Ryan F Donnelly

Ryan F Donnelly
Queen's University Belfast | QUB · School of Pharmacy

BSc PhD MPS

About

499
Publications
129,216
Reads
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18,829
Citations
Citations since 2017
251 Research Items
14178 Citations
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Introduction
My Group at the School of Pharmacy, Queen's University Belfast, are working on design, characterisation and industrial exploitation of novel polymeric microneedle systems for drug and vaccine delivery and minimally-invasive patient monitoring. Watch videos about my work at the links below: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cNwVvcXLiWc http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-30333844 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJmQiS0qXCI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OgyyyKv4Ouk&list=UUmW-7ioJrpEbEUbsbNXlC1A
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - present
Queen's University Belfast
Position
  • Chair in Pharmaceutical Technology

Publications

Publications (499)
Article
Full-text available
Rose Bengal (RB) is a fluorescent dye with several potential biomedical applications, particularly in dermatology. Due to RB’s poor physicochemical properties, several advanced delivery systems have been developed as a potential tool to promote its permeation across the skin. Nevertheless, no validated quantitative method to analyse RB within the s...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives This article investigates the potential use of microwave (MW) radiation, UV-light and gamma radiation for the sterilisation of 3D-printed implantable devices prepared using poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Methods Samples were sterilised using MW, UV and gamma radiation. Subsequently, the sterility of these samples...
Article
Background: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a potentially blinding posterior segment disease; inflammatory responses and subretinal drusen formation lead to leaky blood vessels. The current treatment method involves intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF agents, which is highly invasive and requires frequent injections administered by train...
Article
Full-text available
Microneedles are minimally invasive systems that can deliver drugs intradermally without pain and bleeding and can advantageously replace the hypodermal needles and oral routes of delivery. Deferasirox (DFS) is an iron chelator employed in several ailments where iron overload plays an important role in disease manifestation. In this study, DFS was...
Article
One of the biggest challenges in infectious disease treatment is the existence of bacterial infections in underskin wound tissue, such as cellulitis. Compared to other treatments, it is harder for antibacterial drugs to penetrate the physical barrier on the affected skin with a nonspecific target, making conventional therapy for cellulitis infectio...
Article
Full-text available
The role of microneedle array patches (MAPs) and, in particular, dissolving MAPs in transdermal drug delivery has increased exponentially over the last decade. MAPs are able to form drug depots in the viable skin from where poorly soluble drugs dissolve in a long-acting fashion, showing promise in the management of multiple diseases. The manufactur...
Article
Full-text available
Implantable drug-eluting devices that provide therapeutic cover over an extended period of time following a single administration have potential to improve the treatment of chronic conditions. These devices eliminate the requirement for regular and frequent drug administration, thus reducing the pill burden experienced by patients. Furthermore, the...
Article
Extracellular tissue fluids are interesting biomatrices that have recently attracted scientists' interest. Many significant biomarkers for localized external organ diseases have been isolated from this biofluid. In the diagnostic and disease monitoring context, measuring biochemical entities from the fluids surrounding the diseased tissues might gi...
Article
Full-text available
Levofloxacin (LVX) and amphotericin B (AMB) have been widely used to treat bacterial and fungal infections in the clinic. Herein, we report, for the first time, chitosan films loaded with AMB and LVX as wound dressings to combat antimicrobial infections. Additionally, we developed and validated a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method...
Article
Full-text available
Dissolvingmicroarray patches (DMAP) contain micron-scale projections and are usually madefrom biocompatible water-soluble polymers containing a high amount of drug intheir tips, to be delivered through the skin layers. The challenge regarding DMAPis the detachment of the tips from the baseplate. This impacts the wearing time, the deliveryefficiency...
Article
Full-text available
Implantable drug delivery systems are presented as a potential alternative to current treatments of chronic conditions. The aim of this work was to formulate a subcutaneous implantable device made with prefabricated poly(caprolactone) (PCL) cylinders, loaded with olanzapine (OLZ) as a model drug and cyclodextrin in a mass ratio of 1:1. The final fo...
Poster
Hydrogel-forming microarray patches (HF-MAPs) are used to bypass the skin-barrier and facilitate the non-invasive transdermal delivery of many hydrophilic compounds. This is mainly due to the hydrophilic matrix of the hydrogels themselves [1]. However, a high proportion of drugs available in production pipelines and in markets are lipophilic molecu...
