Ryan R. Driskell

Ryan R. Driskell
Washington State University | WSU · School of Molecular Biosciences

Ph.D.

About

56
Publications
16,831
Reads
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3,228
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2007 - October 2012
University of Cambridge
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
One of the keys to achieving skin regeneration lies within understanding the heterogeneity of neonatal fibroblasts, which support skin regeneration. However, the molecular underpinnings regulating the cellular states and fates of these cells are not fully understood. To investigate this, we performed a parallel multi-omics analysis by processing ne...
Article
Fibroblasts are diverse mesenchymal cells that participate in tissue homeostasis and disease by producing complex extracellular matrix and creating signaling niches through biophysical and biochemical cues. Transcriptionally and functionally heterogeneous across and within organs, fibroblasts encode regional positional information and maintain dist...
Article
Full-text available
Reconstruction of complex craniomaxillofacial (CMF) defects is challenging due to the highly organized layering of multiple tissue types. Such compartmentalization necessitates the precise and effective use of cells and other biologics to recapitulate the native tissue anatomy. In this study, intra‐operative bioprinting (IOB) of different CMF tissu...
Article
Full-text available
In article number 2010858, Ibrahim T. Ozbolat and co‐workers demonstrate intra‐operative bioprinting for repairing stratified hard/soft composite tissues in situ, which enables complex tissue heterogeneity in an anatomically accurate manner. Intra‐operative bioprinting could be absolutely unique in the clinical realm of craniomaxillofacial defects...
Article
Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) provides an unprecedented ability to investigate cellular heterogeneity in entire organs and tissues, including human skin. Ascensión et al. (2020) combined and reanalyzed human skin scRNA-seq datasets to uncover new insights into fibroblast heterogeneity. This work demonstrates that new discoveries can be mad...
Article
Full-text available
Wound‐induced hair follicle neogenesis (WIHN) has been an important model to study hair follicle regeneration during wound repair. However, the cellular and molecular components of the dermis that make large wounds more regenerative are not fully understood. Here, we compare and contrast recently published scRNA‐seq data of small scarring wounds to...
Article
Full-text available
Scars are a serious health concern for burn victims and individuals with skin conditions associated with wound healing. Here, we identify regenerative factors in neonatal murine skin that transforms adult skin to regenerate instead of only repairing wounds with a scar, without perturbing development and homeostasis. Using scRNA-seq to probe unsorte...
Article
Full-text available
Scars are a serious health concern for burn victims and individuals with skin conditions associated with wound healing. Here, we identify regenerative factors in neonatal murine skin that transforms adult skin to regenerate instead of only repairing wounds with a scar, without perturbing development and homeostasis. Using scRNA-seq to probe unsorte...
Article
Full-text available
Scars are a serious health concern for burn victims and individuals with skin conditions associated with wound healing. Here, we identify regenerative factors in neonatal murine skin that transforms adult skin to regenerate instead of only repairing wounds with a scar, without perturbing development and homeostasis. Using scRNA-seq to probe unsorte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Scars are a serious health concern that impacts the clinical outcome and long-term well-being of burn victims and individuals with genetic skin conditions associated with wound healing. In this study we identify regenerative factors in neonatal skin that will transform adult skin to regenerate instead of repairing wounds with a scar, without pertur...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have shown that mouse dermis is comprised of functionally distinct fibroblast lineages. To explore the extent of fibroblast heterogeneity in human skin we have used a combination of comparative spatial transcriptional profiling of human and mouse dermis and single cell transcriptional profiling of human dermal fibroblasts. We show...
Article
Full-text available
Processing a tissue of interest to generate a microscopic image that supports a scientific argument can be challenging. The acquisition of high-quality microscopic images is not entirely dependent upon the quality of the microscope, but also upon the methods of tissue processing, which often involve multiple critical actions or steps. Furthermore,...
Article
Full-text available
Hair follicle heterogeneity may be regulated by distinct dermal papillae (DP) that represent mesenchymal lineages, which can be defined by Sox2 expression. However, it was recently shown that GFP expression in the Sox2: GFP+/- mouse model occurs in the DPs of all hair follicle types, challenging the idea that hair follicle heterogeneity can be defi...
Article
Blimp1 is a transcriptional repressor that regulates cell growth and differentiation in multiple tissues, including skin. While in the epidermis Blimp1 is important for keratinocyte and sebocyte differentiation, its role in dermal fibroblast is unclear. Here we show that Blimp1 is dynamically regulated in dermal papilla (DP) cells during hair folli...
Article
Full-text available
New hair follicles (HF) do not form in adult mammalian skin unless epidermal Wnt signalling is activated genetically or within large wounds. To understand the postnatal loss of hair forming ability we made small (2mm diameter) circular wounds and monitored HF formation at the wound site. At P2 new follicles formed in back skin, but follicle formati...
Article
Full-text available
The Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays a central role in epidermal homeostasis and regeneration but how it affects fibroblast fate decisions is unknown. Here, we investigated the effect of targeted β-catenin stabilization in dermal fibroblasts. Comparative gene expression profiling of Sca1- and Sca1+ neonatal fibroblasts, from upper and lower dermis respe...
Article
Full-text available
Wnt/β-catenin activation in adult epidermis can induce new hair follicle formation and tumor development. We used lineage tracing to uncover the relative contribution of different stem cell populations. LGR6+ and LRIG1+ stem cells contributed to ectopic hair follicles formed in the sebaceous gland upon β-catenin activation, whereas LGR5+ cells did...
Article
Full-text available
