S. Brusca

S. Brusca
Università degli Studi di Messina | UNIME · Department of Engineering

PhD in Energy Systems and Environment

About

77
Publications
48,763
Reads
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732
Citations
Introduction
S. Brusca currently works at the Department of Engineering, at University of Messina. S. does research in Automotive Engineering and Naval Engineering. Their most recent publication is 'Small-Scale Open-Circuit Wind Tunnel: Design Criteria, Construction and Calibration.'
Additional affiliations
December 2011 - present
Università degli Studi di Messina
Position
  • Researcher
January 1999 - December 2012
University of Catania
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
The most efficient energy management strategies for hybrid vehicles are the “Optimization-Based Strategies”. These strategies require a preliminary knowledge of the driving cycle, which is not easy to predict. This paper aims to combine Worldwide Harmonized Light-Duty Vehicles Test Cycle (WLTC) low section short trips with real traffic levels for v...
Article
The contribution of wind power systems to the reduction of the impact of fossil fuels sources has increased more and more during the last decades leading to a greater attention to the estimation of the performances of renewable power plants. However, forecast methods of productivity of onshore/offshore wind farms still suffer, in terms of accuracy,...
Article
Full-text available
The simulation of very small vertical axis wind turbines is often a complex task due to the very low Reynolds number effects and the strong unsteadiness related to the rotor operation. Moreover, the high boundary layer instabilities, which affect these turbines, strongly limits their efficiency compared to micro horizontal axis wind turbines. Howev...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays the automotive market is oriented to the production of hybrid or electric propulsion vehicle equipped with Energy Management System that aims to minimize the consumption of fossil fuel. The EMS, generally, performs a local and not global optimization of energy management due to the impossibility of predicting the user’s energy demand and d...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, the public opinion has paid great attention to environmental pollution and global warming. Energy sector has a strong impact on environment. Thus, the use of renewable energies is becoming mandatory. The present paper deals with a study of ducted Savonius turbine performance as a function of geometric and operating parameters....
Article
Full-text available
The energy sustainability of producing biofuel from wet bioresidues needs proper energy integration to ensure sustainable exploitation. This study analyses the potentials of combined hydrogen, heat, power, and LOHC (Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier) production from the residues of citrus juice production, at a factory scale. In this work, the main c...
Article
Full-text available
Wind power generation differs from other energy sources, such as thermal, solar or hydro, due to the inherent stochastic nature of wind. For this reason wind power forecasting, especially for wind farms, is a complex task that cannot be accurately solved with traditional statistical methods or needs large computational systems if physical models ar...
Article
This work aims at developing a comprehensive methodology defining the influence of the proper feedstock management, number and location of gasification-power plants, and process configuration based on the thermodynamic performances of the proposed system under different scenarios. The feedstock was citrus peel from local citrus processing factories...
Article
Full-text available
In the field of Engineering, research has conveniently exploited the fluids for energy production. The possibility to use marine renewable energy is still under development, in particular, among the wave energy converter devices the U-OWC systems are the most promising. The main objective of this work is to validate a numerical model with an experi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nowadays wind power forecasting research is becoming more and more important in economic operation and safety management of power systems. Moreover, with a huge increase of data availability, data-driven models, especially for short-term forecast, represent a good compromise between precision and computational loads. This paper deals with a data-dr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present paper deals with a study of an air turbine as power take-off in Oscillating Water Column systems. In Particular, the focus of the study is on the analysis of the air turbine performance in ducted configuration. Savonius type turbines were tested as a function of air flux oscillation frequency. In more details, a turbine with an overlap...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Biomass is recognized as a reliable renewable energy source because its supply can be planned and it overcomes the problems related to the intermittency of other renewables. Furthermore, sustainable biomass supply chain allows considering this primary energy source as carbon neutral. To this regard, the use of local bio-residues from agro-industrie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The scientific interest toward micro wind turbine power generation is growing thanks to the fact that these systems appear to be very suitable for small stand-alone devices such as controllers, actuators, sensors, small lightning systems which cannot be easily powered through electricity grids. Furthermore, micro wind turbines are widely used for w...
