Ryoichi Yoshimura

Ryoichi Yoshimura
Kyoto Institute of Technology · Department of Applied Biology

PhD in MedSci

About

91
Publications
2,408
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,078
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
245 Citations
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
Additional affiliations
April 2022 - present
The Nursing School of Kyoto Medical Association
Position
  • Part-time Lecturer
January 2018 - April 2022
Kyoto Institute of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
May 2016 - September 2020
The Nursing School of Kyoto Medical Association
Position
  • Part-time Lecturer
Education
April 1993 - March 1997
Osaka University Medical School
Field of study
  • Neuroanatomy
April 1991 - March 1993
Osaka University Medical School
Field of study
  • Anatomy & Neuroscience
April 1987 - March 1991
Kyoto Institute of Technology
Field of study
  • Applied Biology

Publications

Publications (91)
Article
Transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is a cold-sensing thermoreceptor cation channel; however, its functional role in endotoxin-induced neuroinflammation remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated chronic sickness responses in TRPM8 knockout (KO) mice during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis. The intraperitoneal admin...
Article
Full-text available
The present immunohistochemical study was performed to examine the number, distribution, and chemical coding of intrinsic substance P (SP) neurons and nerve fibers within the esophagus and discuss their functional roles. Many SP neurons and nerve fibers were found in the myenteric plexus, and the SP neurons gradually decreased from the oral side to...
Article
Transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is a cold-sensing cation channel; however, its role in the transferal of information on peripheral cold sensation to the brain remains unclear. Therefore, we herein investigated cold avoidance behaviors and the neuronal activation of the hypothalamus and cerebral cortex in TRPM8 knockout (KO) mice t...
Article
Tanycytes are specialized ependymal cells lining the ventricular spaces of the adult brain and thereby provide an interface between the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain parenchyma. They act as energy homeostasis, neuroendocrine regulation, and CSF-brain barrier; however, their functional significance in CSF-brain communication currently remains...
Article
We previously reported that the single peripheral administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced robust and transient microglial proliferation or increased the microglial population in the circumventricular organs (CVOs) and other regions, including the hypothalamus, medulla oblongata, and limbic system. However, the functional significance of...
Article
Full-text available
Serotonin (5-HT)-containing gastrointestinal endocrine cells contribute to regulation of numerous bodily functions, but whether these functions are related to differences in cell shape is not known. The current study identified morphologies and localization of subtypes of 5-HT-containing enteroendocrine cells in the mouse large intestine. 5-HT cell...
Article
In hepatitis, activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) produce collagens, causing liver fibrosis. Microenvironmental stiffness is a known trigger of HSC activation and is communicated through mechanotransduction. Cell proliferation, alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen type Iα (Col1α) are indicative of activated HSCs. We hypothesized that...
Article
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a central role in fibrillary collagen production, the primary cause of liver fibrosis. Although it is known that primary cultured HSCs are activated by plastic culture dish stiffness, HSC activation and quiescent-state-reversion mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, we used cultured normal rat HSC...
Article
In vertebrates, gap junctions and hemichannels consisting of connexins are important cell surface structures for communication with neighboring cells and for the regulation of various cell functions. To date, various gap-junction-related proteins have been found, including innexins in invertebrates and pannexins in vertebrates. Significant contribu...
Article
Electron tomography methods using the conventional transmission electron microscope have been widely used to investigate the three-dimensional distribution patterns of various cellular structures including microtubules in neurites. Because the penetrating power of electrons depends on the section thickness and accelerating voltage, conventional TEM...
Article
Full-text available
The spatial and temporal availability of cytokines, and the microenvironments this creates, is critical to tissue development and homeostasis. Creating concentration gradients in vitro using soluble proteins is challenging as they do not provide a self-sustainable source. To mimic the sustained cytokine secretion seen in vivo from the extracellular...
Article
The roles of intrinsic neurons and the significance of the coinnervated striated muscles in the esophagus are unclear. We examined the number distribution of intrinsic neurons and coinnervated motor endplates on the striated muscles in the rat esophagus using immunohistochemistry to investigate whether these neurons and coinnervated striated muscle...
