Ryon J. Cobb

Ryon J. Cobb
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey | Rutgers · School of Social Work

Doctor of Philosophy

About

35
Publications
3,795
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297
Citations
Introduction
My research program contributes to ongoing efforts to create a more integrated science that better elucidates how one’s how racial identification—defined by self and/or identification by observers—combine with other factors (e.g., major and everyday instances of discrimination) to shape the health of adults throughout the lifecourse.
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - July 2020
University of Texas at Arlington
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
April 2015 - April 2018
University of Southern California
Position
  • NIA Postdoctoral Trainee
Education
August 2008 - December 2013
Florida State University
Field of study
  • Health and Aging
June 1999 - July 2003
Indiana University Bloomington
Field of study
  • Education

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
The Black Church has remained an important topic of scholarly interest for more than a century, but less attention has been devoted to the consequences of contrasting denominational affiliations within the African‐American Protestant religious tradition. We advance a new coding scheme that allows researchers to measure and test black affiliates acr...
Article
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Objective: This paper examines how mortality covaries with observed skin tone among blacks and in relation to whites. Additionally, the study analyzes the extent to which social factors such as socioeconomic status affect this relationship. Design: This study uses data from the 1982 General Social Survey (N = 1,689) data linked to the National Deat...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND. This study examines the relationship between self-reported instances of major discrimination and inflammation among older adults, and explores whether this relationship varies in accordance with race/ethnicity. We hypothesized that self-reported instances of major discrimination would be associated with a higher likelihood of high-risk...
Article
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Background: With advancing age there is an increase in the time of and the number of experiences with psychosocial stressors that may lead to the initiation and/or progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our study tests whether one type of experience, everyday discrimination, predicts kidney function among middle and older adults. Methods: Th...
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The present study used data from a nationally representative dataset to examine the interplay between the perceived coronavirus threat, discriminatory beliefs in medical settings, and psychological distress among Black Americans. We measured psychological distress as an average of five items modified from two established scales and used self-report...
Article
Background and Objectives This study examined the relationship between number of attributed reasons for everyday discrimination and all-cause mortality risk, developed latent classes of discrimination attribution, and assessed whether these latent classes were related to all-cause mortality risk among US older Black women. Research Design and Meth...
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Background and Objectives: This study assessed how attributions for everyday discrimination typologies relate to all-cause mortality risk among older Black adults. Research Design and Methods: Data come from Black participants in the 2006/2008 Health and Retirement Study (N=1,232). Attributions for everyday discrimination (i.e., ancestry, gender,...
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Objective: To analyze the association between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) hardships and self-reported sleep troubles in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. Design: Prospective study in March and April 2020. Setting: Population-based. Participants: About 8130 respondents who participated in the Pew Research...
Article
Background and Objectives COVID-19 has disproportionately impacted older adults and Black individuals. Research has focused on physical outcomes, with less attention to the psychological effects of COVID-19. The objective of this study was to examine the interplay between perceptions of the COVID-19 outbreak as a threat to one’s day-to-day life, ra...
Article
Objective Past research has established a link between romantic relationships and depressive symptoms among adults, including those in later life. There is, however, still a lack of evidence regarding whether romantic relationship status or relationship quality, is a better predictor of psychological well-being among middle-aged and older Black adu...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the relationship between self-reported instances of major discrimination and inflammation among older adults, and explores whether this relationship varies in accordance with race/ethnicity. Data from 2006/2008 Health and Retirement Study was used to collect measures of self-reported instances of major discrimination and high-ri...
Article
Objectives: Discrimination is a major contributor to health disparities between Black and White older adults. Although the health effects of discrimination are well established, less is known about factors that may intervene in the discrimination-health connection, such as coping strategies. The study aim was to determine whether John Henryism (JH...
Article
Sociologists have long identified a “perception gap” between Black and White Americans regarding racial injustice, often emphasizing either “epistemologies of ignorance” or “religio-cultural” mechanisms. Integrating and extending these insights, we theorize that conceptions of America’s religio-cultural heritage and identity are racially coded and...
Article
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Background: The present study assessed whether reporting multiple reasons for perceived everyday discrimination was associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality risk among older Black adults. Methods: This study utilized data from a subsample of older Black adults from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a nationally representative...
