM) in plant growth has been increasingly addressed for crop production with biochar. In this study, a hydroponic culture of rice seedling growth o...
Article
Full-text available
Background Fostering plant growth and improving agricultural yields by adding “macro”-sized biochar to soil has been extensively explored. However, the impact and mechanism of action of aqueous extracts of biochar applied as foliar fertilizer on plant growth and physiology is poorly understood, and was the objective of this study. Extracts were pro...
Article
Full-text available
Cadmium pollution in the environment is ubiquitous and can be a serious health issue. Crop straw-based biochar is a promising adsorbent, yet few studies have systematically examined the effects of both feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar efficacy for cadmium (Cd) sorption. Sorption-desorption experiments were conducted to explore the mec...
Article
Oyster shells (OSs) were pyrolyzed at 300 °C, 600 °C, and 900 °C to produce oyster shell biochars (OSB300, OSB600, and OSB900, respectively). The physicochemical properties and adsorption mechanisms for the removal of Cd and Pb by the biochars were then investigated. The results indicated that the calcite in OS decomposed into CaO at 900 °C, which...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeBiochar can improve soil nutrient retention and alleviate salinity; however, use is not widespread due to cost. Biochar is usually co-applied with a full-rate of supplementary fertiliser before planting. This study investigated co-application of bamboo biochar with organic fertiliser and amendments on nutrient cycling, plant growth, yield an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Biochars have been modified by alkali (Ca(OH) 2 ) to enhance Cd sorption capacity in aqueous solution. In this research, the alkali-modified (Ca) biochars were prepared by co-pyrolyzing lime (Ca(OH) 2 ) and soybean straw (SBB) or rape straw (RSB) at 450 °C. The absorption mechanism was investigated by a series of experiments and was provided by qua...
Article
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Application of iron (Fe)- and silica (Si)-enhanced biochar compound fertilisers (BCF) stimulates rice yield by increasing plant uptake of mineral nutrients. With alterations of the nutrient status in roots, element homeostasis (e.g., Fe) in the biochar-treated rice root was related to the formation of biominerals on the plaque layer and in the cort...
Article
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“4 per 1000 Initiative” launched at COP21 has strongly recommended that increasing soil organic carbon (SOC) is a global imperative. However, the strategies to improve agricultural soil functioning and health by an increase in soil C have been poorly addressed. In a rice farm trail, topsoil samples were collected in 2015 respectively in a field ame...
Article
Full-text available
Biochar may serve as a tool to sustainably mitigate climate change via carbon sequestration and by improving soil fertility. Biochar has shown to retain nitrate in its pores, which increases with an organic coating of the inner surfaces and residence time in soil (“aging”). Here we investigated the plant accessibility of the captured nitrate in fie...
Article
Global expansion of invasive plant species has caused serious ecological and economic problems. Two such invasive species, ragweed and horseweed, were pyrolyzed at temperatures of 350, 450 and 550 ℃ for biochar production (RB350, RB450, RB550 and HB350, HB450, HB550). The biochars produced were used for Cd(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) removal in aqueous solutions....
Article
Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium graminearum, is a destructive and widespread wheat disease. Chemical fungicides are becoming less effective at reducing the disease severity of FHB, and there is a need to find a more effective, low-cost natural product. A by-product of the pyrolysis of wheat straw is a condensate k...
Article
The use of biochar in avocado orchard soils has not yet been investigated in rigorous scientific experiments. We determine the effect of wood biochar on avocado growth, fruit production and economic benefit. Biochar was applied at 0%, 5%, 10% and 20% volume by volume basis. Biochar significantly improved the growth of avocado seedlings and increase...
Article
Full-text available
A multi-season field trial was carried out to investigate the effect of the amendment of biochar, lime, ash and washed biochar on the growth of maize. A degraded, strongly acidic Ultisol (pHKCl 3.60), with a relatively high exchangeable aluminium content (2.4 cmolc/kg) and a low exchangeable calcium content (0.99 cmolc/kg), was used. Soil was treat...
Article
Full-text available
Biochar-based compound fertilizers (BCF) and amendments have proven to enhance crop yields and modify soil properties (pH, nutrients, organic matter, structure etc.) and are now in commercial production in China. While there is a good understanding of the changes in soil properties following biochar addition, the interactions within the rhizosphere...
Article
To examine the effect of rice straw biochar and the synergism with silicon on Cd immobilization, a Cd-contaminated acidic sandy loam paddy, polluted from emissions from industrial activity, was chosen in central South China. A field trial was conducted over three rice growing seasons during 2016-2017. Rice straw biochar (BR), produced by the pyroly...
Article
The potential of biochar to enhance phytorestoration of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)]-contaminated soils was investigated. Rooted cuttings of Ficus elastica Roxb. Ex Hornem were transplanted to soil treated with 0 or 25 mg kg−1 Cr(VI), ‒Cr and +Cr designations respectively, and amended with cattle manure-derived biochar at 0, 10 and 50 g kg−1. Plant...
Article
Full-text available
Over use of N fertilizers, most commonly as urea, had been seriously concerned as a major source of radiative N (Nr) for severe environment impacts through leaching, volatilization, and N2O emission from fertilized croplands. It had been well known that biochar could enhance N retention and use efficiency by crops in amended croplands. In this stud...
