Ryohei Terauchi

Ryohei Terauchi
Kyoto University | Kyodai · Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture

PhD, Kyoto University, Japan
Head, Group of Genomics and Breeding, Iwate Biotechnology Research Center

About

434
Publications
73,335
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
13,851
Citations
Introduction
Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution. Theodosius Dobzhansky 1973
Additional affiliations
April 2009 - present
Iwate University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 1995 - June 1997
University of Frankfurt
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Molecular Biology of yam Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship

Publications

Publications (434)
Article
A rhizomatous Dioscorea crop “Edo-dokoro” was described in old records of Japan, but its botanical identify has not been characterized. We found that Edo-dokoro is still produced by four farmers in Tohoku-machi of Aomori Prefecture, Japan. Rhizomes of Edo-dokoro are a delicacy to the local people and are sold in the markets. Morphological character...
Preprint
Full-text available
Studies focused solely on single organisms can fail to identify the networks underlying host–pathogen gene-for-gene interactions. Here, we integrate genetic analyses of rice (Oryza sativa, host) and rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe oryzae, pathogen) and uncover a new pathogen recognition specificity of the rice nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-r...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout their evolution, plant nucleotide-binding leucine-rich-repeat receptors (NLRs) have acquired widely divergent unconventional integrated domains that enhance their ability to detect pathogen effectors. However, the functional dynamics that drive the evolution of NLRs with integrated domains (NLR-IDs) remain poorly understood. Here, we rec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Exocytosis plays an important role in plant-microbe interactions, both in pathogenesis and symbiosis. Exo70 proteins are integral components of the exocyst, an octameric complex that mediates tethering of vesicles to membranes in eukaryotes. Although plant Exo70s are known to be targeted by pathogen effectors, the underpinning molecular mechanisms...
Preprint
A subset of plant intracellular NLR immune receptors detect effector proteins, secreted by phytopathogens to promote infection, through unconventional integrated domains which resemble the effector's host targets. Direct binding of effectors to these integrated domains activates plant defences. The rice NLR receptor Pik-1 binds the Magnaporthe oryz...
Preprint
Dioscorea tokoro is a wild species distributed in East Asia including Japan. Typical of the genus Dioscorea, D. tokoro is dioecious with male and female flowers borne on separate individuals. To understand its sex determination system and to serve as a model species for population genomics of obligate outcrossing wild species, we set out to determi...
Article
In plants, many invading microbial pathogens are recognized by cell-surface pattern recognition receptors, which induce defense responses. Here, we show that the ceramide Phytophthora infestans-ceramide D (Pi-Cer D) from the plant pathogenic oomycete P. infestans triggers defense responses in Arabidopsis. Pi-Cer D is cleaved by an Arabidopsis apopl...
Article
Full-text available
Bulked segregant analysis implemented in MutMap and QTL-seq is a powerful and efficient method to identify loci contributing to important phenotypic traits. However, the previous pipelines were not user-friendly to install and run. Here, we describe new pipelines for MutMap and QTL-seq. These updated pipelines are approximately 5–8 times faster tha...
Article
Full-text available
The plant extracellular space, including the apoplast and plasma membrane, is the initial site of plant–pathogen interactions. Pathogens deliver numerous secreted proteins, called effectors, into this region to suppress plant immunity and establish infection. Downy mildew caused by the oomycete pathogen Sclerospora graminicola (Sg) is an economical...
Article
Full-text available
Background Plastome (Plastid genome) sequences provide valuable markers for surveying evolutionary relationships and population genetics of plant species. Papilionoideae (papilionoids) has different nucleotide and structural variations in plastomes, which makes it an ideal model for genome evolution studies. Therefore, by sequencing the complete ch...
Preprint
When infecting plants, fungal pathogens secrete cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs) that break down cellulose and hemicellulose, the primary components of plant cell walls. Some fungal CWDEs contain a unique domain, named the carbohydrate binding module (CBM), that facilitates their access to polysaccharides. However, little is known about how plan...
Article
Full-text available
Cooperation between receptors from the NLR superfamily is important for intracellular activation of immune responses. NLRs can function in pairs that, upon pathogen recognition, trigger hypersensitive cell death and stop pathogen invasion. Natural selection drives specialization of host immune receptors towards an optimal response, whilst keeping a...
