Ryan Burns

Ryan Burns
University of Utah | UOU · Health and Kinesiology

PhD

About

177
Publications
30,289
Reads
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1,022
Citations
Introduction
My interests are in the relationships between movement behaviors and physical and mental health in children, adolescents, and young adults. Please consider our IJERPH Special Issue: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/behavior_mental_health
Additional affiliations
July 2018 - July 2020
University of Utah
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
December 2014 - June 2018
University of Utah
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
August 2010 - December 2014
University of Utah
Field of study
  • Exercise Science
August 2006 - May 2008
University of Texas at Arlington
Field of study
  • Exercise Physiology
December 2001 - August 2005
University of Pittsburgh
Field of study
  • Neuroscience

Publications

Publications (177)
Article
Full-text available
Playgrounds are designed to be a safe, enjoyable, and effective means to promote physical activity in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis to determine the effectiveness of playground interventions for improving accelerometer-assessed ambulatory moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and to ident...
Article
Purpose : This study examined the associations between physical activity enjoyment and physical education enjoyment with segmented physical activity in children. Method : Using student-level data from the School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health project ( N = 1,986), the Youth Activity Profile (YAP) assessed physical activity before schoo...
Article
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College students exhibit low levels of physical activity, high levels of sedentary behavior, poor dietary behaviors, sleep problems, high stress, and increased substance use. On-campus resources offering programs to improve college students’ health have been limited during the pandemic. The purpose of this study was to test a brief intervention to...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Wellness Environment app study is a longitudinal study focused on promoting health in college students. Objective: The two aims of this study were (1) to assess physical activity (PA) variation across the days of the week and throughout the academic year and (2) to explore the correlates that were associated with PA, concurrently an...
Article
Full-text available
Non-prescription steroid use can negatively impact adolescent physical and mental health and wellbeing. Determining correlates of this risk behavior is needed to help mitigate its prevalence. Two potential correlates are physical activity and school safety. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of physical activity, school safet...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the association between sexual identity-behavior concordance and discordance with meeting recommendations for 24-hour movement behaviors in adolescents. Participants were US adolescents who reported a history of sexual partners from the 2015–2019 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 19688; 49.3% female)....
Article
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine and compare parent preferences of before and after school physical activity program components in rural and suburban elementary schools. Methods: A discrete choice experiment was conducted to measure parent preferences for components of before/after school programs. A total of 183 parents (age...
Article
BACKGROUND Active commuting (AC) to and from school can contribute to physical activity, although it has recently seen a global decline. The purpose of this study was to examine the agreement between parent and child perceptions of barriers to school AC. METHODS Participants were parents (N = 152, Mage = 40.6 ± 6.3 years) and elementary school chi...
Article
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The Apple Watch is one of the most popular wearable devices designed to monitor physical activity (PA). However, it is currently unknown whether the Apple Watch accurately estimates children’s free-living PA. Therefore, this study assessed the concurrent validity of the Apple Watch 3 in estimating moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) time...
Article
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The human locus FNDC5 rs16835198 contributes positively to anthropometric phenotypes in children and adolescents. However, the role of specific components of physical fitness in this relationship is not known. The present study aimed to verify the moderator role of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular strength in the relationship between rs...
Article
Assessing teacher competence is a central focus of the growth and development of physical education teacher candidates. For subject matter competency, the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation adopted Specialized Professional Associations (SPAs) for each academic discipline, which are used to establish specific standards and procedu...
Article
Disparities in physical activity and health outcomes exist between urban and rural youth. School settings can be utilized to promote physical activity in youth regardless of urban-rural status. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess and compare the effect of rural and urban/suburban school-based physical activity programs on total...
Article
Purpose: To verify the reciprocal longitudinal relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), percentage body fat (%body fat), and metabolic syndrome in Brazilian primary school students. Method: This longitudinal study involved 420 children and adolescents followed for 3 years (2011-2014). The continuous Metabolic Syndrome (cMetSyn) sco...
Article
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Obesity is an important risk factor associated with non‐communicable cardiometabolic diseases. Previous studies have indicated that children and adolescents with a predisposed genetic risk for obesity could benefit from an active lifestyle, but there are no studies investigating whether physical fitness moderates the association of genetics and obe...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to apply compositional data analysis (CoDA) for the analysis of segmented school step counts and associate the school step count composition to body mass index (BMI) z-scores in a sample of children. Participants were 855 (51.8% female) children recruited from the fourth and fifth grades from four schools following a 7...
Article
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This study examined the inter-model agreement between the Fitbit Flex (FF) and FF2 in estimating sedentary behavior (SED) and physical activity (PA) during a free-living condition. 33 healthy adults wore the FF and FF2 on non-dominant wrist for 14 consecutive days. After excluding sleep and non-wear time, data from the FF and FF2 was converted to t...
Article
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MotionSense HRV is a wrist-worn accelerometery-based sensor that is paired with a smartphone and is thus capable of measuring the intensity, duration, and frequency of physical activity (PA). However, little information is available on the validity of the MotionSense HRV. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the concurrent validity of...
Article