Poster
Prolonged-release dosage forms are becoming increasingly attractive to scientists due to their ability to provide continuous release of medications following their administration. This increases patient compliance, and thus improves their quality of life [1]. However, to achieve prolonged release over more than 24 h, injections or implants are gene...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Whilst significant progress has been made to defeat HIV infection, the efficacy of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy in the paediatric population is often hindered by poor adherence. Currently, two long-acting (LA) intramuscular injectable nanosuspensions of rilpivirine (RPV) and cabotegravir (CAB) are in clinical development for paediatric popu...
Article
Full-text available
Analytical method validation is a vital element of drug formulation and delivery studies. Here, high-performance liquid chromatography in conjunction with UV detection (HPLC-UV) has been used to produce a straightforward, quick, yet sensitive analytical approach to quantify carvedilol (CAR). A C18 column was used to isolate the analyte from the mix...
Article
Full-text available
Eutectogels (Egels) are an emerging class of soft ionic materials outperforming traditional temperature-intolerant hydrogels and costly ionogels. Due to their excellent elasticity, non-volatile nature, and adhesion properties, Egels are attracting a great deal of interest in the biomedical space. Herein, we report the first example of adhesive Egel...
Article
Full-text available
The administration of drugs to the central nervous system (CNS) is primarily controlled by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), a structure that prevents the passage of foreign compounds from the blood to the brain's extracellular fluid. Although currently available treatments for brain diseases that affect millions of people globally are partially effec...
Article
Melanoma remains a global concern, but current therapies present critical limitations pointing out the urgent need for novel strategies. Among these, the cutaneous delivery of drugs selectively damaging cancer cells is highly attractive. Rose Bengal (RB) is a dye exhibiting selective cytotoxicity towards melanoma, but the high water solubility and...
Article
Full-text available
Considered as one of the most common inflammatory arthritis, gout is characterised by a sudden onset of severe joint pain. As the first-line drug of choice used in treating acute gout, colchicine (CLC) is hindered by poor gastrointestinal permeability as well as unfavourable gastrointestinal side effects. Herein, we present, for the first time, the...
Article
Full-text available
Bacteroides fragilis is one of the most common causative group of microorganisms that is associated with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI). Metronidazole (MTZ) is the drug of choice used in the treatment of SSTI caused by the bacterium. However, owing to its physiochemical properties, MTZ have limited skin permeation, which render the drug uns...
Article
Full-text available
Heavy chain only binding proteins, such as variable new antigen receptors (VNARs), have emerged as an alternative to the highly successful therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAb). Owing to their small size (∼ 11 kDa) and single chain only architecture, they are amenable to modular reformatting and can be produced using inexpensive expression system...
Article
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a potentially blinding posterior segment disease; inflammatory responses and subretinal drusen formation lead to leaky blood vessels. The current treatment method involves intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF agents, which is highly invasive and requires frequent injections administered by trained personnel...
Article
Full-text available
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is one of the hallmark symptoms of Wet Age-related Macular Degeneration (wAMD) and DiabeticRetinopathy(DR) which involves formation of neoangiogenic i.e. formation of new abnormal blood vessels emerging from the choroidal blood vessels and protruding through the retinal layer. The current management of wAMD involv...
Article
Full-text available
In this work the preparation and characterisation of intranasal implants for the delivery of risperidone (RIS) is described. The aim of this work is to develop better therapies to treat chronic conditions affecting the brain such as schizophrenia. This type of systems combines the advantages of intranasal drug delivery with sustained drug release....
Article
Purpose: Age-related macular degeneration is a vision-threatening disorder affecting the posterior segment of the eye. Drug delivery to the posterior segment is challenging owing to the complex anatomical and physiological structure, necessitating monthly injections of antivascular endothelial growth factors. Thermoresponsive hydrogels provide sust...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrogel-forming microarray patches (HF-MAPs) offer minimally invasive, pain-free and prolonged drug delivery. These devices are designed to be self-administered and self-disabling, avoiding contaminated sharps waste generation. Cabotegravir sodium (CAB-Na) is a poorly soluble anti- human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drug for the treatment and pre-...
Article
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) to manage non-melanoma skin cancers has garnered great attention over the past few years. Hypericin (Hy) is a potent lipid-soluble photosensitiser with promising anticancer therapeutic activities. Nevertheless, its poor water-solubility, aggregation in biological systems and insufficient skin penetration restricted its ef...
Article
Full-text available
The discovery of proteins that neutralise vascular endothelial growth factors, such as pegaptanib, ranibizumab and aflibercept, can inhibit the process of angiogenesis, thereby restoring eyesight in individuals with retinal vascular disorders. However, due to the posterior location and chronic nature of retinal diseases, a safe and effective intrao...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the advantages of nanoscale materials compared to conventional therapeutic and diagnostic methods, challenges remain on their poor biocompatibility, rapid elimination from the blood circulation and cytotoxicity. Biomimetic approaches utilize natural cell membrane-derived nanovesicles to camouflage nanoparticles to circumvent the aforementio...