Article
Full-text available
Accelerated gene evolution is a hallmark of pathogen adaptation and specialization following host-jumps. However, the molecular processes associated with adaptive evolution between host-specific lineages of a multihost plant pathogen remain poorly understood. In the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae (Syn. Pyricularia oryzae ), host specialization on...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plants recognize a variety of external signals and induce appropriate mechanisms to increase their tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Precise recognition of attacking pathogens and induction of effective resistance mechanisms are critical functions for plant survival. Some molecular patterns unique to a certain group of microbes (MAMPs, micr...
Preprint
Full-text available
In plants, many invading microbial pathogens are recognized by cell-surface pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), inducing defense responses; yet how PRRs perceive pathogen sphingolipids remains unclear. Here, we show that the ceramide Pi-Cer D from a plant pathogenic oomycete Phytophthora infestans triggers defense responses in Arabidopsis. Pi-Cer...
Preprint
Full-text available
Throughout their evolution, plant nucleotide-binding leucine-rich-repeat receptors (NLRs) have acquired widely divergent unconventional integrated domains that enhance their ability to detect pathogen effectors. However, the functional dynamics that drive the evolution of NLRs with integrated domains (NLR-IDs) remain poorly understood. Here, we rec...
Preprint
Full-text available
The plant extracellular space, including the apoplast and plasma membrane, is the initial site of plant-pathogen interactions. Pathogens deliver numerous secreted proteins, called effectors, into this region to suppress plant immunity and establish infection. Downy mildew caused by the oomycete pathogen Sclerospora graminicola (Sg) is an economical...
Chapter
Full-text available
Yam is a collective name of tuber crops belonging to the genus Dioscorea. Yam is important not only as a staple food crop but also as an integral component of society and culture of the millions of people who depend on it. However, due to its regional importance, yam has long been regarded as an "orphan crop" lacking a due global attention. Althoug...
Article
A subset of plant NLR immune receptors carry unconventional integrated domains in addition to their canonical domain architecture. One example is rice Pik-1 that comprises an integrated heavy metal-associated (HMA) domain. Here, we reconstructed the evolutionary history of Pik-1 and its NLR partner, Pik-2, and tested hypotheses about adaptive evolu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cooperation between receptors from the NLR superfamily is important for intracellular activation of immune responses. NLRs can function in pairs that, upon pathogen recognition, trigger hypersensitive cell death and stop pathogen invasion. Natural selection drives specialization of host immune receptors towards an optimal response, whilst keeping a...
Article
Advances in next generation sequencing (NGS)-based methodologies have accelerated the identifications of simple genetic variants such as point mutations and small insertions/deletions (InDels). Structural variants (SVs) including large InDels and rearrangements provide vital sources of genetic diversity for plant breeding. However, their analysis r...
Article
Full-text available
Characterizing epistatic gene interactions is fundamental for understanding the genetic architecture of complex traits. However, due to the large number of potential gene combinations, detecting epistatic gene interactions is computationally demanding. A simple, easy-to-perform method for sensitive detection of epistasis is required. Due to their h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Accelerated gene evolution is a hallmark of pathogen adaptation and specialization following host-jumps. However, the molecular processes associated with adaptive evolution between host-specific lineages of a multihost plant pathogen remain poorly understood. In the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae (Syn. Pyricularia oryzae), host specialization on d...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plastid genome sequences provide valuable markers for surveying the evolutionary relationships and population genetics of plant species. In the present study, the complete plastid genome of Onobrychis gaubae , endemic to Iran, was sequenced using Illumina paired-end sequencing and was compared with previously known genomes of the IRLC species of le...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Plastome (Plastid genome) sequences provide valuable markers for surveying the evolutionary relationships and population genetics of plant species. Papilionoideae (papilionoids) has different nucleotide and structural variations in plastomes, which makes it an ideal model for genome evolution studies. Therefore, by sequencing the comple...
Article
Full-text available
A core subset with a small number of accessions representing the genetic diversity of the base collection plays a vital role in facilitating efficient utilization of plant genetic resources. This is particularly relevant for vegetatively propagated large plant size tuber crops with a long growing period, such as white Guinea yam (Dioscorea rotundat...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial plant pathogens secrete effector proteins which manipulate the host to promote infection. Effectors can be recognised by plant intracellular nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NLR) receptors, initiating an immune response. The AVR-Pik effector from the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae is recognised by a pair of rice NLR receptors...
Preprint
Full-text available
A subset of plant NLR immune receptors carry unconventional integrated domains in addition to their canonical domain architecture. One example is rice Pik-1 that comprises an integrated heavy metal-associated (HMA) domain. Here, we reconstructed the evolutionary history of Pik-1 and its NLR partner, Pik-2, and tested hypotheses about adaptive evolu...