Article
While biochar on metal immobilization was well understood, a small pool of dissolvable organic matter (DOM) from biochar was recently recognized as a bioactive agent for plant growth promotion. However, how the molecular composition and plant effects of this fraction and the performance for metal immobilization of the DOM-removed biochar could vary...
Article
Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient, which in excessive concentrations from sewage treatment systems can cause eutrophication of waterways. The use of adsorption substrates is becoming a common method for P-removal from wastewater. To achieve sustained P-removal from passive wastewater treatment systems, such as constructed wetlands, it is esse...
Article
Dairy pastures can be a major source of soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions due to the combination of intensive nitrogen (N) fertiliser use and high soil water content, from either rainfall and/or irrigation. Biochar application is a promising approach to lower soil greenhouse gas emissions, particularly under high soil moisture conditions where den...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Biochar has agronomic potential but currently is too expensive for widespread adoption. New methodologies are emerging to reduce the cost such as enriching biochar with nutrients that match crops and soil requirements. However, the effects of biochar-based fertilisers on plant yield and soil nutrient availability have not been widely examin...
Article
Full-text available
A wealth of knowledge has been published in the last decade on redox regulations in plants. However, these works remained largely at cellular and organelle levels. Simple indicators of oxidative stress at the plant level are still missing. We developed a method for direct measurement of leaf Eh and pH, which revealed spatial, temporal, and genotypi...
Article
Heavy metal contamination of crop lands surrounding mines in North Vietnam is a major environmental issue for both farmers and the population as a whole. Technology for the production of biochar at a village and household level has been successfully introduced into Vietnamese villages. This study was undertaken to determine if rice straw biochar pr...
Conference Paper
Application of biochar, a solid product of thermal decomposition of biomass, has been demonstrated to be a potential technique to improve soil properties and reduce climate change by storing carbon in soil for long periods of time. Nonetheless, biochar stability in soil alone is not sufficient to determine the sustainability of biochar for crop res...
Article
The use of biochar in agricultural soils has received increasing attention over the last decade and enhancing biochar through chemical modification offers a strategy to reduce the amount of biochar required for improving soil productivity. However there is limited knowledge on how mineral enhanced biochars alone, or in combination with conventional...
Article
Adding biochar to Zn-contaminated soil can immobilize excess Zn and promote plant biomass growth. This was seen previously over the course of a 180-day planted pot trial involving two types of biochar (cattle manure, CM, and grain husk, GH) in a Zn-contaminated soil. Both biochars alleviated Zn-induced phytotoxicity to Ficus by immobilizing Zn and...
Article
Magnetic biochars are implicated in graphene micro-crystallite formation, soil redox processes and highly adsorbent chars. This study investigates the mechanisms of bamboo charring – when impregnated with FeSO4·7H2O – at 250, 350, 450 and 550 °C, using thermal and static techniques. Impregnation resulted in the oxidation of Fe²⁺ to mixed Fe³⁺/Fe²⁺...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Organo-mineral biochar fertiliser has the potential to replace conventional biochar and organic fertiliser to improve soil quality and increase plant photosynthesis. This study explored mechanisms involved in nitrogen (N) cycling in both soil and ginger plants (Zingiber officinale: Zingiberaceae) following different treatments including org...
Article
Mixed-feedstock-biochars can increase both available soil organic matter (SOM) and inorganic nutrients, yielding a more valuable biochar for agricultural purposes. Since the agronomic benefits of biochar are dependent on its structural and physio-chemical characteristics, this study compares these properties for single- and mixed-feedstock-biochars...
Article
Full-text available
Amending soil with biochar (pyrolized biomass) is suggested as a globally applicable approach to address climate change and soil degradation by carbon sequestration, reducing soil-borne greenhouse-gas emissions and increasing soil nutrient retention. Biochar was shown to promote plant growth, especially when combined with nutrient-rich organic matt...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of the nutrient status of biochar and soils prior to its inclusion in particular agricultural systems. Pre-treatment of nutrient-reactive biochar, where nutrients are loaded into pores and onto surfaces, gives improved yield outcomes compared to untreated biochar. In this study we have used a wide sel...
Article
This study investigated economic returns and energy use of alternative rice production systems in North Vietnam with various residue management options. The traditional practice of open burning of rice residues (System A) was compared with the alternative of converting residues to biochar, which was returned to the paddy fields (System B). It was a...
Article
This study presents a comparative analysis of the environmental impacts of different biochar-compost (COMBI) systems in North Vietnam relative to the conventional practice of open burning of rice husks. Three COMBI systems, using different pyrolysis technologies (pyrolytic cook-stove, brick kiln and the BigChar 2200 unit) for conversion of rice hus...
Article
Full-text available
The crop intensification program (CIP) was introduced in Rwanda in 2007 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI), Rwanda, as a solution to the land fragmentation, low use of agricultural inputs and low access to extension services. However, due to the voluntary nature of farmers' participation and their reluctance to participat...
Article
Municipal solid waste (MSW) generation has been growing in many countries, which has led to numerous environmental problems. Converting MSW into a valuable biochar-based by-product can manage waste and, possibly, improve soil fertility, depending on the soil properties. In this study, MSW-based biochars, collected from domestic waste materials and...
Article
Biochars have been recognized as an important material to improve soil properties. In a number of studies their beneficial properties have been found to increase with residence time in soil and during the composting process. The beneficial properties have been correlated with surface functional groups resulting from the interactions between char pa...