Article
Full-text available
The hydraulic storage plants play a strategic role in the management of large electrical networks. Besides the widely known capability to store and provide great amount of energy, in a green and efficient way, these plants are of utmost importance to guarantee the perfect balance of the Italian electricity grid. For this reason the reversible turbo...
Chapter
The centrifugal pumping, also known as rotational augmentation, is a 3D phenomenon which is of utmost importance in the aerodynamics of HAWTs. A clear physical explanation about the rise and development of this phenomenon is still missing in the scientific literature. Indeed, several empirical approaches have been proposed for taking into account t...
Chapter
The centrifugal pumping, also known as rotational augmentation, is a 3D phenomenon which is of utmost importance in the aerodynamics of HAWTs. A clear physical explanation about the rise and development of this phenomenon is still missing in the scientific literature. Indeed, several empirical approaches have been proposed for taking into account t...
Article
The idea of investigating the fluid dynamic behavior of a ducted Savonius wind turbine derives from the research about the improvements of Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converters in which the air is forced to flow back and forth inside a duct. The Savonius rotors appeared to be very suitable for this kind of applications for many reasons. I...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper deals with the study of water effect on the combustion of fuels with low Octane Number in Internal Combustion Engines. In particular, this study was carried out using a variable volumetric compression ratio CFR fuel engine. ASTM Standards for Motor and Research methods were followed to determine fuels and fuel-water mixture Octane...
Article
This work aims at evaluating the potential impact of hydrogen production in Sicily by citrus peel air-steam gasification. The thermochemical behavior of such feedstock was evaluated in a previous work by means of a bench-scale fluidized bed reactor operate at different temperature and steam to biomass ratios. A virtual scale-up of the gasification...
Article
In last decades environment has suffered strong and negative consequences resulted by a massive consuming fossil energy. As a result of this process, bioenergy has been intensively increased in recent years. Transportation sector has the largest impact in the use of bioenergy and bioethanol is a type of biofuel which can easily used for transports...
Article
The present paper deals with a study on the wind turbine wake mathematical modelling as well as experimental validation by means of wind tunnel experiments. In particular, different wind turbine wake’s equations were implemented and results compared with experimental data. Therefore, an experimental setup was implemented in the wind tunnel test sec...
Article
Full-text available
The present study deals with a comparative evaluation of a single-zone (SZ) thermodynamic model and a 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model for heat release calculation in internal combustion engines. The first law, SZ, model is based on the first law of thermodynamics. This model is characterized by a very simplified modeling of the combusti...
Article
Full-text available
The contribution of renewable energies to the reduction of the impact of fossil fuels sources and especially energy supply in remote areas has occupied a role more and more important during last decades. The estimation of renewable power plants performances by means of deterministic models is usually limited by the innate variability of the energy...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper deals with a study of very small-scale open-loop wind tunnel design and test. To verify the proposed design criteria, an open-circuit small-scale wind tunnel was built and tested. The designed wind tunnel is composed by a settling chamber, a contraction section, a test section, a diffuser as well as a fan. The test chamber has a s...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work is to exploit the potential of residual biomass, different from the traditional wood feedstock, by thermochemical gasification process. In particular, citrus peels waste of the juice extraction process, was selected since it is a typical local Sicilian residue. The citrus peel conversion performances in air-steam gasification p...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper deals with a real issue of the Exxon-Mobil refinery in Augusta (Sicily). The crude oil, which is transported by oil tankers, is transferred through a submarine pipeline where it remains for a long time. In order to predict the transient temperature of the pipe, two numerical approaches were developed. The simplest one was a conduc...
Article
The present paper deals with a study of the damping induced by a turbine in the power take off of an small scale Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter. In order to study the turbine-induced damping, an experimental setup was built. The experimental setup consists of a wave flume 2000 mm long, 190 mm high and 96 mm wide with an impermeable...