Article
Full-text available
A core subset with a small number of accessions representing the genetic diversity of the base collection plays a vital role in facilitating efficient utilization of plant genetic resources. This is particularly relevant for vegetatively propagated large plant size tuber crops with a long growing period, such as white Guinea yam (Dioscorea rotundat...
Article
Full-text available
White Guinea yam (Dioscorea rotundata) is an important staple tuber crop in West Africa. However, its origin remains unclear. In this study, we resequenced 336 accessions of white Guinea yam and compared them with the sequences of wild Dioscorea species using an improved reference genome sequence of D. rotundata. In contrast to a previous study sug...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plant intracellular nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat-containing (NLR) immune receptors have a complex architecture. They can include noncanonical integrated domains that are thought to have evolved from host targets of pathogen effectors to serve as pathogen baits. However, the functions of host proteins with similarity to NLR inte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Microbial plant pathogens secrete effector proteins which manipulate the host to promote infection. Effectors can be recognised by plant intracellular nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NLR) receptors, initiating an immune response. The AVR-Pik effector from the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae is recognised by a pair of rice NLR receptors...
Article
Full-text available
Epichloë festucae systemically colonizes the intercellular spaces of cool‐season grasses to establish a mutualistic symbiosis. A gene encoding a nuclear protein, NsiA, was isolated as an essential gene for symbiotic infection and hyphal cell fusion. Expression of genes required for cell fusion were down‐regulated in the nsiA mutant. However, the Ns...
Article
Full-text available
Plant NLR immune receptors are multidomain proteins that can function as specialized sensor/helper pairs. Paired NLR immune receptors are generally thought to function via negative regulation, where one NLR represses the activity of the second and detection of pathogen effectors relieves this repression to initiate immunity. However, whether this m...
Article
Full-text available
Plants recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) to activate PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI). However, our knowledge of PTI signaling remains limited. In this report, we introduce Lumi-Map, a high-throughput platform for identifying causative single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for studying PTI signaling components. In Lumi-Map, a t...
Article
Full-text available
The cell wall is the primary interface between plant cells and their immediate environment and must balance multiple functionalities, including the regulation of growth, the entry of beneficial microbes, and protection against pathogens. Here, we demonstrate how API, a SCAR2 protein component of the SCAR/WAVE complex, controls the root cell wall ar...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the diversity and genetic relationships among and within crop germplasm is invaluable for genetic improvement. This study assessed genetic diversity in a panel of 173 D. rotundata accessions using joint analysis for 23 morphological traits and 136,429 SNP markers from the whole-genome resequencing platform. Various diversity matrices...
Preprint
Full-text available
White Guinea yam ( Dioscorea rotundata ) is an important staple tuber crop of West Africa. However, its origin remains unclear. In this study, we re-sequenced 336 accessions of white Guinea yam and compared them with the sequences of the wild Dioscorea species using an improved reference genome sequence of D. rotundata . Our results suggest a hybri...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bulked segregant analysis implemented in MutMap and QTL-seq is a powerful and efficient method to identify agronomically important loci. However, the previous pipelines were not user-friendly to install and run. Here, we describe new pipelines for MutMap and QTL-seq. These updated pipelines are approximately 5-8 times faster than the previous pipel...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plant NLR immune receptors are multidomain proteins that can function as specialized sensor/helper pairs. Paired NLR immune receptors are generally thought to function via negative regulation, where one NLR represses the activity of the second and detection of pathogen effectors relieves this repression to initiate immunity. However, whether this m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Studying epistatic gene interactions is important in understanding genetic architecture of complex traits in organisms. However, due to an enormous number of gene combinations to be analyzed, detection of epistatic gene-gene interactions has been computationally demanding. Here, we show a simple approach RIL-StEp, specialized to Recombinant Inbred...
Article
Here we report the development of a high-throughput selection protocol using random mutagenesis and live single-cell sorting to isolate cell lines from the algae Dunaliella tertiolecta with reduced chlorophyll content, with the aim to optimise the antenna size for increased photosynthetic efficiency. Two promising cell lines (lca1 and lca2) have be...
Article
In Arabidopsis thaliana, a mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, MEKK1-MKK1/MKK2-MPK4, is important for basal resistance, and disruption of this pathway results in dwarf, autoimmune phenotypes. To elucidate the complex mechanisms activated by the disruption of this pathway, we have previously developed a mutant screening system based on a dwarf...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plants recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) to activate PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI). However, our knowledge of PTI signaling remains limited. In this report, we introduce Lumi-Map, a high-throughput platform for identifying causative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to studying PTI signaling components. In Lumi-Map, a tr...