Article
Full-text available
Ants are known to use a colony-specific blend of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) as a pheromone to discriminate between nestmates and non-nestmates and the CHCs were sensed in the basiconic type of antennal sensilla (S. basiconica). To investigate the functional design of this type of antennal sensilla, we observed the ultra-structures at 2D and 3D i...
Article
Full-text available
Neurite varicosities are highly specialized compartments that are involved in neurotransmitter/ neuromodulator release and provide a physiological platform for neural functions. However, it remains unclear how microtubule organization contributes to the form of varicosity. Here, we examine the three-dimensional structure of microtubules in varicosi...
Article
The visceral muscle tissues of insects consist of striated muscle cells. The mechanisms responsible for delivering signals to the contractile muscles in the insect digestive tract remain unclear. We found that serotonergic nerves innervate the hemocoel surfaces of foregut and midgut muscles in the American cockroach. Electron microscopy of the neur...
Article
Full-text available
The mechanism of peripheral blood circulation failure by low temperatures, known as Raynaud’s phenomenon, is not well understood at present. We examined the possibility that the efferent fibers of peripheral sympathetic neurons may release transmitters directly by cold sensation. PC12 cells, a culture model of sympathetic neurons, were placed at 25...
Article
The mechanisms underlying autonomic innervation to its targets involve various chemical factors, but have not yet been elucidated in detail. We constructed a co-culture system of neuronal cells and vascular smooth muscle cells to investigate the mechanisms underlying innervation of the vasculature. A co-culture with the vascular smooth muscle cell...
Article
Nerve growth factor (NGF) initiates the activation of TrkA tyrosine kinase receptors and numerous subsequent signaling cascades. However, the dynamics of the process including the translocation of TrkA is still unclear. In this study, the effect of NGF or membrane depolarization on the endocytic process and TrkA localization in the neuronal cell li...
Article
In adults, oxytocin (OXT) has various central functions including social behavior and reproduction. Many of these functions are steroid dependent and are also influenced by naturally occurring phytoestrogens, isoflavones (IFs). The aim of this study was, therefore, to clarify the effects of IFs on OXT neurons in the brain. In particular, the influe...
Article
Full-text available
Gap junctions are intercellular junction apparatus found in almost all multicellular animals and are involved in direct intercellular communication. Those of invertebrate animals consist of the innexin protein family. We developed antibodies against peptide fragments of Bombyx mori innexin 2, and examined tissues of Periplaneta americana by Western...
Article
Full-text available
All multi-cellular animals, including hydra, insects and vertebrates, develop gap junctions, which communicate directly with neighboring cells. Gap junctions consist of protein families called connexins in vertebrates and innexins in invertebrates. Connexins and innexins have no homology in their amino acid sequence, but both are thought to have so...
Article
An acetylcholine (ACh) agonist, carbachol (Cch), causes hepatocytes to proliferate in the presence of hepatic nonparenchymal cells (HNPCs). To identify the HNPCs and ACh receptor subtypes involved in carbachol-induced hepatocyte proliferation (CIHP), we examined two types of vascular cells as candidates for HNPCs mediating CIHP in cocultures of hep...
Article
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is widely distributed throughout both the central and peripheral nervous systems in mammals, and plays a role in various functions such as neural modifications affecting feeding, cardiovascular dynamics, or neural diseases. Many NPY neurons exist not only in gray matter in the central nervous system or ganglia in the peripheral...
Article
Full-text available
Signaling of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptor (TrkA) promotes neuronal differentiation, synapse formation and survival. It has been known that the complex of NGF and TrkA is internalized into the cytoplasm and transported for further signal transduction, but the ultrastructural information of this process is virtually unknown. In order to...
Article
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a well-known neurotrophic factor and the NGF signaling through the receptor, TrkA, plays important roles in regulating neuronal differentiation and survival. A recent study has demonstrated that the TrkAs expressed in undifferentiated PC12 cells were associated with caveolae, which were invaginated small pits on the pla...