Article
Full-text available
The uncertainty about the world energy production, the lack of crude oil reserves, the environmental problems caused by a massive use of fossil fuels and their increased prices, are the main reasons inducing modern society to find alternative solutions for fuels production. According to this point of view, a great attention is addressed to the biod...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a spiking neural network–based architecture for the prediction of wind farm energy production is proposed. The model is also able to evaluate the wake effects due to interactions between the elements of a wind farm on the energy production of the whole farm. This method has been applied to a large wind power plant, composed of 28 tur...
Article
Full-text available
This experimental study examined spatial variation of ground level ozone (O3) in the city of Catania, Italy using thirty passive samplers deployed in a 500-m grid pattern. Significant spatial variation in ground level O3 concentrations (ranging from 12.8 to 41.7 µg/m³) was detected across Catania’s urban core and periphery. Biophysical measures der...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper deals with a study of wind turbine performance taking into account wind turbine interaction in wind farms. In more details, a wake mathematical model, based on Jensen/Katic theory, was implemented and used to evaluate velocity deficit at the downstream turbine. In order to test and verify wake mathematical model implementation, wi...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper deals with the implementation, calibration and validation of a back-forward mathematical model for pollutant source spatial localization and characterization. In particular, a Gaussian model, used as a sort of reverse engineering tool, was implemented to analyse plume dispersion. In this paper particulate matter was the pollutant...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of sustainability and negative environmental impacts of using fossil fuel resources for energy production and their consequent increase in prices during last decades have led to an increasing interest in the development of renewable biofuels. Among possible biomass fuel sources, microalgae represent one of the most promising solutions. The...
Article
Full-text available
Atmospheric dispersion pollution modelling is of great and actual concern in the scientific international community. Many dispersion models have been developed and used to estimate the downwind ambient concentration of air pollutants from sources such as industrial plants, vehicular traffic or accidental chemical release. Among them, Gaussian model...
Article
Full-text available
This research deals with the analysis of the dispersion of PM10 by using fluid-dynamic simulation framework. Firstly, an experimental campaign was made in a wind tunnel. A cylindrical emitter of PM10 was characterized in terms of PM10 mass flow rate and outlet velocity. It was positioned in the wind tunnel chamber where several sensors were also pl...
Poster
A spiking neural network–based architecture for the prediction of wind farm energy production is proposed. The model is also able to evaluate the wake effects due to interactions between the elements of a wind farm on the energy production of the whole farm.
Article
Full-text available
Fuel laminar burning velocity is an important parameter in internal combustion engine modeling and combustion analysis.
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, transport and deposition of aerosol particles (PM2.5, PM10, TSP) caused by industrial plants, environmental applications and transports, are of great concern to public health. Despite the establishment by the European Union of emission standards (European directive 2008/50/CE e.g) to control the limits of particulates in the air, the emis...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to propose a new strategy to optimize the performance and to reduce the emission levels of Internal Combustion Engines by varying intake valve lift profile and timing. The object of the study was an ICE – SI, GDI, 1.4 l, four cylinders, 16V, turbocharged. It was equipped with an electrohydraulic VVA system which allows the...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper deals with a preliminary study on an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (OWCWEC). The energy conversion is based on a straight-bladed Darrieus type wind turbine. The design of the turbine for maximum power coefficient is discussed. A physical laboratory scale OWC wave energy converter model was built to measure velocit...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper deals with the study of the performance of a heavy-duty gas turbine running on biofuels. In particular, synthesis gas from glycerol steam reforming was used to feed the combustion turbine. Engine performances were compared with methane fed ones. Therefore, a mathematical model of the gas turbine was implemented using GateCycle sof...
Conference Paper
The present paper deals with a preliminary study on an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (OWCWEC). The energy conversion is based on a straight-bladed Darrieus type wind turbine. The design of the turbine for maximum power coefficient is discussed. A physical laboratory scale OWC wave energy converter model was built to measure velocit...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper a procedure to maximize the energy production and power coefficient of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with straight blades is presented. The Multiple Stream Tube Model was used to predict the performance of the Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with straight blades and five different symmetric airfoils were compared. In particular, NACA 0012,...
Article
This paper deals with heavy-duty combustion turbines running on synthesis gas implementing a dynamic mathematical model. The model can simulate engine behaviour in steady state and transient conditions. To test the model‟s accuracy, a Siemens V94.2K gas turbine was studied running as the topper in an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) co...