The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of “efitbuddy,” a theory-based smartphone application, on young adults’ BMI, physical activity, and motivation across a 4-week intervention. Participants were a convenience sample of 312 (mean age = 19.4 ± 2.3 years) college students. A quasi-experimental design with the control group was us...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the neighbourhood social environment and meeting recommendations for 24-h movement behaviours in youth. Participants were a sample of children and adolescents from the 2019 National Survey of Children’s Health (N = 21 259; 48.2% female). Knowing where to go for help (odds ratio (OR) =...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the association between components of metabolic syndrome with health-related fitness (HRF) and perceived stress in a sample of law enforcement officers. Design/methodology/approach: Law enforcement officers (N = 28) from the Mountain West region of the US reported their HRF scores (1.5 mile run, push...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence on the associations between lifestyle movement behaviors and obesity has been established without taking into account the time-constrained nature of categorized, time-based lifestyle behaviors. We examined the associations of sleep, sedentary behavior (SED), light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) with b...
Article
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Study aim : To examine single-sex classes versus coeducational classes in 7 th grade PE and the effect the setting had on physical activity (PA) levels and self-competence. Material and methods : A total of 85 students aged 12–13 years old, enrolled in the 7 th grade from one junior high in the Midwestern part of the U.S.A. participated. Classes we...
Article
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Mind–Body Physical Activity (MBPA) in educational settings is one possible preventive strategy for ameliorating stress-related physiological health parameters. The objectives of this study were to conduct a systematic review of the literature with meta-analyses on the effects of MBPA on stress-related physiological health markers in primary, second...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between meeting step count recommendations during the weekday and weekend and the weight status in school-aged children. A convenience sample of 855 fourth and fifth grade students (9.7 ± 1.0 years) was recruited from 4 elementary schools located in the Western United States. Body Mass I...
Article
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Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the independent and joint associations between physical activity (PA) and sports participation on academic performance variables within a representative sample of children and adolescents. Methods: Data were analyzed from the combined 2017-2018 National Survey of Children's Health. Household a...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The Wellness Environment App Study is a longitudinal study focused on promoting health in college students. OBJECTIVE The two aims of this study are: 1) to assess physical activity (PA) variation across days of the week and throughout the academic year and 2) to explore the correlates that were associated with PA concurrently and longit...
Article
Background: The Wellness Environment app study is a longitudinal study focused on promoting health in college students. Objective: The two aims of this study were (1) to assess physical activity (PA) variation across the days of the week and throughout the academic year and (2) to explore the correlates that were associated with PA, concurrently...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity, screen use, and sleep are behaviors that integrate across the whole day. However, the accumulative influence of meeting recommendations for these 24-h movement behaviors on the mental health of Alaskan adolescents has not been examined. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between movement behaviors, loneline...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships linking motivational variables with BMI percentile (BMI%) via segmented physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in adolescents using path analysis. Method: Secondary data analysis was performed using participants from the Family, Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of familial and child-related factors with reported child physical activity using a representative sample of US children and adolescents. Data were analyzed from the combined 2017–2018 National Survey of Children’s Health. Household addresses were randomly selected within each US state. One...
Article
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Objective: Gross motor skills are postulated to have a bidirectional relationship with physical activity (PA); however, no study has tested this relationship before and after a summer break. The purpose of this study was to examine the bidirectional relationships between school PA and gross motor skills in children before and after a summer break....
Article
The necessity of promoting physical activity in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been emphasized for decades. One of the barriers to participate in physical activity for individuals with ASD is limited interest and motivation. Therefore, understanding the motivation to exercise in this population is important. The objective was t...
Article
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No study to date has examined the effect of a multicomponent school-based physical activity program on health behavior knowledge in a large sample of low-income children from the US. The purpose of this study was to explore the change in physical activity and nutrition knowledge during a Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) in chi...
Article
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The authors used a quasi-experimental design to examine the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral-therapy (CBT) intervention for enhancing psychological well-being (positive and negative affect, vitality, self-esteem), rehabilitation adherence, and clinical rehabilitation outcomes (pain, physical function) in 16 NCAA (National Collegiate Athletics Ass...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore the potential mediating effect of achievement goals on perceived competence and return-to-sport outcomes among college athletes sustaining a sport injury. Altogether, 75 male and female college athletes from the United States who returned to sport after having missed competition for an average of 3 weeks due...
Article
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Several schoolwide initiatives have been created to combat the rate of obesity in adolescents. However, despite programs showing an ability to advance health-related fitness during the academic year, the summer months contribute to the most accelerated weight gain and health-related fitness (HRF) losses in school aged youth. The purpose of this stu...
Article
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This study sought to examine associations between (a) sports team participation, (b) lifestyle behaviors (e.g., sleeping, alcohol and tobacco use), and (c) dietary behaviors with self-reported academic achievement using data derived from the 2017 US National Youth Risk Behavior Survey. A multi-stage cluster sampling procedure was employed to obtain...
Book
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This case study shares an experience using a specific analytical method to examine data from the 2017 U.S. Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). The study was a secondary data analysis of lifestyle behaviors and body mass index (BMI), which included a relatively underused quantile regression approach. After reading recent literature in the area of phy...