Article
Full-text available
This work describes the use of fused deposition modelling (FDM) to prepare antiplatelet thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based tubular grafts. FDM 3D-printing technology is widely available and provides the ability to easily design tubular grafts on demand, enabling the customisation of vascular prosthesis dimensions. An antiplatelet drug, dipyrida...
Article
According to the World Health Organization, about 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, with 1.5 million deaths directly attributed each year. Therefore, there is still a need to effectively monitor glucose in diabetic patients for proper management. Recently, wearable patches based on microneedle (MN) sensors provide minimally invasive analy...
Article
Super-swelling hydrogel-forming microneedles (HFMNs) based transdermal drug delivery (TDD) is gaining significant interest due to their non-invasiveness and ability to deliver a wide range of drugs. The HFMNs swell by imbibing interstitial skin fluid (ISF), and they facilitate drug transport from the reservoir attached at the base into the skin wit...
Poster
Full-text available
Hydrogel-forming MAPs (HF-MAPs) are usually used to deliver hydrophilic molecules due to the hydrophilic matrix of the hydrogels themselves [1]. Many hydrophilic drugs are eliminated swiftly necessitating repeated administration, and thus, may lead to poor patient compliance. On the other hand, a high proportion of drugs available in production pip...
Article
Full-text available
Microneedles (MNs) are minimally invasive devices, which have gained extensive interest over the past decades in various fields including drug delivery, disease diagnosis, monitoring, and cosmetics. MN geometry and shape are key parameters that dictate performance and therapeutic efficacy, however, traditional fabrication methods, such as molding,...
Article
Full-text available
Curcumin (CUR) and D-panthenol (DPA) have been widely investigated for wound-healing treatment. In order to analyse these two compounds from a dosage form, such as polymer-based wound dressings or creams, an analytical method that allows the quantification of both drugs simultaneously should be developed. Here, we report for the first time a valida...
Article
The antiretroviral agents rilpivirine (RPV) and cabotegravir (CAB) are approved as a combined treatment regimen against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). To fully understand the biodistribution of these agents and determine their concentration levels in various parts of the body, a simple, selective and sensitive bioanalytical method is essential...
Article
The poor aqueous solubility of many approved drugs and most new chemical entities poses a challenge to drug delivery scientists working in academic and industrial labs. Despite the high pharmacological activity these drugs may have, their limited water solubility leads to poor absorption and consequently to sub-therapeutic drug concentrations in ta...
Article
Intravitreal injections (IVT) are regarded as the gold standard for effective delivery of hydrophobic drugs to the back of the eye. However, as a highly invasive procedure, the injection itself may lead to poor patient compliance and severe complications. In this research work, a hybrid system of nanosuspensions (NS) and dissolving microneedles (MN...
Article
Full-text available
Injectable long-acting cabotegravir (CAB LA) is effective and safe for pre-exposure HIV prophylaxis. It is recently approved for clinical use in those at high risk of contracting HIV. However, injections are invasive and access to trained healthcare personnel to administer CAB LA can be limited, especially in low-income countries (LICs). Herein, fo...
Article
Full-text available
HIV Pre‐Exposure Prophylaxis In article number 2106999, Ryan F. Donnelly and co‐workers develop a novel bilayer polymeric microarray patch (MAP) with highly drug‐loaded tips for intradermal long‐acting delivery of cabotegravir for HIV pre‐exposure prophylaxis. This MAP delivers substantial amounts of the drug into the skin as implanted micro‐depots...
Article
Full-text available
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains a global health concern, with 37.7 million people currently living with the infection and 1.5 million new cases every year. Current antiretroviral (ARV) therapies are administered through the oral route daily, often in lifelong treatments, leading to pill fatigue and poor treatment adherence. Therefore...
Article
Full-text available
Cefazolin (CFZ) is one of the most extensively used cephalosporins. This antibiotic exerts its bactericidal activity by interfering with bacterial cell wall formation, leading to bacteriolysis. CFZ is highly polar, resulting in the drug having poor oral bioavailability. Accordingly, the antibiotic is administered via intramuscular or intravenous in...
Article
Full-text available
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infections have been identified as a major cause of acute diarrhoea in children in developing countries, associated with substantial morbidity and mortality rates. Additionally, ETEC remains the most common cause of acute diarrhea of international travellers to endemic areas. The heat-labile toxin (LT) is a m...