Prominin-1/CD133 (Prom1) is expressed by fibroblasts in the dermal papilla (DP) of the hair follicle (HF). By examining endogenous Prom1 expression and expression of LacZ in the skin of Prom1CreERLacZ (Prom1(C-L)) mice, in which a CreER(T2)-IRES-nuclear LacZ cassette is knocked into the first ATG codon of Prom1, we confirmed that Prom1 is expressed...
Article
Fibroblasts are found in most tissues, yet they remain poorly characterised. Different fibroblast subpopulations with distinct functions have been identified in the skin. This functional heterogeneity reflects the varied fibroblast lineages that arise from a common embryonic precursor. In addition to autocrine signals, fibroblasts are highly respon...
Article
Here, we explore the evolution and development of skin-associated adipose tissue with the goal of establishing nomenclature for this tissue. Underlying the reticular dermis, a thick layer of adipocytes exists that encases mature hair follicles in rodents and humans. The association of lipid-filled cells with the skin is found in many invertebrate a...
Article
Full-text available
Fibroblasts are the major mesenchymal cell type in connective tissue and deposit the collagen and elastic fibres of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Even within a single tissue, fibroblasts exhibit considerable functional diversity, but it is not known whether this reflects the existence of a differentiation hierarchy or is a response to different e...
Article
Full-text available
In postnatal skin the transcription factor Sox2 is expressed in the dermal papilla (DP) of guard/awl/auchene hair follicles and by mechanosensory Merkel cells in the touch domes of Guard hairs. To investigate the consequences of Sox2 ablation in skin we deleted Sox2 in DP cells via Blimp1Cre and in Merkel cells via K14Cre. Loss of Sox2 from the DP...
Article
Full-text available
In neonatal mouse skin, two types of dermal papilla (DP) are distinguished by Sox2 expression: CD133+Sox2+ DP are associated with guard/awl/auchene hairs, whereas CD133+Sox2- DP are associated with zigzag (ZZ) hairs. We describe a three-dimensional hydrogel culture system that supports clonal growth of CD133+Sox2+, CD133+Sox2-, and CD133-Sox2- (non...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously described InvEE transgenic mice in which non-dividing, differentiating epidermal cells express oncogenically activated MAPK kinase 1 (MEK1). Skin wounding triggers tumour formation in InvEE mice via a mechanism that involves epidermal release of IL-1α and attraction of a pro-tumorigenic inflammatory infiltrate. To look for potent...
Article
In this protocol, we describe how to isolate keratinocytes from adult mouse epidermis, fractionate them into different sub-populations on the basis of cell surface markers and examine their function in an in vivo skin reconstitution assay with disaggregated neonatal dermal cells. We also describe how the isolated keratinocytes can be subjected to c...
Article
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In recent years, there has been an explosion of interest in stem cells, not just within the scientific and medical communities but also among politicians, religious groups and ethicists. Here, we summarize the different types of stem cells that have been described: their origins in embryonic and adult tissues and their differentiation potential in...
Article
Full-text available
The dermal papilla comprises the specialised mesenchymal cells at the base of the hair follicle. Communication between dermal papilla cells and the overlying epithelium is essential for differentiation of the hair follicle lineages. We report that Sox2 is expressed in all dermal papillae at E16.5, but from E18.5 onwards expression is confined to a...
Article
Regulation of the lymphoid enhancer factor 1 (Lef-1) transcription factor is important for the inductive formation of many epithelial-derived appendages including airway submucosal glands (SMGs). Although Wnts have been linked to developmental processes involving transcriptional activation of the Lef-1 protein, there is little in vivo information d...
Article
The lung is composed of two major anatomically distinct regions-the conducting airways and gas-exchanging airspaces. From a cell biology standpoint, the conducting airways can be further divided into two major compartments, the tracheobronchial and bronchiolar airways, while the alveolar regions of the lung make up the gas-exchanging airspaces. Eac...
Chapter
This chapter compares the anatomical and cellular diversity of different species used as models to study adult progenitor-stem cells in the lung, with a focus on the conducting airway epithelium. The lung is composed of several distinct epithelia, including the tracheal-bronchial (tracheobronchial), bronchiolar, and alveolar. Tracheobronchial and b...
Article
Regulated expression of lymphoid enhancer factor 1 (Lef-1) plays an obligatory role in the transcriptional control of epithelial bud formation during airway submucosal gland and mammary gland development. However, regions of the Lef-1 promoter required for spatial and temporal regulation during glandular development have yet to be defined. We hypot...
Article
Lymphoid Enhancer Factor 1 (Lef-1) is an important developmental transcription factor required for the inductive formation of several epithelial-derived organs including hair follicles. Inductive expression of Lef-1 mRNA is tightly regulated during embryo development, suggesting the involvement of a highly regulated promoter. In vitro analysis of t...
Article
Full-text available
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors possess the unique ability to introduce genetic alterations at sites of homology in genomic DNA through a mechanism thought to predominantly involve homologous recombination. We have investigated the efficiency of this approach using a mutant enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) fluorescence re...
Article
Submucosal glands in the lung play important roles in several hypersecretory lung disease processes, including chronic bronchitis, asthma, and cystic fibrosis. In this context, submucosal glands undergo abnormal growth and differentiation through processes that are poorly understood. To better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms that lead...
Article
Full-text available
Gene therapy as a treatment modality for pulmonary disorders has attracted significant interest over the past decade. Since the initiation of the first clinical trials for cystic fibrosis lung disease using recombinant adenovirus in the early 1990s, the field has encountered numerous obstacles including vector inflammation, inefficient delivery, an...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Distribute single-cell RNA seq data as a web resource. https://skinregeneration.org/