Article
Full-text available
Vagal hyperactivity correlates with enhanced DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in the peripheral tissues of ventromedial hypothalamic (VMH)-lesioned rats. The infusion of an ACh receptor agonist, carbachol (Cch), induces rat duodenal and pancreatic cell proliferation to a degree comparable to the VMH lesions. Whereas the VMH lesions also induce...
Article
Full-text available
Lesions of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) result in obesity and enhanced cellular proliferation in various organs, including the pancreas, gastrointestinal tract, and liver. Previous studies have suggested that vagal hyperactivity, rather than overeating, induces the peripheral cell proliferation in VMH-lesioned rats. The goal of the present s...
Conference Paper
In order to investigate the relationship between neurite outgrowth and target cells, NG108 cells were co-cultured with vascular smooth muscle cells (SM-3). SM-3 cells promoted the neurite outgrowth, but repelled the contact of their growth cones. The DNA microarray analysis indicated that neuropilin-1 mRNA was specifically up regulated in NG108 cel...
Conference Paper
The morphology of neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurons existing in the corpus callosum (CC) and the effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on the NPY neurons were examined by using organotypic slice culture system. BDNF treatment significantly increased the number of the NPY-immunopositive cell bodies and fibers in CC assessed with immunocytoc...
Conference Paper
It was previously reported that TrkA (NGF receptor) was associated with caveolae, small invaginations on the cell membrane, but its subcellular localization is not clarified in detail. We performed immunocytochemistry of TrkA and caveolin-1 in PC12 cells, analyzed by high-voltage electron microscopy, and reconstructed 3D structure of their subcellu...
Conference Paper
To examine the origin and distribution of transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1)-positive nerve fibers in rat esophagi, we used immunohistochemistry combined with a retrograde tracing method. Numerous TRPV1-positive nerve fibers were distributed in the myenteric plexus throughout the esophagus, and most of them exhibited either S...
Article
The MEGF1 (protein 1 with multiple EGF-like domains) gene, which was identified using motif-trap screening, encodes an extraordinarily large protein containing two EGF-like and 34 cadherin motifs. In situ hybridization analysis revealed that the MEGF1 gene was specifically expressed in granule cells of the cerebellum. Interestingly, in the developi...
Article
To clarify the pathophysiological role of dynamic arterial properties in cardiovascular diseases, we attempted to develop a new control system that imposes desired aortic impedance on in situ rat left ventricle. In 38 anesthetized open-chest rats, ascending aortic pressure and flow waveforms were continuously sampled (1,000 Hz). Desired flow wavefo...
Article
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a key role in the pathophysiology of chronic heart failure (CHF). In rats, we reported that CHF enhances dipsogenic responses to centrally administered angiotensin I, and central inhibition of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) prevents cardiac hypertrophy in CHF. This suggests that the brain RAS is act...
Article
Although several investigations have suggested cardiac epinephrine (Epi) release, local Epi release in the myocardial interstitium in vivo has not been measured. Using cardiac microdialysis in the rabbit, we measured dialysate Epi and norepinephrine (NE) concentrations as indices of myocardial interstitial Epi and NE levels, respectively. Exocytoti...
Article
Tail blood flow (TBF) in the rat markedly increases during sympathetic withdrawal such as hyperthermia or lumbar sympathetic blockade. However, a long-term alteration of TBF after chronic sympathetic denervation is not well understood. In the present study, TBF following lumbar sympathectomy (LSX) was observed to ascertain whether subsequent change...
Article
Recently, studies in our laboratory involving the use of a Gaussian white noise technique demonstrated that the transfer function from sympathetic stimulation frequency to heart rate (HR) response showed dynamic characteristics of a second-order low-pass filter. However, determinants for the characteristics remain to be established. We examined the...
Article
We earlier reported that stimulation of either one of the sympathetic and vagal nerves augments the dynamic heart rate (HR) response to concurrent stimulation of its counterpart. We explained this phenomenon by assuming a sigmoidal static relationship between nerve activity and HR. To confirm this assumption, we stimulated the sympathetic and/or va...