Chapter
The development of microneedle (MN)-assisted drug delivery technologies has been highly active for nearly two decades. The microneedle array patch (MAP)-based self-application technology bypasses many of the challenges associated with injectable routes by delivering the therapeutic materials directly into the intradermal space and allowing the rele...
Article
Full-text available
Inclusion complexation of rifampicin (RIF) with several types of cyclodextrins (βCD, hydroxypropyl-βCD, γCD, hydroxypropyl-γCD) in aqueous solutions at different pH values was investigated to assess the interactions between RIF and cyclodextrins (CDs). Molecular modeling was performed to determine the possible interactions between RIF and CDs at se...
Article
Full-text available
The development of dissolving microneedles (DMN) is one of the advanced technologies in transdermal drug delivery systems, which precisely deliver the drugs through a rapid dissolution of polymers after insertion into the skin. In this study, we fabricated nanoemulsion-loaded dissolving microneedle (DMN) arrays for intradermal and transdermal drug...
Article
Full-text available
A new high-performance liquid chromatographic method coupled with UV detection (HPLC-UV) to quantify ethambutol (ETH) post permeation studies following microneedle administration has been developed. This method involves the derivatization of ETH with phenethyl isocyanate (PEIC) at room temperature for 90 min. The separation of the derivative was pe...
Article
“On demand” hormonal female-controlled pericoital contraception is one strategy which could be used to minimize the impact of unintended pregnancy. Nestorone (NES) is a potent contraceptive, with relatively few side effects in comparison with other contraceptives. NES presents an attractive option for “on demand” pericoital contraceptive. Unfortuna...
Article
Nature contains abundant systems that can significantly alter their structures and properties to adapt to the surrounding environment. Through natural selection and unceasing evolution, hierarchical architectures and sophisticated strategies have been created by nature to achieve optimally adapted materials for biomedical applications. The developm...
Article
Full-text available
Artemether (ART) and lumefantrine (LUM) are the gold standard antimalarial drugs used for the treatment of malaria in children and pregnant women. Typically, ART and LUM are delivered orally in the form of a combined tablet, however, the appropriateness of this route of administration for these drugs is questionable due to the poor absorption and t...
Article
Valsartan (VAL) is a BCS class II drug with low solubility and high permeability and, thus, its formulations often encounter low bioavailability problems. Its low bioavailability can be improved through enhanced formulation, such as incorporating it into a solid dispersion system (SD). The absorption can be further enhanced through gastroretentive...
Article
Dexamethasone is a synthesised glucocorticoid that is widely used in the treatment of various inflammatory skin conditions. Novel trilayer dissolving microneedle arrays were manufactured to assist dexamethasone delivery via the skin. Both transdermal delivery and intradermal delivery of dexamethasone can be achieved this way. Additionally, we propo...
Article
Cabotegravir (CAB) is an antiretroviral therapy (ARV) used for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) treatment. CAB has low solubility, which affects its bioavailability in oral therapy. Moreover, the injection form of CAB has difficulty in the administration process. Therefore, it is essential to develop a new drug delivery system for CAB. Vaginal dr...
Article
Fungal infections affect millions of people globally and are often unreceptive to conventional topical or oral preparations because of low drug bioavailability at the infection site, lack of sustained therapeutic effect, and the development of drug resistance. Amphotericin B (AmB) is one of the most potent antifungal agents. It is increasingly impo...
Article
As an effective anti-HIV drug, cabotegravir (CAB) is currently administered via oral and injection routes, leading to several drawbacks, such as poor oral bioavailability and problems in the injection application process, as well as low drug concentration in vaginal tissue of woman patients. To overcome these issues, for the first time, we formulat...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Prolonged release dosage forms are becoming increasingly attractive to scientists due to their ability to provide continuous release of medications following their administration. This increases patients' compliance to their treatment regimens and thus improve their quality of life. However, to achieve prolonged release over more than 2...
Article
Levothyroxine (LEVO) sodium is an FDA-approved drug that is used to treat underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) and other conditions. It is generally used as a thyroid-stimulating hormone administered orally. However, this approach has some drawbacks such as this drug should be taken every day 30 min to 1 h prior to breakfast with an empty stomach,...
Chapter
Over the last couple of decades, the popularity of long-acting drug delivery systems (LADDSs) has increased significantly. This type of drug delivery system presents several advantages over conventional routes such as oral route. LADDSs can be injected/implanted into the body of the patient for providing prolonged unattended drug release. This type...
Article
Full-text available
Small-diameter synthetic vascular grafts are required for surgical bypass grafting when there is a lack of suitable autologous vessels due to different reasons, such as previous operations. Thrombosis is the main cause of failure of small-diameter synthetic vascular grafts when used for this revascularization technique. Therefore, the development o...