Article
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An emerging area of research within public health is the interaction between parents and their children for the promotion of physical activity. Higher levels of daily physical activity may not only improve physical health but may also yield better academic performance by improving cognitive skills, classroom behavior, and academic achievement withi...
Article
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The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the acute effect of vigorous physical activity on executive control in eighth grade students from the U.S. Participants were eighth grade students (N = 68; 26 girls, 42 boys) recruited from one middle school located in the Mountain West region of the U.S. Two groups of participants were assigned to rec...
Preprint
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine specific energy balance-related behaviors (sedentary behaviors, physical activity, and dietary) associating with adolescent weight loss intent using data from the 2017 US Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that employeda multi-stage cluster sampling proce...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine agreement in energy expenditure between the Apple Series 1 Watch, LifeTrak Core C200, and Fitbit Charge HR with indirect calorimetry during various treadmill speeds in young adults. Participants were a sample of college-aged students (mean age = 20.1 (1.7) years; 13 females, 17 males). Participants completed...
Article
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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between lifestyle behavior variables such as physical activity, television watching, computer use, and school night sleep duration with body mass index percentile (BMI%) using quantile regression within a representative sample of adolescents who completed the 2017 US National Yo...
Article
To determine the effect of physical activity (PA) on three differing types of cognitive processes, within an under-researched segment of the population, 77 college-aged students were recruited from a university in the southwestern United States. These participants completed three computer-driven tests from a battery of measurements that assess vari...
Article
Full-text available
Children from lower income families tend to have low levels of on-task behavior in the academic classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of gross motor skills and classroom behavior in a sample of lower-income children. Participants were a sample of 1,135 school-aged children (mean age=8.3±1.8 years) recruited from three...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine specific energy balance-related behaviors (sedentary behaviors, physical activity, and dietary) associating with adolescent weight loss intent using data from the 2017 US Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that employed a multi-stage cluster sampling pro...
Preprint
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine specific energy balance-related behaviors (sedentary, physical activity, and dietary) associating with adolescent weight loss intent using data from the 2017 US Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). Methods: A multi-stage cluster sampling procedure was used to obtain a representative sample of US ad...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate trends in children’s sedentary behavior (SB), physical activity (PA), and motivation during a 12 week classroom-based Active Video Game (AVG) program. A sample of 16 children, recruited from an elementary school, participated in AVG for 30 minutes per school day for 12 consecutive weeks. Scho...
Article
Background: Summer weight gain and fitness loss has been identified as a public health concern for children. The objective of this study was to compare changes in weight status and cardiovascular fitness in children attending year-round and traditional calendar schools. Methods: Participants were 321 children from a traditional and year-round scho...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine: (1) motivations of patients with chronic low back pain to attend physical therapy; (2) relationships between competence perceptions, motivational regulations, and pain/disability; and (3) whether patient motivations to attend physical therapy mediate the relationship between competence perceptions and...
Article
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Background Physical activity programs using components of resistance have the potential to improve health in school children. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a school-based resistance exercise program on physical fitness in elementary school students. Methods The sample was 256 children (mean age = 8.3 ± 2.5 years; 119 girls...
Article
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Purpose: The impact of physical fitness (PF) on adolescents' health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important health issue in China. The purpose of this study was to identify whether body mass index (BMI), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and musculoskeletal fitness (MSF) influences HRQOL among Chinese adolescents. Method: The participants...
Article
It is unclear the role of salient psychosocial variables, such as physical activity (PA) enjoyment and self-efficacy, has on PA within parent-adolescent dyads. The purpose of this study was to examine the interdependent relationships among enjoyment, efficacy, and self-reported PA within parent-adolescent dyads using the Actor-Partner Interdependen...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among physical activity, dietary behaviors, and other salient health behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and sleeping with self-reported adolescent mental health on the 2017 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey. A multi-stage cluster sampling procedure was employed to yield a repr...
Article
Introduction: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among individuals between 10 and 34 years of age and suicidal ideation substantially increases during adolescence. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among physical activity, sleep, and factors relating to the school environment with adolescent self-reported rates of...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity and cardiorespiratory endurance have both been shown to associate with academic achievement; however, there is a paucity of work examining mediating effects. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between cardiorespiratory endurance and mathematics performance using school day physical activity as a mediator. Th...
Article
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Background: To examine the relationships among school day sedentary times (SED), light physical activity (LPA), and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with gross motor skills in children using Compositional Data Analysis. Methods: Participants were 409 children (mean age = 8.4 [1.8] y) recruited across 5 low-income schools. Gross moto...
Article
The Effect of Acute Vigorous Intensity Physical Activity on Cognitive Control in College-Aged Students PURPOSE: To determine the effect of Physical Activity (PA) on three differing types of cognitive processes, within an under-researched segment of the population. METHODS: 77 College-Aged Students were recruited from a university in the southweste...