Ryohei Sugahara

Ryohei Sugahara
Hirosaki University · Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Ph.D.

About

33
Publications
2,566
Reads
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306
Citations
Citations since 2017
12 Research Items
254 Citations
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
The desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forsk.) (Orthoptera: Acrididae), avoids laying egg pods in sand containing locust fecal extracts. In this study, the oviposition inhibitory (OI) effect was investigated for a different locust species, the migratory locust Locusta migratoria (L.) (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Females of L. migratoria laid more eg...
Article
Yellow protein of the takeout family (YPT) and albino-related takeout protein (ALTO) are involved in body-color polyphenism in Schistocerca gregaria. YPT has been proposed to bind to β-carotene, whereas the physiological role of ALTO is unclear. Structurally, takeout proteins contain a long continuous tunnel to bind specific ligands. However, the s...
Article
The yellow protein of the takeout family (YPT) controls the development of yellow body color in the desert locust. This study focused on two aspects related to YPT in the locust. We first examined the expression pattern of YPT during nymphal stages because yellowing was not obvious during the early instars. YPT expression levels were extremely low...
Article
Locusts show body color polyphenism that is considered to be an adaptation to various biotic and abiotic environmental changes. In Schistocerca gregaria, wild-type late-instar nymphs growing under crowded conditions (gregarious form) develop yellow and black body coloration, whereas they assume various body colors under isolated conditions (solitar...
Article
Schistocerca gregaria sometimes refuse to lay eggs into the “old sand” that is kept in their cages for several days. We investigated why they rejected the old sand for oviposition. Locusts exclusively laid eggs into new sand when presented together with old sand, indicating that the old sand contained an oviposition-inhibiting (OI) factor. We exami...
Article
The Halloween gene SPOOK (SPO) is involved in the production of the active metabolite of ecdysteroid, 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), in insects. A previous study showed that RNAi-mediated knockdown of SPO in Schistocerca gregaria last instar nymphs markedly reduced the hemolymph 20E titer, but did not affect metamorphosis. In the present study, the effe...
Article
The mitochondrial phosphate carrier gene (PiC) encodes a membrane protein that mediates the supply of inorganic phosphate from the cytosol into the mitochondrial matrix. This substrate-specific transport system plays an important role in efficient ATP synthesis. Mammals appear to have only one PiC with two alternative splicing variants whose functi...
Article
Albinism is caused by mutations in the genes involved in melanin production. Albino nymphs of Locusta migratoria and Schistocerca gregaria reared under crowded conditions are uniformly creamy-white in color. However, nothing is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon in locusts. The albino strain of L. migratoria is known to...
Article
Full-text available
The RNA interference (RNAi) technology has been widely used in basic and applied research. It is known that RNAi works in some species but not in others, although the cause for this difference remains unclear. Here, we present inter- and intra-populational variations in RNAi sensitivity in the migratory locust Locusta migratoria, and provide inform...
Article
The mitochondrial phosphate carrier (PiC) of mammals, but not the yeast one, is synthesized with a presequence. The deletion of this presequence of the mammalian PiC was reported to facilitate the import of the carrier into yeast mitochondria, but the question as to whether or not mammalian PiC could be functionally expressed in yeast mitochondria...
Article
The effects of crowding and isolation on body color and behavior were observed for the mid-instar nymphs of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. Some of the solitarious (isolation-reared) nymphs that were crowded for 1 or 4 h during the third instar developed black patterns at the fourth instar, but most individuals remained unaffected. Black...
Article
Schistocerca gregaria exhibits density-dependent body color polyphenism. Nymphs occurring at low population densities show green-brown polyphenism. They show phase polyphenism and develop black patterns at high population densities. Recent studies suggest a third type of polyphensim, i.e., homochromy, a response to background color. Laboratory expe...
Article
Adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) is a nuclear-coded mitochondrial protein that exchanges ATP for ADP across the mitochondrial inner membrane. Most organisms possess several ANT paralogues, and functional differences among these paralogues remain largely unknown. In the present study, we identified ANT paralogue genes in hemipteran species: the...
Article
We report a new member of the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) superfamily in the silkworm Bombyx mori. Based on its amino acid sequence, the new enzyme belongs to the AKR2 family and was previously assigned the systematic name AKR2E5. In the present study, recombinant AKR2E5 was expressed, purified to homogeneity, and characterized. The X-ray crystal str...
Article
Full-text available
Locusts exhibit phase polyphenism in which phase transition between the solitarious (isolation-reared) and gregarious (crowd-reared) phenotypes occurs in response to crowding conditions. Phase transformation from solitarious to gregarious nymphs is accompanied by darkening of the body color and changes in classical morphometric ratios such as F/C (...
Article
Full-text available
In the course of searching for insecticides from soil microorganisms, we found that a fermentation broth of the fungus, Trichoderma brevicompactum FKI-6324, produced Trichopolyn VI, a new peptaibol, which possessed significant insecticidal potential. Spectroscopic analysis showed the compound to be a new trichopolyn I derivative. This paper describ...
Article
Some of the successful insecticides discovered to date have been developed from small molecules that target the mitochondrial respiratory system, such as NADH-quinone oxidoreductase (complex I), succinate-quinone oxidoreductase dehydrogenase (complex II) or ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase (complex III) inhibitors and uncouplers.1, 2, 3, 4 How...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) specifically acts in ADP/ATP exchange through the mitochondrial inner membrane. This transporter protein thereby plays a significant role in energy metabolism in eukaryotic cells. Most mammals have four paralogous ANT genes (ANT1-4) and utilize these paralogues in different types of cells. The four...
Article
The Fanconi anaemia (FA) pathway is responsible for interstrand crosslink (ICL) repair. Among the FA core complex components, FANCM is believed to act as a damage sensor for the ICL-blocked replication fork and also as a molecular platform for FA core complex assembly and interaction with Bloom's syndrome (BS) complex that is thought to play an imp...
Article
The silkworm Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway is required for normal cellular resistance to mitomycin C (MMC) in silkworms, but little is known about the requirement for repair of other types of DNA damage. Here we report that silkworm cells deficient for FA proteins FancD2 and FancM exhibit normal sensitivities to hydroxyurea (HU) and camptothecin (CPT...
Article
The Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway is required for activation and operation of the DNA interstrand cross-link (ICL) repair pathway, although the precise mechanism of the FA pathway remains largely unknown. A critical step in the FA pathway is the monoubiquitination of FANCD2 catalyzed by a FA core complex. This modification appears to allow FANCD2 to...
Article
Many biological processes are usually coupled to the formation of protein complexes. The yeast two-hybrid system is a powerful tool for analyzing protein-protein interactions. Different patterns of protein modifications, such as glycosylation, phosphorylation, and acetylation, may affect the ability of proteins to interact. In this study, we develo...
Article
Replication protein A (Rpa) is a heterotrimeric protein complex, composed of three tightly associated subunits of RPA70 (Rpa1), RPA32 (Rpa2) and RPA14 (Rpa3) in the case of human cells. The Rpa is known to be required for almost all aspects of cellular DNA metabolism. In the present study, we isolated and characterized the cDNAs orthologous to the...
Article
Hsp90-Cdc37 chaperone complex facilitates the folding and activation of numerous protein kinases. In this report, we have isolated a cDNA clone coding for the Bombyx mori Cdc37 homologue, BmCdc37, and determined its nucleotide sequence. Its mRNA encodes a polypeptide of 373 amino acid residues, which shares 52% amino acid identity with Drosophila m...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
We are currently working on various aspects of behavior, physiology and molecular biology in locusts and related insects.