Article
Fuel laminar flame speed is an important property in internal combustion engine modeling and combustion analysis. The aim of this paper is to develop a mathematical model able to provide laminar flame speed for any fuel at any reagent thermodynamic condition. Therefore a mathematical investigation of laminar burning velocity in some main fuels was...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper deals with the study of the combustion of reforming gas in a small size Internal Combustion Engine. Therefore, mathematical models of both reforming process and internal combustion engine were implemented. In particular, steams reforming of glycerol to produce synthesis gas and spark ignition four strokes ICE were studied. The ref...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper deals with the implementation of a new statistical based methodology for energetic and economic evaluation of wind turbine systems without using anemometric measurements for specific installation sites. In particular, the procedure aims at the evaluation of single small wind turbine, as well as small wind turbine fields. The choic...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that acetylene is a high flammable and explosive compound. In comparison with commercial liquid fuels, very wide flammability limits and a low Octane Number have relegated the acetylene into the "iperdetonat" fuels category. Thus, it is impossible to run an internal combustion engine on acetylene without a detonation phenomena cont...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the analysis of the performance of different wind turbines using the Similitude Theory. Wind turbine performance was determined as a function of geometrical similarity coefficient, which is related to all parameters of the Similitude Theory. Therefore, a mathematical model simplification is possible in the ‘in similitude’ wind...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present paper deals with the study of the performance of a heavy-duty gas turbine running on biofuels. In particular, synthesis gas from glycerol steam reforming was used to feed the combustion turbine. Engine performances were compared with methane fed ones. Therefore, a mathematical model of the gas turbine was implemented using GateCycle sof...
Article
Full-text available
This work analyses the link between the aspect ratio of a vertical-axis straight-bladed (H-Rotor) wind turbine and its performance (power coefficient). The aspect ratio of this particular wind turbine is defined as the ratio between blade length and rotor radius. Since the aspect ratio variations of a vertical-axis wind turbine cause Reynolds numbe...
Article
Full-text available
This paper defines a new procedure for optimising wind farm turbine placement by means of Monte Carlo simulation method. To verify the algorithm's accuracy, an experimental wind farm was tested in a wind tunnel. On the basis of experimental measurements, the error on wind farm power output was less than 4%. The optimization maximises the energy pro...
Conference Paper
The present paper deals with the study of the combustion of reforming gas in a small size Internal Combustion Engine. Therefore, mathematical models of both reforming process and internal combustion engine were implemented. In particular, steams reforming of glycerol to produce synthesis gas and spark ignition four strokes ICE were studied. The ref...
Chapter
In this chapter the authors deal with a procedure for the design and build of a low speed wind tunnel for airfoil aerodynamic analyses and micro wind turbine studies. The designed closed-circuit wind tunnel has a test chamber with a square cross section (500 mm x 500 mm) with a design average flow velocity of about 30 m/s along its axis. The design...
Conference Paper
The present paper deals with the performance analysis of gas turbines with online pulse jet system for air filter cleaning. In order to evaluate the engine performance before, during and after the cleaning procedure, a mathematical model of GE MS6001FA gas turbine has been implemented using GateCycle software. The model was calibrated and tested us...
Conference Paper
It is well known that gas turbines performance depend on ambient conditions. In particular, power production decreases when ambient temperature increases. It is possible to restore standard performance while running at critical temperatures using a power boosting technique such as evaporative cooling. The present paper deals with analysis of gas tu...
Conference Paper
The continuous increase of pollutants and fine particulates is mainly caused by cars circulating worldwide. Therefore, it is necessary to replace internal combustion engines with the cleanest electric motors. The short term solution is represented by Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) due to its environmental and efficiency characteristics. In the pre...
Conference Paper
The present paper deals with the dynamic analysis of a heavy duty combustion turbine running on natural gas. Hence, a mathematical model of the power plant has been implemented. The model is able to simulate the engine behavior during steady state, as well as transient conditions. In order to test the model efficacy and accuracy, a dynamic analysis...