Preprint
Full-text available
In Arabidopsis thaliana , a mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, MEKK1-MKK1/MKK2-MPK4, is important for basal resistance, and disruption of this pathway results in dwarf, autoimmune phenotypes. To elucidate the complex mechanisms activated by the disruption of this pathway, we have previously developed a mutant screening system based on a dwar...
Article
Breeding new rice cultivars that are tolerant to low-nutrient condition is a solution to saving the usage of commercial fertilizer. We isolated Hitomebore EMS mutant, 520-6. Seedling growth of 520-6 is tolerant to low-nutrient supply, especially to low phosphorus (low P) supply and genetic mapping revealed the existence of nonsynonymous substitutio...
Article
Full-text available
Key message An improved protocol of QTL-seq, an NGS-based method for bulked segregant analysis we previously developed in rice, allowed successful mapping of QTLs of interest in the highly heterozygous genome of B. rapa, demonstrating the power of this elegant method for genetic analyses in heterozygous species of economic importance. Abstract Rec...
Article
Full-text available
Dioecy (distinct male and female individuals) and scarce to non-flowering are common features of cultivated yam (Dioscorea spp.). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying flowering and sex determination in Dioscorea are largely unknown. We conducted SuperSAGE transcriptome profiling of male, female and monoecious individuals to identify floweri...
Article
Full-text available
Plant NLR receptors detect pathogen effectors and initiate an immune response. Since their discovery, NLRs have been the focus of protein engineering to improve disease resistance. However, this has proven challenging, in part due to their narrow response specificity. Previously, we revealed the structural basis of pathogen recognition by the integ...
Article
Full-text available
The ascomycete fungus Magnaporthe oryzae is a hemibiotrophic pathogen that causes rice blast disease. Magnaporthe oryzae infects rice leaves, stems and panicles, and induces severe reductions in yield. Effector proteins secreted by M. oryzae in planta are thought to be involved its virulence activity. Here, using RNA‐sequencing (RNA‐Seq), we genera...
Poster
Full-text available
Magnaporthe oryzaeis a multihost pathogen that infects >50 species of grasses, including the cereal crops wheat, barley and rice. This pathogen deploys an arsenal of secreted proteins called effectors to infect its host plants and counteract plant defences. How M. oryzae effectors have adapted to various grass hosts is poorly understood. Three effe...
Article
Full-text available
Unconventional integrated domains in plant intracellular immune receptors of the nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NLRs) type can directly bind translocated effector proteins from pathogens and thereby initiate an immune response. The rice (Oryza sativa) immune receptor pairs Pik-1/Pik-2 and RGA5/RGA4 both use integrated heavy metal-associate...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dioecy (distinct male and female individuals) combined with scarce to non-flowering are common features of cultivated yam (Dioscorea spp.). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying flowering and sex determination in Dioscorea are unknown. We conducted SuperSAGE transcriptome profiling of male, female and monoecious individuals to identify flowe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plant NLR receptors detect pathogen effectors and initiate an immune response. Since their discovery, NLRs have been the focus of protein engineering to improve disease resistance. However, this has proven challenging, in part due to their narrow response specificity. Here, we used structure-guided engineering to expand the response profile of the...
Article
Full-text available
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways have a pivotal role in innate immunity signaling in plants. In Arabidopsis, the MAPK pathway that consists of MEKK1, MKK1/MKK2 and MPK4 is involved in pattern-triggered immunity signaling upstream of defense gene expression. This pathway is partly guarded by SUMM2, a nucleotide-binding domain leucine...
Article
Full-text available
In a review article published in this issue of Molecular Plant Pathology, Ceresini et al. (2019) wrongly treat the wheat blast fungus as a new species, Pyricularia graminis‐tritici (Pygt), following the proposal of Castroagudin et al. (2016). Despite the host specificity implied by the name Pygt, the proposed species concept includes isolates that...
Article
Full-text available
In conclusion, based on the strong evidence, Pygt cannot be considered as a distinct species. Because all strains within Pygt form a subset of the strains in P. oryzae, we formally treat Pygt as a synonym of P. oryzae according to the code of nomenclature of plants, fungi and algae (see below). Resulting from this formal synonymization, P. oryzae,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Unconventional integrated domains in plant intracellular immune receptors (NLRs) can directly bind translocated pathogen effector proteins to initiate an immune response. The rice immune receptor pairs Pik-1/Pik-2 and RGA5/RGA4 both use integrated heavy metal-associated (HMA) domains to bind the Magnaporthe oryzae effectors AVR-Pik and AVR-Pia, res...