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This study examined how neighborhood social participation relates to depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older African Americans and Caribbean Blacks. A subsample of African Americans (N = 1616) and Caribbean Blacks (N = 601) age 40 and older were drawn from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression...
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Background aim: To examine racial/ethnic variations in the effect of parents' subjective neighborhood safety on children's cognitive performance. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 10,027 children from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study. The exposure variable was parents' subjective neighborhood safety. The outcome...
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Background: Recent studies have shown that parental educational attainment is associated with a larger superior temporal cortical surface area associated with higher reading ability in children. Simultaneously, the marginalization-related diminished returns (MDRs) framework suggests that, due to structural racism and social stratification, returns...
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The present study utilized data from the Health and Retirement Study (N=12,988) to investigate the joint consequences of multiple dimensions of perceived discrimination on mortality risk. Perceived discrimination is based on responses from the 2006/2008 HRS waves and included everyday discrimination, the number of attributed reasons for everyday di...
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Background and Objectives Among the multiple factors posited to drive the health inequities that black men experience, the fundamental role of stress in the production of poor health is a key component. Allostatic load (AL) is considered to be a byproduct of stressors related to cumulative disadvantage. Exposure to chronic stress is associated with...
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Background: The current study examines the cross-sectional association between everyday discrimination and kidney function among older adults. Methods: We use cross-sectional data from a nationally representative sample of older adults to examine this relationship. Our measure of kidney function derives from the estimated glomerular filtration rate...
Article
Objectives. Self-reports of everyday and major discrimination have been linked to declines in physical health among older adults; however, less is known about how and why perceived discrimination influences mortality risk. Methods. Participants from the 2006/2008 Health and Retirement Study provided information on everyday and major discrimination...
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This study examined the association between discrimination and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among Caribbean blacks and how this association varies by marital status, educational attainment, and length of U.S. residency within the frameworks for the stress buffering hypothesis and stress process model. The analysis was based on the Caribbean black s...
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Objective. Prior research suggests that congregational characteristics are associated with the racial attitudes of Black churchgoers. This study examines the relationship between congregational diversity and beliefs about the Black/White socioeconomic gap among Black religious adherents. Method. Drawing upon pooled data from the General Social Su...
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Full-text available
The objective of this study was to examine the association between discrimination and obesity among a U.S. nationally representative sample of African-American men. Data from the 2001–2003 National Survey of American Life (NSAL) were used to collect measures of everyday and major discrimination, and body mass index (BMI) taken from self-reports. Po...
Article
Despite a general acceptance of " race " as a social, rather than biological construct in the social sciences, racial health disparities research has given less consideration to the dimensions of race that may be most important for shaping persistent disparities in adult physical health status. In this study, we incorporate the social constructioni...
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Stereotypes of outgroups help create social identificational boundaries for ingroups. When the ingroup is dominant, members employ individualist sentiments to justify their status. In this study, we build on advances in social psychological research that account for multiple outgroup stereotypes. We argue the Asian American model minority stereotyp...
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Method: Drawing upon data from the General Social Survey and the National Congregations Study, we fit binary logistic regression models to estimate the association between congregational size and Americans' explanations of Black/White economic inequality. Results: Findings reveal that attendees of larger congregations are less likely than attend...
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This study examines the extent to which the racial composition of a congregation moderates explanations for Black/White inequality among White, Black, and Hispanic congregants. Using nationally representative data from General Social Surveys and National Congregations Studies, we find that religiously affiliated Blacks and Hispanics tend to hold di...
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The literature on descriptive representation indicates that the election of black political leaders may prompt white enmity. We assess this claim by examining the relationship between whites’ racial attitudes and their likelihood of othering Barack Obama by labeling him as a Muslim and/or a noncitizen interloper. The findings reveal that both symbo...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Examine how perceived COVID-19 related stress exposure influences the health and well-being of adults.
Project
The goal of this project is to operationalize the idea that racial identification is a multi-dimensional social construct, and assess how these dimensions relate to health within and across self-identified racial groups.