Article
We developed new methods for isolating in situ baroreceptor regions of carotid sinus and aortic depressor nerves in halothane-anesthetized rats. After ligation of the root of the external carotid artery, the internal carotid and pterygopalatine arteries were embolized with two ball bearings of 0.8 mm in diameter. Bilateral carotid sinus pressures w...
Article
Recent investigations in our laboratory using a Gaussian white noise technique showed that the transfer function representing the dynamic properties of transduction from vagus nerve activity to heart rate had characteristics of a first-order low-pass filter. However, the physiological determinants of those characteristics remain to be elucidated. I...
Article
Recent investigations in our laboratory using a Gaussian white noise perturbation technique have shown that simultaneous sympathetic stimulation augmented the gain of the transfer function from vagal stimulation frequency to heart rate response. However, the mechanism of that augmentation remains to be elucidated. In this study, we examined in anes...
Article
Although many lines of evidence have shown beneficial effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) after myocardial infarction (MI), the target of ACE inhibitors still remains unclear. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the dipsogenic response to centrally administered angi...
Article
In the circulatory system, a change in blood pressure operates through the baroreflex to alter sympathetic efferent nerve activity, which in turn affects blood pressure. Existence of this closed feedback loop makes it difficult to identify the baroreflex open-loop transfer characteristics by means of conventional frequency domain approaches. Althou...
Article
We previously demonstrated that tonic stimulation of either the sympathetic or the vagal nervous system augmented the dynamic heart rate response to the other of the two systems. We characterized the phenomenon as bidirectional augmentation of heart rate regulation. The question remained unanswered, however, as to whether such augmentation could oc...
Article
The localization of gp130, the signal transducing receptor component used in common for interleukin (IL)-6, IL-11, ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), LIF and OSM, in the rat brain was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry using an antibody specific to gp130. The gp130 immunoreactivity was observed in both glial and neuronal cells. Two distinct neur...
Article
The 5'-terminal region of the rat neurotensin receptor (NTR) gene was isolated and characterized. Genomic Southern analysis revealed that the NTR gene occurs as a single copy in the rat haploid genome. The upstream putative promoter region did not contain canonical TATA or CAAT boxes but has a consensus sequence for the transcription factor Sp1. Th...
Article
The embryonic and postnatal localizations of oxytocin receptor mRNA in the developing rat brain were studied by in situ hybridization histochemistry. The hybridization signal was first detected at embryonic-day 13 in the primordium of the dorsal motor nucleus of vagus. Other positive regions progressively appeared after this time. The developmental...
Article
Glutamate is the principal transmitter of retinal projections to the rodent suprachiasmatic nucleus, a circadian clock synchronized with the light-dark cycle through the activation of glutamate receptors of the ionotropic type. In vitro, an intracellular mobilization of calcium can be induced by glutamate within cells of the suprachiasmatic nucleus...
Article
Anti-metabotropic glutamate receptor-1 monoclonal antibody was raised and applied for immunohistochemistry in the rat trigeminal ganglion. The antibody detected 145-kDa single band of protein in the immunoblot analysis. In immunohistochemistry, neurons in the trigeminal ganglion showed immunostaining with various intensity, almost irrespective of t...
Article
The expression of oxytocin receptor (OT-R) mRNA in the rat central nervous system was examined by in situ hybridization histochemistry using cRNA probe. Wide distribution of cells expressing OT-R mRNA was observed not only in the hypothalamus, but also in other regions. There were high levels of OT-R mRNA in the anterior olfactory nuclei, tenia tec...
Article
The expression of oxytocin receptor (OT-R) mRNA in the rat central nervous system was examined by in situ hybridization histochemistry using cRNA probe. Wide distribution of cells expressing OT-R mRNA was observed not only in the hypothalamus, but also in other regions. There were high levels of OT-R mRNA in the anterior olfactory nuclei, tenia tec...